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Julian Period, 4771. Vulgar Æra, 58.
37 Nay, in all these things we are more than con- Corinth. querors, through him that loved us.
38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,
39 Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
$ 31. ROM. ix. 1-5.
The Apostle having now shewn the full claim of the Gentiles
11 say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost,
2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart.
3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh :
4 Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises:
5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
§ 32. ROM. ix. 6-9.
The Objection that had been already proposed (chap. iii. 3.)
Julian Period, 4771. Vulgar Era, 58.
according to the Flesh, as in the case of Ishmael, were Corinth.
6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel which are of Israel :
7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
8 That is, they which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
9 For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son.
ROM. ix. 10-13.
By the instance of Esau and Jacob, the Apostle proves that
10 And not only this; but when Rebecca also had conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;
11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God, according to election, might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth ;)
12 It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger :
13 As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.
$ 34. ROM. ix. 14-18.
The Apostle continues his Argument by affirming, that the
Julian Period, 4771. Vulgar Æra, 58.
God-The Israelites, after their Apostacy, might, had Corinth.
14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.
15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.
16 So then it is not of him that willeth, or of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.
17 For the Scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
18 Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
§ 35. ROM. ix. 19-29.
The Apostle here introduces a Jew, as saying, if God acts thus, why does he then find fault? for who can resist his Will, if he is determined to destroy Nations?—Nay, answers the Apostle, but who art thou that presumest to argue against the Decrees of God?-He vindicates the Justice of God's dealings towards the Jews and Gentiles, and shews his absolute Power over Nations, exalting one and rejecting another, by a reference to Jeremiah's Type of the Potter-The Apostle then applies the Type more immediately to the present Condition of the Jews and Gentiles-The Jews, like the Egyptians, after continued proofs of God's forbearance, became Vessels of wrath fitted for Destruction, making known the Power of God unto Salvation-The believing Gentiles were prepared by their means for the Glory of being admitted into the visible Church of God, and with the believing Jews were called to be God's People, and the Vessels of his mercy-The same Truths predicted and enforced by their own ancient Prophets.
19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? for who hath resisted his will?
20 Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus?
Julian Period, 4771. Vulgar Æra,
21 Hath not the potter power over the clay, of the Corinth. same lump to make one vessel unto honour, and another unto dishonour ?
22 What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction;
23 And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory.
24 Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.
26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved.
28 For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth.
29 And as Esaias said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodom, and been made like unto Gomorrha.
$36. ROM. ix. 30, to the end. x. 1-3.
The Apostle having clearly represented the Rejection of the
-The Apostle declares that the cause of their rejection
30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which Corinth. riod, 4771. followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteVulgarÆra, ousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
31 But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law: for they stumbled at that stumbling-stone;
33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
2 For I bear them record, that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
§ 37. ROM. X. 4-13.
In order to convince the Jews of their error, with regard to
4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above :)