Prohibiting Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oceans and International Environment of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, Second Session ... January 21, 1976
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on Oceans and International Environment
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976 - 46 pagini
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actions agreement Answer applications Arms Control Assistant atmosphere called carried cause Chairman changes clear climate climate modification Committee concerns Conference CONGRESS THE LIBRARY Control and Disarmament countries covered damage Davies define Department of Defense destruction Director Disarmament Agency discuss draft convention effects efforts environment environmental modification techniques example facilitate force future Government Gude hearing hostile Ikle important increase interest July language letter LIBRARY OF CONGRESS limited long-lasting long-lasting or severe means meeting ment military negotiations observation Oceans operations Parties peaceful perhaps permit possible present President prohibited proposed questions refers regarding Relations reported Representatives resolution response result Science Security Council Senator PELL severe severe effects Soviet specific statement Subcommittee submitted suggest term Thank tion treaty United Washington weapons weather modification weather modification activities Weiss widespread
Pagina 34 - Each Party shall in exercising its national sovereignty have the right to withdraw from the Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events, related to the subject matter of this Treaty, have jeopardized the supreme interests of its country.
Pagina 34 - January 1, 1967. 4. For States whose instruments of ratification or accession are deposited subsequent to the entry into force of this Treaty, it shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession. 5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification or...
Pagina 10 - environmental modification techniques' refers to any technique for changing — through the deliberate manipulation of natural processes — the dynamics, composition or structure of the Earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, or of outer space.
Pagina 34 - II 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Treaty. The text of any proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Depositary Governments which shall circulate it to all Parties to this Treaty.
Pagina 34 - Five years after the entry into force of this Treaty, a conference of Parties to the Treaty shall be held in Geneva, Switzerland, in order to review the operation of this Treaty with a view to assuring that the purposes of the Preamble and the provisions of the Treaty are being realized.
Pagina 34 - Treaty before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article may accede to it at any time. 2. This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by signatory States. Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.
Pagina 34 - Governments. 3. This Treaty shall enter into force upon the deposit of instruments of ratification by five Governments including the Governments designated as Depositary Governments under this Treaty. 4. For States whose instruments of ratification or accession are deposited subsequent to the entry into force of this Treaty, it shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession.
Pagina 34 - Parties, to consider such amendment. 2. Any amendment to this Treaty must be approved by a majority of the votes of all the Parties to this Treaty, including the votes of all of the Original Parties.
Pagina 26 - ... environmental modification techniques, would result, or could reasonably be expected to result, in widespread, longlasting or severe destruction, damage or injury. Thus, military or any other hostile use of environmental modification...
Pagina 33 - ... zone referred to in the same paragraph, except that within such seabed zone they shall not apply either to the coastal State or to the seabed beneath its territorial waters. (3) The States Parties to this Treaty undertake not to assist, encourage or induce any State to carry out activities referred to in paragraph 1 of this article and not to participate in any other way in such actions.