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dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God; and they that hear shall live ” (John v. 25). But the Jews, only seeking honour from men, and not loving God, could not believe on the Son, though the evidence of his Messiahship so abounded. There was first, the evidence from prophecy, for Moses, in whom you believe, "wrote,” said Jesus, "of me;" secondly, there was the distinct testimony of John the Baptist, in whose light for a time you rejoiced ; and yet more than this, there is, in the third place, the proof that the Father has sent me before your eyes, in the miracles which, by his power, I work.
After this, Jesus went beyond the lake of Galilee, followed by vast numbers of people, because of the miracles he had wrought in healing the sick. (“Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand,” John vi. 4.) And here Jesus wrought the "mighty work" of multiplying the bread and fish (five barley loaves and two small fish), so that after satisfying the hunger of five thousand men, there were still left twelve baskets full of the broken victual.
This miracle had such an effect on them that they declared him the Messiah, and would perforce have made him king; but he, seeing this, left them, and went into a mountain alone. In the evening the disciples went down to the lake, and took a boat to sail across to Capernaum; and as Jesus was not come, they sailed without him, and were a good way across when he came to them, walking on the water,
and having got into the boat, it immediately arrived at Capernaum. The next day some of the people from the other side of the lake came
to Capernaum to look for Jesus, and they asked him what they ought to do to work the works of God. Jesus' reply was (John vi. 29), “This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent." He also spoke of himself as the Bread of Life, given from heaven by God for the life of the world. Unless they ate the flesh of the Son of Man, and drank his blood, they could have no life in them. His flesh and blood, given for the life of the world, were truly meat and drink from heaven. And whoever saw the Son and believed on him should be raised up by him at the last day, and have everlasting life. He would not cast out one who thus came to him, for none could come unless taught of God to do so-drawn to him by the Father. This, and much more to the same effect, Jesus taught the Jews in the synagogue at Capernaum. But they understood him literally, and were much perplexed; and even many of his disciples, thinking they were actually required to feast on his flesh, said dejectedly to each other, “ This is a hard saying; who can hear it?"
But Jesus knew their thoughts, and knew from the beginning who would and who would not truly believe, and who should betray him, and asked them if they were offended at what he had been teaching; what if they were to see him ascend to heaven, whence he came? As to the flesh, that profiteth nothing;
only spiritual food could feed the spirit, and his words (his teachings) were spirit and life.
But such doctrine they could not receive, as Jesus knew they had not the power given them by the Father thus to come to him, so many of his disciples from that day fell away from him. He then asked the twelve if they also would leave him. Simon Peter answered, "Lord, to whom shall we go? Thou hast the words of eternal life. And we have believed and know that thou art the Holy One of God” (John vi. 66-69).
Jesus told them, alluding to Judas Iscariot, that though he had chosen them, the twelve, he knew the faithlessness of one of them.
The Lord had not attended that Passover feast because the Jews sought to kill him, but it being now the feast of tabernacles, his brothers (who did not believe on him) reproached him for remaining in Galilee idle, such inaction being in their eyes inconsistent with his claims. He, however, went up to Jerusalem afterwards alone, and taught publicly in the temple yard, the people being much divided in opinion respecting him, though it was not safe to speak openly in his favour, for fear of the Jews, who wanted to kill him. Yet the Jews came about him, and listened with astonishment, wondering how he could, without learning, have acquired his knowledge.
Jesus told them he was taught by God, and they, if they really wished to do God's will, would recognize his teaching as from God. But the Jews, Jesus said, were bad; not one of them (at least, of those to whom he was speaking) kept the law of Moses, in whom they believed (John vii. 19).
But many of the people believed on him because of his miracles, and when the Pharisees and chief priests knew it they sent officers to arrest him. But Jesus said he should not be long there, but should return to him that sent him ; they would search for him, but would not be able to come where he was. But, as usual, they (the Jews) were quite ignorant of his meaning
On the last and great day of the feast, Jesus cried to the people, “If any man thirst, let him come to me and drink,” explaining that those who believed on him would become, according to the Scriptures, fountains of living water. The officers sent to take him returned without having done so, overawed by his teaching; for he spoke, they said, as never before man had spoken. The people, too, many of them, recognized him as a true prophet, and some affirmed him to be the Christ; but to others the fact of his Galilean origin was a stumbling-block, as it was to the Pharisees, who pronounced the believing people cursed for their ignorance.
Jesus continued teaching, going at daybreak to the temple. He told the Pharisees he was "the light of the world.” But they answered that when a man praised himself, his estimate was not to be taken. Jesus told them there was another witness for the
fact, viz. the Father who sent him, and two witnesses were enough, as their law acknowledged. Where, then, is your Father? they inquired. To which Jesus replied, “Ye know neither me, nor my Father: if ye knew me, ye would know my Father also” (John viii. 19).
He also announced to them that he was from above, they from beneath, and if they did not believe him to be the Messiah, as he had told them he was from the first, they would die in their sins; but he said, “When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then ye shall know that I am he” (John viii. 28). The Father, he said, is with me, for I always do what pleases him. These words caused many of the Jews to believe on him. But Jesus is represented as speaking to those who believed on him as if they did not (as he did also at Capernaum). (See John viii. 31-59.)
He told them that, though descended from Abraham, they were slaves of sin, liars, and murderers, true children of their father, the devil, therefore. The Jews then replied, We were right in calling you a Samaritan, and possessed by a devil. Jesus answered that he had not a devil, but that he honoured God, and if any one kept his teaching he would not die while the world lasted. They said, Now we know that you have a devil, for even Abraham is dead, and so are the prophets. But Jesus told them he was living before Abraham. This so exasperated them that they tried to stone him, but he eluded them and