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SIR DAVID WILKIE AND HIS WORKS. * painting ! now that brings to my mind that he used to I.

draw the heads of the boys in the school, and me among

the rest; and when he saw a boy mounting the form for Since the sudden and lamented death of Sir David

no saying his psalm, he was gloried. I maun see him Wilkie the works of that admirable artist have acquired some of these days.” a double value, and any information respecting them or their author is naturally sought for with avidity, and

By the time Wilkie had attained his fifteenth year his read with interest. We have therefore collected from love for art and his skill in the use of his pencil were

such that his father and friends agreed that both devarious sources such notices as appear best calculated to set forth the character of Wilkie with regard both to

served cultivation. The young artist was therefore sent

to Edinburgh, where he was regularly entered a student his public and his private life. appealed to the understanding and sympathies of the formed for the encouragement of design in manufactures, From the time of Hogarth no artist has so effectually of the Trustees Academy, then under the direction of

This Institution was originally people as Wilkie. In the most essential particulars, the hut Mr. Graham, in extending its objects to the culture style of art is the same with both artists. In Wilkie's of the fine arts, was allowed to propose certain prizeproductions we find great variety, refinement, and acutes ness in the observation of what is characteristic in subjects for competition. One of these subjects was a nature, and the treatment of many of his subjects is

scene in Marbeth, and Wilkie obtained the second prize, strikingly dramatic. Hogarth has all this, and much the first being awarded to a gentleman named Thomson. more, which not only renders him distinct from, but Graham's kindness: and preserved in his house at Ken

Wilkie always entertained à grateful remembrance of raises him greatly above, the modern artist. does not seem to have possessed the power of produeing sington an engraving from a picture by this his first

master At Edinburgh, Wilkie numbered among his himself with the representation of one single effective fellow-students William Allan, the present academician, himself with the representation of onē single effeetive and successful follower in his footsteps, and John Burnet,

Dr. Waagen says“ If I miglit compare Hogarth with Swift, in his biting much to promute the reputations both of the artist and

whose engravings of Wilkie's pictures have done so satire, with which he contemplates mankind only on the dark side, and takes special delight in representing them in

the engrater. At this early period of his life our artist a state of the most profound corruption, of the most fright: gave some promise of his after excellence. One of his ful misery, I find in Wilkie ä elose affinity with his cele- first productions was an " Inside of a Public-House;" brated countryinan; Bir Walter Seotti Both have in com- another, " Pitlassie Fair." It was at Pitlassie that he mon tliat genuine refined delineation of eliameter which

saw his “Blind Fiddler" conducted from booth to booth, extends to the minutest particulars. In the soul of both and thus were suggested to him the leading features of there is more love than contempt of man. Both afford us the most soothing vieirs of the quiet genial happiness that admirable picture

. Wilkie at this time had never which is sometimes found in the narrow cirele of domestie

seen a picture by Ostade, but yet both of these early life, and understand hio iv with masterly skill, by the mixi productions, as Graham assures us, are in the style of ture of deliente tinits of good-hatured humour, to heighten that great master the breadth, character, and expression the drama of sieh sceness and if; as poets should be able were admirable. One of his early works was a public to do both in language and colours, they show us man in sign in the town of Cupars but it has been taken down his manifold weaknesses, errors, afflictions, and distiesses, and carefully preserved as one of the early productions yet their humour is of such a kind that it never revolts our feelings. Wilkie is especially to be commended, that in

of a man whose works belong to the world. such seenes as the Distress for Rent he never falis into caria

The usual period of study at the Trustees' Academy cature, as his often happened to llogarth, but with all the longer (as did Burnet and others), and in the year 1804

Was two years, but Wilkie remained there two years energy of expression, remains within the bounds of truth.

