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He capers* nimbly in a lady's chamber,
* He capers -] War capers. This is poetical, though a little harsh; if it be York that capers, the antecedent is at such a distance, that it is almost forgotten.
5 Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,] By dissembling is not meant hypocritical nature, that pretends one thing, and does another : but nature that puts together things of a dissimilar kind, as a brave soul and a deformed body. Feature is used here, as in other pieces of the same age, for beauty in general.
6 And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover,] Shakspeare very diligently inculcates, that the wickedness of Richard proceeded from his deformity, from the envy that rose at the comparison of his own person with others, and which incited him to disturb the pleasures that he could not partake. Johnson.
? - inductions dangerous,] Preparations for mischief. The induction is preparatory to the action of the play,
And, if king Edward be as true and just,
Enter Clarence, guarded, and BRAKENBURY. Brother, good day: What means this armed guard, That waits upon your grace? Clar.
Glo. Upon what cause?
Because my name is—George.
shall be new christen'd in the Tower. But what's the matter, Clarence? may I know?
Clar. Yea, Richard, when I know; for, I protest, As yet I do not: But, as I can learn, He hearkens after prophecies, and dreams; And from the cross-row plucks the letter G, And says—a wizard told him, that by G His issue disinherited should be; And, for my name of George begins with G, It follows in his thought, that I am he: These, as I learn, and such like toys as these, Have mov'd his highness to commit me now.
Glo. Why, this it is, when men are ruld by
'Tis not the king, that sends you to the Tower; My lady Grey, his wife, Clarence, 'tis she,
-toys - Fancies, freaks of imagination.
That terpers him to this extremity.
Clar. By heaven, I think, there is no man secure,
Glo. Humbly complaining to her deity Got my lord chamberlain his liberty. I'll tell you what,– I think, it is our way, If we will keep in favour with the king, To be her men, and wear her livery: The jealous o'er-worn widow, and herself, Since that our brother dubb’d them gentlewomen, Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.
Brak. I beseech your graces both to pardon me; His majesty hath straitly given in charge, That no man shall have private conference, Of what degree so ever, with his brother.
Glo. Even so? an please your worship, Brakenbury, You may partake of any thing we say: We speak no treason, man;-We say, the king Is wise, and virtuous; and his noble queen Well struck in years; fair, and not jealous:We say, that Shore's wife hath a pretty foot, A cherry lip, A bonny eye, a passing pleasing tongue; And the queen's kindred are made gentlefolks: How say you, sir? can you deny all this? Brak. With this, my lord, myself have nought
The jealous o'er-worn widow, and herself,] That is, the Queen and Shore.
Glo. Naught to do with mistress Shore? I tell
lord? Glo. Her husband, knave:-Would'st thou be
Brak. I beseech your grace to pardon me; and,
withal, Forbear your conference with the noble duke.
Clar. 'We know thy charge, Brakenbury, and
Glo. We are the queen's abjects,' and must obey. Brother, farewell: I will unto the king; And whatsoever you will employ me in,Were it, to call king Edward's widow-sister,I will perform it to enfranchise you. Mean time, this deep disgrace in brotherhood, Touches me deeper than you can imagine.
Clar. I know it pleaseth neither of us well.
Glo. Well, your imprisonment shall not be long; I will deliver you, or else lie for you:: Mean time, have patience. Clar.
I must perforce; farewell. [Exeunt CLARENCE, BRAKENBURY, and Guard. Glo. Go, tread the path that thou shalt ne'er
return, Simple, plain Clarence!—I do love thee so, That I will shortly send thy soul to heaven, If heaven will take the present at our hands. But who comes here? the new-deliver'd Hastings?
the queen's abjects,] The most servile of her subjects, who must of course obey all her commands.
: - lie for you:] i. e. be imprisoned in your stead. To lie was anciently to reside, as appears by many instances in these volumes.
Hast. Good time of day unto my gracious lord!
Glo. As much unto my good lord Chamberlain! Well are you welcome to this open air. How hath your lordship brook'd imprisonment?
Hast. With patience, noble lord, as prisoners must: But I shall live, my lord, to give them thanks, That were the cause of my imprisonment. Glo. No doubt, no doubt; and so shall Clarence
too; For they, that were your enemies, are his, And have prevail'd as much on him, as you.
Hast. More pity, that the eagle should be mew'd,3 While kites and buzzards prey at liberty.
Glo. What news abroad?
Hast. No news so bad abroad, as this at home;The king is sickly, weak, and melancholy, And his physicians fear him mightily.
Glo. Now, by Saint Paul, this news is bad indeed.
should be mew'd,] A mew was the place of confinement where a hawk was kept till he had moulted.
an evil diet -] i. e. a bad regimen.