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the gracious adaptation of our nature to the revolutions fate that forbids a change? There is not. The only of the planet on which we are placed, and are supplied source of confidence is the goodness and faithfulness of with abundant evidence of the goodness of Him, who Him who has said, “Summer and winter, day and “maketh his sun to shine on the evil and the good," night, shall not cease.” To show us his power, and to and, in due succession, causeth him to “know his teach us, among other lessons, that on him we are congoing down,” when He “maketh darkness, and it is tinually dependent for life, and breath, and all things, nigbt."

he has, in two several instances, made these movements The other great motion of the earth is its annual of the earth to cease. In the book of Joshua we are revolution round the sun, to which we owe the succes- told, that at the prayer of his servant, the Lord made sion of seasons. The axis of the earth, or imaginary the sun to stand still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the line around which it performs its diurnal rotation, being valley of Ajalon. In the Second Book of Kings, (xx. inclined to the plane of its annual motion, the sun shines | 11,) we are informed, that when Hezekiah prayed, God more fully on the northern portion of the globe during gave him a sign, and made the sun go backward ten the one balf of the year, and more fully on the southern degrees on the dial of Abaz. These circumstances evi. during the other. It is scarcely possible to illustrate dently indicate, in the one case, a stopping, and in the this beautifully simple arrangement without drawings; other a temporary reversing, of the diurnal motion of but every one can appreciate the beneficial consequences the earth. Some, indeed, as if they considered this to that it produces. Summer and winter, seed-time and be a work too great for the God of Israel to accomplish, barvest, bring each its pleasures, and these are the more attempt to explain the miracle by saying, “ It is prohighly relished, because of the variety they present. bable that this was effected by refraction, rather than The permanency of this succession is essential to the by arresting the motion of the earth.” This, however, vigour, if, indeed, we may not say, to the life, of the is only getting quit of one difficulty, by rushing into a different productions with which the world abounds. greater. The going back of the sun attracted the attenEvery climate has plants and animals peculiar to itself. tion of the far-famed astronomers of Babylon as well as

Toit their nature and habits are especially adapted, and of the inhabitants of Jerusalem. They sent unto Hein it only do they come to perfection. If a change, zekialı to inquire of the wonder that was done in the therefore, were made upon our seasons, how soon would land.” 2 Chron. xxxii. 31. Let us then calculate the they begin to languish and decay. We may adduce a degree of refraction necessary to produce the appearfew facts in illustration of the statement we have made. ances described, and we will find, that unless we ascribe Turning to the feathered tribes, we find not only some them to the retrogression of the earth, they can be acthat are formed for living in the water, and others in- counted for hy nothing short of a total change in the tended for moving on dry ground, some destined for laws of light. Let us take the text of Scripture in its inbabiting the mountain, and others for feeding on the most simple and natural meaning, and let our anxiety plain, but we find genera and species adapted to every be to draw from it the lessons designed. In these variety of climate between the eqnator and the pole. miracles, we have a demonstration of the power of IsNay, we have some that exhibit remarkable adaptations, rael's God; we are taught that by him the universe is in their constitution and habits, to the peculiarities of governed, and are reminded that to his good pleasure the country in which they are originally found. The alone we are indebted for all the comforts that cheer domestic turkey, for example, during the first three our lot. By them, moreover, the Christian is taught months of its existence, is remarkably delicate, and a very the extent of Jehovah's condescension towards his little cold or damp at that time proves fatal; but after people, and is graciously assured that sooner than allow it has passed that period of its existence, it is as remark- their faith in his promises to fail, the Lord will change able for its hardihood, as it was before for its liability the laws of nature, and make the sun to withdraw his to disease. And why is it so ? Because the Creator shining, and the earth to cease in its course. has fitted it for its aboriginal habitation in the woods of Canada, where a short summer of continued warmth, is succeeded by a long winter of peculiar severity. In

HISTORY OF THE MORAVIAN MISSION like manner, among the vegetable tribes, few of the

AMONG THE CHEROKEES. productions of the torrid zone can be made to bear the cold of Britain, because their tender buds are not pro- [The following extract is from an exceedingly interesting little vided with those sheaths that form the winter garment

work entitled " The History of the Moravian Mission among the

London: T. Allman.--The Author, of our indigenous herbs. Nay, there are some plants bimself connected with the Brethren's Church, has done ample brought from Siberia, where the winter is intensely justice to his ubject, and produced a work which well deserves a

