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The Syrians slain.

10 And Ben-hadad sent unto him, and said, The gods c do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that 3 follow me.

11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell him, Letd not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off.

12 And it came to pass, when Benhadad heard this 4 message, (as he was drinking, he and the kings in the 5pavilions,) that he said unto his servants, Set yourselves in array. And they set themselves in array against the city.

B. C. 901.

13 And, behold, there came a prophet unto Ahab king of Israel, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou seen all this great multitude? behold, I will deliver it into thine hand this day; e and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.

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d Pr.27.1.

4 word.

5 or, tents.


25 And number thee an army like the army that 10 thou hast lost, horse for horse, and chariot for and they chariot and we will fight against placed en- them in the plain, and n surely we gines. shall be stronger than they. And he approached. hearkened unto their voice, and

did so.


or,servants. 9 bind, or,tie.

f Ju.7.7.

14 And Ahab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith the LORD, Even by the 8 young men of the princes of the provinces. Then he said, Who shall order the battle? And he answered, Thou.

g ver. 12.
ch. 16.9.

h Is.54.15.


15 Then he numbered f the young men of the princes of the provinces, i Ju.7.21,22. and they were two hundred and thirty-two: and after them he numbered all the people, even all the children of Israel, being seven thousand.

k 2Ki.6.12. 125a.11.1.


or, Place
the engines:

16 And they went out at noon. But Ben-hadad was drinking g him- m Ps.115.2,3. self drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kingsh 10was fallen. that helped him.


n Ps. 10.3.

o 1Sam.4.1.

17 And the young men of the princes of the provinces went out first; and Ben-hadad sent out, and they told him, saying, There are men come out of Samaria.

29.1. 2Ki. 13. 17. the war with Israel. 12 or, victualled.

18 And he said, Whether they be come out for peace, take them alive; or whether they be come out for war take them alive.

P Is.37.29-36.

9 ver. 13.

19 So these young men of the princes of the provinces came out of the city, and the army which followed them. 20 And i they slew every one his r Ps. 10. 16. man: and the Syrians fled; and s Ps. 18.45. Israel pursued them; and Ben-ha- t Jer.48.44. dad the king of Syria escaped on Luke 13.4. an horse with the horsemen. 13 a chamber within a chamber, or, from chamber to chamber, ch.22.25.

21 And the king of Israel went out, and smote the horses and chariots, and slew the Syrians with a great slaughter.

22 And the prophet k came to the king of Israel, and said unto him, Go, strengthen thyself, and mark, and see what thou doest : for at the return of the year the kingv Ge.37.34. of Syria will come up against thee.

u Is. 16.5.

They are smitten again.

23 And the servants of the king of Syria said unto him, Their gods m are gods of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we; hut let us fight against them in the plain, and surely we shall be stronger than they.

24 And do this thing, Take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their


Job 12.16-

26 And it came to pass at the return of the year, that Ben-hadad numbered the Syrians, and went up to Aphek o to 11 fight against Israel.

27 And the children of Israe! were numbered, and were 12 all present and went against them: and the children of Israel pitched before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country.

28 And there came a man of God, and spake unto the king of Israel, and said, Thus saith the LORD, Because p the Syrians have said, The LORD is God of the hills, but he is not God of the valleys, therefore q will I deliver all this great multitude into thine hand, and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

29 And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And so it was that in the seventh day the battle was joined: r and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day.

30 But the rest fleds to Aphek, into the city; and there t a wall fell upon twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left. And Benhadad fled, and came into the city, into 13 an inner chamber.

31 T And his servants said unto him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful u kings: let us, I pray thee, put v sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save thy life.

32 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Thy servant Benhadad saith, I pray thee, let me live. And he said, is he yet alive? he is my brother.

Ahab's folly reproved.

1 KINGS, XXI. 33 Now the men did diligently B. C. 900. observe whether any thing would come from him, and did hastily catch it: and they said, Thy brother Ben-hadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring him. Then Ben-hadad came forth to him; and he caused him to come up w into the chariot.

x ch.15.20.

y Is.8.12.

z 2Ki.2.3,5,

w 2Ki, 10.15.

Acts 8.31.


good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money.

