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Service is authorized to perform such acts as are necessary and proper to implement the Attorney General's authority under the provisions of section 310 of the Act.

renounce Danish citizenship, in accordance with the instructions contained therein. The applicant shall be notified in writing when and where to appear before a representative of the Service for examination as to his eligibility to renounce Danish citizenship and for assistance in filing the renunciation. 8306.12 Renunciation forms; disposi

tion. The renunciation shall be made and executed by the applicant under oath, in duplicate, on Form N-351 and filed in the office of the clerk of court. The usual procedural requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not apply to proceedings under this part. The fee shall be fixed by the court or the clerk thereof in accordance with the law and rules of the court, and no accounting therefor shall be required to be made to the Service. The clerk shall retain the original of Form N-351 as the court record and forward the duplicate to the district director exercising administrative naturalization jurisdiction over the area in which the court is located.

PART 310-NATURALIZATION

AUTHORITY

8310.2 Jurisdiction to accept applica

tions for naturalization. The Service shall accept an application for naturalization from an applicant who is subject to a continuous residence requirement under section 316(a) or 319(a) of the Act as much as three months before the date upon which the applicant would otherwise satisfy such continuous residence requirement in the State or Service district where residence is to be established for naturalization purposes. At the time of examination on the application, the applicant will be required to prove that he or she satisfies the residence requirements for the residence reflected in the application. 8310.3 Administration of the oath of

allegiance. (a) An applicant for naturalization may elect, at the time of filing of, or at the examination on, the application, to have the oath of allegiance and renunciation under section 337(a) of the Act administered in a public ceremony conducted by the Service or by any court described in section 310(b) of the Act, subject to section 310(b)(1)(B) of the Act.

(b) The jurisdiction of all such courts specified to administer the oath of allegiance shall extend only to those persons who are resident within the respective jurisdictional limits of such courts, except as otherwise provided in section 316(f)(2) of the Act. Persons who temporarily reside within the jurisdictional limits of a court in order to pursue an application properly filed pursuant to section 319(b), 322(c), 328(a), or 329 of the Act or section 405 of the Immigration Act of 1990 are not subject to the exclusive jurisdiction provisions of section 310(b)(1)(B) of the Act.

(c)(1) A court that wishes to exercise exclusive jurisdiction to administer the oath of allegiance for the 45-day period specified in section 310(b)(1)(B) of the Act shall notify, in writing, the district director of the Service office having jurisdiction over the place in

Sec. 310.1 Administrative naturalization author

ity. 310.2 Jurisdiction to accept applications for

naturalization. 310.3 Administration of the path of alle

giance. 310.4 Judicial naturalization authority and

withdrawal of petitions. 310.5 Judicial review.

AUTHORITY: 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1421, 1443, 1447, 1448; 8 CFR 2.1.

SOURCE: 56 FR 50480, Oct. 7, 1991, unless otherwise noted.

$310.1 Administrative naturalization

authority. (a) Attorney General. Commencing October 1, 1991, section 310 of the Act confers the sole authority to naturalize persons as citizens of the United States upon the Attorney General.

(b) Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Pursuant to $2.1 of this chapter, the Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization

which the court is located, of the court's intent to exercise such exclusive jurisdiction.

(2) At least 60 days prior to the holding of any oath administration ceremony referred to in $337.8 of this chapter, the clerk of court shall give written notice to the appropriate district director of the time, date, and place of such ceremony and of the number of persons who may be accommodated.

(d) A court that has notified the Service pursuant to paragraph (c)(1) of this section shall have exclusive authority to administer the oath of allegiance to persons residing within its jurisdiction for a period of 45 days beginning on the date that the Service notifies the clerk of court of the applicant's eligibility for naturalization. Such exclusive authority shall be effective only if on the date the Service notifies the clerk of court of the applicant's eligibility, the court has notified the Service of the day or days during such 45-day period on which the court has scheduled oath administration ceremonies available to the applicant. The Service must submit the notification of the applicant's eligibility to the clerk of court within 10 days of the approval of the application pursuant to $ 337.8 of this chapter.