Sir David Wilkie was the son of the Rev. David came to London, with the genius and the ambition of an Wilkie, the minister of Cults, near Cupar, in Fife, author

artist. Alone and without patronage, we need not wonof a work called Theory of Interest, Simple and Com- der that, even with his remarkable powers, his path was pound, derived from first Principles, and applied to

difficult and uncertain. But whatever be the powers of Annuities of all Descriptions. David was born about a man, provided he be resolutely industrious he will not the year 1783; in the manse, or minister's house, for: fail to meet encouragement of some kind. merly celebrated as the retreat of the murderers of vided himself with a few of the results of his skill and Archbishop Sharpe. Sir David always spoke of his industry, and one of his first attempts to dispose of his father with the strongest affection, and when his talents productions was an application to a picture-dealer in had procured him both fame and reward, he erected

Great Portland Street, a man who had been companion monument to his memory, from the hand of his friend, I of the intemperate George Morland, and one of his Sir Francis Chantrey, who we regret to say has recently in a silk handkerchief, and humbly requested to submit

biographers. Wilkie took with him some panels wrapped finished his course:

When and by what means Wilkie acquired a love for them for inspection. The son of the picture dealer was art we have not heard : it is; however, most probable taking care of the shop while his father was smoking his that he was born an artist, and that the use of his pencil pipe in a back parlour: This man overhearing Wilkie's became as it were, an instinct of his nature, as soon as

statement that he had some pictures for sale, bawled out, he could hold one. An anecdote has been related which

" Has he brought a George Morland ?-an Ibbetson ?-a illustrates his early love for character:

Rathbone ?-a De Loutherbourg ?" and receiving negaWe happened some time ago to be living near Canter

tives to these queries, said that the artist need not trouble

Thus the graphié gems of bury, (says the narrator) when we were accosted by a north- himself to untie his bundle

. country peasant, a wandering gardener, from the county of

our artist were then despised by those men who two years Fife, who took a paper from his poeket-book; and desired later * to obtain what the small silk handkerchief conus to read it.

This was a certifieate of chniacter written tained would have gladly selected several of the painted by the Rev. Mr. Wilkie, of Cults, in Fife, setting forth panels, and covered their dimensions with golden eoin!" that the bearer was sober and so forth. “ Í have heard,” Towards the end of 1806 Wilkie, being very short of said the Scot, “ that the minister has a son in London, who grown a great man. I wonder which of his sons it can

money, sent some of his paintings to Andrews, a picturebe.' “ It is David,” we answered, “and a far-famed man

frame maker at Charing-Cross, to sell. One of them, he is.”, “ David !” he exclaimed, " what, wce curly-headed the original Blind Fiddler, stood long in the window; David ? wha would have thought that now? And what

a circumstance which, in the present state of our feelings, is he great for, can ye tell me?” “For painting,” we

we find it difficult to account for. At last, Mr. Stuart, replied. “Painting!” the man of Fife turned up his eyes; of the Morning Post Newspaper, who had often stopped

Wilkie pro

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to admire it, was seen doing so by an old acquaintance,

SNOW-STORMS, I. who recommended him to purchase it as a work of merit. He went into the shop and inquired the price.

The snow-storms of England are seldom so dangerous, It was five guineas. He concluded the purchase, and

and perhaps we may say so grand, as those of mountainous told Andrews to put the picture into a frame,

countries. We are not, therefore, so forcibly impressed In the spring of 1807, some friends being at dinner by these phenomena as Highlanders and the inhabitants with Mr. Stuart, Mr. Wordsworth the poet mentioned a

of Alpine countries; and, indeed, unless we attend to the

recorded instances of celebrated snow-storms in Scotnew artist of unusual and singular merit, who had made

land and other countries, we can form but a faint idea his appearance, and described Wilkie's picture, the first he exhibited at the Royal Academy, and which had

of the subject. It may be interesting to notice briefly excited great attention, Mr. Stuart then produced the

some of the most formidable of these phenomena, with picture he had purchased of Andrews; and the poet

which the northern parts of our įsland have been

visited. expressed his firm belief that it was by Wilkie. Mr. Stuart afterwards visited the exhibition at the Royal

