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figurative one. It surely denotes some real dominion
appertaining to Christ, a dominion exercised and
acknowledged now, but to have a wider range and
recognition in the ages to come. What then is this
kingdom, and what its special character and scope ?
That is the subject now to be discussed. And in
the treatment of it I desire unreservedly to submit
myself to the guidance of the Inspired Word. Let
me crave, then, the reader's careful and candid
attention, while I set before him what that Word
seems to me to reveal concerning Christ's kingdom,
as to its present aspect and operation, its future

manifestations and developments, and its ultimate Cor. xv. 24–28. issue and consummation. He must reign, we are

told, till He hath put all his enemies under his
feet. Then cometh the end, when, all things having
been made subject unto Him, He shall deliver up
the kingdom to the Father, and Himself become
subject unto Him that put all things under Him,
that God may be all in all.

Now the first point, and one carefully to be noted,
is this, that the kingdom of Christ as such, the
kingdom, i.e., which appertains to Him as the
Christ, is ever spoken of as an acquired kingdom,
a kingdom that He received, a kingdom conferred

upon Him. Thus, for instance, just before his Matt. s.rviii. 18. ascension, Christ said to his disciples, “All power

is given unto me in heaven and in earth. “Him,
said St. Peter to the Jews, 'hath God exalted to
be a Prince. More explicitly still is this truth set
forth by St. Paul, as when, for instance, he prays
for the Ephesians that the God of our Lord Jesus
Christ, the Father of Glory, would enlighten them


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A ts v. 31.


E, h. i. 17–23.


to know the exceeding greatness of his power to usward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, which He wrought in Christ when He raised Him from the dead, and made Him sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, above all rule and authority and power and lordship, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come, and put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave Him to be head over all things to the Church, which is his body, the fulness of Him that filleth all in all.

The dominion of Christ, then, it seems clear from these and kindred passages, is one conferred upon Him ; it is a dominion that as Christ He had not before. Hence some have sought to raise an argument upon this, prejudicial to the deity of Christ. It is argued that exaltation implies previous inferiority to and dependence on Him who confers it; that if Christ were truly God He could not be exalted, or receive what He had not before. But this will be no difficulty to those who have a clear apprehension of the Incarnation of the Son of God, and of its mediatorial purpose. To be the mediator between God and man, and to effect the redemption of man, the Son of God became Man; uniting in

l his one person, as the Christ, two whole and perfect natures, the Godhead and the Manhood. In this his mediatorial person and capacity, He subordinated Himself to the will of his father for a special work, receiving for that work special qualifications, and earning by its accomplishment a specific reward. My meat,' He said unto his disciples, 'is to do the will of Him that sent me, John iv. 34.



Isa. ri. 2.



Isa. Iiri. 1-3.
Luke iv. 16--21.

Heb..cii. 2.

and to finish his work.' To qualify Him for this
his divine mission, the spirit of the Lord did rest
upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of know-
ledge and of the fear of the Lord. This qualification
Christ distinctly recognized and claimed, when in
the synagogue of Nazareth He applied and appro-
priated to Himself that prophecy, The spirit of
the Lord. is upon me, because He hath anointed me
to preach good tidings to the meek,' etc. And as
a special qualification was imparted to Him for his
mission, so was a specific reward associated with it.
That mission involved humiliation and death. But
for the joy that was set before Him He endured the
cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the
right hand of the throne of God. The way to the
crown lay through the cross. Therefore did He
say to the two disciples, who were perplexed and
distressed by the death of Him whom they had
regarded as the Messiah, 'Was it not necessary that
the Christ should suffer these things, and enter into
his glory?' This meritorious relation of the exalt-
ation of Christ to his suffering and death is very
clearly and decidedly set forth by St. Paul : "Let

this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, Phil, ü, 5–11. who, though He was in the form of God, regarded

not the being equal with God a thing to be grasped
at, but emptied Himself by taking the form of a
servant, being made in the likeness of men ; and
when found in fashion as a man He humbled
Himself by becoming obedient even to the extent
of death, and that the death of the cross. Where-
fore also God highly exalted Him, and gave Him


Luke cxix, 26.


the name which is above every name, in order that in the name of Jesus every knee should bend, of those in heaven and those on earth and those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.'

The foregoing passage leads us on to a further truth concerning the kingdom. It tells us that the great end and purpose of Christ's exaltation was the glory of God the Father, in the homage and submission to be rendered in the name of Jesus by all things in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and in their acknowledgment of the sovereignty of the Saviour King. And with this agree numerous other passages, which speak of the kingdom and its design. • Unto us a Child is born, unto 1so. ic. 6, 7. us a Son is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever.' 'Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will Jer. xxiii. 6, 7. raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth ; and this is his name, whereby He shall be called, The Lord our Righteousness. “I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one Dun. vii. 13, 14. like the Son of Man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before Him.. And there was given Him



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Matt. cxviii.


dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all people,
nations, and languages should serve Him. His
dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall
not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall
not be destroyed.' Immediately before his ascen-
sion Jesus came and spake unto his disciples,
saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and
in earth. And the reason, for this his investiture

with supreme power, is significantly enough indi-
cated in the words that follow, 'Go ye, therefore,
make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them
into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of
the Holy Ghost, teaching them to observe and do
all things whatsoever I command you. And, to
refer to one more passage, St. Paul distinctly inti-
mates that all things have been put under the feet

of Christ, in order that all things may be brought 1 Cor. xv. 24–28. into subjection to Him ; that his reign must last,

until every enemy has been done away; that when
that has been accomplished, when all things shall
have become subject to Him, then will He deliver
up the kingdom to the Father, and Himself become
subject to Him who invested Him with supreme
dominion, that God may be all in all.

A further truth concerning the kingdom is dis-
closed in the following passage : Thus speaketh

Zech. vi. 12–13. the Lord of Hosts, saying, Behold the Man whose

name is The Branch : and He shall grow up out of
his place, and He shall build the temple of the
Lord ; even He shall build the temple of the Lord,
and He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule
upon his throne : and He shall be a priest upon his
throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between

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