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God magnifieth Joshua.

Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel, and carried them over with them unto the place where they lodged, and laid them down there. 9 And Joshua set up twelve e stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the Covenant stood: and they are there unto this day.

10 For the priests which bare the ark stood fin the midst of Jor- h ch.3.7. dan, until every thing was firushedi Ex. 14.31. that the LORD commanded Joshua to speak unto the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua: and the people hasted and passed over.

1Sa. 12.18. IKI.3.28.

k Ex.25.16,


11 And it came to pass, when all the people were clean passed over, that the ark of the LORD passed over, and the priests in the presence of the people.


m ver.8

to morrow.

0 ch.3.17.

12 And g the children of Reuben,n ver.6. and the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh passed over armed before the children of Israel, as Moses spake unto them: 13 About forty thousand 2 prepared for war passed over before the qlki.8.42.43. LORD unto battle, to the plains of 2Ki. 19.19. Jericho. Ps. 106.8. Jer. 10.6,7. Da.4.34,35. all days,

p Ex. 14.21.


14 On that day the LORD h magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him as they feared i Moses, all the days of his life.

15 And the LORD spake unto Joshua, saying,

16 Command the priests that bear, the ark k of the testimony, that: they come up out of Jordan.

17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan.

18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were 3 lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and 4 flowed over all his banks, as they did before.

JOSHUA, V. B. C. 1451.

e Ex.24.12.



f ch.3.13.

g Nu.32.20


2 or, ready



plucked up. went. ch.3.15.

(CHAP. 5.) a Nu. 13.29.

b Ex.15. 14, 15.

c ch.2.9,11.

Ps. 48.6. Eze.21.7. d 1Ki.10.5.

1 or, knives of flints, Ex.4.25. 2 or, Gibeahhaaraloth.

e Nu.26.64, 65.

f Nu. 11.33. Deut. 1.3. 2.7.14. 8.4.

19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jeri- Ps.95.10, cho.

11. Heb.3.11.

20 And m those twelve stones

which they took out of Jordan, did h Nu.14.31. Joshua pitch in Gilgal.

21 And he spake unto the chil-3 dren of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers 5 in time to come, saying, What mean these stones?

Deut. 1.39. the people had made an end to be circumcised.

22 Then ye shall let your children

Circumcision is renewed. know, saying, Israel came o over this Jordan on dry land.

23 For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the LORD your God did p to the Red sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over: 24 That q all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it is mighty: that ye might fear the LORD your God 6 for


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2 At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee 1 sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time. 3 And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at 2 the hill of the foreskins.

4 And this is the cause why Joshua did circumcise: Alle the people that came out of Egypt, that were males, even all the men of war died in the wilderness by the way, after they came out of Egypt.

5 Now all the people that came out were circumcised; but all the people that were born in the wilderness by the way as they came forth out of Egypt, them they had not circumcised.

6 For the children of Israel walkedf forty years in the wilderness, till all the people that were men of war which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom g the LORD Sware that he would not shew them the land which the LORD Sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.

7 And their children, h whom he raised up in their stead,them Joshua circumcised: for they were uncircumcised, because they had not circumcised them by the way.

8 And it came to pass, when 3 they had done circumcising all the people, that they abode in their places

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13 And it came to pass when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, there stood a man p over against him with his q sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Ari thou for us, or for our adversaries?

14 And he said, Nay; but as 5 cap-| tain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fellr on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What s saith my lord unto his servant?

15 And the captain of the LORD's host said unto Joshua, Looset thy shoc from off thy foot, for the place whereon thou standest is holy and Joshua did so. CHAPTER VI.

1 Jericho is shut up. 2 God instructeth Joshua how to besiege it. 22 Rahab is saved.


TOW Jericho 1 was straitly shut up, because of the children of Israel none went out, and none

came in.

2 And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, la have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king b thereof, and the mighty men of valour.

3 And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shait thou do six days.

4 And seven priests shall bear! before the ark seven trumpets c of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the d priests shall blow with the trumpets.


ISa. 17.26.

k ch.24. 14. Eze.20.7.8. 23.3,8.

4 that is, rolling. 1 ch.4.19.

m Ex. 12.6. Nu.9.5.

n Ex. 16.35. Ne.9.20.

o Re.7.16,17. p Ge.32.24. Ex.23.23.

4 Nu.22.23. 1 Ch.21.27,


5 or, prince, Ex.23.20. Da, 10.13, 21. 12.1.

Rev. 19.1114.

r Ge. 17.3.

Nu. 16.22.

$ 1Sa.3.9,10. Is.6.8. Acts 9.6.

10 And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make 4 any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout, then shall ye shout.

11 So the ark of the LORD compassed the city, going about it once and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp. And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took upk the ark of the LORD.


13 And seven priests, bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rere22.ward came after the ark of the LORD, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days.

15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times.

16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, m Shout;

t Ex.3.5. Acts 7.33. (CHAP. 6.) did shut

up, and
was shut

a ch.2.9,24.

8.1. b Deut.7.24. Ju.11.24.

c Ju.7.16,22. d Nu. 10.8. e 2Ch.20.21,



2 under it.

g ch.3.6.

h ver.3.

