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EASY LESSONS IN CHESS.

Rooks, two Knights, and two Bishops; and eight pawns. Tue beneficial influence of the game of chess has been

The pieces and pawns of the two players are distinguished 80 completely acknowledged by many pious, learned by being of opposite colours, and will be represented in

the course of these lessons as follows:and eminent men, that it would be superfluous to give any lengthy statement of our reasons for inviting the attention of our readers to its practical details. The only plausible objection to it we have ever heard is, that

for King. “ it answers no useful purpose," and therefore involves

waste of time." In reply to this we would inquire, are all our actions to be restricted to the one purpose of Q. or

for Queen. utility ? Is it possible, constituted as we are, to find at all times sufficient recreation in the mere exchange of one duty for another ? Are there not moments when

for Rook or Castle, the mind as imperatively calls for diversion, as the body for exercise ? If this be granted, and we see not how it can be denied, then we must be allowed to express our

B. or

for Bishop own conviction, that, provided chess be restricted to leisure hours, its general introduction into families and schools would be productive of benefit. It is capable of affording innocent recreation, and healthy

Kt. or

for Knight. mental exercise to most persons. To thread the mazes of its wonderful and numberless combinations requires the exertion of caution, forbearance, and forethought:

P. or

for Pawn. it produces none of the pernicious excitement of games of chance; nothing is staked upon the issue of the game but skill, and in the attainment of that skill, the mental The king and queen are supported each by three powers are called into agreeable exercise.

officers and four soldiers; but before you inquire into The greater number of chess players to be met with

the powers of the various members of this little army in private society seem to know little or nothing of you must become acquainted with the field of battle, and the wide extent and variety of this game.

For want of learn how to marshal your forces in proper order. The a little study, they have but one method of opening their chess board must be so placed, that each player's rightplay, and they consider the first eight or ten moves as a

hand corner square may be white. The only reason for sort of routine or necessary preliminary to the game, this is, to establish a universal rule whereby to set up and as such to require little or no care.

But the reverse

the pieces. Indeed, it is not necessary that one half of of this is the case :—the order Chess comprises many

the squares of the chess board be of a different colour to GENERA; to each genus belong numerous SPECIES; and

the other half; but that the arrangement greatly facilithe first few moves determine the genus and species of

tates the play. Remember that the rows of squares Even among experienced players the fate of running upwards are called files, while those from left to many a game depends upon the correctness of the open- right are termed ranks; the oblique rows of squares, ing moves. The science of chess, as well as any other

either white or black, are called diagonals. science, requires a knowledge of all its classifications, We will now set up the men in the proper order for and the peculiarities of each, not only as essential to commencing the game. Your right-hand corner square good play, but also as conducive to that wonderful is white, place a rook on it, and remember that this variety for which chess is so remarkable. Without this piece being on the king's side is called the king's rook, knowledge the game soon becomes insipid, because the and the square on which it stands the king's rook's players soon acquire a mutual understanding of each square. Next to this place a knight, then a bishop, and other's opening moves, and consequently every game is

on the fourth square from the right the king must be but a tame repetition of those which they had played placed. You thus see that the king's officers stand on his before. It is for such players that our easy lessons in right on their respective squares; the king's knight on chess will be valuable. They will form a chess alphabet, the king's knight's square, and the king's bishop on the equally adapted to those who have not yet learned to king's bishop's square.

king's bishop's square. On the square next to the king read on the chequered page, as well as to those who place the queen, and observe that she will occupy a know their chess letters, and a few of their combinations. white square, while the queen of your antagonist will Many persons who have attained among their friends a

stand on a black square. Beginners are frequently at a reputation for skill at chess, may think our easy lessons loss to remember the squares occupied by the two royal beneath their notice; but if they have not already pieces; but if you bear in mind the simple law that the acquired from books, or from the instructions of a good queen stands on her own colour you cannot err.

