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with the regular annual and deficiency appropriations for 1929 and the estimates for 1930 is as follows:

It is $141,487,627 less than the total of the 1930 appropriations, and it is $1,311,825 less than the estimates submitted for 1931.

The 1930 appropriations include the $150,000,000 revolving fund for the Federal Farm Board. Since no estimate for that purpose for the fiscal year 1931 has been presented to Congress, a more accurate picture can be had by omitting that item from the total of the 1930 appropriations. Omitting the item referred to, the amount recommended in the bill is $8,512,373 in excess of the aggregate of the remaining appropriations for 1930. This increase is more than accounted for in the amounts recommended for the Veterans' Bureau, which are $11,250,000 in excess of the appropriations for that bureau for the current year.

In addition to the appropriations above mentioned permanent annual and indefinite appropriations made without annual action by Congress for the fiscal year 1931 are as follows: Relief of indigent in Alaska..

$15, 000 Federal Board for Vocational Education.

7, 367, 000 Federal Power Commission.

11, 250 Federal Reserve Board..

2, 560, 336 General railroad contingent fund.

1, 000, 000 Smithsonian Institution..

60, 000 Veterans' Bureau...

78, 530, 000

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89, 543, 586


A Budget increase of $2,600 has been allowed for the purpose of effecting salary increases, principally in the lower grades. Most of the increases are in the sum of $60 to the individual employee.

Contingent expenses: The Budget increase of $8,500 for this item has been granted.

Maintenance of Executive Mansion and Grounds: Last year a $50,000 increase was included in this appropriation for extraordinary repairs, alterations, furnishings, etc. The Budget estimate of $135,000 for this activity for 1931, which is carried in the accompanying bill, is $31,000 under the current appropriation.


The bill carries the Budget estimate of $1,000,000 for the work of the commission for the fiscal year 1931. The total authorization was increased by Congress a year ago from $3,000,000 to $4,500,000. The passage of the accompanying bill will bring the total appropriations within $204,250 of the amount authorized. The commission hopes to complete the work of the memorial projects within the $4,500,000 authorization, but it is possible some increase in the authorization will be necessary.

A complete statement of the commission's projects and the present status of the work thereon may be found in General Pershing's communication to the committee, on pages 3 and 4 of the hearings.


Appropriations to date for the Arlington Memorial Bridge, including $1,000,000 estimated by the Budget for 1931, which is included in this bill, total $10,825,000, and are within $200,000 of the amounts authorized in the program of construction as laid down by the act providing for the bridge. A deficiency estimate of

$200,000 is now pending for inclusion in the deficiency bill, which, if granted, will bring the appropriations even with the authorizations. Colonel Grant, executive officer of the commission, anticipates the bridge will be available for use at the end of the working season of the calendar year 1931, and that the entire project, including the approaches and all ornamental features, will be completed in 1935, within the original limit of cost of $14,750,000.

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The total funds available for "general expenses” of the board for the current year is $156,570, of which $110,570 is a direct appropriation and $46,000 is a reappropriation of an unexpended balance. The Budget estimate of $136,680 for this purpose for 1931, while $26,110 in excess of the amount of the direct appropriation for 1930, is $19,890 less than total funds made available for the current year. The reduction in the appropriation for next year does not reflect a diminution of the work, but rather an increase in efficiency. The Hon. Samuel E. Winslow, former Member of Congress, and now chairman of the Board of Mediation, reports, "a very great advance in the morale of railway industrial relations. No longer is there any hostile talk or acrimonious expression, save as there may be between any two people who are discussing earnestly.” The carriers and the employees, he says, “are approaching a state-not the millenium by any means--of a practical working desire for harmony as well as peace.