3 gathering host.

i Nu.10.25.

Jericho besieged. shall fall down 2 flat, and the people shall ascend up, every man straight before him.

6 And Joshua the son of Non called the priests, and said unto them, g Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD. 7 And he said unto the people. Pass on, and compass h the city, and let him that is armed pass on before the ark of the LORD.

Lé.27.38. Mi.4.13.

8 And it came to pass, when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them.

9 And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the 3 rerewardi came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

4 your voice
to be heard.
k ver. 6.

1 ver.4.
m ver.5.

5 And it shall come to pass, that e
when they make a long blast with
the ran's horn, and when ye hear s or, devoted. for the LORD hath given you the
the sound of the trumpet, all the
people shall shout f with a great
shout and the wall of the city


17 And the city shall be 5accursed, even it, and all that are

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18 And ye, in any wise keep o yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble p it.


19 But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are 6 consecrated unto the LORD: they shall come into the treasury q of the LORD.

Deut.7.26. BU






7 under it.

s De.7.2, 16.
ISam. 15.3,


2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Bethavan, on the east side of Beth-el, 1K.20.42. and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai.

Ps. 137.8,9.
Rev. 18.21.


20 So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the peo-t ple heard the sound of the trumpet, u ch.2. 18. and the people shouted with as families. great shout, that ther wall fell De. 13. 16, down 7 flat, so that the people w ver. 19. went up into the city, every man x Ju. 1.24,25. straight before him, and they took He. 11.31. the city. y Mat.1.5. 21 And they utterly s destroyed z Jam.2.25. all that was in the city, both mana ki.16.34. and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.

3 And they returned to Joshua, and said unto him, Let not all the people go up; but let 3 about two or three thousand men go up and smite Ai: and make not all the people to labour thither; for they are but few.

b Deut.31.6.

22 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware t unto her.

a ver.20.21.

1 Achar.

5 And the men of Ai smote of (CHAP. 7.) them about thirty and six men : for they chased c them from before the gate even unto Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: melted, d and became as water.e wherefore the hearts of the people 6 And Joshua rent f his clothes, and fell to the earth upon his face before the ark of the LORD until the even-tide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust g upon their heads.


2 or, Zimri,

23 And the young men that were spies went in, and brought out Kahab, and u her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had; and they brought out all her kindred, and left b Le.26.17. them without the camp of Israel.


c Deut 1.44.

or, in

3 about two
men, or,
about three

24 And they burnt v the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the wo silver, and the gold, and d Le.26.36. the vessels of brass and of iron, e Ps.22.14. they put into the treasury of the f Ge.37.29, house of the LORD.

Joshua's complaint. CHAPTER VII.

5 The Israelites are smitten at A. 6 Joshua's complaint.

OUT the children of Israel committed a trespass, a in the accursed thing for 1 Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of 2 Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel.

g 18am.4.12.

25 And Joshua saved Rahab z the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel y even unto this day; because z she hid the messengers which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

i Hab.2.1.
5 necks.
k Ex.32.12.

26 And Joshua adjured them at
that time, saying, Cursed a be the
man before the LORD, that riseth
up and buildeth this city Jericho :
he shall lay the foundation thereof
in his firstborn, and in his youngest
son shall he set up the gates of 6 fallest.
n ch.6. 17,18.
27 So the LORD was with b Jo-o ver.21.
shua; and his fame was noised p Acts 5.1,2.
throughout all the country.

Nu. 14. 13.
1 De.32.26,27.
Ps. 83.4.
m Eze.36.22,


Ne.9.1. Job 2.12. h Ex.5.22.


4 So there went up thither of the people about three thousand men : and they b fled before the men

of Ai.

7 And Joshua said, Alas! O Lord GOD, wherefore h hast thou at all brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? Would to God we had been content, and dwelt on the other side Jordan!

8 O Lord, what i shall I say, when Israel turneth their 5 backs before their enemies!

9 Fork the Canaanites, and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear of it, and shall environ us round, and cut off our name from the earth and what wilt thou do unto thy great name ?m

10 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Get thee up; wherefore 6 liest thou thus upon thy face? 11 Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded n them: for they have even taken o of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled p also, and they have put it even among their own stuff.

Achan is taken.


12 Therefore q the children of B. C. 1451. Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: r neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you.

s ch.3.5.

13 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctifys yourselves against to morrow: for thus saith the t 1Sa. 10. 19. LORD God of Israel, There is an 14.38-42. accursed thing in the midst of u Pr.16.33. Jon. 1.7. thee, O Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, untilor, wickedye take away the accursed thing from among you.

14 In the morning therefore ye shall be brought according t to your tribes and it shall be, that the tribe which the u LORD taketh shall come according to the families thereof; and the family which the LORD shall take shall come by households; and the household which the LORD shall take shall come man by man.

15 And it shall be, that he that is taken with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he hath because he hath transgressed the covenant of the LORD, and because he hath wrought folly in v Israel.

16 So Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by their tribes; and the tribe of Judah was taken:

20 And Achan answered Joshua, and said, Indeed I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel, and thus and thus have I done:

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Nu. 14.45.