One player, or from experience at play, the various methods consequence of this arrangement is, that your queen is of opening and conducting their game, they will find to the left of your king; but if you turn round the board many things new and valuable to them, after we have in order to play the black pieces your queen will then be given the first few preliminary lessons intended for to the right of your king

This circumstance is very the beginner only. As we advance further we hope to puzzling to beginners who study from books, in which furnish many hints and illustrations calculated to assist advice is generally given to the player of the white the progress of chess students in general.

pieces; for when they have to play the black men they Our instruction will be rendered most familiar by get confused. This is why we have advised you to addressing the reader in the second person, and by sup- accustom yourself to the use of either colour ; besides it posing him always to play with the white pieces; advising is very likely that two persons who agree to play may him nevertheless to accustom himself to the use of either have a equal liking for white, but as one of the two colour; for which purpose he will do well to play over must have black, you see how necessary it is to make it our lessons with the white and black pieces alternately.

a matter of indifference which colour you use. Good Lesson I.

players always draw lots for colour. The game of chess is played by two persons upon a

But we must finish setting up our pieces. A bishop

attends the queen on her left hand; then comes a chequered board of sixty-four squares. Each player is knight, and on the left corner square stands the queen's furnished with eight pieces, namely, King, Queen, two rook. Eight pawns stand immediately in front of the

the game.

pieces, and have the following names, beginning from kind of chess notation which is now very common and the right.

very convenient. The exercise just given would be King's rook's pawn

intelligible to any chess player if simply writen thus:King's knight's pawn

K. B. to K. R. 3rd.
King's bishop's pawn

2. Play your queen to her eighth square:
King's pawn

Q. to Q. 8th, or
Queen's pawn

Q. to adv. Q.,
Queen's bishop's pawn

i.e., queen to adversary's queen's square.
Queen's knight's pawn

3. Play your queen's knight to your queen's bishop's Queen's rook's pawn. When you have finished setting up your pieces, com

Q. Kt. to Q. B. 3rd. pare the state of your board with the following arrange

4. Play your king to his bishop's second square: ment, which shows the proper position of all the pieces

K. to K. B. 2nd. and pawns on both sids at the commencement of the

5. Place your king's bishop on your queen's rook's game.

sixth square. BLACK.

K. B. to Q. R. 6th. 6. Place your queen on the king's knight's fourth square:

Q. to K. Kt. 4th. We will now finish our first lesson. Although you do not yet know the moves of the pieces, yet you are quite competent to perform the exercises given above.

third square:

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AN IMPROVED METHOD OF SOLDERING

METALS.

II. ONE great advantage to the public at large to be derived from the general introduction of "autogenous soldering,” will be the diminution of the number of cases of the escape of water and gas, which every day occasion so much inconvenience and even danger as regards the stability of buildings, the maintenance of the public thoroughfares, and the security of life.

The disuse of charcoal and tin by plumbers will have the important effect of rendering their trade less unhealthy, the fumes from their brasiers, and the arsenical vapours emanating from impure tin, being a very common

cause of serious maladies. The rank which the pieces occupy is sometimes called By the old method of soldering, there is great the royal line, and the eight squares which compose it danger of setting fire to houses and public buildings; are called by the names of the pieces occupying them the destruction of the corn market of Paris, and of the - at the commencement of the game: such as king's square. cathedrals of Chartres and of Bruges by fire, was partly i.en the square whereon the king is first placed, and the owing to the negligence of plumbers; a negligence for square retains this name, throughout the whole of the which there could be no reason if the new method of game, whether the king occupies it or not. The same soldering had been introduced, since it is only necessary remark applies to all the other squares of the royal line. to turn a cock in order to extinguish or re-kindle at any The files are also named according to the pieces

pieces moment the jet of gas which serves for the plumber's occupying the first square in each file. Thus king's tool. By means of the new apparatus, a soldering flame rook's square is the first of the king's rook's file: king's can be conducted to a distance of several fathoms withrook's pawn occupies the king's rook's second square. out the dangerous necessity of lighting a brazier to heat King's rook's third, fourth, fifth, and sixth squares are irons, to melt masses of solder, and to carry the whole unoccupied; king's rook's seventh is your adversary's into the midst of complicated carpentry work. king's rook's second square, and is occupied by his The disuse of solder will also greatly reduce the price king's rook's pawn. Your king's rook's eighth square of plumber's work, without, however, diminishing the is your adversary's king's rook's square where that demand for the services of the workmen. The disuse of piece is now at home, as it is sometimes called when

seams or overlappings, which from this new mode of the piece has not been moved, or having been moved, is connecting lengths of lead will almost entirely be given played back to its square.