. cold, that can scarcely be cultivated here. Adapted to a climate where summer may be considered as almost In the year 1801 a mission was commenced among the instantaneously succeeding to winter, though their Cherokees, who had previously requested that teachers roots and stem, when mature, can support a degree of might be sent amongst them. They were visited by cold that would be fatal to our hardiest weed, the tender the Brethren Steiner and Von Schweinitz, who conshoots of the growing plant are incapable of enduring versed with the chiefs on the subject, and received the alternate heat and cold of our variable spring-time. from them assurances of friendship and protection. The There are again some plants brought from the Cape of Brethren expressed great joy on the occasion ; boping Good Hope, where the climate is similar to ours, but that now the Lord's time was come, when the glorious where the seasons are different, the summer correspond- light of the Gospel should shine upon this nation, to ing to our winter, and the winter to our summer, that whose service, above sixty years before, John Hagen in continue, when cultivated here, to flower in winter and Georgia, resolved to devote himself. On the 12th of cast off their leaves in spring. In short, we find the April, the Brethren Steiner and Byham were solemnly varied productions of the earth adapted to the climates set apart for the missionary work among the Cherokees. and seasons which God bas assigned to it. Were these They were much encouraged by the officers of the to be changed, were the time of their duration to be government residing in that district. One object of lengthened or shortened, were the motions of the globe the Missionaries, and the earnest desire of the chiefs, on wbich they depend to be altered, desolation would was the instruction of their children. The settlement succeed to luxuriance, and the world would become a (called Spring Place) was fixed near the habitation of wide unpeopled waste.

Mr Vann, who treated the Missionaries with the greatAnd to what is the permanency of our seasons owing? est hospitality, and sent his negroes to assist them in Is there, as the beathens supposed, any stern decree of building a cottage. Here they began boldly to pro

Indians of North America.

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claim the word of the Cross, to whites, negroes, and were not wholly unacquainted with the subject.” The
Indians; confessing themselves as weak and helpless unsettled state of the country, however, during the
as children, being truly in the situation of those, who, ensuing war with the Creeks, rendered it necessary to
without seeing, trust and believe that with God all abandon this station.
things are possible.

Among the visitors of the mission at Spring Place, The Missionaries, being unable to commence a school was Captain Norton, by birth a Cherokee, but adopted for the Cheroker children so soon as the chiefs antici. by the Mohawks; he had translated the Gospel of pated, were unexpectedly surprised by a message from St. John into the Mohawk language, which was printthe Council, informing them that they must quit their ed by the British and Foreign Bible Society, while present abode. But by the intervention of Colonel he was in England as a deputy from his nation. Meigs, agent of the United States for the Cherokees, object on his present journey was to “cover the grave and the consequent resolution of another Council, they of his father with wampum," and likewise to declare to were allowed to remain ; and soon after, having finish- his own countrymen the love of God in Christ Jesus. ed the necessary buildings, they commenced school But to the great regret of the Missionaries, he was unwith four Indian boys, whom they lodged, boarded, able to accomplish the latter part of his design. They and instructed. The number of their scholars gradually were not left, however, entirely without evidence of increased : and Mr Vann kindly undertook the charge the effects of their labour ; the baptism of the first of those for whom the Missionaries were unable to fruits of the Cherokce nation, Margaret Ann Crutchprovide.

field, (who became a valuable assistant the mission) The difficulties in learning the Cherokee language on the 17th of August 1811, encouraged them anew, were almost insurmountable, though the Brethren were patiently to wait for the day of visitation. In temporal assisted occasionally by the chiefs, several of whom matters they had been helped beyond their expectation; understood English. But while struggling to extend they introduced several useful trades, and cultivated the sphere of their usefulness among the adults, they the land with great success; enjoying, likewise, the endeavoured to sow the precious seed of the Word of favour and confidence of the chiefs. God in the hearts of the children, who committed to In 1814, they baptized Cbarles Renatus Hicks, one of memory many hymns and texts of Scripture with great their pupils, who was afterwards chosen king of one of pleasure. Of these boys, the Missionary Gambold the tribes of the Cherokees. He proved a faithful and writes in 1806, “We already discover some sprouts devoted follower of the Lord Jesus, and an active and which may grow up into trees of the Lord's own plant- zealous promoter of Christianity and the arts of civilized ing." Nor was this a vain hope. Several of these life among bis

countrymen. scholars became truly concerned for their salvation ; A brighter day now began to dawn upon the Cheroand after leaving school, frequently adverted (in letters kees, and Brother Gambold and his wife, who bad to their former teachers) to the instructions they had | laboured for many years with unparalleled perseverance, received at Spring Place, and expressed an earnest de- but with little success, bad at last the joy of perceiving sire to become better acquainted with the saving truths the salutary effect of the word of the Cross. Many of the Gospel. One of them named Dazizi, settled in who had formerly exhibited particular enmity, now their immediate neighbourhood, and was very useful as came asking what they must do to be saved. Their an interpreter.

