Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
All at once in the free country it became apparent: Hungarian instincts, desires and hopes, culture and codes of behavior were seriously scarred, and had far more in common with East European and Balkan patterns than those of Central ...
cally separated Hungary from Austria), but the Central European countries belonging—just like Hungary—to the western Judeo-Christian cultures, are also placed at a much greater distance from Hungary on the value map.
In the long run of course it came down to a systematic expulsion of responsibility and self-reflection from the culture of Hungarian politics. Clearly however, an individual or a nation that is incapable of equitable consideration, ...
With this act it appropriates all our common values that we can associate with the concept of nation—such as patriotism, our shared culture and history—, and tries to divest all those who do not belong under what they call “the only ...
In such regions permanent poverty and merciless unemployment were further exacerbated by the rise of ethnic conflicts between the Roma and non-Roma populations with different patterns of socialization and culture.
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names