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COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR

JOHN LESINSKI, Michigan, Chairman GRAHAM A. BARDEN, North Carolina SAMUEL K. MCCONNELL, JR., Pennsylvania AUGUSTINE B. KELLEY, Pennsylvania RALPH W. GWINN, New York ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York

WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio JOHN S. WOOD, Georgia

WINT SMITH, Kansas JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts

CARROLL D. KEARNS, Pennsylvania WINGATE H. LUCAS, Texas

RICHARD M. NIXON, California CLEVELAND M. BAILEY, West Virginia THRUSTON BALLARD MORTON, Kentucky LEONARD IRVING, Missouri

THOMAS H. WERDEL, California
CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

HAROLD H. VELDE, Illinois
CHARLES R. HOWELL, New Jersey
HUGO S. SIMS, South Carolina
ANDREW JACOBS, Indiana
THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
ROY W. WIER, Minnesota

JOSEPH KOSKI, Clerk
JOHN S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel

SPECIAL SUBCOMMITTEE ON FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICE ACT

ADAM C. POWELL, JR., New York, Chairman CARL D. PERKINS, Kentucky

WALTER E. BREHM, Ohio
THOMAS H. BURKE, Ohio

RICHARD M. NIXON, California
JOSEPH S. JAROSZ, Professional Staff

II

/ lob

LIST OF WITNESSES

Page

Allen, Frank, appearing with Eugene Calhoun and Reid Robinson--- 257, 338, 339

Battle, Hon. Laurie C., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Alabama.

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Florida--

42

Biemiller, Hon. Andrew J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Wisconsin.-

107

Brown, Theodore E., research director, International Brotherhood of

Sleeping Car Porters_

153, 188

Bryson, Hon. Joseph R., a Representative in Congress from the State of
South Carolina--

55

Burnside, Hon. M. G., a Representative in Congress from the State of West

Virginia

37

Calhoun, Eugene, representing the mine, mill and smelter workers of

the Bessemer (Ala.) district, accompanied by Frank Allen, J. P. Mooney,

E. H. Coleman, and Robert Wilson -

254

Cavert, Rev. Samuel McCrea, general secretary, Federal Council of the

Churches of Christ in America--.

519

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York--

453

Cherne, Leo, treasurer, National Citizens Council on Civil Rights---- 373

Clorety, Joseph A., Jr., national vice chairman, American Veterans

Committee-

430

Cohen, Felix S., represeting Association on American Indian Affairs_--- 444

Corbett, John T., assistant grand chief engineer and national legislative

representative, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers--

286

Davenport, Hon. Harry J., a Representative in Congress from the State
of Pennsylvania---

115
Davis, John A., professor of political science, Lincoln University-

547,

551, 552, 559

Dodd, L. C., Examining Division, Civil Service Commission----- 489, 492, 496

Dollinger, Hon. Isidore, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York-----

10

Douglas, Hon. Helen Gahagan, a Representative in Congress from the
State of California---

70

Douglas, Hon. Paul H., a United States Senator from the State of Illinois-- 225

Edelsberg, Herman, Washington representative, Anti-Defamation League

of B'nai B'rith.-

399

Edwards, E. W., acting chairman, New York State Commission Against

Discrimination, accompanied by Nicholas H. Pinto, commissioner, and
Henry Spitz, general counsel..

234, 247

Engel, Irving M., representing the American Jewish Committee_

458

Foley, Edward H., Jr., Under Secretary of the Treasury, accompanied by

Alvin W. Hall, James H. Hard, L. C. Dodd, Guy Moffett, and L. C. Law-

horn--

346, 351, 354, 356, 357, 358, 486, 495, 497

Gilmore, Mrs. Margaret P., an employee of the Bureau of Engraving and

Printing, appearing with Thomas Richardson --- 363, 364, 367, 370, 371

Hall, Alvin W., Director, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, appearing

with Edward H. Foley, Jr--

347, 348, 350, 351, 352, 354, 486, 491

Hard, James H., II, Director of Personnel, Treasury Department, appear-
ing with Edward H. Foley, Jr..

348, 349, 353
Harris, Thomas, appearing with Willard S. Townsend.