The shepherds of Scotland hand down from father to Academy, examined Wilkie's picture, and had no doubt

son the terrors of the “ Thirteen Drifty Days,” a term that the one purchased by him was by the same hand.

applied to a period when Scotland was visited by a Guided by the catalogue he proceeded immediately to

fearful snow-storm, in the year 1660 : indeed, it is said Mr. Wilkie, then residing in Upper Norton Street, whom

that even now, the mention of this period to an old he found painting the subject of “the Blind Fiddler"

shepherd, on a stormy winter's night, seldom fails to over again: the size was rather larger; the background impress his mind with religious awe, and often sets something different; and two new figures were intro

him on his knees before that Being who alone can duced into the composition. He proposed to Wilkie to

avert such another calamity. For thirteen days and paint a picture for him; but the artist declined, stating

nights the falling and drifting of the snow never abated : that he was busily engaged to paint for Lord Mulgrave, menced, and during all the time of its continuance, the

the ground was covered with frozen snow when it comand that his design was then to earn fame, not money. He added that the picture possessed by Mr. Stuart was

sheep were without food. The shepherds had the pain one of his latest productions, and was glad it had fallen of seeing their poor helpless flocks die off, without into such good hands,

having the power to shield them either from cold or Several years afterwards, Mr. Stuart being at dinner from hunger. About the fifth day of the storm, the with Sir George Beaumont in Grosvenor Square, Sir

younger sheep became sleepy and torpid, which was George said to him, "So, Mr, Stuart, I find you have generally followed by death in the course of a few hours, the original of my picture, the Blind Fiddler,

or, if exposed to the cutting wind, they were some

times deprived of life almost immediately after the About seven years ago Mr, Stuart met Sir David Wilkie in company at Mr. Rennie's, in Chesham Place,

torpor commenced. By the tenth day of the storm, so and entered into conversation with him respecting this many sheep had died, that the shepherds began to build picture. He recollected all the circumstances, and added

up large semieireular walls of the frozen dead bodies, in that Andrews knew well who he was, and where to find

order to afford some sort of shelter for the sheep which

still remained alive. him, though he had told Mr, Stuart the contrary, when

But these poor helpless creatures that gentleman expressed a wish to have another picture began by this time to suffer so much from want of food, by the same artist,

that they tore one another's wool with their teeth.

At the termination of the storm, on the thirteenth A few years ago Sir D. Wilkie called on Mr. Stuart, and reviewed his picture, the original “ Blind Fiddler,"

day, there were many farms on which not a single sheep was left alive. Misshapen walls of dead bodies, sur.

rounding a central knot of other sheep, also dead, was KISSING IN RUSSIA.

the sight which in too many instances met the eye of the This is the national salute---in universal vogue from remote ruined shepherd or farmer. On those farms which antiquity, rather a greeting than a caress-derived equally were situuted in the glens between mountains, many of from religious feeling and from oriental eustom. Father's

the sheep survived the storm, but their constitutions and sons kiss-old generals with rysty moustachios kiss- suffered so whole regiments kiss, The Emperor kisses his officers.

severely, that few ultimately recovered, On a reviewing day there are almost as many kisses as shots

Nine-tenths of all the sheep in the south of Scotland exchanged. If a Lilliputian corps de cadets have earned are supposed to have perished by this snow-storm. In the Imperial approval, the Imperial salute is bestowed upon the pastoral distriet of Eskdale Muir, out of twenty the head boy, who passes it on with a hearty report to his thousand sheep, only forty young wethers and five old Reighbour, he in his turn to the next, and so on, till he ewes were preserved. Many of the farms were so has been delegated through the whole juvenile body. If utterly ruined, as to become tenantless and valueless for the Emperor reprimand an officer unjustly, the sign of restoration to favour as well as the best atonement is a kiss. One of the bridges in Petersburgh is to this day called

