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for his wife.


Candidates will take all questions in this section.

8. State clearly and briefly the main idea of the Palace of Art.

9. Continue one of the following quotations for ten or twelve lines:

(a) For there was Milton like a seraph strong
(b) A sinful soul possessed of many gifts

(c) Parks with oak and chestnut shady


I'll hold thee any wager

When we are both accoutred like young men
(e) The reason is your spirits are attentive

(f) You see me, Lord Bassanio, where I stand
(g) In Belmont is a lady richly left

10. Tell where the following lines occur and explain the meaning where necessary:

(a) Good sentences and well pronounced.
(b) Let us make incision for your love,
(c) In terms of choice I am not solely led
By nice direction of a maiden's eyes;

(d) O ten times faster Venus' pigeons fly


To seal love's bonds newmade, than they are wont
To keep obliged faith unforfeited.
Let none presume

To wear an undeserved dignity.

(f) I see, sir, you are liberal in offers.

(g) Since nought so stockish, hard and full of rage
But music for the time doth change his nature.




But to my mind, though I am native here
And to the manner born, it is a custom

More honoured in the breach than the observance.
This heavy-headed revel east and west

Makes us traduced and tax'd of other nations:
They clepe us drunkards and with swinish phrase
Soil our addition; and indeed it takes

From our achievements, though performed at height,
The pith and marrow of our attribute.

So oft it chances in particular men

That for some vicious mole of nature in them
As in their birth,-wherein they are not guilty,
Since nature cannot choose his origin;—

By the o'ergrowth of some complexion

Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason,
Or by some habit that too much o'erleavens

The form of plausive manners; that these men—
Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect
Being nature's livery or fortune's star,-
Their virtues else-be they as pure as grace,
As infinite as man may undergo,

Shall in the general censure take corruption
From that particular fault.

(a) Explain the underlined expressions. What is the relation of the phrase "east and west," 1. 4?

(b) Who is the speaker? Give the circumstances. What characteristics of the speaker are displayed in the speech?

2. Consider the following theories as explanatory of Hamlet's delay:

(1) External difficulties made action impossible; (2) "A lovely, pure and most moral nature without the strength of nerve which forms a hero sinks beneath a burden which it cannot bear and must not cast away"; (3) "The native hue of resolution is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought"; (4) "The conventional moral ideas of his time which he shared with the ghost told him plainly that he ought to avenge his father; but a deeper conscience in him which was in advance of his time contenced

with these explicit conventional ideas. It is because this deeper conscience remains below the surface that he fails to recognize it and fancies he is hindered by cowardice or sloth or passion."


3. Belial came last than whom a spirit more lewd
Fell not from heaven or more gross to love
Vice for itself; to him no temple stood
Or altar smoked, yet who more oft than he
In temples and at altars when the priest
Turns atheist as did Eli's sons, who filled
With lust and violence the house of God.
In courts and palaces he also reigns
And in luxurious cities where the noise
Of riot ascends above their loftiest towers.
And injury and outrage, and when night
Darkens the streets then wander forth the sons

Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.

Explain the point of view from which Milton regards Belial as having once been a spirit in Heaven? Explain the reference to Eli's sons. Illustrate from the passage the qualities of Miltonic style and rhythm.


A good man was ther of religioun,

And was a poure Persoun of a toun;

But riche he was of holy thought and werk.
He was also a lerned man, a clerk

That Cristes gospel truly wolde preche;
His parischens devoutly wolde he teche.
Benigne he was, and wonder diligent,
And in adversite ful pacient;

And such he was i-proved ofte sithes.
Ful loth were him to curse for his tythes;
But rather wolde he geven out of dowte,
Unto his poure parisschens about,

Of his offrynge, and eek of his substaunce.
He cowde in litel thing han suffisance.


A parish priest was of the pilgrim train;
An awful, reverend, and religious man.
His eyes diffus'd a venerable grace,
And charity itself was in his face.
Rich was his soul, though his attire was poor;
(As God had cloth'd his own ambassador:)
For such, on earth, his bless'd Redeemer bore.
Of sixty years he seem'd; and well might last

Refin'd himself to soul, to curb the sense;
And made almost a sin of abstinence.

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The tithes, his parish freely paid, he took;
But never su'd, or curs'd with bell and book,
With patience bearing wrong; but offering none:
Since every man is free to lose his own.
The country churls, according to their kind,
(Who grudge their dues, and love to be behind,)
The less he sought his offerings, pinch'd the more,
And prais'd a priest contented to be poor.
Yet of his little he had some to spare,

To feed the famish'd, and to clothe the bare:
For mortified he was to that degree,

A poorer than himself he would not see.

Dryden. (a) Compare the style of these passages. In what respects is Chaucer superior?

(b) Compare Goldsmith's description of the Parson with both. Quote some striking traits in Goldsmith's description which are original, and also some which are obviously imitations of Chaucer.

5. Compare the versification of Chaucer and Dryden in the above passages, noticing use of accent, pause, overflow, cadence, and the general quality of the movement.

6. Describe briefly (1) the characteristics of the literary ballad of the 18th century; (2) the revival of ancient ballad poetry towards the end of the century; (3) Scott's ballads, and Coleridge's Ancient Mariner, as imitations of the Ancient Ballad.

7. 66


But Wordsworth's poetry when he is at his best is inevitable as nature herself. It might seem that nature not only gave him the matter for his poem but wrote his poem for him.'

What does Arnold mean by the " inevitable" in poetry? Give examples of this quality from the poetry of Words


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