34 And Ben-hadad said unto him, The cities which my father took a ch.13.17,18. vineyard than it; or, if it seem from thy father, I will restore; and thou shalt inake streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria. Then, said Ahab, I will send thee away with this covenant. So he made a covenant y with him, and sent him away.

3 And Naboth said to Ahab, The LORD forbid it me, that b I should give the inheritance of my fathers unto thee.

b Jer.27.2. Eze.4.3. e ch.13.24.

14 smiting and wounding. d 2Sa. 14.2.

e 25a. 12.1,&c. f 2Ki.10.24.

35 And a certain man of the sons z of the prophets said unto his neighbour in the word a of the LORD, Smite b me, I pray thee. And the man refused to smite him. 36 Then said he unto him, Be15 weigh. cause thou hast not obeyed the voice of the LORD, behold, as soon 16 was not. as thou art departed from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as soon as he g 2Sa.12.5-7. was departed from him, a lion ch Job 15.6. found him, and slew him.

Mat.21.4143. Lu. 19.22.

37 Then he found another man, and said, Smite me, I pray thee. And the man smote him, 14 so that in smiting he wounded him.

i ch.22.31-37.

38 So the prophet departed, and k ch.21.4. waited for the king by the way, and d disguised himself with ashes

upon his face.

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a 1Sa.8.14.

kingdom of Israel? Arise, and eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: fe will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.

39 And as the king passed by, he (CHAP. 21.) him, Dost thou now govern the
cried unto the king: and he said, e
Thy servant went out into the
midst of the battle; and, behold, a
man turned aside, and brought a
man unto me, and said, Keep this
man: iff by any means he be miss-
mg, then shall thy life be for his
life, or else thou shalt 15 pay a
talent of silver.

1 be good in
thine eyes.
b Lev.25.23.
Eze.46. 18.

c Job 5.2. Hab.2.9-12.

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Ahab is grieved.


after these things,that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.

2 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give a me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house: and I will give thee for it a better

42 And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Because thou hast g De. 13.13. et go out of thy hand a man whom appomted to utter destruction, Therefore i thy life shall go for his afe, and thy people for his people. 43 And the king of Israel went to house heavy k and displeased, and came to Sainuria.

h Ex.22.28, Lev.24.15,

16. Mat.26.5966. Acts 6.11.


i Lev.24.14.

Eyah denounceth judgments against k Is.58.4.

Ahab and Jezebel.

4 And Ahab came into his house c heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.

5 But Jezebel his wife came to

him, and said unto him, Why d is thy spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread?

6 And he said unto her, Because 1 spake unto Naboth the Jezreelite, and said unto him, Give me thy vineyard for money; or else, if it please thee, I will give thee another vineyard for it: and he answered, I will not give thee my vineyard. 7 And Jezebel his wife said unto

8 Sof she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth. 9 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth 2 on high among the people:

10 And set two men, sous g of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme h God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone? him, that he may die.

11 And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had scut unto them, and as it was written in the letters which she had sent unto them. 12 They proclaimed a fast, k and set Naboth on high among the people.

13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him and the men of Belial wit

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1 KINGS, XXII. B. C. 897.

Naboth murdered.

nessed against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme 1 Ex.20.16. God and the king. Then m they f Ps. 27.12. carried him forth out of the city, Pr.25. 18. and stoned him with stones, that Mal.3.5. he died.

14 Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead.

m 2Ki.9.26. Ec.4.1. Ac.7.57-59. Pr. 1.10-16.


15 T And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel o Ps.9.12. said to Ahab, Arise, taken posses-p ch. 13.32. sion of the vineyard of Naboth the, Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead.


22 And will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam v the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha to the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and made Israel to sin.

q ch.22.38. Ps.7.16. Mat.7.2.

r ch. 18. 17.

$ ver.25.

16 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.

17 T And o the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, t ch.14.10. 18 Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which p is in Sama-u ria: behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it.

19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken posses-y sion? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Ing the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.

20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast r thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found thee: because thou hast sold s thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.


21 Behold, It will bring evil upon e Jon.3.6-10. thee, and will take away thy pos-d Ex. 10.3. terity, and will u cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel,

2Ki. 17.17.


