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and denotes a universal overthrow of all existing governments and powers. The Battle of Armageddon would naturally produce this result in two ways :- First, the slaughter of such prodigious multitudes upon multitudes, must itself be the downfal of many governments and powers; and secondly, the ultimate influence of such an utterly unprecedented destruction of mankind upon the minds of men, must evidently be of the most powerful and practical nature :-“ Thus will I magnify myself in the eyes of many nations.” “ And I will set my glory among the heathen, and they shall see my judgment which I have executed, and my hand which I have laid upon them.” The slaughter of “all nations, and the armies thereof” in one day,—and that not by opposing forces, but by their own swords, in connexion with horrible pestilence and supernatural judgments, agreeing with the long-uttered predictions of Scripture, will so strikingly exhibit the RIGHTEOUSNESS, FAITHFULNESS, and Truth of the Deity, that the whole earth must at once confess and glorify God.
The “ angel standing in the sun," identifies this Battle with Armageddon ; so does the “ earthquake” (which is clearly the same as that of the seventh vial), and the destruction of all existing governments throughout the earth. Whilst in the place and period of the conflict, the most entire agreement is observable.
IV. ZECHARIAH's PROPHECY OF AN ATTACK OF ALL NATIONS
UPON JERUSALEM.-(chap. xii., and xiv). This is the most full and minute account of the assault upon the city which Prophecy contains. The xiv. chapter plainly states, that the Battle of Armageddon will, in the first instance, be decidedly favourable to the Beast, and the Kings of the earth,—“ The city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, &c., and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut of
from the city.”—(ver. 2). The destruction of surrounding nations by the Jews at this period, is also stated,—“They shall devour all the people round about on the right hand and on the left.” Compare Obadiah, ver. 18. The figurative appearance of Christ the Lord is strikingly declared,—“ Then shall the Lord go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fought in the day of battle, and his feet shall stand upon the Mount of Olives.”
That a personal appearance, however, is not denoted, is plain from its being said, when he fought in the day of battle.” No record exists, that any personal conflict of God with men has ever occurred, therefore this passage simply denotes, that, as on a similar occasion (Josh. x. 14), 66 THE LORD FOUGHT FOR ISRAEL." The spiritual conversion of the Jews after the battle, is clearly stated,—“ I will pour upon the house of David, and upon
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications : and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn."-Zech, xii. 10.
V. THE COMING OF
THE LORD WITH
WITH ALL FLESH.
For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury and his rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh : and the slain of the LORD shall be many. They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD. For I know their works and their thoughts : it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues ; and they shall come, and see my glory. And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that
draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles. And they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.”—Isaiah xlvi. 15—20.
This coming of Jehovah is clearly the same as is described in the vision of the WORD OF GOD (Rev. chap. xix). The gathering of all nations and tongues is to the Battle of Armageddon, and the glory of the Almighty, denotes His Omnipotence, Holiness, and Truth, displayed in that fearful overthrow. The fugitives from the field of slaughter, are made messengers to carry the great tidings to their respective nations, and thus is the divine glory diffused throughout the world. The natural result of this is, that the utmost promptitude and zeal are displayed by all the people of the earth in accomplishing the purposes of Jehovah, so unequivocally revealed in the recent interposition on behalf of His people, and for the overthrow of their foes. A second, or further restoration of the Jews takes place, including all out of every nation” who have not yet joined their brethren.
Zeph. iii. 8—20, is another prediction of Armageddon. That the battle is closely connected with the Jews, is plain from verse 8,4" Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey !” It thus appears, that the Battle of Armageddon, denotes an attack upon the Beast and the Kings of the whole world upon the Jewish nation, soon after their return to Judea. It issues in an unprecedented slaughter of the invading hosts, and in the overthrow of all the Goverments, both Spiritual and Civil throughout the earth, and its object is, to punish the nations of the earth for their treatment of the Jews.
CHAPTER . VII.
THE COMING OF THE SON OF MAN.
A further universal judgment upon the Earth—Matthew xxiv. predicts this —
The Second Vision of the Sixth Seal refers to it-The 24th chap. of Isaiah describes it-Other predictions of it-Analogous to the preceding dispensations of the Deity-Sodom and Gomorrah- The Red Sea—The DelugeThe guilt of the world greater now than en those judgments overw med them—The general rejection of Christianity—The Anti-Christian despotisms of Europe-Babylon the Great-Signs of the Times not unfavourable to this theory.
That the Battle of Armageddon is not the last infliction of divine wrath that awaits our guilty world is abundantly evident. Numerous passages of Prophecy expressly mention a period of judgment, subsequent to that visitation, and of far wider extent. The 24th chap. of Matthew, after referring to the results of that awful conflict, under the image of the eclipse, or fall of the heavenly bodies, speaks of some universal and terrible destruction, styled “the revealing of the Son of Man," which should resemble the deluge of Noah, and overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah. The Sixth Seal, after relating in the sublimest style, the overthrow of all Temporal and Spiritual Power throughout the earth, and the consternation and despair which should fill every breast, proceeds to describe, under the figure of "four angels holding the winds,” and thus “hurting the earth, the sea, and the trees,” —a universal and final destruction of mankind, from which none should escape save those who “ were sealed in their foreheads."
In addition to these clear and explict statements of Revelation, the same truth may be inferred from those numerous passages of Holy Writ, which, without any specific mention of time, do yet unquestionably point to some desolating judgment, far more general, and still more terrible, than even that tremendous conflict. Such are the following :-“ Behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven ; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble : and the day that cometh shall burn them up, and leave them neither root nor branch."-Mal. iv. 1. “ Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth. And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth : they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried ; they shall be dung upon the ground."-Jer. xxv. 32, 33. “For I have heard from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, even determined upon
the whole earth.” -Isaiah xxviii. 22. It is obvious that the destruction of Armageddon, confined as it is to one locality, and embracing only the martial hosts who encamp upon that fatal field, can never fulfil the general and unqualified language of these and similar predictions. Besides, they speak of a progressive calamity which passes from nation to nation. It is, therefore, manifest, that something more general and more terrible than that fearful overthrow, is yet in reserve for guilty man.
The novelty of the present theory and its awful importance, must be my excuse in proceeding now at some length, to establish, if possible, the opinion, that the conflict of Armageddon, issuing in the overthrow of all present Governments, both Civil and Spiritual, and thus occasioning terror and dismay throughout the earth, will speedily be followed by a general destruction of the human race, by some infliction of divine wrath, from which none will be exempted, but the real