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our country, and for Baltimore, in great suspense he peered through the early morning mist that he might know the outcome of the siege, and when dimly in the distance there loomed that gorgeous banner, waving so gallantly in the breeze amid the first faint rays of the morning's sun, he exclaimed with great inspiration:

'Tis the Star-Spangled Banner; Oh, long may it wave,

O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. As was well said by Captain Joyce at the hearing, Francis Scott Key was not asked to write it, nor ordered to do so. He wrote it because he couldn't help doing so.

Some 200 people, representatives of the various patriotic organizations of the country, appeared before the committee, requesting the adoption of The Star-Spangled Banner as our national anthem. The great-grandson of the author, Mr. Francis Scott Key-Smith, made a stirring argument in favor of the bill. Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway, chairman of the National Star-Spangled Banner Committee, who has worked for its adoption for many years, was represented by Mrs. N. L. Dashiell, president of the Baltimore Daughters of 1812; Capt. Walter I. Joyce, director of the national Americanization committee of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, advocated the bill and filed with the committee petitions containing over 5,000,000 signatures, a list of more than 150 patriotic organizations, letters and telegrams from 25 governors of various States, and other letters from various business organizations, all asking that The Star-Spangled Banner be made the national anthem.

It was shown at the hearing that the Star-Spangled Banner anthem has been consistently played and sung as our national anthem since the writing thereof at the bombardment in 1814. It was also shown that in 1916 the anthem was promulgated by the Secretary of War, Regulations 250-5 (1-g-1), and by the Secretary of the Navy, chapter 5 (230-1).

It was also shown that these regulations were approved by the President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, the regulations reading as follows:

That the composition consisting of words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is designated the national anthem of the United States of America.

These words of adoption having already been promulgated by the Army and Navy, approved by the President of the United States, your committee has amended the bill by striking out all after the enacting clause, and inserting in lieu thereof those words, to wit:

That the composition consisting of words and music known as the Star-Spangled Banner is designated the national anthem of the United States of America.

As precedents for its adoption, one of our colleagues, Representative Celler, told us that among those nations adopting national anthems were France, Italy, Japan, Poland, various kingdoms of Germany, Czechoslovakia, and Great Britain, by the King's regulations based upon parliamentary decree.


Organizations asking Congress_to designate The Star-Spangled Banner, written by Francis Scott Key, as the national anthem:

Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States; ladies' auxiliaries of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States; Sons of the American Revolution; American War Mothers; United Spanish War Veterans; ladies' auxiliaries of the United Spanish War Veterans; Association of United States War Veterans; Knights of Columbus; Knights of the Golden Eagle; Fraternal Order of Eagles; Old Guard of New York; Grand Army of the Republic; Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic; Daughters of America; Junior Order United American Mechanics; Patriotic Order Sons of America; Sons of Veterans; auxiliaries Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War; United States Patriots; Young Men's Christian Association; Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; Independent Order of Odd Fellows; Order of Rebecca; Masonic bodies; Eastern Star chapters; posts of the American Legion; ladies' auxiliaries of the American Legion; women's clubs of various parts of the country; prominent hotels; Sons of Union Veterans; Knights of Pythias; Pythian Sisters; Improved Order of Red Men; regimental veterans' associations; Alden Kindred; Woodmen of the World; Modern Woodmen of America; International Alliance Bill Posters and Billers; Imperial Order of the Dragon; political and civic clubs; banks and industrial establishments; Women's Relief Corps; National Society United States Daughters of 1812; National Society Daughters and Founders and Patriots of America; the American Women's Legion; Independent Order of Odd Fellows; Woman's Christian Temperance Union; the Eagles; the Allentown Flag Association; the American Flag Association; The Star-Spangled Banner Flag House Association; many units of the Association of Women's Clubs in America; the Society of the Army of Santiago; many regimental veteran associations; many commercial clubs and hotels; National Flag Day Association; governors and their staffs of at least 16 States; many mayors, city officials; veterans' clubs; many members of the Military Order of Foreign Wars; many members of the Military Order of the World War; Disabled American War Veterans of the World War; many newspapers and magazines have indorsed it editorially; many members of the State legislatures; many authors and writers; Military Order of the Serpent; Military Order of the Cooties; Loyal Order of the Moose; Red Cross chapter; Camp Fire Girls; Young Men's Christian Association workers; Women's Nonpartisan League, New York City; Daughters of Union Veterans; chambers of commerce; post offices of Army camps.