About sixty or seventy years after this event, one Potzalui Most, or Bridge of Kisses (not of Sighs), in com

single day of snow was so extraordinarily severe, that memoration of Peter the Great, who, having in a fit of upwards of twenty thousand sheep, as well as some of passion unjustly degraded an officer in face of his whole the shepherds, were destroyed. An anecdote has been rugiment, kissed the poor man in the same open way upon related, in connexion with this storm, which shows the the next publie occasion on this very bridge. "On a holiday, degree of attention with which the Scottish shepherds or jour de féle, the young and delicate mistress of a house notice the appearances of the sky. The day in question will not only kiss all her maid servants, but all her men servants too, and, as I have mentioned before, if the gentle

was the 27th of Mareh : it was Monday, and on the man venture not above her hand, she will stoop, and kiss previous day the weather was remarked to be unusually his cheek. As for the Russian father of a family, his A party of peasants, going home from Yarrow affection knows no bound; if he leave his cabinet d'affaires church on Sunday evening, saw a shepherd who had ten times in the course of the morning, and enter his lady's collected all his sheep by the side of a wood. Knowing 44100n above, he kisses all his family when he enters, and that he was a religious man, and unaccustomed to colmain when he leaves the room ; sometimes indeed, so me- lect his sheep in that manner on the Sabbath, they chanically, that, forgetting whether he has done it or not, he

asked him his motive, to which he replied, that he had Eres a second round to make all sure. To judge also from thu nu inber of salutes, the matrimonial bond in these high conclude that a snow-storm was approaching: All the

noticed certain appearances in the sky which led him to circles must be one of uninterrupted felicity-& gentleman Suely enters or leaves the room without kissing his wife villagers laughed at him; but he bore their jokes goodeither on forehead, cheek, or band.-A Residence on the humouredly, and provided for the safety of his sheep. Shores of the Baltie.

The fatal storm occurred on the following day, and this


several years.


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shepherd was the only one in the vicinity who saved the to the farm became an object of anxiety to all; eight whole of his sheep. We may remark, in reference to hundred of these poor animals being out on a very weather-observations such as these, that provided they exposed hill at a considerable distance from the houses. be kept within reasonable limits, they are exceedingly They made a hasty breakfast, joined in a simple but valuable. The persons who put undivided faith in the earnest prayer for the safety of all, and the male inmates nonsense of “weather almanacs,” and in the popular started on a perilous venture, having previously filled omens and prognostics which are so abundant, are their pockets with bread and cheese, sewed their plaids liable to be duped and led into repeated errors; but around their bodies, tied on their hats, and provided those who pretend to despise the experience of humble themselves each with a staff. observers, and to lay down doctrines relating to the As soon as they got out into the open air (two hours weather from theory only, err almost as much on before day) the darkness was so great, that to grope the other side. Cautious induction, derived from care- their way was the only method of proceeding. Somefully observed facts, is the only mode of arriving at truth times they had to wade through masses of snow, at in such matters.

others to roll or clamber over them; while the wind and Perhaps the most extraordmary snow-storm with drift were so violent, that the travellers were forced, which Scotland was ever visited, was that which occur- every three or four minutes, to hold down their heads red on the 24th of January, 1794; extraordinary both to recover breath; so perplexing were the difficulties in relation to the enormous depth to which the snow which they had to encounter in the utter darkness, that accumulated in a few hours, and to the devastation they were two hours reaching a distance of three hunwhich it occasioned. Mr. Hogg, so well known as the dred yards from the house. As day dawned, they were “ Ettrick Shepherd,” was then a young man, and was able to advance a little faster, one taking the lead, and involved in the consequences of this storm in a remark- the others following close in the rear. This leadership able manner. In the evening of his life he wrote a could only be maintained three or four minutes at a graphic account of the occurrence, from which we shall time, on account of the piercing wind which blew uninborrow so much as will suffice to convey an idea of this terruptedly in their faces. In a short time one of the remarkable storm.