little chapel was filled to overflowing; some of the Some years afterwards, five of Brother Gambold's pu- Indians travelled twenty and even thirty miles to atpils were placed in an institution for Indians, established tend the services. Nine were added to the Church by at Cornwall in Connecticut. In reference to this event, baptism in the year 1819, who gave evidence of the he thus expresses himself:-" Thirteen years have we reality of the change that had been effected in their laboured, prayed, and wept, having no other prospect bearts, by a walk and conversation becoming the Gosbefore us, than that our scholars would relapse into pel; others followed their example, and in a short time heathenisin ; but now there are already five of them in it was found necessary to establish a new Missionary an institution, where they may not only be instructed station at a place called Oochgelogy, (about thirty in Christian principles and practice, but formed, through miles from Spring Place) the neighbourhood of which the grace of our Saviour, into evangelists among their was more particularly the seat of this memorable awakown nation."

ening. It was also the central point of the national The Brethren, at this period, attempted the estab- government. Brother Steiner was present at the first lishment of a mission among the Creek Indians, whose grand council held there, and was requested by the numbers are estimated at about seventy to eighty chiefs to dedicate the new council house by solemn thousand, chiefly living within the territory of the prayer to God, and the delivery of a sermon, United States, For this purpose Brother Steiner The labour of the Missionaries among the poor nevisited their country in the autumn of 1803, and re- groes in their neighbourhood, was also not without ceived from Colonel Hawkins, the agent for the In effect; the diligence with which old and young attenddians, much valuable information respecting them, and ed the Sabbath school opened for their instruction, was encouraging assurances of protection in the good work highly gratifying. he had in view. Two Missionaries proceeded into their

The peculiar circumstances of the Cherokee nation country in the year 1807, and were provided with a rendered it impossible to collect them together in a house by Colonel Hawkins, at his settlement on the Missionary settlement. All those who had become imriver Flint. They suffered much from sickness on pressed with a conceru for their salvation, lived scat. their arrival; but after their recovery, they omitted tered on their valuable plantations, and were employed no opportunity of testifying to their numerous Indian in their cultivation ; this increased the labour of the visitors the love of God to sinners of every race; Missionaries, but the evils which are inseparable from though they lamented that these Indians seemed to

Indians living together in towns were thereby avoided. have no ears to hear the Gospel, nor hearts open to The Cherokees, indeed, had made greater advances in receive it.

They were encouraged bowever, by the civilization than any other Indian nation; the English head chief of the Creeks (Alic Colonel) and his language was adopted as the official one, in which their daughter, who came to the Flint river in 1811, and records were kept, and many individuals of the greatest listened attentively to the preaching of the Gospel. influence had altogether discarded the Indian language The chief told the Missionaries " that many of the old and customs, their way of life differing but little from Indians often spoke of the Saviour. They could not that of substantial farmers. The younger chiefs espe, indeed read the old book, (meaning the Bible) but they cially were anxious for instruction, and greatly favoured

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the Missionary and school establishments. The Go- | office of postmaster. Under these trying circumstances vernment of the United States, at this period, had also the believing Cherokees could look forward, with redevoted an annual sum for the purpose of advancing signation to the Lord's will, to the ultimate issue of Indian civilization, chiefly in aid of such societies and the troubles in which they, in common with their individuals as bad already undertaken the benevolent countrymen, were involved. When left without a work. The Brethren received from this fund two teacher at Oochgelogy the converts maintained their hundred and fifty dollars on account of their labours spiritual fellowship with each other, and were in the among the Cherokees, with a promise of defraying two- habit of assembling every Lord's day in the Missionthirus of all building expenses which might become house for prayer, praise, and the perusal of the Scripnecessary. This unlooked-for assistance was peculiarly tures, desiring to grow in grace, and in the love and acceptable under the existing circumstances of the knowledge of their Lord and Saviour. mission.