Company K, One hundred and twenty-seventh Infantry, Milwaukee, Wis.; police departments; fire departments; United States Navy officials and men; American Red Cross; Government employees; city employees; Knights of Cross; L. C. B. A., Buffalo, N. Y.; the Society for Women's Work of the Broadway Tabernacle Church, New York City; Girl Scouts of America; Boy Scouts of America; national soldiers' homes; the American Coalition Women's Republican Clubs; Seventy-first Regiment Veterans' Association, New York; National Association Power Engineers, Des Moines, Iowa; Jolly Girls' Club, Sioux City, Iowa; Branch No. 7, Fleet Reserve Association, Portsmouth, N. H.; Girls' Athletic Association, Winchester, Va.; Women's Benefit Association, Binghamton, N. Y.; Unity Fife and Drum Corps, Johnston City, N. Y.; Army and Navy Union; Ancient Order United Workmen; F. P. A.; Patriotic Order of Americans; Veterans' Association Second Massachusetts Infantry, United States Volunteers, War with Spain; the Grange; Daughters of the Revolution; Good Citizenship League; Allentown (Pa.) Brass Band; many regimental veterans' associations; many musical societies; the Chinatown Mission (Tom Noonan); Daughters of the American Revolution; Daughters of the Defenders of the Republic of the United States of America; Gold Star Mothers; General Federation of Women's Clubs; women's clubs of New York State; editor National Republic; American Federation of Labor; Society of the American Wars of the United States; American Women's Association; Boy Rangers of America; Boy Scout Foundation of Greater New York; Brotherhood of America; Colonial Dames of America; National Civic Federation; Colonial Sons and Daughters; General Society of Colonial Wars; Foresters of America; Society of American Foresters; Legion of Valor of the United States of America; military and naval officers of the World War; Naval Reserve Officers' Association of the United States; United States of America Naval Veterans; Order of the Owls; Pilgrim Society; National Security League; Sons and Daughters of Liberty; Sons of the Revolution; Sons of Confederate Veterans; Supreme Circle of Forest Woodmen; World War Amputations Association (Inc.); Young Men's Hebrew Association of New York; General Society of the War of 1812; Royal Neighbors of America; Royal Arcanum; National Society Daughters of the Union; National Association of Letter Carriers; the Maccabees; National Association Naval Veterans; Knights of Sherwood Forest; Guardians of Liberty; United Order of the Golden Cross; Fraternal Order of Orioles; Daughters of Liberty; Brotherhood of American Yeomen; Ancient and Illustrious Order of Knights of Malta of America; Ancient Order of Hibernians in America; American Flag House and Betsy Ross Memorial Association.



FEBRUARY 6, 1930.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Graham, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the



[To accompany H. R. 5411)

The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 5411) to provide for the appointment of an additional district judge for the district of Minnesota, after consideration, reports the same favorably with an amendment and recommends that the bill as amended do pass.

The committee amendment is as follows:

On line 3, after the word “President”, strike out the word "is" and insert in lieu thereof the following: "be and he is hereby".

This bill provides for the appointment of an additional district judge for the district of Minnesota. There are at present three district judges in the State of Minnesota, and the records show that the congestion of the docket is such as to create an urgent necessity for the passage of this bill. The additional judge was strongly recommended by the conference of senior circuit judges in its recommendations of October, 1929. The bill also has the approval of the Attorney General, and there is printed herewith and made a part of this report the communication addressed to the chairman of the committee, Hon. George S. Graham, on January 18, 1930, together with the memorandum inclosed by the Attorney General:


Washington, D. C., January 18, 1930. Hon. GEORGE S. GRAHAM, Chairman Committee on the Judiciary,

House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: I have your letter of the 15th instant, referring for my consideration and recommendation the bill H. R. 5411, providing for an additional United States district judge for the district of Minnesota.

That there is need for the proposed additional judge in Minnesota is indicated by the considerable increase in Federal court business there. A copy of an office

memorandum showing the increase of such business during the fiscal year 1929 over the fiscal year 1928 is inclosed herewith.

The conference of senior circuit judges, held last October and presided over by Chief Justice Taft, “strongly recommends" the creation of one additional judgeship in Minnesota. I quote the following from the report of the proceedings of the conference:

"The effect of the changes by the division of the eighth circuit into two circuits, the eighth and tenth, needs no further comment here, because we are merely awaiting results, except, however, in regard to the local situation in the Minnesota district, which calls for special note. The increase in business there has been very great, and one of the judges, Judge Molyneaux, has broken down from overwork and is unable to return to the bench. The cases disposed of in this district in 1927, were 1,223; in 1928, 2,285; in 1929, 3,112. But the new cases have increased so rapidly that the docket is steadily falling behind, the pending cases at the close of each of the above years being 1,611 cases for 1927, 1,924 cases for 1928, and 2,382 for 1929. During the year 1927 there were 1,565 new cases filed; 2,598 were filed in 1928, and 3,570 in 1929. The conference strongly recommends one additional judge now, and, if Judge Molyneaux continues unable to serve, that a second judge be added, or, at the very least, that provision be made for a successor to Judge Molyneaux when he may retire.” I therefore recommend that the bill be enacted. Respectfully,


Attorney General.


Washington, January 18, 1930. Memorandum for Assistant Attorney General Sisson.

Referring to the attached bill (H. R. 5411) to provide for the appointment of an additional district judge for the district of Minnesota, you are advised that there has been a considerable increase in judicial business in said district, as shown by the following statistics for the fiscal years 1928 and 1929:

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The total expenditures from judicial appropriations in the district of Minnesota increased from $305,702.59 in the fiscal year 1928 to $336,517.57 in the fiscal year 1929. The judicial conference has recommended one additional judge. Respectfully,

J. W. GARDNER, General Agent. o

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