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EMPLOYMENT OUTLOOK IN THE PLAS-
TICS PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
Prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1948.
20 p. U. S. Government Printing Office. (Occupa-
tional Outlook Series, Bulletin No. 929.) 15 cents.

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Federal Security Agency FOODS YOUR CHILDREN NEED Prepared by Children's Bureau, Social Security Administration, in cooperation with the Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics, U. S. Department of Agriculture. U. S. Government Printing Office, 1948. 15 p. 5 cents.

GUIDE TO HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN
THE UNITED STATES
By Joseph W. Mountin and Evelyn Flook, Public
Health Service. U. S. Government Printing Office,
1947. 71 p. (Miscellaneous Publication No. 35.)
20 cents.

"LEARNING TO LIVE TOGETHER"
By Katherine Glover, Children's Bureau, Social Secu-
rity Administration. U. S. Government Printing Office,
1948. In The Child, 13: 18-20, 31, August 1948.
Single copies, 10 cents; annual subscription, $1. De-
scribes a "fry-out of democracy" in the nursery and
play school.

School Life Reprints

Demonstration Workshop on Teacher Edu(Free)

cation for Health. (September 1948.)

Experimenting in Elementary Science. Administration of School Health Services.

Elementary Education Division Education (May 1948.)

Brief No. 12. (August 1948.)
Duty of Teachers To Promote Ideals and

Film Catalogs of the United States Govern-
Principles of American Democracy. (Feb-

ment. Visual Aids Section.
ruary 1948.)
Education for the Thirteenth and Fourteenth

Government Monographs on Occupations.
Years. (June 1948.)

Vocational Education Division Miscellany Education of Georgia Supervisors.

3296. (July 1948.) (March, April, June, 1948.)

Office of Education Publications on Health A Future for Aviation Education. (May Education, Physical Education, and Recre1948.)

ation. Secondary Education Division Bib

liography. (July 1948.)
Some Implications of Scientific Methods of
Secondary Education. (July 1948.) A Partial List of 16mm film Libraries.

Visual Aids Section.
Fellowship Opportunities and Teaching
Positions in Other Countries (January Regional Conferences on Zeal for American
1948)

Democracy. Pointers, Zeal for American
Citizens' Federal Committee on Education Democracy Program.
Material (January 1948)

Summary Report of 1948 Regional Con-
Educational Plant Needs (January 1948) ferences, Trade and Industrial Education.
Some Highlights in 1947 Legislation for (August 1948.)
Exceptional Children and Youth (March

Work of the Visiting Teacher. Elemen1948)

tary Education Division Selected ReferParent Education Programs (March 1948) ences No. 16. (July 1948.)

THE PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE AND YOU Prepared by the Public Health Service. U. S. Government Printing Office, 1947. (12) p. 10 cents. Contains such vocational information as duties, qualifications, and opportunities.

National Archives FACSIMILE OF BILL OF RIGHTS A 30- x 31-inch facsimile of the original Congressional resolution proposing the articles of Amendment to the Constitution which are known as the Bill of

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"INDEED, academic freedom is nothing more than a specific application of the freedoms inherent in the American way of Life.''

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"How to make best use of surplus property acquired through proper channels is a problem common to many teachers.". p. 3

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'... such a station involves only the expenditure of approximately $2,500 for transmitter and an additional $2,500 for a single studio control room and other necessary equipment."

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Cover photograph: General Mills, Inc., has kindly granted permission for

SCHOOL LIFE use of this photograph which paid tribute to the Nation's teachers in many national publications during the 1947 Christmas season. Remember the caption?—It was Merry Christmas, Miss Miller.

Page As a General Becomes a President

1 Million Teachers Needed

2 Dr. Benjamin W. Frazier .

2 Features Office of Education

2 How To Increase Surplus Property Utilization

3 Vocational EducationDemocracy in Action

4 British Exchange Positions .

5 New Assignment .

5 United States Navy Occupational Handbook

6 Low-Cost FM Classroom Radio Receiver Guide

6 Babies TodayPupils Tomorrow

7 Historic Documents in Facsimile

7 Life Adjustment Education .

8 Health Education Pioneer Honored

10 School Fire Drills

10 What the States Require in "Education for Freedom11 Appreciating Good Teachers

12 0. Soglow— Improving Educational Conditions

13 In New Positions

14 Recent Theses in Education

14 Zeal for American Democracy Across the Nation

15 New Books and Pamphlets

16 Canadian-French-United States Teacher Exchange

16 Honored ..

16 Zeal for American Democracy Publications

17 Educational Aids from Your Government .. Back Cover

.

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Published each month of the school year, October through June. To order SCHOOL LIFE send your check, money order, or a dollar bill (no stamps) with your subscription request to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. SCHOOL LIFE service comes to you at a school-year subscription price of $1.00. Yearly fee to countries in which the frank of the U. S. Government is not recognized is $1.50. A discount of 25 percent is allowed on orders for 100 copies or more sent to one address within the United States. Printing of SCHOOL LIFE has been approved by the Director of the Bureau of the Budget. OSCAR R. EWING.... Federal Security Administrator RALL I. GRIGSBY. Acting Commissioner of Education RALPH C. M. FLYNT. Executive Assistant to the Commissioner GEORGE KERRY SMITH... Chief, Information and Publications Service JOHN H. LLOYD..... Assistant Chief, Information and Publications

Service Address all SCHOOL LIFE inquiries to the Chief, Information and Publications Service, Office of Education, Federal Security Agency,

Washington 25, D. C.

THE Office of Education was estab

lished in 1867 "for the purpose of collecting such statistics and facts as shall show the condition and progress of

education in the sev. eral States and Territories, and of diffusing such information respecting the organization and management of schools and school systems and methods of teaching, as shall aid the people of the United States in the establishment and maintenance of efficient school sys. tems, and otherwise promote the cause of education throughout the

country.”

