Post-Communist Mafia State: The Case of Hungary
Central European University Press, 1 mar. 2016 - 336 pagini
Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework.
The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules.
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Though the democratic institutional system had been eroded, it was nevertheless upheld—more or less— by the laws requiring a two-thirds parliamentary majority. With less than a two-thirds majority the conditions fundamental to the ...
... Antal Rogán was earlier mayor of the district, now leader of the parliamentary faction of Fidesz; Péter Szentgyörgyvölgyi is the current mayor of the district representing Fidesz.
... in parliament between 1994 and 1998 practiced selfrestraint, and did not make use of its constituent powers while after 2010 Fidesz carried out its constitutional coup d'état claiming a “two-thirds revolution in the voting booth.
The main question of the three parliamentary elections following 1998 was what share of the taxpayers' money the main parties offered those who were not paying taxes. The two forces with a chance to win, Fidesz and the Hungarian ...
... constituent—parliamentary majority. Political science explains the defeat of the socialist-liberal coalition with a loss of moral credibility, a series of tactical mistakes in political strategy: the widely experienced corruption ...
Ce spun oamenii - Scrie o recenzie
from the functional disorders of democracy to a critique of the system
4 Definition of the postcommunist mafia state
a subtype of autocratic regimes
6 The legitimacy deficit faced by the mafia state and the means to overcome it
the ideological arsenal
8 The Criminal State
9 Pyramid schemesthe limits of the mafia state
List of accompanying studies
Index of Names