up, will alone occasion a considerable saving in the Thus, all the files are named, and this easy method quantity of lead employed. The ease with which lead of gives a name to every one of the sixty-four squares, and from one-thirtieth to one-tenth of an inch in thickness is equally available for your antagonist as well as for may be soldered, and defects repaired, will permit of the yourself.

substitution of this, in many cases, for thicker lead, and We will now give you a few exercises on the names of thus diminish the expense; perhaps also it will give rise the squares and the pieces. Remove all your white to the use of lead for purposes to which it has not yet pawns from the board, and all your adversary's pieces, been applied, or the return to others, in which from and then :

motives of economy it has been superseded by other 1. Place your king's bishop on your king's rook's third metals. square.

The plumber will also be indebted to M. de RicheBut as we shall hereafter have to give you many mont's method for several important improvements. directions for playing a piece from one square to another, He will be able in future to make internal joints wherit will be desirable to write our instructions in the ever a jet of flame can be introduced and directed; to shortest possible manner; we shall

, therefore, use that reconstruct on the spot, of pure lead, any portion of a

any size

pipe, a vase, or a statue that may have been removed or being brought into partial fusion with the plumber's destroyed; to execute in rapid succession any number of conical iron heated to redness; the contact of air being solderings; to repair in a few minutes all dents, cracks, prevented by sprinkling rosin over the surface. The and flaws in sheets, or pipes of new lead; to remove en- autogenous soldering apparatus will greatly simplify tirely the enormous edges or knots left by the old- the above method. fashioned joints, and that without weakening them; to The advantages to be derived from the new process give, in short, to works of lead a precision of execution, are by no means confined to lead: the apparatus may be and a solidity, unattainable up to this time.

employed in using for solder either the common alloys, Autogenous soldering will also be of great assistance or pure lead, to unite zinc, and iron, and lead, with iron, to several chemical manufactures, where it is so important copper, and zinc. It may be substituted also with to have large vessels of lead without alloy. By uniting advantage for the common blow-pipe and lamp of the a number of sheets into one, vessels of pure lead of enameller in all their applications to the soldering and

may

be formed for the process of acidification joining performed by the aid of these instruments by and concentration of saline solutions; for the formation jewellers, goldsmiths, tinmen, manufacturers of plated of scouring vats employed by so many artisans who goods, of buttons, &c. work metals; for vessels of every kind used to contain The flame produced by the combustion of the gas may liquids which act upon tin solder.

be most economically employed for heating soldering In the repair of leaden vessels exposed to the action irons. A few seconds suffice to bring the iron to the of heat, peculiar advantages are offered by autogenous desired temperature, and it can be kept at that temperasoldering. By the old method the holes which are so ture for many hours without being liable to burn, nooften caused in the bottoms of these vessels, either by thing more being necessary than to regulate the flame the action of sudden flames, or by deposits that form on by means of cocks, and the workman need not be obliged their surface, can be stopped only, when they are not of to change his iron, or even to leave it for a single too large dimensions, by making what are called weldings moment. Hence there is not only a considerable saving of pure lead. The cases in which this mode of repair is in manual labour, but also in fuel, which in most cases, available, are very limited, and whenever it is impractic- | is of greater consequence. able the boilers must be taken down, the lead changed, Such are a few only of the advantages of this simple and then re-set; thus occasioning considerable expense and beautiful invention, which is now very extensively and an interruption to business. By the new method adopted in France, and will doubtless get into extensive nothing is easier than to apply pieces to the bottom or use in this country, when its werits are more generally sides of the vessels, whatever be the size of the holes, known. and thus the whole of a boiler

may

be renewed piece- Since the publication of our former article on this meal. By this plan, too, the old lead remains uncom- subject we have been informed, that previously to the taminated with solder, and consequently will yield a pure year 1833, a Mr. Mallet had employed an apparatus metal to the melting-pot.