party, who, as leader, had been unconsciously leading On the evening preceding the night of this occurrence, them out of the way, was found nearly insensible, and Mr. Hogg had appointed to meet a few young friends who was with some difficulty recovered; shortly afterwards had forined themselves into a sort of literary society for Mr. Hogg fell down a precipice, and was nearly buried the reading and criticism of essays and papers. They were

in the snow. all shepherds, and were accustomed to meet at each After innumerable disasters, they at length reached other's houses, where they frequently remained together one of the flocks of sheep. The sheep were standing in all night. On the evening in question a meeting was a close body, one-half of the number being covered with to be held at Entertrony, a place distant twenty miles snow to the depth of ten feet, and the other half being from Hogg's residence, over a wild and rugged country. forced up against a brae. The outer ones being with He had written what he terms a Aaming bombastical some difficulty extricated, the rest were, to the agreeessay," and set off with it in his pocket, to attend the able surprise of the shepherds, able to walk out from meeting of his compeers. As he was trudging along on beneath the superincumbent load of snow, which had foot, he thought he perceived symptoms of an approach- consolidated into a mass. Mr. Hogg, quitting the other ing storm, and that of no ordinary nature. There was shepherds, proceeded onward to a spot where another a dead calm, accompanied by a slight fall of snow, and a flock had been left. He was able to extricate about half very unusual appearance was presented by the distant of these, and to procure them a place of safety; after hills. He thought of the flock of sheep which was which he made the best of his way home again, groping usually under his care, but which was now consigned to along as well as he could, for although day-time, it the charge of another, and he began to think it would was impossible to see twenty yards around. All the be prudent to retrace his steps. After a long contest party succeeded in reaching home in safety, after a very between his inclination and his sense of duty, he turned exhausting day's labour. On the next morning they back with a heavy heart, and wended homewards. On started, with a somewhat clearer sky, to the rescue of his road he called at the house of an elder relative, who the remaining sheep, and found the snow

to have told him that the symptoms foreboded a snow-storm | been so unprecedentedly deep as

to conceal every during the night, and advised him to hasten homeward vestige of the lofty trees in some of the glens. Day with all speed. The old man further stated, as a guide after day the party sallied forth, until they had found to Hogg, in conducting the sheep to a quarter where and brought home, either dead or alive, nearly the whole they would be best sheltered, that if, during his journey, of the sheep, most of which were found buried to the he should see any opening in the rime or frost-fog, he depth of from six to ten feet in snow. All were alive might conclude that the storm would spring up from when found, but a large number died shortly afterwards that quarter. Hogg, however, observed no such open- from the effects of the hardships the poor animals had ing in the fog, and finally reached home, where he went undergone. to bed, intending to rise at a very early hour, and go By this one night's snow-storm, seventeen shepout to find shelter for his sheep.

herds in the south of Scotland lost their lives, while Just before he retired to rest, he observed a bright- upwards of thirty more were carried home insensible. ness in the north, and thought of his friend's advice; One farmer lost seventy-two scores of sheep, and many but thought he might postpone acting thereon. About others from twenty to thirty scores each. In some cases two o'clock in the morning a storm commenced with whole flocks were overwhelmed with snow, and no one such suddenness and fury, that he was startled from his knew where they were till the dissolving snow exposed bed, and, on putting his arm out into the open air, he the dead bodies. In one instance twelve scores of excelfound the air so completely overloaded with falling and lent ewes, all nearly of one age, were missing the whole driving snow, that, but for the force of the wind, he time that the snow lay upon the ground; but when the felt as if he had thrust his arm into a wreath of snow. snow was melted, the sheep were discovered all lying He slept in a kind of outhouse, distant about fourteen dead, with their heads turned one way. Many hundreds yards from the dwelling-house, and, upon going down were, by the violence of the storm, driven into waters stairs, he found this place packed with snow nearly as burns, and lakes, where they were buried or frozen up high as the walls of his house. With great difficulty he and these the flood carried away, so that they were neve reached the dwelling-house, and found all the inmates again seen or found by the owners. At one place, wher in a state of dismay. The state of the sheep belonging several streams flow into the Solway Frith, there is

a kind of shoal, called the Beds of Esk, where the tide SKETCHES OF IRISH MANNERS AND throws out and leaves whatever is carried into it by