In the beginning of 1832, Clauder was appointed to Both at Spring Place and Oochgelogy the work of the office of postmaster at Spring Place, instead of his the Lord continued to prosper, and additional labourers fellow-labourer Byham, who was compelled to retire, were sent forth into this encouraging field. The first after taking an affecting leave of the Indian flock. baptized converts also were extremely active in impart. Soon after this, the Government of Georgia disposed ing to their countrymen a knowledge of the way of of the Indian lands by lottery; and the new proprietors salvation, both by indefatigable translation of the words endeavoured to eject the former possessors. The misof the Missionaries, and by their own experimental sion premises at both stations were forcibly occupied comments. But now they began to suffer from the by strangers, and the Missionaries again took refuge rralice of the enemy; in 1821, a party arose among the with Captain M Nair, in the State of Tennessee. Many Cherokees, who opposed the spread both of Christianity members of the Indian congregation followed them ; and civilization, and repeatedly attempted to murder and they were soon enabled to see and to acknowledge, the baptized chief, Charles Renatus Hicks, through that whatever God perinits must issue in his glory. whose example and influence the nation had derived the Brother Clauder regularly visited those who still remost important benefits. The efforts of this party were mained at Oochgelogy, and other places; and under all however, in vain; the preaching of the Gospel was disadvantages, he had the happiness to perceive that more numerously attended, and listened to with greater the Cherokee flock continued to walk worthy of the emotion, than before. The blessings of civilization Gospel, although temptations on the part of white inalso seemed to be secured to the Cherokees, when, truders, and of their own countrymen, were not wantin 1825, they resolved to establish an academy and a ing. printing press at Newtown, the principal town in their The latest accounts from this mission, state that country:

several hundreds of the Cherokees had already emiBut events of a political nature soon afterwards arose, grated to the river Arkansas, and that many more which placed both the nation and the mission in very intended to follow them. Brother Clauder meanwhile critical circumstances. The Government of the United had opened a school at his temporary abode on the States baving obtained from the State of Georgia the frontiers of the State of Georgia, for the benefit of cession of a large portion of its chartered territory, those who remain. His Indian congregation consists agreed in return to extinguish the claims of the Indians of about a hundred persons, who assemble with great residing within their boundaries, by purchasing their devotion for divine service; and in August 1837, the lands, and removing them to the west of the Mississippi. Lord's Supper was administered to forty-five communiThe Federal Government had expended several millions cants, to the strengthening of their faith, under the of dollars in endeavouring to fulfil this contract. But manifold trials to which they are exposed, and in antithe Cherokees, having become in a great measure ancipation of that rest which remaineth for the people of agricultural people, were no longer indifferent to the God. place of their location, and determined to sell no more of the soil, which they considered their paternal in

CHRISTIAN TREASURY. heritance. They also wished to have a written con. stitution similar to other States, and thus establish an

Seasonable Hints. It is the folly of affection not independent community and government within the State

to reprehend my erring friend, for fear of bis anger : of Georgia. This measure brought on a crisis, and

it is the abstract of folly to be angry with my friend for the Indians were informed that they must choose be my error's reprehension. I were not a friend, if I tween submission to the laws of Georgia, and emigra- should see my friend out of the way and not advise him : tion—to this latter alternative, those who had embraced I were unworthy to have a friend, if he should advise Christianity were strongly opposed, regarding it as a

me (being out of the way) and I be angry with him. step towards a relapse into barbarism ;-to the former Rather let me have my friend's anger than deserve it; they were equally averse. They addressed a remon.

rather let the righteous smite me friendly by reproof, strance to the Supreme Court of Justice in 1830, which,

than the precious oil of Aattery, or connivance, break however, was unfavourably received, and they remained my head. It is folly to fly ill-will by giving a just cause in a state of anxious suspense respecting their future of hatred. I think him a truer friend that deserves my destiny.

love, than he that desires it.-WARWICK. (Spare In the meantime the Missionaries were required by

Minutes.) the Government of Georgia to take an oath prejudicial The Devices of the Tempter.—Satan would seem too to the interests of the Indians, or else to leave the mannerly and reasonable, making as if he would be concountry. The Brethren Clauder and Nathanael Byham tent with one-half of the heart, whereas God challenges chose the latter alternative, and found a temporary home to all or none; as, indeed, he has most reason to claim at the house of Captain M‘Nair, about eighteen miles all that made all. But this is nothing but a crafty from Spring Place, within the State of Tennessee. They fetch of Satan, for he well knows that if he get any were afterwards permitted to return. But in March, part God will have none ; so the whole falleth to his 1831, Brother Clauder was arrested by the Georgian share alone. My heart at the best is but a strait and militia at Oochgelogy, and obliged to retire from the unworthy lodging for God; if it were bigger and beta Indian territory. Brother Bybam at Spring Place ter, I would reserve it all for him. Satan may look in was exempted from the same necessity, owing to his at the doors by a temptation, but he shall not have so A newspaper was here established, printed both in English and

much as one chamber-room set apart for bim to sojourn the Cherokee languages.

in.--Hall, (Meditations and Vows.)



