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20 He which testifieth these 21 The grace of our Lord things saith, Surely, I come Jesus Christ be with you all. quickly : Amen. Even so, Amen. come, Lord Jesus.

left on record: "Every word of God is pure; he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar ;" Prov. xxx. 5, 6. Here the closing benediction would have come, but the Lord Jesus embraced the last opportunity to declare that his coming should take place speedily. See the succeeding verse.

him the plagues that are written in this book," what other plagues can be referred to than those which are enumerated above? In the interpretation we have given of this subject, we are confirmed by two of the best critics. Hammond paraphrases the two verses as follows: "As for all those to whom this prophecy will come, I conjure them all, that they change not a tittle of it, and withal, that they look upon it as the last authoritative prophecy 20. He which testifieth. — Jesus had that is likely to come from heaven, said, (verse 18,) "I testify unto every to be a rule of faith to the church. man," &c.; and hence the expresWhat is here said, is decreed and set-sion, "He who testifieth these tled immutable; no man shall be able things saith, surely," &c. ¶ I come to avert it; and whosoever shall go quickly. - And what is it that is here about to infuse any other expectations distinctly testified? It is the great into men than what are agreeable to fact of the near approaching coming these visions, God shall bring on him of Christ. "I COME QUICKLY.' "" Such the judgments that are here denounced were the closing words of Jesus. against God's greatest enemies. And "Amen; even so, come, Lord Jesus," so in like manner, whosoever shall said the revelator. Was there any derogate anything from the author-fact disclosed in the whole Bible that ity of this prophecy, or take out was insisted on with more earnestany part of it, or occasion men's not ness than that of the nearness and imreceiving the admonition of Christ mediateness of Christ's coming? In here contained, in every part thereof, the chapter we have now considered, God shall cast him off, throw him out we find John first declaring it, verses of the church, account him incapable 6 and 7. Then the angel-revelator of all the blessings which are here repeats it, ver. 10. Then the Lord promised to the faithful Christians." Jesus, on his part, gives the same asAnd the learned Grotius, in his "An-surance, ver. 12, and adds his whole notations," speaks as follows: "God authority to sustain that declaration, shall add unto him the plagues: by the ver. 13. And finally, in closing, applagues are to be understood as well parently with the purpose to assert it those in chapter vii., ix., X., and xi., with double force, and to make it the as those in chapter xvi., xvii., and main point on which the minds of the xviii.; of which one portion relates Christians of that age should dwell, to the Jews, and the other to the he says, "SURELY, I COME QUICKRoman empire. And out of the holy LY." city: he shall not be a member of the church, but shall be cast out, as one making a lie." Let us remember the solemn assurance which Solomon has

We close by quoting the last verse of the book, "The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen."

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Abaddon and Apollyon, 173.
Accuser cast down, 207.
Alleluia, meaning of, 311, 314.
Altar measured, 185.


Angel of the churches, 90, 96, 108; angel
flying through midst of heaven, 168; an-
gel of bottomless pit, 173; angel of the
waters,271; angel, mighty, took up a stone,
309; angel standing in the sun, 321; an-
gel that bound the dragon, 325.
Angels, 75, 90, 134, 135, 141, 142, 178; round
about the throne, 159, 160; doctrine of in
Apocalypse, 134, 135; of the elements,


Antipas, (the faithful martyr,) 102, 103.
Apocalypse, regarded as a dark book, 3; rea-

sons for this, 3, 4; not wholly dark, 4;
proofs of its divine character, 7, 8; its
claims, 11; written by John, 11, 12, 75,
76, 82, 93, 115, 117, 118, 359, 374; testi-
mony of antiquity to that effect, 12-18;
internal evidence, 18; its author a He-
brew, 18; and a Christian, 18, 19; a dil-
igent student of the Old Testament, 19;
learned in the school of Christ, 20; the
Apocalypse a prophecy, 21; written for
the benefit of the churches, 21, 22; John's
teachings agree with those of the rest of
the apostles, 22; presumption it was writ-
ten by one of them, 22; internal proofs
that it was written by John, 23-31; man-
ifestly a plan in its metaphors, 281, 282,
conclusion of 372; guarded against cor-
ruption, 379, 380.
Apocalypse, date of, see under Date.
plan of, see under Plan.