CUSTOMS. these streams. At this spot, when the flood after the

1. storm had subsided, were found the dead bodies of two men, one woman, forty-five dogs, three horses, nine So much has been written, and so well written, about black cattle, one hundred and eighty hares, and one Ireland, that it may appear presumptuous to suppose a thousand eight hundred and forty sheep.

few little anecdotes worthy of recording: but I have Scotland has been, and indeed now is, frequently been so much amused and interested, by the things that visited by snow-storms of considerable severity, though are daily said and done before me, that I think a simple not comparable to those just described ; and Mr. Hogg relation may amuse others, and perhaps increase the gives a pleasing account of the manner in which these kindliness of feeling and interest for the Irish peasantry, visitations are borne by the inhabitants.

“ The daily

which are so desirable in the minds of my countrymen; feeling naturally impressed on the shepherd's mind,

and as the efforts of the tiny mouse in the fable were says he, “that all his comforts are so entirely in the not in vain, so these little stories may, in their unvarhand of Him that rules the elements, contributes not a nished truth, add their mite to the great cause of real little to that firm spirit of devotion for which the Scot- union between the countries. tish shepherd is so distinguished. I know of no scene I had made a short tour in Ireland some years ago, so impressive as that of a family sequestered in a lone and on returning to the country probably for a residence glen during the time of a winter storm; and where is of some length, I was most agreeably struck with the the glen in the kingdom that wants such a habitation ? great improvement ten years had made in the houses, There they are left to the protection of heaven ; and they the roads, the tillage, and the people. It was the same know and feel it. Throughout all the wild vicissitudes part of the country, the sea-coast of the county Antrim, of nature, they have no hope of assistance from man, and at the same time of year. Numbers of new, neat, but expect to receive it from the Almighty alone. thatched, or slated houses, with little sashed windows, Before retiring to rest, the shepherd uniformly goes out had sprung up and replaced, or closed in and hid the to examine the state of the weather, and make his report ancient cabin, scarcely higher than the manure heap by to the little dependent group within; nothing is to be its side, and its window holes stuffed with such fragseen but the conflict of the elements, no heard but the ments as even Irish beggar ingenuity could no ger raving of the storm : then they all kneel around him, attach to any part of the family wardrobe. The roads while he recommends them to the protection of heaven; | full of great stones, no longer went straight up the mounand though their little hymn of praise can scarcely be tain side, as if determined to show that impossible was a heard even by themselves, as it mixes with the roar of word unknown to the road-makers or the road-goers, the tempest, they never fail to rise from their devotions and certainly exhibiting to the tourists the wild mounwith their spirits cheered, and their confidence restored, tains, the deep glens, the broad ocean, and the dim peaks and go to sleep with an exaltation of mind, of which and crags of the distant Scotch coast in the greatest kings and conquerors have no share."

perfection. Now excellent roads wind amongst the little In a second paper on this subject we shall relate some hills and rocks, which are as an advanced guard to the remarkable instances of human endurance, consequent | mountains, with an ingenuity most creditable to the on snow-storms.

engineer, and satisfactory to the wheels: but the traveller loses much in the view, and does not always gain much in safety. The road is in some parts so close to the cliff, that vast fragments overhang it: and a party

in the winter had a most narrow escape-frost and rain The Lord, the high and holy One,

had loosened a great block which fell down just as their Is present everywhere; Go to the regions of the sun,

car had passed ; there was scarcely a foot between them And thou wilt find Him there!

and destruction, and such accidents are not rare after

bad weather. Go to the secret ocean caves,

There was a great increase of land under cultivation, Where man hath never trod,

and greater variety of crops, and an improvement in the And there, beneath the flashing waves, Will be thy Maker, God.

neatness of their farming operations; though still many

a field, all yellow with the “gowans fine,” disgraced their Fly swiftly, on the morning's wing,

husbandry. The tint is so pretty in the landscape that To distant realms away, Where birds in jewelled plumage sing

one is sorry in the poet's flower to recognise the farmer's The advent of the day;

pest. All the people were busy with the potatoes, &c.

