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Jethro's counsel to Moses.

EXODUS, XIX. such over them to be rulers of thou-| B. C. 1491. sands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: 22 And let them judge the people p Nu.11.17. at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring 9 1Sam.8.7. unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it ber Ge.30.25. easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burdenp with thee.

23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command q thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go tor their (CHAP. 19.) a Nu.33.15.

place in peace. 24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father-in-law, and did b ch.17.1,8. all that he had said.

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s Nu. 10.29,


N the third month, when the were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness a of Sinai.

c ch.VII.&c.

d De.32.11. Is.40.31. 63.9.

CHAPTER XIX. 1 The people come to Sinai. 3f Rev.1.6. God's message to them out of the mount. 8 Their answer.


7 T And Moses came, and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

32.9. IKI.8.53. Ps. 135.4. Is.41.8. 43.1. Tit. 2. 14.


De.5.27-29. Jos.24.24. Ne. 10.29.

2 For they were departed from b Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.


3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Ja- i Lev. 11.44. cob, and tell the children of Israel:"

1 Heb. 12.20.

4 Ye have seen what I did c unto k ver. 16,18. the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, d and brought you unto myself. 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey 1 or, cornet. my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiare treasure unto me above all people for all the earth is mine.

6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, f and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

ch.20.21. 24.15, 16. Deut.4.11. Ps. 18.11,12 Is.19.1.

God's message to the people.

8 And all the people answered together, and said, Allg that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee h in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

m ISa.21.4,5. Joel 2.16.

n Heb.12.21. o Deut.4.11. 33,2. Ju.5.5. Ps.68.8. Hab.3.3.

p Ne.9.13.

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The ten commandments.


Laws for servants. 21 And the LORD said unto Moses, | B. C. 1491. | LORD blessed the sabbath-day, o Go down, 2 charge the people, lest and hallowed it. they break through unto the LORD q2 contest. to gaze, and many of them perish. 22 And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

q ch.33.20.

23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it.

21 And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down; and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee; but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them. 25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them. CHAPTER XX.

21 am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land ofb Egypt, out of the house of I bondage.

3 Thou shalt have no other c gods before me.

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven inage, d or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:


(CHAP. 20.)

a De.5.4.&c.
b Lev.26.13.

1 servants.
c 2Ki. 17.35.
d Lev.26.1.
Deut.4. 16.

e ch.23.24.
Is.44. 15, 19.

Dan. 1.2.

8 ch.34.7.

Job 21.19.

h Deut.7.9.

1 The ten commandments. 22 Idolatry forbidden. 24 Of what sort the altar should be.

AND God spake all these a words, i Ler 19.12. hear but let not God speak with


us, lest we die.

k Lev.24.16.
Ps. 189.20.

m Lev.23.3.

Eze.20.12. n Ne. 13. 15,

19. Mat. 22.112.

o Ge.2.2,3.

Pr. 1.8.
Mat. 15.4,6.
q Ge.9.6.

r Mat.5.27.

5 Thou shalt not bowe down thy-p self to them, nor serve them for I the LORD thy God am a jealous f God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto g the third and fourth generation of them that hate me ;

12 Honour p thy father and thy mother; that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

13 Thou shalt not q kill.

14 Thou shalt not commit r adultery.

15 Thou shalt not s steal.

16 Thou shalt not bear false t witness against thy neighbour.

17 Thou shalt not covet thy u neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

6 And shewing mercy h unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

Rom. 13.9.
s Ep.4.28.

7 Thou shalt not take the name i
of the LORD thy God in vain; fort Ps.52.3,5.
the LORD will not hold him guilt- Rev.22.15.
lessk that taketh his name in vain. u Hab.2.9.
8 Remember the sabbath-day to
1 Cor.6.10.
keep it holy.

9 Six days shalt thou labour, and
do all thy work:

a Deut.6.1.
¿ Deut. 15.12.
with his

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will

20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin


23 Ye shall not make with me. gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24 T An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where 1 record my name v I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not 2 build it of hewn stone: for it thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

10 But the seventh day is the
sabbath of the LORD thy God: in
it thou shalt not do any m work,
thou, nor thy son, nor thy daugh-
ter, thy manservant, nor thy maid- (CHAP. 21.) NOW these are the judgments

Mat. 18.20.
2 build
them with

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps
v 2Chr.7.16. unto mine altar, that thy naked-
ness be not discovered thereon.
Sundry laws for menservants, etc.

which thou shalt a set before

servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

11 For in six days n the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the

21 And the people stood afar off: and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

22 T And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.


2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, Six years b he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

3 If he came in 1by himself, he

Divers laws

shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and here Ne.5.5. children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

5 And if the servant 2 shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:

B. C. 1491.

6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door-post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl; and he shall serve him for ever.

11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

12 He that smiteth h a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

2 saying
shall say.

13 Andi if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place k| whither he shall flee.

d ver.2,3.


be evil in the eyes of e Deut.21.14.

7 And if a man c sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as d the menservants do.

i De. 19.4,5.

8 If she 3 please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, k Nu.35.11. then shall he let her be redeemed: to selle her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully ƒ with her.

1 Nu. 15.30.

m Ge.9.6.

9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.

10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her n 1Ti.1.9. duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

o Re. 18.12,13

ƒ Mal.2.14,15

g 1Cor.7.5.
h Lev.24.17.
Mat. 26.52.

p Deut.24.7.

4 or, revileth.

De. 19.11-

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14 But if a man come l presump-| tuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, m that he may die.


15 ¶ And he that smiteth his n fa-r ver.30. ther, or his mother, shall be surely Deut. 16.18. put to death.

