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Mr. Churchill attributes the discovery of Acupuncturation to the Chinese. It has been claimed for the American Indians on account of a singular and somewhat similar practice.
"This operation is effected in the following manner: the patient is taken to a river, and seated upon a stone in the middle of it. A native dexterous in the use of the bow, now shoots a number of small arrows into various parts of the body. These arrows are prepared purposely for this operation, and are so constructed, that they cannot penetrate beyond the skin, the veins of which opened, by the puncturation, furnish numerous streams of blood, which flow down the body of the patient. If this be the operation which has given rise to the idea, that acupuncturation is practised by the American natives, the conclusion is evidently erroneous, as it is simply a method of blood-letting, and is generally resorted to for the cure of fever. Now, acupuncturation has no reference whatever to bleeding, and it is rare, that even a drop of blood follows either the introduction or withdrawing of the needle; nor does it appear, that the Chinese and Japonese, with whom it originated, intended it as a method of abstracting blood, which is proved, not only by the consequences of the operation, but by the manner in which it is performed, and the nature of the diseases to which it is applied." Churchill, p. 7.
The Japanese mode of operating is worthy of attention.
"The needles which perform the operation are made, as was hinted at first, either of the finest gold, or silver, and without the least dross or alloy. They must be exquisitely slender, finely polished, and carry a curious point, and with some degree of hardness, which is given by the maker by tempering, and not by any mixture, in order to facilitate their entrance, and penetrating the skin. But, though the country abounds with expert artists, able to make them in the highest perfection, yet none are allowed, but such as are licensed by the emperor.
"These needles are of two sorts with respect to their structure, as well as materials; the one either of gold or silver indifferently, and about four inches long, very slender, and ending in a sharp point, and have at the other end a small twisted handle, which serves to turn them round with the extremity of the middle finger and thumb, in order to sink them into the flesh with greater ease and safety; the other is chiefly of silver, and much like the first in length and shape, but exceedingly small towards the point, with a short thick handle, channelled for the same end of turning them about, and to prevent their going in too deep; and for the same reason, some of them are cased in a kind of copper tube, of the bigness of a goose quill, which serves as a sort of guage, and lets the point in, just so far as the operator hath determined it. The best sort of needles are carefully kept in a case made of bull's horn, lined with some soft downy stuff. This case is shaped somewhat like a hammer, having on the striking side a piece of lead, to give
tive of no more inconvenience than the same operation upon the more simple parts of the body. I should, however, contrary to such high testimony, hesitate much to puncture an artery, as an aneurism has been known to result from a small puncture made by an awl, which required the division of the vessel for the cure." Churchill, p. 82.
The cautious recommendation with which this passage concludes, enhances the value of its preceding statements; and enough has now been said to establish the importance of the subject before us, and prove the peculiar propriety of adverting to it at the present season. On all accounts it is desirable to commence a new year well,-and to begin it with a clear skin, with supple joints, and without any deep-seated pain; our friends have merely to put themselves, successively or simultaneously, under the care of Messrs. Mahomed, Green, and Churchill. The sulphureous fumigation can be obtained at an hour's notice, (p. 115.) Should a trip to Brighton be inconvenient, curry-combing may be used as a substitute; and instead of being kneaded like a lump of dough in a baker's trough, it will suffice to be rubbed down after the fashion of a coach-horse.
"It is remarked by Sir John Sinclair, in his Code of Health, that there are many who keep a number of grooms to curry their horses who would add ten years to their comfortable existence, if they would but employ one of them to curry themselves with a flesh brush night and norning. The currying here alluded to is, in fact, the qualified process of shampooing, unaccompanied with its more agreeable and medicinal properties." Shampooing, p. 89.
For acupuncturation we fear that there is no substitute,— but the process is so simple, and the effects so immediate, that no one can object to participating in its manifold advantages.
Anxious, as the preachers say, to improve the subject before us, and to tack on a little moral to the tail of our volume, we beg leave to observe that the various remedies now described might be used with good chance of success in other departments than that of medicine. The disorders in the literary, the political, and religious world, might be submitted with advantage to analogous modes of treatment. Carlisle and Lord Byron, the radicals, and the infidels, should be subjected to a regular quarantine fumigation before they are permitted to circulate through the land. Mr. Buxton, Mr. Wilberforce, and the secondary Scotch novellists, might be shampooed with a prospect of considerable benefit.-And Joseph Hume, and Henry Brougham are proper subjects for acupuncturation. A new and effectual system may be constructed out of these hints, and here, therefore, we take leave of the reader; assuring him at parting, that the first of
the works under review is deserving of serious consideration, and that the two latter are little worth.
MONTHLY LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
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A Prophetical Connexion between the Old Testament and the New. 1s. Au Explanation of Dr. Watts's Hymns for Children, in Questions and Answers. By a Lady. 8d.
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The Parables of our Blessed Saviour, practically explained; selected from the larger Commentary of Dean Stanhope. By the Rev. C. M. Mount, M. A. Minister of Christ Church, Bath. In a duodecimo volume.
A Commentary on the Vision of the Prophet Zechariah, with a corrected Translation, and critical Notes. By the Rev. Dr. Stonard, Rector of Aldingbam. In one volume 8vo.
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A Compendium of Algebra, with Notes and Demonstrations, showing the Reason of any Rule. By George Phillips. Tales and Sketches of the West of Scotland.
tleman in Glasgow.
By a Gen
The Rev. Charles Swan, (late of Catherine Hall, Cambridge,) is preparing for publication a curious and interesting work under the following title,-Gesta Romanorum, or Entertaining Moral Stories: invented by the Monks as a fire-side Recreation, and commonly applied in their discourses from the pulpit: from whence the most celebrated of our own Poets and others, from the earliest times, have extracted their plots. Translated from the Latin, and illustrated with original Notes by the Translator; with the preliminary Observations of Warton and Douce.
Dr. Hooker, the Professor of Botany at Glasgow Univer sity, is preparing a complete System of Plants, arranged ac cording to the Natural Orders, with a Linnean Index, and illustrated with numerous coloured Plates. One object of the Author is to divest the study of Botany of the repelling feature of a dead language, in which it has hitherto been clothed, by adopting our own instead of the Latin, and thus to promote the cultivation of the science throughout all classes of the community.
Dr. Carey has issued Proposals for publishing, by Subscription, Lexicon Analogico-Latinum, on the plan of Hoogeveen's Greek Lexicon; with an Index Etymologicus, nearly. resembling that of Gesner.