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LETTER FROM MESSRS. SEREIKA AND PAZEMENAS OF THE LITHUANIAN VETERANS ASSOCIATION RAMOVE (LOS ANGELES CHAPTER) TO HON. DANTE B. FASCELL REGARDING SUPPORT FOR THE BALTIC STATES RESOLUTIONS, DATED MAY 10, 1975
THE LITHUANIAN VETERANS ASSOCIATION RAMOVE,
LOS ANGELES CHAPTER,
Hon. DANTE B. FASCELL,
DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: Investigations of the House Select Committee in 19531954 established that Soviet Union committed an act of unprovoked aggression by occupying Lithuania and two other Baltic States. The occupied nations now are governed with the strong annihilative tendencies, applying wily migration of different nationalities, russification and a vehement persecution of religion. Moreover, the Soviet Union strives now to get international approval of the final incorporation of Baltic states into the Soviet Union.
United States should not now approve such an injustice. The Lithuanian state was independent for 700 years and in the past had protected other European nations from assaults of tartars. How she should be now extradited to the yoke of communism forever?
We, veterans of the wars of liberation of Lithuania in 1918-1921, now citizens of the U.S., had lost thousands of our comrades dead and wounded on the battlefield. Should our efforts and sacrifices be in vain?
Please, our Dear Mr. Chairman, support and approve House Concurrent Resolution 165 and hereby help to save the Lithuanian nation from annihilation.
LETTER FROM MESSRS. KARI, GENYS, MEIEROVICS, AND_SUMANAS OF THE JOINT BALTIC AMERICAN COMMITTEE TO HON. DANTE B. FASCELL, DATED MAY 13, 1975
Hon. DANTE B. FASCELL,
THE JOINT BALTIC AMERICAN COMMITTEE,
Chairman, Subcommittee on International Political and Military Affairs, House of
DEAR CONGRESSMAN FASCELL: During the Conference of Security and Cooperation in Europe, thirty-five heads of state will adopt a declaration that the present boundaries in Europe are inviolable. Thus, after thirty years of the Soviet Union's insistence, recognition will be given to the status quo of the present boundaries of Europe. While such a declaration will not have the force of an international treaty and will not change the de jure status of the Baltic States, the fact that President Gerald Ford and thirty-four other heads of state will sign this declaration means that, without officially stating so, the United States has accepted the illegal incorporation of the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania into the Soviet Union.
Already the signs of this "unofficial" recognition of the incorporation of the Baltic States are visible. Earlier this year, the United States Consul in Leningrad, Mr. Joseph V. Nubert, and the Deputy Consul, Mr. Garry L. Mathews, officially visited the Baltic States and met with the top Communist officials in the states. Also, on February 27th, 1975, the National Security Council suppressed a broadcast over the Voice of America concerning the visit of nine Baltic activists with President Ford, so that publicity would not damage delicate negotiations with the Soviet Union.
It is essential that the Baltic States Resolution, co-sponsored by almost one hundred Congressmen and requested by thousands of American citizens, remind our delegation not to compromise, either directly or indirectly, the principle of non-recognition of the illegal incorporation of the Baltic States.
Therefore, we respectfully request that you and the other members of the Subcommittee on International Political, and Military Affairs act favorably on this resolution and allow the full Congress to consider and to go on record regarding the Baltic States Resolution.
Chairman, Joint Baltic American Committee.
Lithuanian American Council, Inc.
American Latvian Association.
Public Relations Director.
LETTER FROM TALIVALDIS SMITS, CHAIRMAN OF THE WASHINGTON LATVIAN SOCIETY TO HON. DANTE B. FASCELL, DATED MAY 15, 1975
WASHINGTON LATVIAN SOCIETY,
May 15, 1975.
Hon. DANTE B. FASCELL,
DEAR CONGRESSMAN FASCELL: To clarify possible confusion on the meaning of possible statements on the nonchangability of borders to be made by the European Security Conference, brought out in testimony before your subcommittee on International Political and Military Affairs, it is important that Congress go on record to reaffirm the traditional bipartisan policy of nonrecognition of Soviet forcible annexation of the Baltic States, and urge our delegates to the Conference to do likewise.