(e) Waiver of exclusive authority. A court exercising exclusive authority to administer the oath of allegiance pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section may waive such exclusive authority when it is determined by the court that the Service failed to notify the court within a reasonable time prior to a scheduled oath ceremony of the applicant's eligibility such that it is impractical for the applicant to appear at that ceremony. The court shall notify the district director in writing of the waiver of exclusive authority as it relates to a specific applicant, and the Service shall promptly notify the applicant. The Service shall then arrange for the administration of the oath of allegiance pursuant to $337.2 of this chapter. (58 FR 49911, Sept. 24, 1993)

Act, to naturalize a person unless a petition for naturalization with respect to that person was filed with the naturalization court before October 1, 1991.

(b) Withdrawal of petitions. (1) In the case of any petition for naturalization which was pending in any court as of November 29, 1990, the petitioner may elect to withdraw such petition, and have the application for naturalization considered under the administrative naturalization process. Such petition must be withdrawn after October 1, 1991, but not later than December 31, 1991.

(2) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, the petitioner shall not be permitted to withdraw his or her petition for naturalization, unless the Attorney General consents to the withdrawal.

(c) Judicial proceedings. (1) All pending petitions not withdrawn in the manner and terms described in paragraph (b) of this section, shall be decided, on the merits, by the naturalization court, in conformity with the applicable provisions of the judicial naturalization authority of the prior statute. The reviewing court shall enter a final order.

(2) In cases where the petitioner fails to prosecute his or her petition, the court shall decide the petition upon its merits unless the Attorney General moves that the petition be dismissed for lack of prosecution.

8310.5 Judicial review.

(a) After 120 days following examination. An applicant for naturalization may seek judicial review of a pending application for naturalization in those instances where the Service fails to make a determination under section 335 of the Act within 120 days after an examination is conducted under part 335 of this chapter. An applicant shall make a proper application for relief to the United States District Court having jurisdiction over the district in which the applicant resides. The court may either determine the issues brought before it on their merits, or remand the matter to the Service with appropriate instructions.

8310.4 Judicial naturalization author

ity and withdrawal of petitions. (a) Jurisdiction. No court shall have jurisdiction under section 310(a) of the

(b) After denial of an application. After an application for naturalization is denied following a hearing before a Service officer pursuant to section 336(a) of the Act, the applicant may seek judicial review of the decision pursuant to section 310 of the Act.

PART 312-EDUCATIONAL RE

QUIREMENTS FOR NATURALIZATION

Sec. 312.1 Literacy requirements. 312.2 Knowledge of history and government

of the United States. 312.3 Standardized citizenship testing. 312.4 Selection of interpreter. 312.5 Failure to meet educational and lit

eracy requirements. AUTHORITY: 8 U.S.C. 1103, 1423, 1443, 1447, 1448.

SOURCE: 56 FR 50481, Oct. 7, 1991, unless otherwise noted.

an

8312.1 Literacy requirements.

(a) General. Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no person shall be naturalized as a citizen of the United States upon his or her own application unless that person can demonstrate an understanding of the English language, including an ability to read, write, and speak words in ordinary usage in the English language.

(b) Exceptions. The following persons need not demonstrate an ability to read, write and speak words in ordinary usage in the English language:

(1) A person who, on the date of filing of his or her application for naturalization, is over 50 years of age and has been living in the United States for periods totalling at least 20 years subsequent to a lawful admission for permanent residence;

(2) A person who, on the date of filing his or her application for naturalization, is over 55 years of age and has been living in the United States for periods totalling at least 15 years subsequent to a lawful admission for permanent residence; or

