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denying life before the Lord:' But they are very unequal to the joy and recompence that follow. For though there be no affliction that is not grievous for the prefent, yet what fays the man of God?" It works "a far more exceeding weight of glory in the end*. This has been both the faith and experience of those that in all ages have trufted in God, who have not fainted by the way; but, enduring, have obtained ⚫ an eternal diadem.'


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Wherefore, fince we are compaffed about with fo great a cloud of witneffes, let us lay afide every << weight and burden, and the fin and vanities that do "fo easily befet us; and with a conftant, holy patience "run our race, having our eyes fixed upon Jefus, the "author and finifher of our faith, not minding what " is behind," fo fhall we be delivered from every fnare. No temptations fhall gain us, no frowns shall fcare us from Chrift's Cross, and our blessed self-denial: And honour, glory, immortality, and a crown of eternal life, fhall recompence all our fufferings in the end'.


Lord God! Thou loveft holiness, and purity is thy delight in the earth. Wherefore, I pray "thee, make an end of fin, and finifh tranfgreffion, "and bring in thy everlasting righteousness to the fouls "of men, that thy poor creation may be delivered "from the bondage it groans under, and the earth enjoy her fabbath again: That thy great name may "be lifted up in all nations, and thy falvation renown"ed to the ends of the world. For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory for ever. Amen."


↑ Heb. xi. I. Rom. v.

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2 Tim. iii. 12. 1 to 4. Phil. iii. 13.

Pet. iv. 1 to 5.
Rom. ii. 7.


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ོ།་་ Why the People called QUAKERS

H S:


And those confirmed by Numerous Teftimonies


Gentiles, Jews, and Chriftians,



Prefented to the KING and the Great Council of England in Parliament.

"But I fay unto you, Swear not at all. MAT. v. 34.
"Above all things, my Brethren, Swear not. JAM. V. 22.
"Because of Oaths, the Land mourneth. JER. xxxii. 10.”

He ought to Swear neither this Thing nor any Thing. Theognis.
It is a great Good for a Man not to Swear at all. Maimonides.
It is not lawful to Swear, neither in a juft nor unjust Cause. Chryfoftom.

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Great Council of ENGLAND,

Affembled in PARLIAMENT.

The CASE of the People called QUAKERS, relating to OATHS, farther represented, and recommended to their Confideration, in order to a speedy and effectual Redress.


HE common benefit of the Free People of England being undoubtedly both the first and greatest reason for the ancient, juft, and neceffary conftitution of Parliaments; and being alfo informed that it is your refolution to employ this feffion to the redress of public grievances; and fince we cannot but repute ourselves a Member of this Great Body you reprefent, by Birth and English Defcent, and are not only involved in the common calamities of the kingdom, but in particular very cruelly treated in our perfons and estates, because we cannot, for Pure Confcience, take any Oath at all (though we have again and again tendered our Solemn Yea or Nay, and are most willing to fuftain the fame penalty in cafe of Lying, that is ufually inflicted for Perjury); to the end we may not be interpreted to decline the cuftom out of mere humour or evafion (though our frequent and heavy fufferings, by fines and tedious imprisonments, fometimes to death itself, fhould fufficiently vindicate


us against fuch uncharitable cenfure) we do, with all due refpect, prefent you with our reafons for that tenderness, and many teftimonies and precedents in their defence; and we intreat you to express that care of a Member of your own Civil Body, which Nature and Chriftianity excite to. We mean, that it would please you to confider how deeply we have already suffered in perfon and eftate, the inconveniencies we have daily to encounter, and thofe injurious not only to ourselves, but others we commerce with, in that both they and we, becaufe of our tenderness in this matter, are conftantly at the mercy of fuch as will fwear any thing to advantage themselves, where they are fure that a contrary evidence fhall be by law efteemed (however true) invalid; under which difficulty feveral of us at this hour fruitleЛly labour That being fenfible of our calamity, you may please to endeavour, as for others, fo for this grievance, both a fpeedy and effectual redrefs; otherwife, befides ordinary cafes, wherein many of us extraordinarily fuffer, we may perhaps prove, in this of Oaths, the greateft, if not the only fufferers of the kingdom; a cruelty, we hope, you do not defign against us.


God Almighty, we befeech him with all fincerity of heart, incline you to justice, mercy, and truth, Amen.

London, the 25th of the
Third Month, 1675,

Subfcribed on the behalf of the rest of our Friends, by

Samuel Newton,
Thomas Heart,
John Ofgood,
James Claypool,
Thomas Rudyard,
Richard Richardfon,
And William Penn.

Alexander Parker,
George Whitehead,
Stephen Crifp,
William Mead,
Gerrard Roberts,
William Welsh,

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