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the manufactories which are built so near the bath.


is offended too frequently here from having the uniformity destroyed by two or three large red brick buildings, standing on the margin of the clear and winding stream, intruding upon the harmony of the prospect, and disgracing the native colouring of the

grey, the grave, and towering rock, which has stood there from the creation of the world, by having a neighbour obtrude itself so near its ancient precincts in the modern form of an extensive brick-kiln.

The ear is offended hourly by the rude or indecent speeches of the almost lawless manufacturers, should they meet you in your walks or on your rides, accosting you too often with shameful sentences of blasphemy or obscenity; for the wonted simplicity of the rustic, with his obedient nod, has long been done away in this distracted country. “Why is this, wherefore?” Shall we call it licentiousness, or has the humble crawling worm, conceiving itself too much oppressed, embibed the poison of the envenomed adder, and raising his ignoble crest, resolved to shew resentment to every imperious traveller who


chance to tread too heavily on the secret path under which he sleeps, and wreathing from his crooked narrow cavern of repose, gives his betters to understand that he is possessed of feeling; or has he, having been visited by the spirit of equality, for ever taken leave of order and degree, so truly necessary in


society; if it be so, the times are bad indeed. Shakespeare, in his Troilus and Cressida, has defined this matter more philosophically, and to the

purpose, than any

other writer, saying,

“ The heav'ns themselves, the planets, and this centre,
Observe degree, priority, and place, su
Insisture, course, proportion, season, form,
Office, and custom, in all line of order:
And therefore is the glorious planet, Sol,
In noble eminence enthron'd and spher'd
Amidst the rest, whose med'cinable eye
Corrects the ill aspects of planets evil,
And posts, like the commandment of a king,
Sans check, to good and bad; but, when the planets,
In evil mixture, to disorder wander,
What plagues and what portents, what mutiny,
What raging of the sea, shaking of the earth,
Commotion in the winds : frights, changes, horrors,
Divert and crack, rend and deracinate,
The unity and married calm of states
Quite from their fixure! Oh! when degree is shaken,
Which is the ladder to all high designs,
The enterprise is sick! How could communities,
Degrees in schools, and brotherhoods in cities,


Peaceful commerce from dividable shores,
The primogeniture and due of birth,
Prerogative of age, crowns, sceptres, laurels,
But by degree stand in authentic place?
Take but degree away, untune that string,
And, hark, what discord follows! Each thing meets
In mere oppugnancy; the bounded waters ·
Would lift their bosoms higher than the shores,
And make a sop of all this solid globe :
Strength would be lord of imbecility,
And the rude son would strike his father dead :
Force would be right; or, rather, right and wrong,
(Between whose endless jar justice resides,)
Would lose their names, and so would justice too.
Then every thing includes itself in power,
Power into will, will into appetite;
And appetite, an universal wolf,
So doubly seconded with will and power,
Must make perforce an universal prey,
And, last, eat up itself."

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Matlock is one hundred and thirtysix miles from London, through Derby.





There is an upper and a lower Harrowgate, which lie at about a mile distant from each other, and in point of accommodation, manner, and custom, are similar to Buxton, only with this difference, they are less elegant, but still more moderate in respect to boarding and other expences.

There is great decorum and good order at the boarding inns, and mostly good harmony; this may proceed from a president being placed at the head of the table; the last new visitant always takes his seat at the bottom, rising by degrees to the head, and that maintains good order; for without a head all bodies are imperfect.


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