(3) The requirements of paragraph(a) of this section shall not apply to any person who is unable, because of a medically determinable physical or mental impairment or combination of

impairments which has lasted or is expected to last at least 12 months, to demonstrate an understanding of the English language as noted in paragraph (a) of this section. The loss of any cognitive abilities based on the direct effects of the illegal use of drugs will not be considered in determining whether a person is unable to demonstrate an understanding of the English language. For purposes of this paragraph, the term medically determinable means an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which can be shown by medically acceptable clinical or laboratory diagnostic techniques to have resulted in functioning so impaired as to render an individual unable to demonstrate understanding of the English language as required by this section, or that renders the individual unable to fulfill the requirements for English proficiency, even with reasonable modifications to the methods of determining English proficiency, as outlined in paragraph(c) of this section.

(c) Literacy examination—(1) Verbal skills. The ability of an applicant to speak English shall be determined by a designated examiner from the applicant's answers to questions normally asked in the course of the examination.

(2) Reading and writing skills. Except as noted in $312.3, an applicant's ability to read and write English shall be tested using excerpts from one or more parts of the Service authorized Federal Textbooks on Citizenship written at the elementary literacy level, Service publications M-289 and M-291. These textbooks may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, and are available at certain public educational institutions. An applicant's writing sample shall be retained in the applicant's Service file. (56 FR 50481, Oct. 7, 1991, as amended at 62 FR 12923, Mar. 19, 1997; 62 FR 15751, Apr. 2, 1997; 64 FR 7993, Feb. 18, 1999)

$312.2 Knowledge of history and gov

ernment of the United States. (a) General. No person shall be naturalized as a citizen of the United States upon his or her own application unless that person can demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of the history, and of the principles and form of government, of the United States. A person who is exempt from the literacy requirement under $312.1(b) (1) and (2) must still satisfy this requirement.

(b) Exceptions. (1) The requirements of paragraph(a) of this section shall not apply to any person who is unable to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of the history, and of the principles and form of government of the United States because of a medically determinable physical or mental impairment, that already has or is expected to last at least 12 months. The loss of any cognitive skills based on the direct effects of the illegal use of drugs will not be considered in determining whether an individual may be exempted. For the purposes of this paragraph the term medically determinable means an impairment that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which can be shown by medically acceptable clinical or laboratory diagnosis techniques to have resulted in functioning so impaired as to render an individual to be unable to demonstrate the knowledge required by this section or that renders the individuals unable to participate in the testing procedures for naturalization, even with reasonable modifications.

(2) Medical certification. All persons applying for naturalization and seeking an exception from the requirements of § 312.1(a) and paragraph(a) of this section based on the disability exceptions must submit Form N-648, Medical Certification for Disability Exceptions, to be completed by a medical or osteopathic doctor licensed to practice medicine in the United States or a clinical psychologist licensed to practice psychology in the United States (including the United States territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands). Form N-648 must be submitted as an attachment to the applicant's Form N400, Application for Naturalization. These medical professionals shall be experienced in diagnosing those with physical or mental medically determinable impairments and shall be able to attest to the origin, nature, and ex

tent of the medical condition as it relates to the disability exceptions noted under $312.1(b)(3) and paragraph(b)(1) of this section. In addition, the medical professionals making the disability determination must sign a statement on the Form N-648 that they have answered all the questions in a complete and truthful manner, that they (and the applicant) agree to the release of all medical records relating to the applicant that may be requested by the Service and that they attest that any knowingly false or misleading statements may subject the medical professional to the penalties for perjury pursuant to title 18, United Stated Code, Section 1546 and to civil penalties under section 274C of the Act. The Service also reserves the right to refer the applicant to another authorized medical source for a supplemental disability determination. This option shall be invoked when the Service has credible doubts about the veracity of a medical certification that has been presented by the applicant. An affidavit or attestation by the applicant, his or her relatives, or guardian on his or her medical condition is not a a sufficient medical attestation for purposes of satisfying this requirement.