Following is a brief résumé of the work of the board, as submitted by Mr. Winslow:


Of the 428 cases involving rates of pay, rules, and working conditions submitted to our board, 385 had been disposed of by June 30, 1929; 129 of these were acted upon during the fiscal year covered by this report. Of these 129 cases, 46 were settled through mediation, 10 were submitted to arbitration, 37 were withdrawn through mediation, 6 were withdrawn without mediation consideration, and 30 were closed by action of the board. At the end of the year 9 out of the 10 cases submitted to arbitration had been concluded. (Details regarding settlements appear in tabular form hereafter.) At the end of the year 43 of the total of 428 cases received remained unsettled. Of this number, 41 had been assigned for mediation and 2 had not been so assigned.

During the fiscal year ended June 30, 1929, the board received 37 applications for its services in the adjustment of grievances which had not been decided by the appropriate adjustment board by which they had been considered. This made a total of 69 such cases received by the board since its creation.

Of the 69 grievance cases herein referred to as having been submitted to our board, 45 had been disposed of during the year covered by this report. Of the remaining cases before the board, 19 had been assigned for mediation and 6 remained unassigned.

In our report of 1928 the following appeared: “The consideration of grievance matters by the Board of Mediation, as provided by the railway labor act, contemplates the creation of appropriate adjustment boards. Such adjustment boards have not been generally created. Consequently, the Board of Mediation has been hampered in its efforts to render services in such cases.

During the past year this condition has been improved by the voluntary action of the parties in interest.


Salaries and expenses: The Budget estimate of $645,000 is an actual decrease of $40,863 under the amount available for expenditures for the current year. Although the estimate includes an increase of $4,800 for two additional employees, there are substantial cuts in the items for travel, printing and binding, equipment, etc. The committee has cut the appropriation in the sum of $50,000, representing the Budget estimate for rent. Inasmuch as the board will occupy its new quarters in the new Internal Revenue Building before July 1, the amount estimated for rent will not be needed.

Printing and binding: A Budget increase of $5,000 has been allowed for the purpose of bringing the bound volumes of the board decisions more nearly current.

The board reports substantial progress in the disposition of pending cases. There is a steady gain in the monthly rate of cases disposed of as compared to the monthly rate of docketing new cases. During the fiscal year 1928, the board docketed 10,165 cases and closed 7,090. During the fiscal year 1929, there were 5,458 cases docketed and 8,969 cases closed. On December 1, 1928, the board had pending a total of 20,241 cases. By November 1, 1929, this number had been reduced to 17,124, showing a gain of over 3,000 cases. “Based on this performance," the chairman of the board told the committee, “I know of no reason why the board should not be almost current in its work within the next two or three years."


The Budget estimate of this bureau's needs for the fiscal year 1931, reflect no increase over the current year.

Last year, the committee inserted a provision in the bill requiring the chief of this bureau to certify each year, along with his annual estimates to the Bureau of the Budget, a statement of the savings which he estimates have been effected as a result of the investigations made by his bureau during the preceding fiscal year. The provision also requires the Bureau of the Budget, upon the request of any appropriations committee of the House or Senate, to supply such committee with a statement of the reductions or adjustments in appropriations resulting from the savings effected by the Bureau of Efficiency. The statements required by that provision have been supplied to the committee and they have been incorporated in the hearings, pages 239 to 250, inclusive.


Salaries, District of Columbia: A Budget increase of $27,390 has been granted by the committee. Fourteen additional positions in the Washington office are contemplated. Last year's bill carried an increase of 12 positions under this head. These increases are accounted for largely by the prohibition and customs patrol work, examinations for which, under the policy recently adopted, involve in most cases character investigations. At the present rate of turnover in the ranks of prohibition agents, the commission estimates it will be required to fill practically 500 positions annually in the field service of the Bureau of Prohibition from examinations in which character investigations will be essential.

An increase of 28,000 in the total number of employees in the executive civil service in the past two years, together with the additional record work of the commission due to the retirement and classification acts, also account in part for the necessity for increases in the personnel of the Civil Service Commission.

