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Vocational guidance, landmark, 6-7, no. 1, Oct. Vocational rehabilitation, 15, no. 6, Mar. "Voice of Democracy"; Second annual contest, 11.
no. 1, Oct. ; winners, 2-3, 16, no. 7, Apr.
U. S. Air Force, educational opportunities, 8-10,
no. 5, Feb. U. S. Army: Educational opportunities, 8–10, no.
5. Feb. U. S. Government Film News (Reid), 14, no. 8,
May ; 6-7, no. 9, June. U. S. Navy: Educational opportunities, 8-10, no.
5. Feb. ; Occupational Handbook (Brewster), 6, no. 3, Dec.
Workshops : School building programs, Seattle,
Wash., 3, 10, no. 2, Nov. ; atomic energy, 10, no.
9, June. World-Wide Interest in American Education (Jones
and McMurry), 15, no. 2, Nov.
Year's Focus on American Education (Morris), 7,
no. 9, June. Youth camping programs, conference plan, 12, no. 1, Oct.
Veterans' education, legislation, 5, 15, no. 1, Oct. Viles, Nelson E. : Adequate Housing and Modern
Education, 1-2, 11, no. 5, Feb. A Visit to Midwood (Tompkins), 1-3, no. 2, Nov. Vocational counselors, reading lists, 5, no. 5, Feb. Vocational Education (Truman), 9, no. 4, Jan. Vocational Education-Democracy in Action
(Boie), 4-5, no. 3, Dec.
FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY.
LOscar R. EWING, Administrator
War Defense, aid, legislation, 15, no. 1, Oct.
dom," 11-12, no. 3, Dec.
son), 7, 9, 13, no. 6, Mar. [S]. White Plains (N. Y.) High School, exhibit on
atomic energy, 6, no. 6, Mar. (S). Winners of Awards for Educational Writing, 3, no.
9, June. Winning With the American Way, 2-3, 12, 16, no.
Zeal for American Democracy, 2-3, no. 9. June ;
emphasis continues, 11, no. 1, Oct. ; publications,
Style (Ebaugh), 10–11, no. 7, Apr.
15, no. 3, Dec.
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 1949
THE NEXT ISSUE of School LIFE will
lished in 1867 “for the purpose
of collecting such statistics and
facts as shall show the condition
and progress of education in the sev-
eral States and Territories, and of dif-
fusing such information respecting the
organization and management of schools and
school systems and methods of teaching,
as shall aid the people of the United
States in the establishment and main-
tenance of efficient school sys.
tems, and otherwise promote
the cause of education
How Some Communities Are Doing It
ways and byways and flagging passersby—suitable or not- of teaching provided, we have the possibility of building a system to come take classroom jobs? This has had to be done, willy-nilly, that will be adequate for our needs. Undoubtedly there exists a to meet the emergency. Or does “recruiting” mean developing in relationship between the many recent community activities in beyoung people an informed and emotional attitude that favors half of schools and the fact that the Citizens Federal Committee on teaching as a career?
Education, serving as the Office of Education's lay advisory arm, Jacques Barzun has given us his idea of the three personal quali- has been waging an intensive press and radio program to present fications that should be required of teachers in this order: A the facts about the teacher shortage to the American people. A sense of vocation, an awareness of the duties and opportunities highly successful Nation-wide “Improve our Schools” campaign in teaching, and a predisposition for the work through home-grown has been made possible through the services of the Advertising familiarity with knowledge and ideas.
Council of America. If such qualities as Barzun indicated are of first importance- Second, the prospects for attracting new teachers are encouragand few authorities would quarrel with them—then of course in- ing because there is a new alertness on the part of teachers themtelligent recruiting must mean the discriminating attraction of selves to their own responsibilities in helping their profession come first-class young people who have a talent for human relations and of age. There is no doubt whatever that increasing numbers of a taste for good hard work.
teachers are setting out to prove to their communities, and to Nobody can pretend that attracting the right kind of new teach- themselves, that they represent a profession that may well hold ers will be an easy job. It will be an uphill climb every inch of the key to the Nation's future. Their critical needs and aims the way—not only because teaching still fails to provide economic must be encouraged. And they are daring to say so. security, despite the country-wide salary gains, but also because The day of the long-suffering mouse in the schoolroom is gone. the need for teachers is more acute than ever. The reason? The The forward-looking teacher is a professionally dedicated, articubabies born in record numbers since 1942 are now of school age. late, community-minded, world-minded individual. And they are already overrunning the lower elementary grades. While cities and States are making long-needed salary, tenure, Look at this typical example of the need for elementary teachers: leave, and retirement improvements, and while elementary salaries Last year one great university had calls for 3,376 elementary are slowly but surely moving toward the ideal of “equal salaries teachers but had only 83 to recommend. Is it any wonder that for equal training,” forward-looking teachers and teacher groups here and there “recruiting” has actually taken on hysterical aspects? are sparking a great variety of activities that bid new teachers In the long view, however, the prospects for attracting a con
to join them. tinuing supply of able new teachers are distinctly encouraging. Here are a few of the ways in which teachers and interested We say this for two reasons:
groups all over the country are helping sensitize young people to First, there has been such an upsurge of public interest in the duties, opportunities--and yes, the downright pleasures of a education that eventually, if we are able to stimulate citizens (o warm sense of vocation--that belong so importantly to teaching.
