Imagini ale paginilor
PDF
ePub

Table

16. Nonemigrant aliens departed, by race or people, age, conjugal

condition, and length of residence in the United States..

17. Naturalized citizens permanently, departed, by race or people, sex,

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United

States..

18. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people, sex,

age, conjugal condition, and length of residence in the United

States.

19. Aliens admitted and departed, and United States citizens permanently

departed, by classes, age, sex, and conjugal condition.

20. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, and countries of last

permanent residence and sex...

21. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, and countries of intended

future permanent residence and sex.-

22. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people, and

countries of intended future permanent residence-

23. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people, and

countries of intended future permanent residence-

24. Immigrant aliens admitted, by race or people, and States of intended

future permanent residence-

25. Emigrant aliens departed, by race or people, and States of last per-

manent residence...

26. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by race or people, and

States of last permanent residence-

27. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by race or people, and

States of last permanent residence..

28. Immigrant aliens admitted, by ports of entry and States of intended

future permanent residence...

29. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and race or people...

30. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and race or people..

31. Naturalized citizens permanently departed, by occupations and race

or people..

32. Native-born citizens permanently departed, by occupations and race

or people...

33. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and countries of last

permanent residence.

34. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and countries of intended

future permanent residence..

35. Immigrant aliens admitted, by occupations and States of intended

future permanent residence-

36. Emigrant aliens departed, by occupations and States of last permanent

residence

37. Immigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, January 1, 1924,

to June 30, 1925, by race or people and sex.

38. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted during specified periods, January 1,

1924, to June 30, 1925, by race or people and sex..

39. Emigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 1924,

to June 30, 1925, by race or people and sex.

40. Nonemigrant aliens departed during specified periods, January 1, 1924,

to June 30, 1925, by race or people and sex..

41. Immigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1899 to 1925,

by race or people.----

42. Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1925, by

race or people.--

43. Immigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1899 to 1925,

by countries of last permanent residence.

44. Emigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1925,

by countries of intended future permanent residence-

45. Nonimmigrant aliens admitted, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to

1925, by principal countries of last permanent residence.

46. Nonemigrant aliens departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to

1925, by principal countries of intended future permanent residence.

47. United States citizens permanently departed, fiscal years ended June

30, 1918 to 1925, by principal countries of intended future perma-

nent residence.-

Table

48. Net increase of population, by admission and departure of aliens,

fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1925.-

49. Total immigration, 1820 to 1925.

50. Aliens admitted, by country or area of birth and classes, as specified.

51. Aliens admitted, by race or people and classes, as specified..

52. Immigration quotas allotted and visas granted under the im igration

act of 1924, by nationality, showing number of aliens admitted and

charged against such quotas, by country or area of birth.--

53. Aliens debarred from entering the United States, by race or people,

causes, and sex..

54. Aliens debarred and deported, by causes, 1892 to 1925.

55. Permanent residents of contiguous foreign territory applying for

temporary sojourn in the United States refused admission, by

56. Aliens deported to countries whence they came after entering the

United States, by race or people and causes--

57. Aliens deported after entering the United States, by race or people

and countries to which deported, as specified.

58. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, show-

ing sex, age, class of defect, and disposition, by race or people.

59. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective,

showing sex, age, class of defect, and disposition, by diseases or

defects...

60. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective,

showing organ or portion of body affected, by diseases or defects -

61. Aliens certified by surgeons as physically or mentally defective, by

diseases or defects and race or people.

62. Appeals from decisions under immigration law, applications for

admission on bond without appeal, applications for hospital treat-

ment, and applications for transit, by causes.

63. Appeals from decisions under immigration law, applications for

admission on bond, without appeal, applications for hospital treat-

ment, and applications for transit, by ports----

64. Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, by race

or people...

65. Aliens granted hospital treatment under sections 18 and 22, by ports.

66. Deserting alien seamen, by ports.

67. Alien stowaways found on board vessels arriving at ports of the

United States, by ports.--

68. Comparison between alien arrivals and head-tax settlements -

69. Japanese aliens applied for admission, admitted, debarred, deported,

and departed, fiscal years ended June 30, 1924 and 1925.-

70. Increase or decrease of Japanese population by alien admissions and

departures, fiscal years ended June 30, 1924 and 1925, by months..

71. Occupations of Japanese aliens admitted and departed..

72. Miscellaneous Chinese transactions, by ports---

73. Aliens admitted to continental United States from insular United

States, fiscal years ended June 30, 1908 to 1925, by ports.

74. Arrivals in and departures from the Philippine Islands, by classes, as

specified

75. Aliens admitted to and aliens departed, debarred, and deported from

the Philippine Islands, by classes, as specified.

