A Discontented Diaspora: Japanese Brazilians and the Meanings of Ethnic Militancy, 1960–1980
Duke University Press, 14 sept. 2007 - 256 pagini
In A Discontented Diaspora, Jeffrey Lesser investigates broad questions of ethnicity, the nature of diasporic identity, and Brazilian culture. He does so by exploring particular experiences of young Japanese Brazilians who came of age in São Paulo during the 1960s and 1970s, an intensely authoritarian period of military rule. The most populous city in Brazil, São Paulo was also the world’s largest “Japanese” city outside of Japan by 1960. Believing that their own regional identity should be the national one, residents of São Paulo constantly discussed the relationship between Brazilianness and Japaneseness. As second-generation Nikkei (Brazilians of Japanese descent) moved from the agricultural countryside of their immigrant parents into various urban professions, they became the “best Brazilians” in terms of their ability to modernize the country and the “worst Brazilians” because they were believed to be the least likely to fulfill the cultural dream of whitening. Lesser analyzes how Nikkei both resisted and conformed to others’ perceptions of their identity as they struggled to define and claim their own ethnicity within São Paulo during the military dictatorship.
Lesser draws on a wide range of sources, including films, oral histories, wanted posters, advertisements, newspapers, photographs, police reports, government records, and diplomatic correspondence. He focuses on two particular cultural arenas—erotic cinema and political militancy—which highlight the ways that Japanese Brazilians imagined themselves to be Brazilian. As he explains, young Nikkei were sure that their participation in these two realms would be recognized for its Brazilianness. They were mistaken. Whether joining banned political movements, training as guerrilla fighters, or acting in erotic films, the subjects of A Discontented Diaspora militantly asserted their Brazilianness only to find that doing so reinforced their minority status.
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Downtown São Paulo movie theater marquees 55 Figure 21. ... Population, São Paulo (state and city) and Brazil, 1960 and 1980, with percentage increase xxv ...
... the only multicultural country in the Americas and that São Paulo has the largest population of Japanese descent of any city in the world outside Japan.
São Paulo was the world's largest ''Japanese'' city outside of Japan. Over the course of the twentieth century, ties between Brazil Prologue The Limits of ...
Political and economic leaders saw the city's ''Japanese'' residents as important actors in making São Paulo better than the rest of Brazil.
Brazil is a huge country and São Paulo is its largest city. Between 1960 and 1980 São Paulo grew from 4.7 million (out of a national population of 70 ...
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1 Brazils Japan Film and the Space of Ethnicity 19601970
2 Beautiful Bodies and DisAppearing IdentitiesContesting Images of JapaneseBrazilian Ethnicity 19701980
3 Machine Guns and Honest Faces JapaneseBrazilian Ethnicity and Armed Struggle 19641980
4 Two Deaths Remembered
5 How Shizuo Osawa Became Mário the Jap
Epilogue Diaspora and Its Discontents
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Previzualizare limitată - 2007