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DDRESSING a selected group of leaders of schools President Eisenhower's address, his first public statement

and colleges both in this country and abroad, General on American education since he became the thirteenth Presi. Dwight D. Eisenhower, upon occasion of his inauguration dent of Columbia University, has been widely quoted. as president of Columbia University on Columbus Day, Because of its appeal for liberal education, academic freeOctober 12, said, “If this were a land where the military dom, and education for democratic citizenship, and believprofession is a weapon of tyranny or aggression—its mem- ing that its content will challenge all teachers and educabers an elite caste dedicated to its own perpetuation a life- tional leaders, School LIFE presents these selected excerpts long soldier could hardly assume my present role. But in from the whole address: our Nation the Army is the servant of the people, designed “Today's challenge to freedom and to every free instituand trained exclusively to protect our way of life. Duty tion is such that none of us dares stand alone. For human in its ranks is an exercise of citizenship. Hence, among freedom is today threatened by regimented statism. The us, the soldier who becomes an educator or the teacher who threat is infinitely more than that involved in opposing becomes a soldier enters no foreign field but finds himself ideologies. Men of widely divergent views in our own instead engaged in a new phase of his fundamental life country live in peace together because they share certain purpose—the protection and perpetuation of basic human common aspirations which are more important to them freedoms.”

than their differences. But democracy and the police state

Volume 31, Number 3

have no common purposes, methods, or various economic, social, and political human values--to help the student build aspirations. In today's struggle, no free movements among ourselves. Here is a these attitudes not out of indoctrination but man, no free institution can be neutral. definite task for the teacher.

out of genuine understanding, may seem to All must be joined in a common profes

some to be education in the obvious. sion that of democratic citizenship; every

. . The broadest possible citizen “Of course, the reverse is true. There institution within our national structure understanding and responsibility is as is a growing doubt among our people that must contribute to the advancement of this necessary in our complex society as was democracy is able to cope with the social profession."

mere literacy before the industrial revolu- and economic trials that lie ahead. Among tion.”

some is a stark fear that our way of life "Democratic citizenship is concerned

may succumb to the combined effects of with the sum total of human relations. “At all levels of education, we must be creeping paralysis from within and aggresHere at home this includes the recognition constantly watchful that our schools do not sive assault from without. of mutual dependence for liberty, liveli

become so engrossed in techniques, great "Fear of the future with a concomitant hood and existence of more than 140 mil.

varieties of fractionalized courses, highly sense of insecurity and doubt of the validity lion human beings. Moreover, since we specialized knowledge, and the size of their

of fundamental principles is a terrible decannot isolate ourselves as a nation from physical plant as to forget the principal

physical plant as to forget the principal velopment in American life-almost inthe world, citizenship must be concerned, purpose of education itself-to prepare the credible in the immediate aftermath of too, with the ceaseless impact of the globe's student for effective personal and social life America's most magnificent physical and 2 billion humans upon one another, mani

in a free society. From the school at the spiritual triumphs. Only by education in fested in all the multitudinous acts and crossroads to a university as great as Colum- the apparently obvious can doubt and fear hopes and fears of humanity.

bia, general education for citizenship must be resolved." “The educational system, therefore, can

be the common and first purpose of them scarcely impose any logical limit upon its all.

"Historical failures in the application of functions and responsibilities in preparing

“I do not suggest less emphasis on pure democratic principles must be as earnestly students for a life of social usefulness and research or on vocational or professional studied as the most brilliant of democracy's individual satisfaction. The academic training; nor by any means am I suggesting triumphs. But underlying all must be the range must involve the entire material, in

that curricula should be reduced to the clear conviction that the principles themtellectual and spiritual aspects of life.”

classical education of the nineteenth cen. selves have timeless validity. Dependence

tury. But I deeply believe that all of us by the country upon the schools for this "But it is not enough merely to realize must demand of our schools more emphasis vital service implies no infringement of how freedom has been won. Essential also on those fundamentals that make our free academic freedom. is it that we be ever alert to all threats to society what and that assure it bound- "Indeed, academic freedom is nothing that freedom. Easy to recognize is the

less increase in the future if we compre- more than a specific application of the freethreat from without. Easy, too, is it to see hend and live by them.

doms inherent in the American way of life. the threat of those who advocate its destruc- "Love of freedom, confidence in the It follows that to protect academic freedom, tion from within. Less easy is it to see the efficacy of cooperative effort, optimism for the teacher must support the entire free dangers that arise from our own failure to the future, invincible conviction that the system which, among other things, guaranalyze and understand the implications of American way of life yields the greatest antees freedom for all."

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(Elementary) To replace teachers who retire, die, or leave the classroom..

Dr. Benjamin W. Frazier
TEACHER education specialist in the Office
of Education for more than 20 years, Dr.
Benjamin William Frazier, Division of
Higher Education, died September 15 in
Bethesda Hospital, Bethesda, Md., after a
week's illness. Dr. Frazier joined the
Office of Education staff in 1927.

Features Office of Education FEATURED in the October 1948 issue of The Phi Delta Kappan is an article on "The Organization and Functions of the Office of Education" by Andrew H. Gibbs, Research Assistant, Division of School Administration, Office of Education. Editor of The Phi Delta Kappan, official national organ of Phi Delta Kappa, professional fraternity for men in education, is Rolfe Lanier Hunt. Phi Delta Kappa national office is located at 2034 Ridge Road, Homewood, Ill.

553, 000 To provide one additional teacher for each 30 additional pupils-

262, 000 To replace teachers holding emergency licenses.--.

70,000 To reduce the size of classes to an average of 25 pupils-

160,000

His sur

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