66 à prophecy like that of Daniel,

Armageddon, meaning of, 279.
Armies of the King of kings, 320.
Asia, sense of in Apocalypse, 83.

Babylon, fall of proclaimed, 238, 297; what is
meant thereby, 239, 280; Babylon the
Great, the harlot's title, 237 the ancient
city of, 237, 238; stands for Rome, 288,
297, 298; Christians exhorted to come out
of, 299; her sins exceeding great, 299;
remembered of God, 300; punished, 300,
301 ; lived deliciously but not happily,
302; boasted that she sat a queen, 302;
her plagues described, 302, 303; fall of,


Balaam, doctrine of, 103.
Beast (seven-headed) ascends from the bottom-
less pit, 189; made war against Chris-
tians, 190, 218; rose up out of the sea,

212; what is represented thereby, 212,
213; worshipped, 216, 218; blasphemed
God, 217, 218; image of appeared to
have life, 227; impresses his mark on
men, 227; interrupts commerce, 228; his
number, 229, 230; victory over, 259, and
over his image and mark, 260; seat of,
fifth vial poured on, 274; all the world won-
der at, 291; makes war on the King of
kings, 322, 323; is taken and cast into
the lake of fire, 323, 340.

Beast (second) comes up out of the earth, 220;

auxiliary to the first, 221; doeth great
wonders, 221, 222; affects to perform
miracles, 226, 277, 278; incites rulers to
battle, 277, 278.
Beasts, four, explained as hieroglyphics, 129,
130, 131, 263, 264, 313, 314.
Bed of affliction, 106.
Before God, see under Presence.
Beginning of the creation of God, 117, 118.
Blasphemy, meaning of, 96; names of on head
of beast, 214; Romans guilty of, 274,

Blessed are the dead, 248, et seq.
Blood of Jesus, how to be understood as an em-
blem, 78, 160, 207, 208.

Blood, hail and fire, 165; flowing to horse-

bridles, 255, 256; various metaphors of
blood, 256, 269, 288, 289; found in Baby-
lon, 310; two witnesses could turn water
into, 189; rivers and fountains became,
270; men are made to drink, 271, 272;
Christ's vesture dipped in, 319, 320.
Book of Life, 111, 112, 219, 353.

Book, written within and on back side, 133;
see sealed book.

of, 183.

Book, little, 178, 179; eaten up, 183; effects
Books were opened when the kingdom of
Christ began, 348, 349, 352, 353.
Bottomless pit, 69; key of, 326; metaphor ex-
plained, 326, 329, 330.

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Cloud, angel clothed with, 178; as a veil of
divine glory, 265.
Clouds, coming in, 252.

Come out of Babylon, 299.
Coming of Christ, metaphor explained, 79-81;
speedily to take place, see under Quickly
and Shortly; like that of a thief, 109.
Confess his name, 112.
Countenance as the sun, 86; see Face.
Court of the Gentiles, measured not, 185, 186.
Craftsmen found no more in Babylon, 309.
Creation of God, beginning of, 117, 118.
Crown of Life, 99-101, 116; of twelve stars,

Crowns of gold, Christians wear, 126; many
on head of Christ, 319.
Cruden, on word eternal, 341..
Cup, golden, in woman's hand, 286.

Date of Apocalypse, important that it should
be settled, 36; nature of the testimony
touching this matter, 38; historical evi-
dence considered, 39-41; internal evi-
dence, 41-63; addressed to seven churches
in Asia, 41; its character, form of ad-
dress, warnings, encouragements like
those of the New Testament books, known
to have been written before the destruc-
tion of Jerusalem, 42-44; all the signs
of the destruction of Jerusalem mentioned
by our Lord, we find in the Apocalypse, 45
-48; its style agrees with that of the other
books of the New Testament in regard to
the time and circumstances of our Lord's
coming, 48-54; the Jews are spoken of
therein as being in existence as a nation,
54, 55; Jerusalem referred to as standing,
55; the temple also, 56; there are proph-
ecies of the very event of the destruc-
tion of Jerusalem, 57; the references to
the Roman emperors is of such a nature as
to prove it to have been written before the
destruction of Jerusalem, 58-60; it seems
to have been alluded to in the Epistles of
Peter and the Epistle to the Hebrews, 60;
the age of John forbids our believing he
wrote the Apocalypse in the time of Domi-
tian, 62, 63; recapitulation of the evi-
dences, 63-65.