Volume 31, Number 1
As early as the fall of 1947 lay groups participated in the In Mt. Lebanon, Pa., the superintendent of schools initiated a “Teacher Recruitment Week” program organized by the Tucson guidance program in an effort to lead a larger number of the better (Arizona) Education Association Committee. They helped pro- students to enter teaching. Out of 161 girls in the spring graduatmote such things as editorials in newspapers, news items, coopera
ing class, 10 expressed interest in the profession. Nearly all tion of Tucson's four radio stations, lectures, letters to civic clubs, thought of high school teaching. parents, and teachers; and posters printed by Tucson Senior High A committee of 7 teachers, appointed for guidance, met weekly School Graphic Arts Department were displayed in 80 stores. The
for 6 weeks with the students in their home rooms in order to Junior League put on a radio program, one business woman bring them information about the teaching profession. At the staged a fashion show in the patio of her local dress shop, and end of this time, 37 students expressed interest. These were given local business establishments ran slogans with their newspaper a day each of observation and discussion with some teacher in the ads in daily newspapers.
elementary or junior high schools of the system. After further
counseling, 33 gave choices of work within the profession. Of Scholarships
these, 12 expressed a desire to teach in the elementary grades. Two students were awarded scholarships--one for teaching in A definite plan for teacher recruitment has now been included high school, the other in primary grades. One scholarship, pro- in the guidance program of this high school, beginning in the viding for $100 yearly for 4 years, was made possible by 60
tenth grade. teachers who put on a play, “Teachers Are People.” Awards were Some type of scholarship aid for students is now provided for made by a committee of five citizens, who evaluated candidates on by law in numbers of States, including Arkansas, Florida, Illinois, character, personality, leadership, and social consciousness. New Mexico, Ohio, Utah, Virginia, and Vermont.
The Future Teachers of America, active in 503 high school clubs, seek to interpret the profession to young people and, to those who
Posters vs Pamphlets develop a genuine desire to teach, foster experiences designed to Virginia's scholarship plan for preservice education provides for strengthen that aim. One FTA club lists 20 different activities en- regular term scholarships (winter) to residents of the State of $300 gaged in by its members in the past year. For example: Acting each in Virginia colleges approved for training teachers. Scholaras guides for eighth-graders on “Recognition Day”; entertaining ships are awarded to persons selected by divisional superintendents, first-graders in the teacher's absence; making scrapbooks, “Helps under State Board of Education regulations. In 1947–48, only for a Busy Teacher," during summer vacation; making posters for 189 of the 500 scholarships provided for were used. a "Better Homes Movement," and helping sponsor two “Parent- One of the few efforts to evaluate types of printed materials Guest nights.”
for recruiting put out by professional associations and teachers' In 1946 Phi Delta Kappa, men's education fraternity, chose colleges we find reported is that by M. R. Trabue. Taking the teacher recruitment as one of three national projects. Since then position that "the first step in recruitment appears to be to stimumore than a thousand speeches to laymen have been made on the late an emotional interest in teaching, rather than to supply comsubject by members and hundreds of hours of radio time and plete information about the profession,” Dr. Trabue draws the columns of space have been given to the problem. Through the city general conclusion that “posters tend to be considered more effecschools of Los Angeles, this organization has put out a booklet, “I tive than the booklets or pamphlets.” He says, “While logically Choose Teaching," for use in vocational guidance and counseling. arranged factual material may be desirable reading for one about
A film, “Our Teacher Mary Dean," was also put out by Phi to make a final decision concerning his life's work, it is decidedly Delta Kappa, in cooperation with Pi Lambda Theta, to assist in less effective than attractive pictures of children and well-written recruitment. The journal of Phi Delta Kappa has sponsored a personal-interest appeals in attracting seniors in general toward short story contest with a male teacher as the central character and teaching." has put out specimen briefs-affirmative and negative-of a However comprehensive the program of public relations used debate on teaching as a career.
to attract new teachers—and local teacher groups are clearly going
1 Trabue, M. R. Printed Materials in Recruiting Students for Teacher Education. Journal of Educational Research, 40: 611-51, May 1917.
Continued on page 4
The American Association of University Women reports encouraging responses to first-hand contacts with students as part of their 1947-48 "Guidance and Teacher Recruitment" programs in nineteen different communities. The AAUW says, “It is hoped that, with additional money, more can be done next year in the high schools, and selective recruitment can be extended to the younger students in the junior high schools.”
Francis L. Bailey, president of the State Teachers College at Gorham, Maine, believes in personal recruiting in the high schools of the State. He says, “Following talks to students in high school, I confer with those who are interested in attending our college or some other teacher preparation institution. We tell the superinendents and principals if they will help us to recruit good people we will send them back good teachers. They seem to think that that is a fair proposition.”
THIS ARTICLE, written by Christine K. Simmons, Division of Ele. mentary Education, Office of Education, is presented in an effort to help local administrators, members of school boards, teachers, and patrons of the schools attract alert young people into teaching.
Other recommended aids: (1) Reprint of Frances V. Rummell's human interest articles from School Life (June and July, 1948) titled “What Are Good Teachers Like?” These articles about some of the country's outstanding teachers may suggest feature stories for use in your local newspapers; (2) Brochure, “Why It's Good Business to Improve Our Schools,” listing free mats for newspaper and magazine use, available from The Advertising Council, Inc., 11 W. 42d Street, New York 18, N. Y. (3) Office of Education Bulletin 1948, No. 11, “Teaching as a Career” by Benjamin W. Frazier, price 15 cents.