Perhaps no other season would have brought such num. And where the lion seeks his lair,

bers under our observation in so short a time, and I was And reindeer bounds alone

surprised to see a much larger proportion of perfectly God's presence makes the desert fair,

clean whole, white shirts than I should have seen on the And cheers the frozen zone.

same number of English peasantry in any of the counAll Nature speaks of Him who made

ties 1 have known well; and I think the appreciation The land, the sea, and sky;

and use of good linen prevails to an extent quite unThe fruits that fall, the leaves that fade,

suspected in England. The flowers that bloom to die;

I have often seen a good clean shirt covered with a The lofty mount, and lowly vale:

mass, or heap, or string of rags, which seemed only an The lasting forest trens,

incumbrance; warmth there could be none, as the breeze The rocks that battle with the gale,

scattered them at its pleasure, till the man looked like The ever-rolling seas.

the doll's wig under a stream of electricity, coat and All tell the Omnipresent Lord,

waistcoat whisking round horizontally. The quantity of The God of boundless might

shoes and stockings are greatly increased, particularly In every age and clime adored,

amongst the men; indeed except the very lowest of the Whose dwelling is the light! P. B.

beggars, I have hardly seen a barefooted man. If the

English beggars present their tatters to Ireland, the The most common aberrations of ignorance, consisting in Irish just above mendicity surely send their half-worn the false references of cause and effect, are imputable to super

shoes and stockings to England. I have not yet seen stition and credulity-SIR GILBERT BLANE,

any of the holes and slipshod slovenliness to which bare


feet is infinitely preferable; if they do wear them, they | not a bachelor. A girl of her acquaintance had married are well shod.

at fifteen; she thought that rather early, but at sixteen There is a good deal of the Welsh plan of putting on it was quite time to begin house-keeping, “Let me shoes and stockings at the entrance of the town or village, see,” said I, "if you are fit to be married, - can you and taking them off again when the ceremony of shop or make a shirt ?" “ That can I." “ Can you milk a market is over. And here, as in Wales, the strong firm cow?" “ Rightly, if there were twenty of them.” “Can step of the women and girls is

very remarkable. Some of you cook a dinner?'' " Aye." “ Could you keep your the girls are good steady knitters, walk, talk, and scramble temper if your husband was cross?” “Eh, fegs! may be with their needles in full activity, and might add con- r'a be the crassist o' the two." The laughter so honest siderably to their comforts if they pursued it steadily. and unexpected an answer occasioned put an end to the A stout wild girl, our guide to some waterfalls, told us matter; it is a good sample of the spirit and originality she could knit a full-size pair of very strong socks of an Irish talk; and it is curious how peculiarly straight in a day; two pair were bespoke, and a prospect of a forward and precise they are in their replies on common larger order held out to her if she did them well. Ten matters, contrasted with their clever evasions and subdays passed and we heard nothing of Campbell and terfuges in the witness-box, or if they apprehend any the socks; at last we spied her in holyday trim in the advantage will be taken of them. In speaking to an village. She told us the socks were nearly done; when Engiish person one can quite anticipate the style and they would be quite done appeared very doubtful. tone of the replies; but in Ireland there is perpetually

This girl was a very amusing specimen of a real, wild, something strange and quaint, which "like unexpected Irish girl, hardy, shrewd, and simple, with a sharpness light surprises, of observation peculiar to her country; her hearty laugh Campbell had probably only her knitting needles for at seeing me lifted over the stream made us laugh also. dowry, and will marry some boy with only a spade for I asked her, “ If I was not well taken care of?" "Faith his fortune, We received a note indited liy the public and troth, an he's not bad to ye,” was her comical reply. letter-writer of the village for a man we had employed, We were gathering the wild veronica, and speaking of begging our “ Honour would be pleased to setile the the legend, to which she listened with great attention, small bill, being in great want of the same"—the amount and made many efforts to pronounce the saint's name. was 8d. We heard afterwards that it was his wedding.