Day of wrath, 154.

of the Lord, 154; meaning of, 278.
Days, a thousand, two hundred and three score,
188, 203; three and a half, 190.
Dead blessed, 248; different senses in which
the dead are spoken of, 249; works fol-
low them, 250.

Dead bodies of witnesses lay in the streets,

DEAD, SMALL and GREAT, judgment of had
come, 194, 346; how the phrase "rest of
the dead" is to be understood, 335; Christ
in his gospel kingdom judged the quick
and the dead, 346; Gentiles were said to
be dead, 347; reasons why this judgment
of the dead cannot be placed in the immor-
tal state, 347, 348; the judgment of the
dead commenced when Christ came in
his kingdom, and when the kingdom was
set up, 348; proofs that it was on the
earth, 349, 350; how the metaphor of

judging the dead occurred to the revela-
tor, 350.

Death, see Second.


in spiritual sense, the state of the
church in Sardis, 109.

Death and hell deliver up the dead, 354.
Demons, what they were, 276, 277.
Depths of Satan, 107.

Devil, (diabolos,) how the word is used in the
Apocalypse, 97, 98; signified the persecut-
ing power, 98; same as dragon, 207, 209,
327, 329, 330; cast into the lake of fire
and brimstone, 339, 340.
Devils (daimonia) worshipped, 176.
Doddridge, Dr.'s, opinion of the imagery of the
Apocalypse, 127; on the four beasts, 129.
Dogs and sorcerers, 378.
Door open, 114; opened in heaven, 123.
Double punishment, means full and adequate,


Dragon, that old serpent, 5; great red drag-

on appears, 199; scriptural sense of the
metaphor, 199, 200; what the dragon of
the Apocalypse represents, 200; would de-
vour the man-child, 200, 201; fights
against Michael, 204; cast out of heaven,
204; certainly signifies human adversa
ries, 205, 206, 327, 328; wroth with the
woman, 211; gave power to the beast,
214; worshipped, 216; same as the old
serpent, the Devil and Satan, 327; but one
dragon in the Apocalypse, 328; the dragon
of the 12th and 20th chapters is the same
power, 328, 329; shut up in the bottomless
pit, 329, 330; cast into the lake of fire and
brimstone, 339, 340.

Dust cast on the head, a sign of affliction, 307.
Dwell among men, manner in which God does,


Eagle's wings to help the woman, 209, 210.
Earth helped the woman, 211.
Earthquakes, metaphorical use of, 151, 279, 280.
Earth and heaven fled away, 344; sense of the
metaphor, 344, 345.

"Ear to hear" explained, 93, 101.
Eat up the litle
Egypt put for Jerusalem, 190.

Elders, four-and-twenty, 125, 126, 132, 313.
End of world, or age, 253.
Ephesus, history of the church at, 89-95.
Ephod and girdle, 84, 85.
Epistles to the seven churches, 88.
Eternal; see under Forever and ever.
Euphrates, the river described, 174; four
angels at, loosed, 174; sixth vial poured
Expositor, editor of, on date of Apocalypse,
on, 275.

37, 38.
Eye-salve, 120.

Eyes as a flame of fire, 85, 319.

Face as the sun, 86, 178.
False apostles, 90, 91.
Fearful and unbelieving, 363.
Feed the flock of Christ, 162.

Feet like fine brass, 85; like pillars of fire,
178; on the sea and on the earth, meaning
of, 179, 180.
Fine linen, 316. See under White.


Fire, a figure of judgments, 164, 165, 253, 339;
proceeds from the mouth of witnesses, 188;
and brimstone, 165; persecutors tormented
in, 241, 242; certainly refers to temporal
judgments, 280.
First begotten, 78.