52.3. Rom.7.14.



ch.15.29. w ch.16.3.11. x2Ki.9.36,37. or, ditch. ver.20. ch. 16.30,31. 4 or, incited. z Jos.23.12,

13. Ec.7.26.

a Ge. 15. 16. 2Ki.21.11.

b Joel.2.12,

e Is.66.2. ƒ2Ki.20.19. g 2Ki.9.25. (CHAP. 22.) a 2Ch. 18.2,


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silent from taking it.

23 And of Jezebel x also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the 3 wall of Jezreel.

24 Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and hi that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.

e Pr.3.6. Jer.21.2. f ch. 18. 19. 5 Jer.5.31.

25 Buty there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself to h 2K1.3.11. work wickedness in the sight of i Ps.34.21. the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife 2 or, eunuch, 4 stirred up.z

3 floor.

26 And he did very abominably in!

c Pr. 1. 10.

False prophets following idols, according to all things as did the Amorites, a whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.

27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that b he rent his clothes, and put e sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.

28 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, 29 Seest thou how Ahabd humbleth himself before me? Because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in f his days: but in g his son's days will I bring the evil upon his house. CHAPTER XXII


d 2Ki.3.7.

Ahab, seduced by false prophets, slain at Ramoth-gilead.

without war between Syria and


2 And a it came to pass, in the third year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.

3 And the king of Israel said unto his servants, Know ye that R moth b in Gilead is ours, and we 1 still, and take it not out of the hand of the king of Syria?

4 And he said unto Jehoshaphat Wilt thou go with me to battle! Ramoth-gilead? And Jehoshapha said to the king of Israel, Idama thou art, my people as thy people my horses as thy horses.

5 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Inquire,e I pray the at the word of the LORD to-day

6 Then the king of Israel gather the prophets together, about fon hundred men, and said unto them Shall I go against Ramoth-gilead battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for the LORD sha deliver it into the hand of the king

7 And Jehoshaphat said. Is & m not here a prophet of the LORD be sides, that we might inquire of

8 And the king of Israel said und Jehoshaphat, There is yet one mas (Micaiali the son of Imish,) ► whom we may inquire of the Loa but I hate i him; for he doth prophesy good conceruin me, evil. And Jehoshaphat said, not the king say so.

1 9 Then the king of Israel called i 2 officer, and said, Hasten Adhe Micah the son of Imlah

10 And the king of Israel and hoshaphat the king of Juda cach on his throne, having put their robes, in a 3 void place mi entrance of the gate of Samara and all the prophets proptes before them

seduce Ahab.

Ahab is slain. 24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote s

11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus saith the LORD, Eze. 13.6-9. Micaiah on the cheek, and said, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed them.

Mi.3. 11. 7 Job 9.4.

Which way went the Spirit of the
LORD from me to speak unto thee?
25 And Micaiah said. Behold, thou
shalt see in that day, when thou
shalt go 5 into 6 an inner chamber
to hide thyself.

Acts 20.27.
Gal. 1.10.

12 And k all the prophets prophe-m Is.30.10.
sied so, saying, Go up to Ramoth-n Nu.22.38.
gilead, and prosper: l for the LORD
shall deliver it into the king's hand.
13 And the messenger that was
gone to call Micaiah, spake unto
him, saying, Behold now, the words
of the prophets declare good unto
the king with one mouth: let thy
word, I pray thee, be like the word
of one of them, and speak that
which is good.m

26 And the king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son;


B. C. 897.

17 And he said, I saw all Israel o scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace.

o Zec. 13.7.


p Is.6.1-3.

q Job 1.6.

Eze. 14.9. 2Tb.2.10

14 And Micaiah said, As the LORD hveth, what n the LORD saith unto me, that will I speak. 15 So he came to the king. 4 or, deceive. And the king said unto him, Mi-r Ju.9.23. caah, shall we go against RamothJob 12.16. gilead to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, Go, and prosper; for the LORD shall deliver it into the hand of the king. 16 And the king said unto him, s How many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of the LORD?


And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up nd fall at Ramoth-gilead? And e said on this manner, and anher said on that manner. And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and d, I will persuade him. 2 And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will forth, and I will be a lying spirit the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade m, and prevail also: go forth, and


Ps. 103.21.

30 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and enter into the battle; but Mat.26.68. put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel a disguised himself, and went into the battle.

Acts 23.2.

5 or, from
chamber to


31 But the king of Syria commanded his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying, Fight neither with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel. 32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. Andy they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out.