(c) History and government examination—(1) Procedure. The examination of an applicant's knowledge of the history and form of government of the United States shall be given orally by a designated examiner in the English language unless:

(i) The applicant is exempt from the English literacy requirement under 8312.1(b), in which case the examination may be conducted in the applicant's native language with the assistance of an interpreter selected in accordance with $312.4 of this part, but only if the applicant's command of spoken English is insufficient to conduct a valid examination in English;

(ii) The applicant is required to satisfy and has satisfied the English literacy requirement under $312.1(a), but the officer conducting the examination determines that an inaccurate or incomplete record of the examination would result if the examination on technical or complex issues were conducted in English. In such a case the examination may be conducted in the applicant's native language, with the assistance of an interpreter selected in accordance with $312.4;

(iii) The applicant has met the requirements of $312.3.

(2) Scope and substance. The scope of the examination shall be limited to subject matters covered in the Service authorized Federal Textbooks on Citizenship except for the identity of current officeholders. In choosing the subject matters, in phrasing questions and in evaluating responses, due consideration shall be given to the applicant's education, background, age, length of residence in the United States, opportunities available and efforts made to acquire the requisite knowledge, and any other elements or factors relevant to an appraisal of the adequacy of the applicant's knowledge and understanding. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1115-0208) (56 FR 50481, Oct. 7, 1991, as amended at 58 FR 49912, Sept. 24, 1993; 62 FR 12923, Mar. 19, 1997; 62 FR 15751, Apr. 2, 1997; 64 FR 7993, Feb. 18, 1999)

were

paragraph (a)(1) of this section for naturalization shall not be reexamined at the Service naturalization interview on his or her ability to read and write English or on his or her knowledge of the history and form of government of the United States, unless the examining officer has reasonable cause to believe, subsequent to verification of the applicant's test results with the authorized testing entity, that the applicant's test results were obtained English may not be the sole reason for finding that the test results were obtained through fraud or misrepresentation. The Applicant's inability to speak English may not be the sole reason for finding that the test results botained through fraud or misrepresentation. A written record of the officer's determination shall be made in the record of the application including the response from the testing entity concerning the applicant's test.

(4) An applicant who has failed a standardized citizenship test will not be prejudiced by that failure during an examination conducted by the Service under $8312.1 and 312.2, and may continue to pursue the application with the Service as if the applicant had never taken the standardized test.

(b) An applicant who has obtained lawful permanent resident alien status pursuant to section 245A of the Act, and who, at that time demonstrated English language proficiency in reading and writing, and knowledge of the government and history of the United States through either an examination administered by the Service or a standardized section 312 test authorized by the Service for use with Legalization applicants provided in section 245A(b)(1)(D)(iii) of the Act, will not be reexamined on those skills at the time of the naturalization interview. However, such applicant must still establish eligibility for naturalization through testimony in the English language.

8312.3 Standardized citizenship test

ing. (a)(1) An applicant for naturalization may satisfy the reading and writing requirements of $312.1 and the knowledge requirements of 8 312.2 by passing, within one (1) year preceding the date on which he or she files an application for naturalization, or at any time subsequent to filing an application but prior to a final determination on the application, a standardized citizenship test given by an entity authorized by the Service to conduct such a test.

(2) The applicant must still demonstrate his or her ability to speak and understand English in accordance with $312.1(c)(1). An applicant who passes a standardized citizenship test may submit evidence of passage of the test either with the submission of the application, at the examination on the application, or at the time of the second examination provided in $312.5(a). Any evidence of passage submitted by the applicant shall be subject to independent verification by the Service with the test provider.

(3) An applicant who passes a standardized citizenship test as provided in

as

(56 FR 50481, Oct. 7, 1991, as amended at 58 FR 49912, Sept. 24, 1993; 60 FR 6651, Feb. 3, 1995)

8312.4 Selection of interpreter.

An interpreter to be used under $312.2 may be selected either by the applicant or by the Service. However, the Service

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