constructed on the same principle, and used in a similar The great ductility of lead, which, in many cases, is manner, as that already described as the invention of one of its most valuable qualities, is, however, an incon- / M. de Richemont. Our correspondent quotes the venience when instruments or utensils are required of following passage from Loudon's Encyclopædia of considerable strength. At the same time there are cir-Cottage Architecture, published in 1833:cumstances where this metal alone can be employed, on Mr. Daniel, of King's College, London, has since published account of the manner in which it resists chemical ac

the same thing as new, and of his invention; however, I can tion. By constructing vessels or instruments of iron, establish priority by my laboratory journal. zinc, or wood, and covering them with lead, utensils can

Our correspondent, in consequence of having seen be formed that will resist pressure and blows, and most this account, pointed out the method to two mechanics chemical agents, as well as if they were made of solid employed by him. “I should think, therefore,” he says, lead. Such vessels are required in the preparation of

“that neither is M. de Richemont entitled to the credit soda, and other gaseous waters; in the distillation or

of the invention, nor the patent good, in this country evaporation of acid or alkaline solutions, and for many at least: although it may be perfectly possible that he other purposes.

invented it without being aware of its having been not that of lining common barrels with thin sheet-lead. These only previously known, but even employed, in this

country.” vessels would be of great utility in chemical factories, more particularly in the construction of Woulf's apparatus, and other pneumatic instruments, to which greater

The soul's dark cottage, battered and decayed, dimensions could be given by this means; but they could

Lets in pew lights, through chinks which time has made. be employed with singular advantage in the transport of acid and alkaline liquids by sea and land. Sulphuric and muriatic acids are transported in stone bottles, or

LINES WRITTEN BY LORD MELCOMBE TO DR. YOUNG, NOT LONG

BEFORE HIS LORDSHIP'S DEATH. glass carboys placed in baskets, which, however carefully packed, are liable to be broken, not only with the loss of

Kind companion of my youth, the acids, but with danger to surrounding bodies. We

Loved for genius, worth, and truth,

Take what friendship can impart, are told of two French ships that perished at sea on

Tribute of a feeling heart, a voyage to the colonies, in consequence of the breaking

Take the Muse's latest spark, of some bottles of sulphuric acid.

Ere we drop into the dark. In the manufacture of sulphuric acid the use of ordi

He who parts and virtue gave, nary solder is impracticable, since it would soon be cor

Bade thee look beyond the grave. roded. The following method was introduced some

Genius soars, and virtue guides years ago for forming sulphuric acid chambers, and the

Where the love of God presides. concentration pans. Two edges of lead being placed in

There is a gulf 'twixt us and God; contact, were flattened down into a long wooden groove,

Let the gloomy gulf be trod :

Why stand shivering on the shore, and secured in their situation by a few brass pins driven

Why not boldly venture o'er? into the wood. The surfaces were next brightened by a

Where unerring virtue guides, triangular scraper, rubbed over with candle-grease, and

Let us brave the winds and tides ; then covered with a stream of hot melted lead. The

Safe, through seas of doubt and fears, riband of lead thus applied, was finally equalized by

Rides the bark which virtue steers.

WALLER.

SKETCHES OF IRISH MANNERS

will look steadily at you with a clear bright eye, and give AND CUSTOMS.

a distinct answer in a moment.