345

Page
Hays, Hon. Brooks, a Representative in Congress from the State of Ar-
kansas---

497
Henderson, Elmer W., director, American Council on Human Rights_--- 433
Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative, American Federation
of Labor

300

Hoffman, Hon. Clare E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Michigan----

12

Houston, Charles, general counsel, Negro Railway Labor Executives Com-
mittee_-

122, 197, 258, 277, 283, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291

Howell, Hon. Charles R., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey--

34

Humphrey Hon. Hubert H., a United States Senator from the State of

Minnesota---

92

Ives, Hon. Irving M., a United States Senator from the State of New York.- 62
Jackson, Stephen S., former justice, domestic-relations court of the city of

New York, and director of the bureau for prevention of juvenile delin-
quency

474

Javits, Hon. Jacob K., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York_

109

Jernagin, Dr. W. H., consultant, Washington bureau, National Fraternal

Council of Negro Churches_-

161

Johnson, W. D., vice president and national representative, Order of Rail.
way Conductors_-

275, 290, 291

Kane, Irving, chairman, National Community Relations Advisory Council.. 309

Kaufman, Ben, national executive director, Jewish War Veterans of the

United States.-

442

Kennedy, Stetson, a former member of the Ku Klux Klan and the
Columbians_-

381

Klein, Hon. Arthur G., a Representative in Congress from the State of New

York

120

Lawson, Mrs. Marjorie McKenzie, former Assistant Director, Division
of Review and Analysis, Fair Employment Practice Commission---

547

Lipsig, James, representing the Jewish Labor Committee---

535

Loescher, Frank S., executive director, Philadelphia Fair Employment

Practice Commission---

394

Marcantonio, Hon. Vito, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York-----

539

Masaoka, Mike M., national legislative director, Japanese American Cit-
izens League antidiscrimination committee_

134

Maslow, Will, counsel, American Jewish Congress_-

413

McBride, Jonas A., vice president, Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen

and Firemen.-.

189

McClafferty, Msgr. John J., representing the Catholic Interracial Council
of Washington---

391

McDonald, David J., secretary-treasurer, United Steelworkers of America.- 513

McKenney, Elwood S., commissioner, Massachusetts Fair Employment

Practice Commission---

248

McSoud, Clovis Fred, of Bristow, Okla----

169

Mitchell, Clarence, labor secretary, National Association for the Advance-

ment of Colored People..

293

Mitchell, Hon. Hugh B., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Washington----

511

Pasternack, Miss Ann, representing 180 chapters of Students for Democratic

Action-

470

Perritt, Mrs. Ethel C., an employee of the Bureau of Engraving and Print-
ing, appearing with Thomas Richardson -

368
Pilchik, Rabbi Ely E., representing the Synagogue of America---

159
Pinto, Nicholas H., commissioner, New York State Commission Against

Discrimination, appearing with E. W. Edwards----- 240, 242, 243, 247, 248
Quigley, Martin, president, Quigley Publishing Co., and cochairman, Na-
tional Council for a Permanent FEPC---

174

Ray, Rev. Sandy F., chairman, social service commission, National Baptist

Convention, Inc--

408

Relnolds, Hobson R., grand director, civil liberties department, Improved,
Benevolent, and Protective Order of Elks of the World ---

146

Page

chardson, Thomas, representing United Public Workers of America, ac-

companied by Mrs. Margaret P. Gilmore, Frederick Wiggins, and Mrs.

Echel C. Perritt---

358

sbinson, Mrs. Dorothy Medders, Christian social relations department,

women's division of the Methodist Church.

466

Ibinson, Reid, secretary, International Union of Mine, Mill and Smelter

Workers, accompanied by Frank Allen and J. P. Mooney.

338

odino, Hon. Peter W., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey

39

abath, Hon. Adolph J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Illinois---

se, Harry, national legislative representative, Brotherhood of Railroad

Trainmen__

177

wigal, Benjamin C., American Civil Liberties Union.-

327

Spaeth, Otto L., representing Americans for Democratic Action - 468, 472

Thomas, Julius A., director, department of industrial relations, National

Urban League, New York, N. Y---

477

Thomas, Norman, representing the Socialist Party--

57

Tobin, Hon. Maurice J., Secretary of Labor, accompanied by William T.

Evans and Kenneth Meikeljohn..

522

Townsend, Willard S., international president, United Transport Service

Employees; member, national executive board, Congress of Industrial
Organizations, and secretary of the CIO committee to abolish discrimina-
tion, accompanied by George L. P. Weaver and Thomas Harris_-

329
Wechsler, Miss Nancy, representing the National Council of Jewish Women 440
Wiggins, Frederick, an employee of the Bureau of Engraving and Print-
ing, appearing with Thomas Richardson --

366

INDEX

Analysis of existing State fair employment practice legislation --- Facing p. 418

Analysis of the bill (H. R. 4453) by Hon. Helen Gahagan Douglas.