16 T And he that stealeth o a man, and selleth p him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

s Lev.24.20.
Deut. 19.21.

t Ep.6.9.

u Col.4.1.

v Ge.9.5.

and ordinances. 20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely 7 punished.

21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.

22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow; he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the r judges determine.

w ch.30.12.

Pr. 13.8.

23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,

21 Eye s for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.


And if a man smite t the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free u for his eye's sake,

27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die; then v the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit:

29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give, for the w ransom of his life, whatsoever is laid upon him.

31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.

32 If the ox shall push a manservant or maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty a shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

17 And he th 4 curseth his father, q or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

18 And if men strive together, and one smite 5 another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit; only he

shall pay for 6 the loss of his time, y ch.22.6,14. the money of it; and the dead or

and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

also they shall divide.

36 Or if it be known that the ox

33 T And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

34 The owner of the pit shall make ity good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his. Ze.11.12,13 35 And if one man's ox hurt Mat.26.15. another's, that he die, then they shall sell the live ox, and divide


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5% If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field: of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make e

c Nu.35.27.
d Jer. 16.18.
Rev. 18.6.

10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:

e ch.21.34.
f Deut.25.1.
2 Ch.19.10.

g Heb.6.16.

h Deut.22.28,


Job 22.6.
r ver.23.

t Acts 23.3,5.

Jude 8.

3 or, judges.

4 thy ful


u Mic.7.1.

5 tear.

11 Then shall an g oath of the LORD v ch.13.2. be between them both, that he hath w Lev.22.27. not put his hand unto his neigh-x Lev. 19.2. bour's goods; and the owner of it 1Pet.1.15, shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.


12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

and ordinances.

13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which

y Lev.22.8.

was torn.


2 weigh.
Deut. 18.10.
1 Sa.28.3,9.
k Lev. 18.23,

6 If fire break out, and catch in
thorns, so that the stacks of corn, De. 13.1-11. widow, or fatherless child.
or the standing corn, or the field,
be consumed therewith, he that
kindled the fire shall surely make

7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.

m Lev. 19.33.
n De.24.17.
Is. 1.17.
Jam. 1.27.
o Jer. 15.8.
p Ne.5.7.
Ps. 15.5.
Eze. 18.8,
q Deut.24.6,

8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.

9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come f before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

And if a man borrow aught of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire. 16 T And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her h to be his wife.

17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall 2 pay money according to the dowry of


18 T Thou shalt not suffer a witch i to live.

19 Whosoever lieth with k a beast shall surely be put to death. 20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

21 T Thou shalt neither vex a m stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 Ye shall not afflict any n

23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry;

24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, o and your children fatherless. 25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, p neither shalt thou lay upon him


26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to q pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that 1 will hear; r for I am s gracious. 28 Thou shalt not revile t the 3 gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.

29 T Thou shalt not delay to offer 4 the first of thy ripe fruits, u and of thy 5 liquors: the firstborn of thy v sons shalt thou give unto me. 30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven w days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

31 T And ye shall be holy men unto me neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of y beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.

Divers laws and ordinances.


1 Of slander and false witness. 2 Of
other offences and duties. 20 An (CHAP. 23.)
Angel promised, with a blessing, ifor, receive.
they obey him.

a Ps. 15.3.
b Pr. 19.5.



HOU shalt not 1 raise a false a report put not thine hand with the wicked to be an b unrighteous witness.

2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude c to do evil: neither shalt thou 2 speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment.

3 Neither shalt thon countenance a poor d man in his cause. 4 If thou meet thine enemy's e ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him

B. C. 1191..

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11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave, the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy 6 olive-yard.

12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest; that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid and the stranger may be refreshed.

c 1Ki. 19.10.

Job 31.34.
2 answer.
d ver.6.

e Mat.5.44.

3 or, wilt

13 And in all things that I have said unto you, be k circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.

14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt; and none shall appear before me empty :)

thou cease
to help
him? or,
cease to

leave thy

for him;
thou shalt

surely leave
it to join
with him.
f ver.3.
h Pr. 17.23.
the seeing.

5 soul.

i Lev.25.3,4.
6 or, olive-

k Deut.4.9.
1 Jos.23.7.

Ps. 16.4.

7 or, feast.
m ch.31.26.

o Ge. 12.3.



or, I will
them that
afflict thee.
p ch.33.2.


9 ch.20.5.

r Lev. 18.3.
Ps. 101.3.
s ch.32.20.


t Jos.22.5.
u Deut.7.13.

An Angel is promised.

16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in thy field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.

Ps. 103.3.
w Deut.28.4.

17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the LORD God.

26 There shall nothing cast their young, nor be w barren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will fulfil. 27 I will send my fear a before thee, and will destroy all the peoNu.33.52.ple to whom thou shalt come; and I will make all thine enemies turn their 9 backs unto thee.

28 And I will send hornets y before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.'


29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. 30 By little and little I will drive Jos.24.12. them out from before thee, until zNu.34.3,&c. thou be increased, and inherit the

1Sa. 14.15. 2Ch.14.14. 9 neck.




31 And I will set thy z bounds

18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my 7 sacrifice remain until the morning.

19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe m a kid in his mother's milk.


Behold, I send an n Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. 21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not: for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.

22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy o unto thine enemies, and 8 an adversary unto thine adversaries.

23 For mine Angelp shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I will cut them off.

24 Thou shalt not bow downg to their gods, nor serve them, nor do r after their works; but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down s their images.

25 And ye shall serve the LORD t your God, and he shall bless u thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness v away from the midst of thee.

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