Field Force: The Budget estimate of $447,000 represents an actual reduction of $37,480 under the total sum of appropriations available for this purpose for the current year, but is an increase over last fiscal year. Prohibition and customs patrol examinations, involving character investigations, largely account for the permanent enlargement of the field force from 165 positions for the fiscal year 1929 to 200 positions for the fiscal year 1931.

Traveling expenses: A substantial increase over the customary amount for this item is also accounted for, largely, by the character investigations incident to the prohibition and customs patrol examinations.

Contingent expenses: A Budget increase of $1,000 over the amount available for this purpose for the fiscal year has been granted by the committee.

Tables showing the number of employees in the executive civil service at various dates, from June 30, 1916, to the present may be found on pages 35 to 39, inclusive, of the hearings. On June 30, 1929, the total number on the rolls was 587,665, of which 63,904 were in the District of Columbia and 523,761 in the field.


This commission now has two paid employees, a secretary at $3,200 and a messenger boy at $1,080. The Budget estimate for 1931 provides for an addition to the present force of one stenographer at $1,440, which has been granted. A decrease of $1,440 in the printing and binding appropriation, due to the nonrecurring item of printing the commission's report, leaves the total appropriation for 1931 in the same amount as for the current year.

The members of the commission serve without pay, but their expenses incident to the attendance upon meetings of the commission are paid for from this appropriation. During the fiscal year 1929, much time was devoted by the Commission of Fine Arts to the publicbuildings program. The commission have also given particular attention to the Arlington Memorial Bridge, which is nearing completion; to World War memorials in Europe; and to projects pertaining to the approaching George Washington bicentennial celebration in 1932, such as the Mount Vernon Highway and Wakefield. Also to the George Rogers Clark Memorial. Also there have come before the commission the municipal civic center; the plans for the Union Station Plaza and enlargement of the Capitol Grounds, the United States Supreme Court building, the House of Representatives' new office building, the Mall plan, and the restoration of the Arlington Mansion.


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The Employees' Compensation Commission administers three different workmen's compensation laws, as follows: One relating to the civil employees of the Federal Government, covering practically 500,000 employees; one for longshoremen and others employed upon the navigable waters of the United States, embracing between 300,000 and 400,000 employees; and one for employees in private industry in the District of Columbia.

The Budget increase of $37,674 in administrative expenses, which the committee has granted, is due principally to the increased cost of administration of the longshoremen's act, to provide additional personnel in the district offices in the field, and to cover the increased cost of medical examinations and stenographic reporting service resulting from a larger number of claim

The Budget increase carried in the bill of $100,000 in the appropriation for compensation benefits is due entirely to the increased number of cases under the several acts. The number of injuries to Federal employees reported during the calendar year 1928 was 22,189. For the first i0 months of 1929, the number reported was 21,219, or at a rate of increase over the previous year of approximately 15 per cent. Injuries to longshoremen during the first four months of the current fiscal year showed an increase of 22 per cent over the same period of the previous year. The District of Columbia workmen's act has been in operation since July 1, 1928. The average number per month of injuries reported during the first four months of the current fiscal year is 38 per cent in excess of the average monthly rate for the previous year.

A statement of the number of injuries reported under each of the acts may be found on pages 65 and 66 of the hearings.


Cooperative vocational education: Permanent appropriations for this purpose are available each year, as follows: In agriculture

$3, 027, 000 In home economics, trades, and industries.

3, 050, 000 For teacher training for above subjects.

1,000,000 For administrative expenses incident to disbursement of above appropriations

200,000 There is an annual appropriation, carried in the accompanying bill of $13,400, to effectuate Welch Act increases for persons employed under the $200,000 permanent appropriation for administrative expenses.

On March 10, 1924, an act was approved extending to Hawaii the benefits of the vocational education act, and annual appropriations of $30,000 were authorized for the purpose. An appropriation of $30,000 for Hawaii is, accordingly, included in the accompanying bill.

On February 5, 1929, the so-called George-Reed Act was approved authorizing an appropriation of $500,000 for the fiscal year 1930, and for each year thereafter for four years, a sum exceeding by $500,000

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