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THE VIETNAM-CAMBODIA EMERGENCY, 1975
SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON INVESTIGATIONS
MARCH 6, 11, 12, 13, AND APRIL 14, 1975
Printed for the use of the Committee on International Relations
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman
CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin
WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio
L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina
CHARLES WILSON, Texas
DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan
CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois
WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan
BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York
ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California
Zimmerly, Garnett A., Acting Assistant Administrator, East Asian
McCloskey, Hon. Paul N., Jr., a Representative in Congress from
Murtha, Hon. John P., a Representative in Congress from the
Consideration of Subcommittee Recommendations to the Inter-
national Relations Committee on fiscal year 1975 Supplemental
Consideration of Subcommittee Recommendations to the International
Relations Committee on fiscal year 1975 Supplemental Aid requests
CAMBODIA SITUATION (FULL COMMITTEE)
Ingersoll, Hon. Robert S., Acting Secretary of State..
Gardiner, Arthur Z., Jr., Assistant Administrator for East Asia,
Summary of negotiating efforts on Cambodia___.
Excerpt from New York Times, Thursday, March 6, 1975, concerning Assist-
Tables showing fiscal year 1975 Khmer Republic obligations as of March 4,
1975, and material assets remaining as of March 5, 1975-----
The Cabinet of the Royal Government of National Union (GRUNK)–
Excerpt from President Lon Nol's statement to congressional delegations,
Text of telegram from Department of State sent to congressional delega-
Texts of draft provisions of subcommittee and Representative Pierre S.
Statement by Secretary General on Humanitarian Assistance to Indochina_
Text of draft bills submitted on administration___
Statement by Department of Defense on military assistance to Vietnam__
Statement on estimated value of equipment and military supplies lost or
abandoned during withdrawal of South Vietnamese forces_.
Military assistance, South Vietnamese forces-justification of estimates
for fiscal year 1975, submitted to Congress by Department of Defense,
2. Copy of letter to Senator John J. Sparkman from Comptroller General
on controls and procedures used by executive branch agencies to in-
sure that the legislative dollar ceiling for Cambodia is not exceeded__
3. Exchange of letters between Hon. Lee H. Hamilton and Department
of Defense concerning Defense Department report relating to over-
4. Fact sheet on orphans and refugee relief in Indochina__
5. Memoranda for correspondents concerning cargo airlift for Cambodia__
6. Memorandum on Communist military and economic aid to North Viet-
7. Statement of George McTurnan Kahin before Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Subcommittee on Foreign Assistance and Economic Policy--
8. Statement of Olive Tiller to House Foreign Affairs Committee regard-
ing the supplemental aid to Cambodia bill____
9. Memorandum and articles submitted by Coalition to Stop Funding the
War and Statement of Tom Hayden on "Cambodia: What does the
Other Side Want," report of an interview with a Sihanouk repre-
10. Letter to House Foreign Affairs Committee on Cambodia and Vietnam_
11. "The War Goes on in Vietnam," by Don Luce, from War/Peace Report,
THE CAMBODIA-VIETNAM DEBATE
THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1975
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS,
The subcommittee met at 10 a.m. in room 2172, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Lee H. Hamilton (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Mr. HAMILTON. The meeting of the subcommittee will come to order. Today the Special Subcommittee on Investigations commences its 1975 hearings with an inquiry into U.S. policies toward and involvement in Indochina. In this hearing and others which may follow, the subcommittee will grapple with several of the large questions surrounding our continuing involvement in Southeast Asia and the current supplemental aid requests for Cambodia and Vietnam for fiscal year 1975.
With the drama of the 5-year civil war in Cambodia being played out closer and closer to the capital, Phnom Penh, each day, it is clear that the wounds and trials of the Cambodian people will not end soon or quickly regardless of how the fighting develops.
In Vietnam there has been decreasing evidence that the Paris accords, signed 2 years ago, can offer more than a temporary respite. Since the accords were signed there have been between 200,000 and 300,000 official casualties and the prospects for more serious conflict in 1975 appear a certainty.
Behind these depressing signs of more conflict in Indochina stands a continuing American policy of military and economic support for two particular governments in Cambodia and Vietnam and for a specific approach to peace in that area-an approach that is yet to produce peace.
We want today to concentrate on the situation in Cambodia in particular but current supplemental aid requests for Cambodia and Vietnam must be viewed within the broader context of what we seek to accomplish in Indochina in the next several years, how we expect to achieve our goals, what are our interests there, what commitments we have and what benefits we are getting in return for the continued massive amounts of aid the executive branch is expecting Congress to authorize and appropriate. No matter what happens to present and future aid requests before Congress, it can never be said that we abandoned Indochina, not after the taking of over 50,000 American lives there and the expenditure of over $150 billion Vietnam alone. Our commitment of nearly $2 billion to Cambodia since 1970 is also no small figure.