We presently came to the great brawling stream after day, and that the eight-pence was the income upon which its fall, swollen by several days of such rain as people in the happy pair were to begin housekeeping, England know nothing about, and the passage over We encountered rather an odd wedding party lately; lumps of rock, at jumping distances, with the black, there were fifteen or sixteen persons, young and old, boiling, roaring torrent, rushing along, looked rather too

men and women; the procession headed by the bridemuch for me, and I proposed waiting whilst my com- groom pretty considerably tipsy; the bride in her blue panion went on to the fall: the surprise and derision on cloak and white cap, with the usual redundant borders, her face was capital, and away she went over to show me and a very red face, and another man and woman, all the safety of the measure. ļ certainly thought her arm in arm. They had been three miles to Paddy Mae broad bare feet had much the advantage of mine on the Ghie's, a public-house, a convenient distance, midway wet slippery rocks; however, I screwed up my courage-- between the two ehapels where the clergy met and she grasped her half-knit sock in one hand, and clutched married them; and they were returning to finish the day tight hold of me with the other, and I do not think at another public-house at the expense of the new many girls of sixteen could have given such man-like couple. On the ensuing Sunday the whole party resupport to uncertain steps,—over we went safely, but it assembled to “make an appearance,” that is, go in a was disagreeable enough.

body to mass, and then to a public-house, where the The water-fall was worth some trouble: was fifty or jovialities of the wedding day were repeated at the sixty feet high, perhaps more; the water dashed, in two expense of the friends. The bridegroom's brother was very strong parallel streams, perpendicularly to the with difficulty persuaded to join the “appearance;" he bottom, quite unchecked, till it met the fragments below absolutely refused going to the wedding because his with a nobie roar, scattering clouds of spray, which fell leave had not been asked, and it was not to his “plaselike a heavy shower where we stood, a hundred yards ment.” The party were returning home at half-past off, with a chill that was very disagreeable. The sun eleven, some very steady, some rather excited, and two was trying to shine through, without much success, but men in the most ludicrous degree of drink; singing, the trees and rocks beyond were glowing in brightness, crying, fighting, embraeing each other with an uproar and the whole scene was one of exquisite beauty only practicable to Irish throats, till the police captured Campbell thought it very odd that I should not have them, and their " appearance" ended in their appearing seen before what she saw every day, and assured me that before the magistrate: but this is very uncommon. the preceding day the fall was so furious it would have feared me to look at it. She took us to a fall of another stream, much higher

ON MOSAIC-WORK, I. and blacker: there were two falls of sixty or more feet | ONE of the most ingenious modes of disposing materials deep each, wi inclined plane, like a Welsh cata- in an ornamental form is that which is known by the ract, combining them; the rock rose like black walls name of mosaic-work, which consists in the adınixture crested with trees, and wherever a morsel of soil could of small pieces of differently-coloured substances so disrest a tree shot out; but the fall is merely a cleft in the posed as to produce a picture or device, rock, too narrow for much beauty, and very difficult to Critics are divided in opinion as to the origin and see, as it makes an angle from its first to its second fall, meaning of the word mosaic, some deriving it from muand the whole height can hardly be seen from any point; saicum, a corruption of pusaicum, which in its turn was the path to it is very narrow, steep, and slippery; and 2 corruption of musivum, the pame by which it was Campbell said few ladies would venture; but I suspect known to the Romans. Scaliger derives the name from that was said to restore my self-respect after my fears at the Greek povoa, and imagines that the name was given crossing the stream; for there was nothing beyond fatigue to this sort of work, as being very fine and ingenious. to apprehend at the path; a false step would have been The materials thus inlaid, or joined in small pieces, checked immediately by the trees and bushes on the are very various, comprising precious stones, marble, steep bank.

stone of inferior quality, plaster, enamel, wood, &c.; Campbell was very communicative about her affairs, and there is evidence that the art of working such frag. and seemed to think it hard that she was sixteen and had ments into an ornamental device was knowy in high


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