66 love abated, 91, 92,



Jews, different senses in which men were, 96,

97, 114, 115.
Jezebel, the woman, 105, 106.

fruits, use of the expression, 235.
resurrection; see Resurrection.
Five months, 171, 173.
Foreheads, the hundred and forty-four thousand
sealed in, 157-159, 232, 233, 287; follow-
ers of beast marked there, 227, 228, 287;
high priest wore his mitre there, 237.
Forever and ever, scriptural use of the term,
245, 246, 264, 312, 313, 341.
Former things passed away, 361.
Fornication, metaphorically spoken of, 106, John was the author of the Apocalypse, 8, 75,
76, 82, 93, 115, 117, 118, 359, 374; ele-
ments of his character, 23, 24; his diction
clearly traceable in the Apocalypse, 25-
27; his favorite metaphors occur there
frequently, as light for truth, 27; sons of
God, 28; Christ a Lamb, 28; the church
as the bride, 28; water for the truth, 29;
manna, or food, for the gospel, 30; blood
for the cleansing power of truth, 31; ob-
jections to his being the author of the
Apocalypse considered, 32-35. See, also,
under Apocalypse.

234, 235, 284, 303.

Juda, tribe of, Jesus came from, 136, 137.
JUDGMENT, begins simultaneously with set-

Forty-two months, 186, 217.

Foundation of the world, sense of expression,


Fountains, living, 162.

Four and twenty seats and elders, 125, 126,
132, 313.

Furnace of fire, 253.

Gifts, sending of, a sign of hilarity, 190.
Gnawed their tongues, 275.

God, his justice and rectitude declared, 273.
Gog and Magog, 337, 338.

Gold as a metaphor, 119, 120.

Golden girdles, 263.

Gospel everlasting, 236.
Guile, not found in true Christians, 235, 236.

Hail, immensely great, 281; mingled with fire
and blood, 165.

Hair, white like wool, 85.
Hallelujah, meaning of, 311.
Hammond, Dr., on the speedy fulfilment of
the Apocalypse, 73; on the pouring of the
seven vials, 270.

Hand, lifted up in oath, 180.

Harps used in worship, 139, 140; scriptural
account of, 233.

Harvest of the earth, 253; same as the end of
the world, or age, 253.
Heads; see Seven.

Heaven, meaning of, 123; Jewish opinion of,
163, 307, 303, 311, 314; opened, 318; lo-
cal heaven and new Jerusalem, 325, 326;
the two witnesses could shut, 189; war in,
203; dragon cast out, 204; reaching to,
meaning of, 299.

Heavens depart as a scroll, 152.
Hell and death, 87, 148.
Holy City, 359.

Horns, 184, 200, 213, 292, 294.
Horse, white, Jesus rides on, 146, 147, 318;
red, represents war, 147; black, repre-
sents famine, 147; pale, represents pesti-
lence and death, 148, 149.
Horses of eastern cavalry fearfully described,
172; heads like scorpions, 172; like lions,
175; breastplates of fire, 175; breathed
fire, smoke and brimstone, 175; tails like
serpents, 176.

Hunger no more, 161, 162.
Hour, day, month, year, 174.

Idols, things sacrificed to, not to be eaten,
105, 106.
Image of beast appeared to have life, 227.
Incense for prayer, 164.

Islands, metaphorical use of, 154; moved out
of their places, 280, 281.

Jasper stone, 365, 367.

Jerusalem, destruction of foretold, 145, 146,
163; trodden down of Gentiles, 186; tenth
part fell, 191.

Jesus at the throne of God, 202. See, also, un-

der Christ.

ting up the kingdom of Christ, 192-194,
351; is on the earth, 195, 196; the hour
of had come, 237; what is the judgment
day, 233; how Christ judges men, 238;
scriptural doctrine of judgment, 261;
Christ's throne of judgment set up on the
earth, 343, 344; at the time of the estab-
lishment of his kingdom, 345; judgment
of quick and dead was judgment of
the Jews and Gentiles, 346; opposed to
the current sense of Scripture to place it
in the immortal state, 347; it began when
Christianity began, 348; it was surely on
the earth, 349; where the revelator found
his metaphor of the judgment of the dead,
350. See, also, under the word Dead.
Judgments are made manifest, 260; are in the
earth, 268, 274; are true and righteous,
271-274, 312, 318.

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