[ocr errors]

REPORT

OF THE

COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF IMMIGRATION

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR,
BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION,

Washington, June 30, 1925. Hon. JAMES J. DAVIS,

Secretary of Labor. Sir: In placing before you this report of immigration activities for the fiscal year 1925, I feel that I enjoy a peculiar privilege, because I believe that the achievements of the 12 months just passed have been greater than during any similar period heretofore. For the first time since immigration became a Federal question its regulation is now on a satisfactory and permanent basis from a legislative and administrative standpoint. For the first time in the history of the United States we have a well-rounded and a well-considered set of laws relating to immigration, which, while not shutting us off from a reasonable contribution of Old-World peoples, are at the same time responsive to the demand of the American people for an effective immigration control. I wish, therefore, first of all to assure you of my emphatic indorsement of the immigration policy of the present administration. I feel certain that if any, legislative changes are still required they will be simply amendatory in nature and not in, any sense radical, because we now have the essential legislative machinery to secure a proper standard of immigration as well as to keep the volume of such immigration' within proper limits.

The most significant contributions to the situation are the inauguration of the practice of issuing immigration visas abroad in connection with the new immigration quotas provided by the immigration act of May 26, 1924, which became effective contemporaneously with the period covered by this report, and the successful formation of the land border patrol. We have thus had one complete year's experience with both these measures; and it is not too much to say, with reference to the former, that in no previous year has so even and regular a volume of immigrant travel come to our ports nor has such travel ever before been so carefully and consistently inspected by Government officers. In no similar period has immigration been of such a high order, as shown by the small percentage of rejections; and this, too, under inspection methods of increased effectiveness made possible by the even flow of travel. In no similar period has there been the same freedom from complaint on the part of steamship companies and the traveling public. Success along these lines has been due, perhaps more than to anything else, to the distribution of the quotas over a ten-month period of the fiscal year, enabling the inspection force already available to put forth its efforts most effectively, and at the same time humanely. The immigration act of 1924 is rightly termed a "law with a heart." There is no more midnight racing of immigrant-laden steamers to our harbors; no more conges

1

[ocr errors]

tion of aliens in over-crowded quarters awaiting inspection at ports of arrival; no excuse for hasty or cursory inspection of aliens, or harsh and summary treatment that might result from the efforts of inspectors to facilitate travel and relieve congestion at ports of entry, The service is to be congratulated upon having had an opportunity to vindicate itself of the charge heretofore made by certain interests that, in its administration of the law, it did not take the human element properly into account.

Regardless of what may be the sentiment for or against restriction, no one can deny that, in making provision for consular officers to deny visas to aliens of the clearly inadmissible classes, Congress has done much to ameliorate the hardships which naturally flow from any restrictive immigration policy. In this connection reference is had to section 2, paragraphs (a) and (f), of the immigration act of 1924, which, for the sake of convenience, are quoted below:

IMMIGRATION VISAS Sec. 2. (a) A consular officer upon the application of any immigrant (as defined in section 3) may (under the conditions hereinafter prescribed and subject to the limitations prescribed in this act or regulations made thereunder as to the number of immigration visas which may be issued by such officer) issue to such immigrant an immigration visa which shall consist of one copy of the appli- ! cation provided for in section 7, visaed by such consular officer. Such visa shall specify (1) the nationality of the immigrant; (2) whether he is a quota immigrant (as defined in section 5) or a non-quota immigrant (as defined in section 4); (3) the date on which the validity of the immigration visa shall expire; and (4) such additional information necessary to the proper enforcement of the immigration laws and the naturalization laws as may be by regulations prescribed.

(f) No immigration visa shall be issued to an immigrant if it appears to the consular officer, from statements in the application, or in the papers submitted therewith, that the immigrant is inadmissible to the United States under the immigration laws, nor shall such immigration visa be issued if the application fails to comply with the provisions of this act, nor shall such immigration visa be issued if the consular officer knows or has reason to believe that the immigrant is inadmissible to the United States under the immigration laws.

As a consequence of these provisions only 1.6 per cent of the total number of aliens applying at our seaports during the past year were turned back, and represented among those refused admission were many whom the steamship lines had accepted as passengers without their having secured the necessary or proper papers and aliens who arrived as stowaways. To state it differently, approximately 4 out of every 1,000 holding proper immigration visas were excluded. The writer is sanguine that the plan which you have so strongly advocated, of stationing experienced immigration officers at the various consulates as technical advisers, will meet with universal approval by the respective foreign governments, and that eventually the harrowing scenes which so often have attended the rejection of aliens at our portals no longer will be witnessed. Perhaps the hardships connected with the enforcement of our immigration laws never can be entirely avoided, since in their application to individual men and women they frequently dissipate the most cherished ambitions, but these hardships can be minimized; and in this endeavor the cooperation of the Governments to which the prospective immigrants bear allegiance may be hopefully anticipated.

IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1924 During the fiscal year covered by this report a grand total of 458,435 aliens were examined and admitted, formal record being made

« ÎnapoiContinuați »