Instead of the dogged looks of our country people, IV.

there is generally a very pleasant, cheerful expression Tae indifference to their own interests in some of these of countenance, and a kindly manner, and a consideraPatlanders is very curious: in general, their anxiety for tion for the comfort of strangers that surprised me their money is quite tormenting, as they cannot give very much at first. There was a very bad bit of road twopence of change, and we are obliged to keep small between us and the town, newly made and laid with change and copper as if we had a shop; but sometimes horrid little stones as sharp as saws. 1 certainly could the national indolence is too strong for the national not help looking out for a smooth place that would hold poverty. One of our many butchers, dwelling in the half a foot; though rather ashamed of appearing to mind glens, elad in fragments, but with one of the best faces with my strong shoes, what so many bare feet were I have seen in the country, frank, cheerful, honest and paddling upon; but the people saw that it was uneasy intelligent, and very well featured, sent us by his wife to me, and every day several kind voices said as Í half a sheep we had ordered, but not the bill, which passed, “Coorse walking for ye, Mem," upon which, if was also ordered: so I went to speak to the woman I liked the face of the speaker, began a little chat; their about it,—short, fat, rosy lump of a woman, and readiness to speak without presumption pleases me very looking as good-humoured as she was fat. “Why have much. you not brought the bill ?” “Faith then I was too lazy; There is a neat little old woman of 104, who walks if the man had been in, it may be I'd have brought it.” from the town, a long hilly half a mile, very often, for a * You must bring .the bill and half a sheep on Friday little help. She and the master are great friends, and as without fail.” “Well, I cannot say; may be the man will he had given her money to buy a shift, at her particular be up the mountain, and it may not be convenient to request, she came up to thank him, and afford him ocular me." “ But indeed it must be convenient to you ; your demonstration that she was wearing it, and was quite husband will noť be up the mountain the next four surprised at his walking off, and at the horror of the days; tell him to make it out the first time he comes English servants. Sometimes her visits are too frequent, home, and do you bring it on Friday." She looked very and she gets a denial which she does not like, and still doubtfully, so I said, " If you do not bring the bill worse, she was passed without notice on the road quite Seekly as I desire, I really will not take your mutton; | inadvertently. Soon after she saw us coming, and began, so you must take your choice.” “Well, I suppose I must “Here comes the amiable and honourable Mr. E.; you try if I can bring it," and so she departed, got half up passed by me the other day and never spoke to me,” &c., the drive to the road, and came back to ask, if my and regularly scolded him for his neglect, but allowed honor would be plased to buy a pennyworth of eggs, herself to be chatted and laughed into good humour. which she had brought four or five miles.

Every one has heard of the strange manner in which The accounts we read of the kindness of the Irish the Irish return thanks. A man employed on some por to each other are quite correct. I have just seen small job for us, was I fancy rewarded rather beyond a strong instance. Having visited a sick man in his little his expectations, for he exclaimed, " Thank ye, offisher, bed-room, I went back to the kitchen to give the wife may your purse never be light, and may your life be some further directions; there were several women helping long.” We found this man one day making a gutter or hindering as might be, and in the corner, on the ground, all round his cabin, and paving it with the large smooth something dark which I supposed to be a sack till it stones of the shore, as neatly as possible; he seemed to ristled. I suppose I looked surprised, for the wife imme- enjoy the idea of making the house so dry, and was diately told me that it was “a poor body quite simple pleased at our admiring his work, and praising his and innocent, just come in to rest a little.” I found industry. they had let her sleep there the night before, though the They have generally a strange indifference to the way man was very seriously ill, and had given her breakfast in which they finish their work. A man was desired to She then went away, and in the evening she went to the put a moveable handle to a cast-iron plate; he let the Dest cottage, and told the woman she was come to her for plate fall and broke it, and was obliged to screw on the ber supper; the people at the first cottage had been so handle most clumsily. When he was rebuked for his kind to her, that she did not like to go to them; she got carelessness, he maintained that he “had done no harm; ber supper at once, though the woman had a very large the plate was just the same, barring the disfigurement. Foang family, and then she went to her first friends to Another man finishing an expensive job, was asked if beg å rest on the floor where I saw her; at night the he was sure it would answer well; It will do well wife wished to send her away, the man being so ill, but enough,” said he, “but there will be a bother:" and he would not allow it, and the poor creature talked the bother there surely was. whole night, which did him no. good. She had been a The phrases “ How do you do?" or "Good morning," schoolmistress, and showed a politeness and good breed- seem quite unknown; the invariable salutation of the izg, of which the cottagers were very sensible. How lower orders, amongst themselves, and to their superiors, she lost her senses, they could not make out, but she is, “A fine day;" which means, anything not desperately fancied herself an engineer of the tides, and that the bad: "A soft day;" which is anything from a mist to a yerernment were defrauding her of her pay. Some calico perfect pour of rain: or " A coorse day;" which ranges**s given to her, and the kind cottagers pressed her to from a breeze to a hurricane. I have never yet heard stay and cut the things out; but she went away no one an Irish man or woman, who did not begin their talk with knew where, and returned in a day or two to show her one of these sentences, and I have taken some pains to try work, and take up her quarters again with her good if I could get any reply to my Good morning or evening, friends, when I again saw her eating oat cake. Her besides one of these everlasting remarks. I do not being “ quite simple and so polite," seemed to make a think I have heard Yes, or No, direct, since I have been great impression upon them; indeed I could not for some in the country; and what sounds strange, is that their te make out that she was not in her right mind. idiom gives an impression of greater accuracy and

