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tries, plants, factories, or shops for the manufacture of articles, commodities, and supplies for the United States Government; require any department or establishment of the United States to purchase at current market prices, as determined by the Attorney General or his authorized representatives, such articles, commodities, or supplies as meet their specifications. There may be established a workingcapital fund for said industries out of any funds appropriated for said institution; and said working-capital fund shall be available for the purchase, repair, or replacement of machinery or equipment, for the purchase of raw materials and supplies, for personal services of civilian employees, and for the payment to the inmates or their dependents of such pecuniary earnings as the Attorney General shall deem proper.
SEC. 6. There is hereby authorized to be created a board of examiners for each Federal penal and correctional institution where persons convicted of offenses against the United States are incarcerated, to consist of (1) a medical officer appointed by the warden or superintendent of the institution; (2) a medical officer to be appointed by the Attorney General; and (3) a competent expert in mental diseases to be nominated by the Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service. The said board shall examine any inmate of the institution alleged to be insane or of unsound mind or otherwise defective and report their findings and the facts on which they are based to the Attorney General. The Attorney General, upon receiving such report, may direct the warden or superintendent or other official having custody of the prisoner to cause such prisoner to be removed to the United States hospital for defective delinquents or to any other such institution as is now authorized by law to receive insane persons charged with or convicted of offenses against the United States, there to be kept until, in the judgment of the superintendent of said hospital, the prisoner shall be restored to sanity or health or until the maximum sentence, without deduction for good time or commutation of sentence, shall have been served.
SEO. 7. Any inmate of said United States hospital for defective delinquents whose sanity or health is restored prior to the expiration of his sentence, may be retransferred to any penal or correctional institution designated by the Attorney General, there to remain pursuant to the original sentence computing the time of his detention or confinement in said hospital as part of the term of his imprisonment.
SEC. 8. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of said hospital to notify the proper authorities of the State, District, or Territory where any insane convict shall have his legal residence, or, if this can not be ascertained, the proper authorities of the State, District, or Territory from which he was committed, of the date of the expiration of the sentence of any convict who, in the judgment of the superintendent of said hospital, is still insane or a menace to the public. The superintendent of said hospital shall cause to be delivered into the custody of the proper authorities of the State, District, or Territory the body of said insane convict.
SEC. 9. All transfers from penal and correctional institutions to or from the hospital for defective delinquents shall be made in such manner as the Attorney General may direct, and the expense thereof
SEC. 10. The expenses incurred in the necessary travel in the selection of a site, in making of surveys, the making of preliminary sketches, and the securing of options shall be payable out of appropriation "Support of prisoners" for the fiscal year in which such expense is incurred, not exceeding, however, the sum of $20,000. SEC. 11. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such funds as are necessary to carry out the purpose of this Act.
Approved, May 13, 1930.
[PUBLIC-No. 203-71ST CONGRESS]
An Act To authorize the Public Health Service to provide
medical service in the Federal prisons.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That hereafter, authorized medical relief under the Department of Justice in Federal penal and correctional institutions shall be supervised and furnished by personnel of the Public Health Service, and upon request of the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury shall detail regular and reserve commissioned officers of the Public Health Service, pharmacists, acting assistant surgeons, and other employees of the Public Health Service to the Department of Justice for the purpose of supervising and furnishing medical, psychiatric, and other technical and scientific services to the Federal penal and correctional institutions.
SEC. 2. The compensation, allowances, and expenses of the personnel so detailed may be paid from applicable appropriations of the Public Health Service in accordance with the law and regulations governing the personnel of the Public Health Service, such appropriations to be reimbursed from applicable appropriations of the Department of Justice; or the Attorney General is hereby authorized to make allotments of funds and transfer of credit to the Public Health Service in such amounts as are available and necessary, which funds shall be available for payment of compensation, allowances, and expenses of personnel so detailed, in accordance with the law and regulations governing the personnel of the Public Health Service.
[H. R. 7413]
An Act To amend an Act providing for the parole of United States prisoners, approved June 25, 1910, as amended.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in lieu of all existing boards of parole at Federal penal and correctional institutions as provided by the Act approved June 25, 1910 (chapter 387, Thirty-sixth Statutes, page 819), and all other Acts amendatory or supplementary thereto (sections 714 to 723, inclusive, title 18, United States Code), there is hereby created a single Board of Parole to consist of three members to be appointed by the Attorney General, at a salary of $7,500 each per annum.
SEC. 2. All power and authority now vested in, and all duties now imposed upon, the Attorney General and the several existing boards of parole with respect to the parole of United States prisoners are hereby transferred to the Board of Parole created by this Act: Provided, however, That this Act shall not affect the method, terms, or conditions under which United States prisoners confined in any State reformatory are paroled, except that the power to approve the release on parole of such prisoners is conferred upon the Board of Parole herein created.