75

Articles or editorials from-

Birmingham (Ala.) Age-Herald entitled “Our Common Aims”.

436

Birmingham (Ala.) News entitled “Elemental Fairness”.

435

Locomotive Firemen's Magazine, and resolution..

178, 179

New Orleans States entitled “FEPC Paradox".

575

New York Times entitled “ 'Slave Markets' in Bronx Decried”.

581

New York World-Telegram entitled “Community of 1,000 Lives in State

of Virtual Peonage”.

581

Comment of Acting Secretary of State Acheson (in 1946) on position of

State Department relative to discrimination----

221

Comments on FEPC from States in which legislation is in effect_

76

“Community of 1,000 Lives in State of Virtual Peonage," an article from

the New York World-Telegram.--

581

Comparison of Ives-Fulton and McGrath-Powell FEPC bills--

420
Distribution of personnel in wartime Committee on Fair Employment Prac-
tice, excerpts from speech of Hon. John E. Rankin of Mississippi.---

13
Editorials. (See Articles.)
“Elemental Fairness," an editorial from Birmingham (Ala.) News en-
titled

435
Federal Fair Employment Practice Act (H. R. 4453, 81st Cong., 1st sess.)- 1
"FEPC Paradox," an editorial from the New Orleans States entitled.

575
H. R. 4453 (81st Cong., 1st sess.)

1
Income of families, median annual, by race, 1947----

482
Letters or telegrams from,
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America---

579
American Federation of Teachers, Local No. 27, Washington, D. C---- 561
American Veterans Committee:
Columbia University chapter

168
Wilshire (Calif.) chapter.

168
Associated Retail Bakers_-

579
Blatt, William L., et al. (to Senator Vandenberg).

438
Bridges, Harry, transmitting resolution on FEPC adopted by Inter-

national Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union convention.- 576

Page

Letters or telegrams from—Continued

Dobbs, Farrell..

532

Dull, Oscar, Jr.

78

Employers, excerpts from, relative to administration of antidiscrimi-

nation laws---

79

Ewing, Oscar R., Administrator, Federal Security Agency-

390

Files, E. K

79

Fitzpatrick, Val, excerpts from..

180

Grant, Ellsworth S.-

80

Gross, Ernest A., Assistant Secretary of State, and comment by Acting

Secretary Acheson referred to in letter--

221

Havenner, Hon. Franck R., a Representative in Congress from the

State of California---

561

Hodgkinson, H. D--

78

Jackson, Hon. Henry M., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Washington.---

530

Keller, O. E. M..

378

Kennedy, Thomas--

530

Monroe, A. P.

79

Morin, W. P

80

Morrow, J. J.

81

National Union of Marine Cooks and Stewards_-

576

National Women's Trade Union League of America -

167

Oregon Committee for a Fair Employment Practices Act-

563

Palmer, Dwight R. G..

172

Sands, Charles E.---

167

Sharp, C. E---

78

Tobin, Hon. Maurice J., Secretary of Labor..

164
Toledo Small Business Association (to Gov. Frank J. Lausche of Ohio) 378
Women's Trade Union League of the District of Columbia--

578

Median annual income of families, by race, 1947-

482

Median annual wage of workers, by race, 1947-.

482

Memorandums on discrimination against Negro railway workers

By Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen.-

217

By Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen.

214

In World War I and World War II---

207

Minority views of Hon. Clare E. Hoffman relative to fair employment prac-
tice legislation (H. Rept. 187, 79th Cong., 1st sess.)

18
“Our Common Aims,” an editorial from Birmingham (Ala.) Age-Herald
entitled-

436

Promotion notice issued by Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and En-

ginemen

262

Proportion of Negroes to total employment-

483

Report and recommendations of the industry and labor committee of the

Minneapolis Community Self-Survey of Human Relations--

311

Report on civil rights legislation in the States.

125

Resolutions adopted by-

Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers---

179, 261

CIO executive board, censuring International Union of Mine, Mill, and

Smelter Workers--

335

CIO 1948 convention, relative to civil rights and protection of democ-

racy---

333

International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union conven-

tion

576

National Council of Jewish Women-

441

National Women's Trade Union League of America--

168

“ 'Slave Markets in Bronx Decried," an article in the New York Times

entitled-----

581

Statement or testimony of-
Allen, Frank_-

257, 338, 339
Battle, Hon. Laurie C., a Representative in Congress from the State
of Alabama---

28

Batt, William L., president of SKF Industries, on behalf of National

Citizens' Council on Civil Rights_-

534

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State
of Florida.

42

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