Hence the Latvian-Americans in the greater capitol area urge your subcommittee to recommend that Congress pass one of the several Baltic State resolutions (H. Con. Res. 3, 11, 165, etc.) which you are studying. We are concerned that the impression that Congress no longer cares for the plight of downtrodden peoples be quickly dispelled by decisive action on the Baltic Resolution, and similar resolutions upholding principles that we all hold dear.
LETTER FROM MR. E. KOOL, CHAIRMAN, LEGION OF ESTONIA N LIBERATION, CONNECTICUT POST, INC., TO HON. DANTE B. FASCELL, DATED MAY 17, 1975
LEGION OF ESTONIAN LIBERATION,
CONNECTICUT POST, INC., Manchester, Conn., May 17, 1975.
Hon. DANTE B. FASCELL,
DEAR CONGRESSMAN FASCELL: Our veterans organization in Connecticut is very much in favor of Senate Concurrent Resolution 29, presented by Senator Curtis. Over 30 years has elapsed already, and there still seems to be no imminent solutions to the Baltic (Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian) dilemma.
Meanwhile the Soviet Russia and her puppet government continue to rule the three countries with severe oppressive tactics, and even hope and plan to gain recognition to such activity at the European Conference on Cooperation and Security.
We respectfully request that you join with the supporters of Senate Con. Res.
E. KOOL, Chairman.
ARTICLE FROM THE NEW YORK TIMES ENTITLED, "U.S. EASES POLICY
ON BALTIC STATES" BY JAMES F. CLARITY, MAY 18, 1975
LENINGRAD, May 17-The United States through its consulate here, is diluting a 35-year-old policy of refusing to recognize the incorporation of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia into the Soviet Union.
Western diplomats here feel that there is a gradual but unmistakable American movement toward de facto, if not formal, recognition of the Soviet Baltic republics, which were placed under Moscow's rule in 1940. Since the United States consulate opened here 22 months ago, the diplomats note, American contacts with political, economic and cultural officials in the Baltic republics have significantly increased. The American consul general, Joseph W. Neuber, said in an interview that United States policy of nonrecognition had not changed. But he acknowledged that in effect he was now the United States Ambassador to the three republics. Since he became consul general eight months ago, Mr. Neubert has visited each of the Baltic capitals-Vilna in Lithuania, Riga in Latvia, and Tallinn in Estoniawhich fall within his consular district.
Americans of Baltic origin have expressed concern that the United States is drifting away from its policy of nonrecognition. Acting on their behalf, Representative Edward J. Derwinski, Republican of Illinois, recently received a letter from Kempton B. Jenkins, a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, affirming United States policy.
Mr. Neubert adheres to American policy protocol by not making direct contacts with the highest party and government officials in the Baltic republics, but he has met with their deputies.
"I am pleased." Mr. Neubert said, "that these three cities fall within the consular district and that our relations with their officials are developing quite well." The consul general said the Baltic republics were a major part of his job. The consulate, rather than the embassy in Moscow, has responsibility for reporting on the Baltic region to the State Department.
EXCHANGES ARE INCREASING
The American nonrecognition policy, diplomats feel, is also being weakened by increasing Baltic-American contacts in culture and education. A number of American performing groups have visited the Baltic republics.
Preliminary discussions are under way to bring American educators to Baltic universities to teach English. There are no American exchange students now in the Baltic republics. but their arrival is considered likely in the next few years. American tourists may visit the Baltic capitals and there are no special restrictions on American imports of goods produced in the Baltic republics.
American officials are said to feel no strong pressure from Soviet officials for a formal change in United States policy. The Soviet Union, according to diplomats, seems content with the present movement away from strict nonrecognition. Americans are said to doubt that formal recognition will come soon, but they believe that it is inevitable.
The Soviet incorporation, which many Baltic émigrés denounced as a Soviet usurpation, took place after Stalin had signed a nonaggression pact with Nazi Germany in 1939. When Germany attacked the Soviet Union in 1941, it occupied the Baltic states. At the end of the war, Moscow resumed its control.
The Baltic governments in exile still maintain officially recognized missions in Washington. Some diplomats here, noting that the émigré leaders are getting old, feel that pressure against recognition of Soviet control will gradually fade.