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If you reckon from Artaxerxes Longimanus or the year 4256 of the Julian period or Anno. Olmp. 379, and add 70 weeks or 490 solar years, it brings you to the year 4746, or Anno. Olympiadico 869, or the very year of the crucifixion.— If you take it from the command of Nehemiah in the 20th year of the same king, 13 years afterwards, or the year 1269, and reckon by lunar years, it brings you exactly to the same year 4746. If you take it according to Mr Mede from the 7th of Artaxerxes Mnemon, or the year 4317, and reckon it to the baptism of our Lord by John, which was in the Julian year 4713, it makes exactly 427 solar years, or from Nehemiah's commission 427 lunar years (as is asserted by the eminent chronologer, Mr Mede, on whom I depend) which completed Daniel's sixty-one weeks of years. -If you make the account from the 3d of Darius Nothus, or the Julian year 4293, and add the 490 solar years, it brings you to the very year of the de. struction of the temple at Jerusalem.

This surprizing coincidence of circumstances to fulfil so explicit a prophecy, cannot by any reasonable man, be referred to any other, than a divine Omniscient cause; and the 427 years will bring us to the last of the sixty two weeks, in which according to this prediction, Christ our Lord was anointed In the beginning whereof, exactly between the first and second passover after bis baptism (when his har, binger John, had now finished his mission, and was cast into prison) be rigst began to preach in Galilee the gospel of his kingdom, ordained his disciples, and proclaimed himself to be the Messiah-Mark, chap. i. 14, 15. “ Jesus came into Galilee preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying the time is fulfilled (i. e. the last of the sixty-two weeks, spoken of by Daniel is come) and the kingdom of God is at hand." This was the day on which Christ at Nazareth said, “ that scripture was fulfilled, the spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor;

he hath sent me to heal the broken hearted; to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised; to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.Luke, chap. iv. 18. 19.-St. Paul also observes the same event, when he says “ that word, ye know which was published throughout all Judea, and began from Galilee after the baptism which John preached, how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power.” Acts, chap. X. 37, 38.

In the midst of this week of years, viz. two years and an half after Jesus began to preach, and three years and an half after his baptism, he offered himself on the cross for our sins, died, was buried, rose again and ascended into heaven-But this cutting off the Messiah is coupled with the next sentence, which instead of but not for himself,should be," and they none of his”—that is, he shall be cut off, from being their king and priest, as well as from his own Kife,--this is said to be agreeable to the Hebrew idiom; but as I do not understand that language, I am indebted to Mr Mede for these observations, which he justifies by many convincing examples.Then, the last week of years was fully completed, when St. Peter was sent to Cornelius the centurion and taught by a vision, that the gospel of the kingdom should be preached to the Gentiles, which was Anno Domini thirty-eight, and Anno Olympiadico eight hundred and thirteen-And here begins the epocha of the rejection of Israel, and the calling of the Gentiles, which St. Paul speaks so much of in the 11th chap. of Romans—This was exactly seven years from Christ's baptism, and completed the sixtytwo weeks or 434 years—so Christ one whole week of years, tendered himself unto his own people, who refused him and rendered themselves unworthy of everlasting life; and during this week, though the body of the nation was thus cast off, yet Christ and his disciples gathered many into the covenant of the gospel. St. Peter at one sermon having converted three thousand souls.

The next period is that of sevens of weeks, or many seven weeks, that is, even seventy weeks, or 490 years.

If you conclude with some great men that these weeks or years are predictive of the time the temple of God, with its legal services, should continue after its restoration from the captivity of Babylon, and are reckoned from the time of building the temple, or holy city, for it was the temple that gave this denomination to it; and is to be distinguished from the external buildings and walls of the city, which were not finished till some time after the temple and sanctuary were finished,*---you will then take your reckoning from the time of Darius.

In the 20 year of this king (supposed by the best chronologers, to be Darius Nothus) in the year of the Julian period 4292, which answers to Anno Olymp. 415, the word of the Lord came to Zerubbabel the governor, and Joshua the high-priest, commanding them to begin the work of rebuilding the temple.-Now to apply these predictions to the crucifixion of our Lord and Saviour as an event that will fix the other periods-However men have heretofore cavilled about the exact fulfilment of this important prophetic declaration, notwithstanding the conclusive nature of the testimony, the late discoveries by astronomical calculations put the question out of doubt.-No one will dispute, that Jesus the Christ wis crucified on the Friday of the Jewish passover, which was always held on the day of the full moon, and that particular one, next after the vernal equinox-Josephus expressly says " the passover was kept on the 14th day of the month Nisan according to the moon, when the sun was in aries and the sun always enters aries at the instant of the vernal equinox, which in our Saviour's time fell on the 22d March-Therefore to ascertain the year of his death, we must compute

• Vide Mr Medes Daniel's weeks, for a full explanation of this.

in which of those years, there was a passover full moon on a Friday-for there could not be two pass. over full moons on the same day of the week, within the compass of a few years, and there is no dispute exceeding four or five years. Now on an accurate calculation, the only passover full moon that fell on a Friday for several years before or after the disputed year of the crucifixion, was on the 3d day of April in the 4746th year of the Julian period, which was the 490th year after Ezra received the commission from Artaxerxes Longimanus to restore and build Jerusalem (according to Ptolemys Cannon) and the year in which the Messiah was to be cut off, according to prophecy, reckoning from the going forth of that commission or command; and this 490th year was the 33d year of our Saviour's age, according to the vulgar æra, but the 37th from the truc æra thereof; and we have already seen that from the 7th of Artaxerxes Mnemon, or the year 4316, to the baptism of Christ by John, in the year 1743, is exactly 427 solar years, or from the 20th year of the same king, and reckon by lunar years you arrive at the same period, in fulfilment of these extraordinary predictions.

Indeed there can be little doubt at this day, with any one who believes the history of the life and death of our blessed Saviour, of the strict and literal fulfil. ment of Daniel's prophecy of the first coming of Christ in the flesh and his subsequent humiliation and sufferings.

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