22 T So Joshua sent messengers, and they ran unto the tent, and

r ch.6.18.



w 1Sam.6.5.
Jer. 13. 16.

24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver and the garment, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.


25 And Joshua said, Why hast thou troubled c us? the LORD ISa.26.21. shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned d him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. 26 And they raised e over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turnedƒ from the fierceness of his anger : wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley g of 10 Achor, unto this day.



33.12,13. Ezra 10,10, 11.


Je.3. 12,13.

Ro. 10.10.
1Jno. 1.8-

y Pr.28.22.

8 tongue.

17 And he brought the family of Judah; and he took the family of the Zarhites: and he brought the a Mi.2.1. family of the Zarhites man by b Is.29.15. man; and Zabdi was taken:

18 And he brought his household man by man; and Achan the son

of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son 9 poured.
of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, was

c 1Chr.2.7.
He. 12.15.
d Deut. 17.5.

19 And Joshua said unto Achan,
My son, give, I pray thee, glory w to
the LORD God of Israel, and make
confession unto him; and tell
me now what thou hast done, f De.13.17.
hide it not from me.

e ch.8.29.



g ver.24.

Is.65.10. Ho.2.15. 10 that is, trouble.

21 When I saw y among the spoils a goodly Babylonish gar(CHAP. 8.) ment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a 8 wedge of gold of a ch.6.21. fifty shekels weight, then I covet-b De.20.14. ed z them, and took a them, and c Ju.20.29, behold, they are hid b in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it.


God encourageth Joshua.

behold, it was hid in his tent, and the silver under it.

d ch.7.5.

1 pulled.

23 And they took them out of the midst of the tent, and brought them unto Joshua, and unto all the children of Israel, and laid them out before the LORD.


1 God encourageth Joshua. 3 The stratagem whereby Ai was taken. 30 Joshua buildeth an altar, 34 propoundeth blessings and


the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land:

2 And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho a and her king: only the spoil b thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.

3 So Joshua arose, and all the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away by night.

4 And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie c in wait against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready:

5 And I, and all the people that are with me, will approach unto the city and it shall come to pass when they come out against us, as at the first, d that we will flee before them,

6 (For they will come out after us) till we have 1 drawn them from the city; for they will say, They flee before us, as at the first:

Ai is taken.

JOSHUA, VIII. therefore we will flee before them. B. C. 1451. 7 Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand.

f ver.5.

8 And it shall be, when ye have
taken the city, that ye shall set the
city on fire: according to the com-
mandment of the LORD shall ye
do. See, e I have commanded you. 2 or, of Ai.
9 Joshua therefore sent them
forth; and they went to lie in am-
bush, and abode between Beth-el 3 lying in
and Ai, on the west side of Ai:
but Joshua lodged that night
among the people.


The king is hanged.

city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.

20 And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and bee28a. 13.28. hold, the smoke of the city ascendled i up to heaven, and they had no 4 power to flee this way or that way and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.

21 And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai.

10 And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and numbered the g Ju.20.34, people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people | to Ai.





11 And ƒ all the people, even the people of war that were with him, went up, and drew nigh, and cameh Ex.8.5. before the city, and pitched on the north side of Ai: now there was a valley between them and Ai.

12 And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush between Beth-el and Ai, on the west side 2 of the city.

13 And when they had set the people, even all the host that was on the north of the city, and their 3 liers in wait on the west of the 4 hand. city, Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley. 14 And it cam to pass whenk Deut.7.2. the king of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before them Nu.31.22, plain; but he wist g not that there were liers in ambush against him behind the city.



i Ge. 19.28.

19 And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the

15 And Joshua and all Israel maden ver.2. as if they were beaten before them, and fled by the way of the wilder- De.13.16.


16 And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue p Ps. 110.5. after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city.

17 And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth-el that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

18 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Stretch h out the spear that is in s ch.7.26. thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua stretched out the spear that he hadt De,27.4-6. in his hand toward the city.

28 And Joshua burnt o Ai, and made it an heap for ever, even a desolation, unto this day.

29 And the kingp of Ai he hanged q on a tree until even-tide and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering q ch.10.26,27. of the gate of the city, and s raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

30 Then Joshua built an altar unto the LORD God of Israel in mount Ebal, t

r De.21.22,

u Ex.20.25.

22 And the other issued out of the city against them: so they were in the midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side: and

they smote them, so that they let
none of them remain or escape.
23 And the king of Ai they took
alive, and brought him to Joshua.
24 And it came to pass, when Is-
rael had made an end of slaying all
the inhabitants of Ai in the field,
in the wilderness wherein they
chased them, and when they were
all fallen on the edge of the sword,
until they were consumed, that all
the Israelites returned unto Ai, and
smote it with the edge of the sword.

25 And so it was, that all that fell that day, both of men and women, were twelve thousand, even all the men of Ai.

26 For Joshua drew l not his hand back wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai. 27 Only m the cattle and the spoil of that city israel took for a prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the LORD which a he commanded Joshua.

31 As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written u in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they of fered thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD and sacrificed peace of ferings.

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