SEC. 3. The said board, or any member thereof, shall hereafter have the exclusive authority to issue warrants for the retaking of any United States prisoner who has violated his parole. The unexpired term of imprisonment of any such prisoner shall begin to run from the date he is returned to the institution, and the time the prisoner was on parole shall not diminish the time he was originally sentenced to serve.
SEC. 4. This Act shall take effect thirty days from and after the date of its approval.
Approved, May 13, 1930.
(H. R. 7832]
An Act To reorganize the administration of Federal prisons; to authorize the Attorney General to contract for the care of United States prisoners; to establish Federal jails, and for ther purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby established in the Department of Justice a Bureau of Prisons, to be in charge of a director, who shall be paid a salary at the rate of $10,000 a year, and shall be appointed by and serve directly under the Attorney General. The officers and employees of the existing office of the Superintendent of Prisons; all official records, furni ture, and supplies; and all of the authority, powers, and duties conferred by law or regulation upon the Superintendent of Prisons or any of his subordinates are hereby transferred to the Bureau of Prisons. The Attorney General shall have the power to appoint such additional officers and employees as may be necessary.
SEC. 2. The Bureau of Prisons shall have charge of the management and regulation of all Federal penal and correctional institutions and be responsible for the safe-keeping, care, protection, instruction, and discipline of all persons charged with or convicted of offenses against the United States: Provided, That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to military penal or military reformatory institutions or persons confined therein.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the Bureau of Prisons to provide suitable quarters for the safe-keeping, care, and subsistence of all persons convicted of offenses against the United States, charged with offenses against the United States, or held as witnesses or otherwise. For this purpose the Director of the Bureau of Prisons may contract, for a period not exceeding three years with the proper authorities of any State or Territory or political subdivision thereof, for the imprisonment, subsistence, care, and proper employment of any person held under authority of any United States statute: Provided, That such Federal prisoners shall be employed only in the manufacture of articles for, the production of supplies for, the construction of public works for, and the maintenance and care of the institutions of, the State or political subdivision of the State in which they are imprisoned. The rates to be paid for the care and custody of said persons shall take into consideration the character of the quarters furnished, sanitary conditions, and quality of subsistence. The rates to be paid may be such as will permit and encourage the proper authorities to provide reasonably decent, sanitary, and healthful quarters and subsistence for persons held as United States prisoners.
SEO. 4. If by reason of the refusal or inability of the authorities having control of any jail, workhouse, penal, correctional, or other suitable institution of any State or Territory, or political subdivision thereof, to enter into a contract for the imprisonment, subsis
tence, care, or proper employment of United States prisoners, or if there are no suitable or sufficient facilities available at reasonable cost, the Attorney General is authorized to select a site either within. or convenient to the State, Territory, or judicial district concerned and cause to be erected thereon a house of detention, workhouse, jail, prison-industries project, or camp or other place of confinement, which shall be used for the detention of persons held as material witnesses, persons awaiting trial, persons sentenced to imprisonment and awaiting transfer to other institutions, and for the confinement of persons convicted of offenses against the United States and sentenced to imprisonment, with or without hard labor; for the detention of persons held for violation of the immigration laws or awaiting deportation, and of such other persons as in the opinion of the Attorney General are proper subjects for confinement in the institutions herein authorized.
SEC. 5. To carry out the purposes of the foregoing section the Attorney General may authorize the use of a sum not to exceed $100,000 in each instance, payable from any unexpended balance of the appropriation "Support of United States prisoners" for the purpose of leasing or acquiring a site, preparation of plans, and erection of necessary buildings. If in any instance it shall be impossible or impracticable to secure a proper site and erect the necessary buildings within the above limitation of $100,000, the Attorney General may authorize the use of a sum not to exceed $10,000 in each instance, payable from any unexpended balance of the appropriation "Support of United States prisoners" for the purpose of securing options and making preliminary surveys or sketches. Upon selection of an appropriate site the Attorney General shall submit to Congress an estimate of the cost of purchasing same and of remodeling, constructing, and equipping the necessary buildings thereon.
SEC. 6. The control and management of any institutions established hereunder, and the house of detention for Federal prisoners in New York City appropriated for in the Second Deficiency Act, fiscal year 1929, shall be vested in the Attorney General, who shall have power to promulgate rules for the government thereof, and to appoint in accordance with the civil service laws and regulations all necessary officers and employees. In connection with such maintenance and operation the Attorney General is authorized to establish and conduct industries, farms, and other activities; to classify the inmates; and to provide for their proper treatment, care, rehabilitation, and reformation.
SEC. 7. Hereafter all persons convicted of an offense against the United States shall be committed, for such terms of imprisonment and to such types of institutions as the court may direct, to the custody of the Attorney General of the United States or his authorized representative, who shall designate the places of confinement where the sentences of all such persons shall be served. The Attorney General may designate any available, suitable, and appropriate institutions, whether maintained by the Federal Government or otherwise or whether within or without the judicial district in which convicted. The Attorney General is also authorized to order the