33 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him.

34 And a certain man drew a bow 8 at a venture, and smote the king 7or, when he was to dis-of Israel between the joints 9 of the guise him- harness: wherefore he said unto self. the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am 10 wounded.

a chamber

in a cham-

t Jer.38.6.

Acts 5.18.

18 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would prophesy no good concerning me, but evil?

19 And he said, Hear thou therere the word of the LORD: I saw p the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host q of heaven standing by w Mat. 13.9, am, on his right hand and on his Neft?


u Deut. 16.3.


v Nu. 16.29.
De. 18.20,

x 2Ch.35.22.

y Pr.13.20.

8 in his sim-
9 and the


10 made sick.

27 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, t and feed him with bread of affliction, u and with water of affliction, until 1 come in peace.

28 And Micaiah said, If v thou return at all in peace, the LORD hath not spoken by me. And he said, w Hearken,O people, every one of you. 29 So the king of Israel, and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, went up to Ramoth-gilead.

11 ascended.

z ver. 17.28.

Now, r therefore, behold, the 12 bosom. LORD hath put a lying spirit in the outh of all these thy prophets, nd the LORD hath spoken evil 13 came. cerning thee.

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Jehoshaphat's good reign.

the pool of Samaria; and the dogs
licked up his blood; and they wash-
ed his armour; according unto the a ch.21.19.
word of the LORD which he spake.ab Am.3.15.
39 Now the rest of the acts of
Ahab, and all that he did, and the
ivory b house which he made, and
all the cities that he built, are they
not written in the book of chroni
cles of the kings of Israel?

c 2Ch.20.31,

40 So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.


And c Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of israel.

42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and tive years in Jerusalem. And his mo

ther's name was Azubah, the daugh

ter of Shilhi.

B. C. 897.

CHAPTER I. Elijah bringeth fire from heaven upon them whom Ahaziah sent to apprehend him. HEN Moab rebelled a against

d 2Ch.17.3.

e ch.14.23.

2 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of Baal-zebub the god of b Ekron, whether I shall recover c of this disease.

15.14. 2Ki. 12.3.

f 2K1.8.18.
2Ch. 19.2.

g ch.14.24.

43 And d he walked in all the

ways of Asa his father; he turned
not aside from it, doing that which
was right in the eyes of the LORD: k ch.10.22.
nevertheless the high places e were ch.9.26.
not taken away; for the people of-m 2Ch.21.1.
fered and burnt incense yet in the
high places.

n ver.40.


44 And Jehoshaphat made peace foch. 16.30, with the king of Israel. 45 Now the rest of the acts of Je-p ch. 12.28-33. hoshaphat, and his might that he q Ju.2.11. showed, and how he warred, are]·

h Ge.25.23.


13 or, had ten


i 2Ch.20.35,


| B. C. 896.

The Second Book of the KINGS, commonly called
The Fourth Book of the KINGS.

a ch.3.5.


b 1Sam.5.10.

3 But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is t not because there is not a God in Israel, that ye go to inquire of Baalzebub d the god of Ekron?


4 Now therefore thus saith the LORD, 1 Thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art g gone up, but shalt surely die. And Elijah departed.

Ahaziah's wicked reign. they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 46 And the remnant of the g sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land.

47 There was then no king hin Edom: a deputy was king.


d Mar.3.22. 1 The bed whither thou art gone up, thou shalt not come

5 T And when the messengers turned back unto him, he said unto them,Why are ye now turned back? 6 And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus e saith the LORD, IS it not because there is not a God in Israel that thou sendest to inquire of Baal-zebub the god of Ekron? therefore f thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou down from art gone up, but shalt surely die.


7 And he said unto them, 2 What manner of man was he which came

up to meet you, and told you these



Ps. 16.4.
2 What was
the man-
ner of the
Zec. 13.4.

48 Jehoshaphat 13 made ships i of Tharshish k to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber./

49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships: but Jehoshaphat would not. 50 T And m Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

51 Ahaziah n the son of Ahab

began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

52 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way o of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam p the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

53 For he served Baal, q and worshipped him, and provoked to anger the LORD God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.

8 And they answered him, Heg was an hairy man, and girt with a gir dle of leather about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah the Tishbite. 9 Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: (and, behold,

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