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Union, forcing a Soviet withdrawal in 1989 and thereby

contributing to the end of the Cold War; Whereas following the Soviet withdrawal, Afghanistan went

through a period of chaos and conflict, exacerbated by insufficient attention from the international community, during which time the Taliban militia seized control of much of the country and provided a base of operations

to Al Qaeda and other terrorist elements; Whereas following the terrorist attacks of September 11,

2001, the United States launched Operation Enduring Freedom, liberating the Afghan people from tyranny, transforming Afghanistan from a haven for terrorists into a strategic partner in the struggle against international terrorism, and helping Afghans build a demo

cratic government; Whereas the Afghan Constitution, drafted by a broadly rep

resentative Loya Jirga, or Grand Council, and enacted on January 4, 2004, provides for equal rights for and full participation of women, mandates full compliance with international norms for human and civil rights, establishes procedures for free and fair elections, creates a system of checks and balances between the executive, legislative and judicial branches, encourages a free market economy and private enterprise, and obligates the state to prevent all types of terrorist activity and the produc

tion and trafficking of narcotics; Whereas more than 10.5 million Afghan men and women

voted in national presidential elections in October 2004, demonstrating commitment to democracy, courage in the face of threats of violence, and a deep sense of civic responsibility;



Whereas Hamid Karzai, formerly the interim President, was

elected to a five-year term as Afghanistan's first democratically-elected President in the country's history;

Whereas nationwide parliamentary elections are planned for

September 18, 2005, and further demonstrate the Afghan Government's commitment to adhere to democratic


Whereas the Government of Afghanistan has demonstrated a

firm commitment to halting the cultivation and trafficking of narcotics and has cooperated fully with the United States and its allies on a wide range of counternarcotics initiatives;

Whereas in addition to military and law enforcement oper

ations, President Karzai welcomes the United States and the international community to assist Afghanistan's counter-narcotics campaign by supporting programs to provide alternative livelihoods for farmers, sustained economic development, and governmental and security ca

pacity building; Whereas recognizing that long-term political stability requires

sustained economic security, Afghanistan is striving to create an economic base to provide meaningful livelihoods for all of its people, and the United States has a coopera

tive interest in helping Afghanistan achieve this goal; Whereas section 101(1) of the Afghanistan Freedom Support

Act of 2002 (22 U.S.C. 7511(1)) declares that the “United States and the international community should support efforts that advance the development of democratic civil authorities and institutions in Afghanistan and the establishment of a new broad-based, multi-ethnic,


gender-sensitive, and fully representative government in

Afghanistan”; Whereas on June 15, 2004, during President Karzai's visit

to the United States, President George W. Bush stated: “Afghanistan's journey to democracy and peace deserves the support and respect of every nation. . . . The world and the United States stand with (the people of Afghanistan] as partners in their quest for peace and prosperity

and stability and democracy.”; Whereas on June 15, 2004, in his address to a joint meeting

of Congress, President Karzai stated: “We must build a partnership that will consolidate our achievements and enhance stability, prosperity and democracy in Afghanistan and in the region. This requires sustaining and accelerating the reconstruction of Afghanistan, through long-term commitment. . .. We must enhance our strategic partnership. The security of our two nations are

intertwined.”; Whereas on April 13, 2005, while receiving the visiting

United States Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, President Karzai, in expressing the desire of the Afghan people for a long-term strategic partnership with the United States, stated: “They want this relationship to be a wholesome one, including a sustained economic relationship, a political relationship, and most important of all, a strategic security relationship that would enable Afghanistan to defend itself, to continue to prosper, to stop interferences, the possibility of interferences in Afghanistan.”; and

Whereas the people of the United States, and their elected

representatives, are honored to welcome President Karzai back to the United States in May 2005 on a visit that



will further advance the close partnership between the

United States and Afghanistan: Now, therefore, be it 1 Resolved by the House of Representatives (the Senate 2 concurring), That3

(1) Congress welcomes the first democratically4 elected President of Afghanistan, His Excellency


Hamid Karzai, as an honored guest and valued


friend upon his visit to the United States in May


2005; and


(2) it is the sense of Congress that


(A) a democratic, stable, and prosperous

[blocks in formation]


peace, freedom, security, and broad-based eco


nomic development between the two countries


and throughout the world.

Ms. Ros-LEHTINEN. It is the intention of the Chair to ask unanimous consent to consider the measures en bloc, and that the resolutions and the amendments which the Members have before them be considered as read. All Members are given lead to insert their prepared remarks into the record.

[The amendments referred to follow:]

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