I think the Irish cottagers are more alive to manner decision. Will it rain to day? It will not. Did you than the same class are in England, and their own man- go to the shoemaker ? I did. Does this water boil ? iets are much better: in the children, the difference is it does. Has the mail passed ? It has: and so on marvellous. Ask an English child a question, it stares, through everything, poats, cries, runs away, but never thinks of answering; I am daily struck with the imperfect idea that the ask an Irish child of the same age the same question, it I very best of our writers nave given of the brogue; the

odd way.

last of the last syllable of most of their words is so queer custom of generally standing in their carts as they sunk, that to give a notion of it in writing it should be drive along, and a still queerer of calling it sailing; and represented by an apostrophe: as for children it is childr’, Jack M-Aulay's history of a fall he had as he was sailnot at all childer, as is often written; nor even childre, ing along, by which there was a contact between his as we sometimes see, but quite shortened to the r. hard head and the hard stones, in which his head was Blayntyre, Blaynt'; potatoes, prat's; stockings, stock's. cracked entirely, would have been worthy of Mathews.

They speak much faster than our people, and much | The practice is so common, that seeing a cart building, better. I am frequently astonished at the pithy fluency and making some observation on its structure, the man, and variety of their expressions: they like talking to who was a very decent, nice-looking person, told us "it their superiors if they meet a kind manner, and begin to was intended just for sailing.”—I was amused one day talk in a way that would be impertinent in England, but with seeing a man sailing along just on the front bar of which the simplicity and heartiness of their manner a very small cart, in which were nine children, who sat, makes very agreeable. Our servant, whilst waiting at stood, scrambled, chattered, screamed, and fought, in dinner, will frequently begin giving his thoughts upon the most restless confusion, and with the greatest danger the most advantageous manner of laying out our garden, of falling overboard. The man pursuing his way wholly or the best mode of bargaining for potatoes, or hay, or regardless of the clamour and pranks of his crew, which oats; showing that he has been occupied about our in- were so very absurd that we laughed heartily; though terests, and so sometimes there is a long dialogue which we expected an accident every moment, they passed with us could not be endured, but here it is done in such safely out of sight, and I suppose had any mischief a way that it would be the height of pride and ill nature occurred, we should have heard of it. to check the old man.

A gentleman of our acquaintance bought a horse from Sometimes, if they want a little money in a hurry, one of the small farmers in the neighbourhood, and they set about selling some of their property in a very we asked the man what Mr. had bought the

A rosy, well-featured woman, with lively horse for, as he was so very small; “ Oh, he's just bought mtelligent eyes, and teeth and cap as white as snow, him for the servant to ride after the ladies when they pounced upon me at our own gate the other day, with go out sailing in a fine summer evening ;"—when, as “May I be spaking to ye, Mem?" and proceeded to en- the gentleman's residence was close to the sea, and we quire, should I be buying geese ? for she had fine ones were not then aware what sailing Hibernicè meant, we to sell," that is, not me, but the brother in law of me; were greatly astonished at the services man and horse he was wanting a thrifle to make up the rint at onst ; were to perform. and the wife is just gone, and so he thought to sell the geese; had she lived she would not have parted them, but she deceased, an' if ye choose to lave the geese a In all ages and all countries, man, through the disposition few days for the benefit of the stubble, ye can have he inherits from our first parents, is more desirous of a quiet them when ye will; and I'd give ye security for them : and approving, than of a vigilant and tender conscience; there's James M'Alister, do ye know him?" “ No.” desirous of security instead of safety; studious to escape the

May be ye'd know Aleck Kenne ?” “ Yes.” “Well, he'll thought of spiritual danger more than the danger itself; and be security that the geese will be safe, though indeed, no

to induce, at any price, some one to assure him confidently dacent body would be selling fowl and denying them."

that he is safe, to prophesy unto him smooth things, “and “What colour are they ?” “Well, they'll just be grey,

to speak peace, even when there is no peace.”-ARCHBISHOP

WHATELY. some, and white;" (laughing, as if she thought the question very simple). “I ask because the all-grey, or the allwhite, are much better than the parti-coloured.”

THE EFFECTS OF POLITICAL CONTROVERSY. they? Well, there's many that rears them and sells THERE are pursuits in life, high in their character and them, and knows no more about them; the quality eminently useful, which nevertheless have something in knows best for that, but it's all God's will; He gives them that almost inevitably tends to take from the human to some, and not to others; we must just all be thank- disposition that amiableness of temper which is so essential ful.” She took great pains to explain where we were

to happiness. Prominent among these pursuits is that of to send to see the geese, and the shortest and best politics. Whether a man be an actor in the political affairs way; but to be sure it was intricate enough. The mentator, there is so much of misrepresentation, so much of

of his country, or merely an attentive looker-on and a comIrish names of the towns I vainly endeavoured to pro- effrontery, so much of injustice in all its forms, to be renounce; she repeated and repeated, and at last, in a little marked upon, to be excused, or to be resented, that, in a man pet, she gave the English names, and the meaning, and of quick sensibility, a bitter indifference or a passionate said, “Sure it was as asy to say one as the other;" and partisanship is almost sure to be the result. Both of these then she apologised for her gibberish which to be sure are unfavourable to virtue and happiness, and the first is must trouble us to understand, but she could not help and violence, and he may subside into philosophy; but he

the worse of the two. Time may wear out a man's passion it. The gentlemen she said was great for the divarsion, who acquires a habit of bitter contempt for the conduct of and he had an Irish tongue too, but she could hear that

men, even in their most important concerns, and who thus I was an English lady. She had fifteen acres of good despairs of any permanent triumph of justice or establishland, and was content, the brother-in-law had forty-five ment of good, is likely to go to his grave a sneerer and a acres of bad land, and she thought her own bargain misanthrope. If indeed he be of a retiring and meditative much the best. We parted, agreeing to pay for the disposition, this hopeless view of human affairs may resolve geese the next day, and have them home in a fortnight.

itself into mere melancholy and pity; but this will not be i hope the foxes will not make a feast upon any of them. Every day will afford them fresh evidence of folly and fresh

the result with such as continue to belong to active life. Foxes are so abundant in the glens that they are killed

food for contempt; and they go upon their way with a at half a crown a head,-a proceeding which, being bitter smile upon their lips, while cold scorn sits triumphant accustomed to fox-hunting counties, appeared to me quite upon their hardened hearts. The Table Talker. outrageous.

"The towns” mean but the cottage: it cannot apply distinctly to cottages built upon one particular townland,

LONDON : because in a little circle of half a mile there will be

JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. twenty cottages quite detached, or some two or three

PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN clustered together, as may be; but each single cottage,

MONTHLY PARTS, PRICE SIXPENCE. as well as each cluster, is a town, and they speak indifferently of “my town," or "my place." They have a

Sold by all Bouksellers and Newsverders in the Kingdom,

66 Are

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