My aim in every sermon, is a stout and lusty call to sinners, to quicken the saints, and to be made a uni

versal blessing to all.” It was a favourite saying with ON MAN'S TWO ENEMIES.

him, “ The nearer we live to God, tbe better we are

enabled to serve him. O how I hate my own noise, Two potent enemies attend on man,

when I have nothing to make a noise about! Heavenly One's fat and plump, the other lean and wan;

wisdom, creates heavenly utterance."-In a letter to The one fawns and smiles, the other weeps as fast ;

Mr Jones he observes, “ There is something in preachThe first Presumption is, Despair the last.

ing the Gospel, with the Holy Ghost sent down from That feeds upon the bounty of full treasure,

heaven, I long to get at. At times, I think I feel someBrings jolly news of peace, and lasting pleasure ;

what like it, and then I bawl almost as bad as the This feeds on want, unapt to entertain,

Welshman. If we deal with divine realities, we ought God's ble-sings find them ever on the wane.

to feel them such, and the people will in general feel Their maxims disagree, but their conclusion

with us, and acknowledge the power that does won. Is the self-same, both jump in man's confusion. ders on the earth; while dry, formal, discussional Lord, keep me from the first, or else I shall

preaching, leaves the hearers just where it found them. Soar up and melt my waxen wings and fall;

Still they who are thus favoured, had need to be Lord, keep the second from me, lest I then

favoured with a deal of humility. We are too apt to Sink down so low, I never rise again ;

be proud of that which is not our own.

O humility, Teach ine to know myself, and what I am,

humility, humility!” It is no wonder, with such And my presumption will be turned to shame : impressions as to the nature of his work, and the Give me true faith to know thy dying Son,

state of his mind, that Mr Rowland Hill's preaching What ground has then despair to work upon ?

so honoured and blessed of God. “Lord, To avoid my shipwreck upon either sheli,

help!” was his constant and carnest prayer, and it was O teach me, Lord, to know my God-myself. heard.

Francis QUARLES. A Christian should get good from every thing.-One

day as Felix Neff was walking in a street in the city

of Lausanne, he saw at a distance a man whom he took PRAYER

for one of his friends. He ran up behind him, tapped

him on the shoulder before looking in his face, and ENTHRONED amidst the world of light,

asked him, “ What is the state of your soul my friend?” Jehovah rules the realms of bliss;

The stranger turned, Neff perceived his error, apoloYet bends to scenes of earthly night,

gised, and went his way. About three or four years To such a house of pain as this ! The glories of the heavenly plains

afterwards, a person came to Neff, and accosted him

saying, he was indebted to him for his inestimable Hide not one mourner from bis eye,

kindness. Neff did not recognise the man, and begged Nor can the seraphs' loudest strains

he would explain. The stranger replied, “ Have you Drown, by their sound, the faintest sigh.

forgotten an unknown person, whose shoulder you Oh Prayer! thou mine of things unknown, touched in a street in Lausanne, asking him, “How do Who can be poor possessing thee?

you find your soul ?' It was I; your question led me Thou wert a fount of joy alone,

to serious reflection, and now I find it is well with my Better than worlds of gold could be.

soul.” This proves what apparently small means may Were I bereft of all beside,

be blessed of God for the conversion of sinners, and That bears the form or name of bliss,

how many opportunities for doing good we are all conI yet were rich, what will betide,

tinually letting slip, and which thus pass irrecoverably If God, in mercy, leave me this.

beyond our reach. One of the questions which every EDMESTON.

Christian should propose to himself on setting out upon a journey is, “What opportunities shall I have

to do good ?" And one of the points on which he MISCELLANEOUS.

should examine himself on his return is, " What opRev. Rowland Hill.No man ever had stronger portunities have I lost ?”James' " Christian Proviews than Mr Rowland Hill of the true nature of the fessor.ministerial work, and of the necessity of a humble de.

CONTENTS.—The Superiority of the Christian to the Jewish pendence on the Lord's assistance for a blessing in it. Dispensation. Part I. By Rev. A. Turner.- Piety in Humble One of his remarks was, “If favoured at any time with

Life Exemplified in the Memoir of Mary and Ann Erskine. By

Rev. R. Smith, - Concluded.--Gold. By Rev. D. Mitchell.-Dis. what is called a good opportunity, I am too apt to find

By Rev. J. Balfour.--Christian Philosophy, No. XIV. myself saying, “Well done 1,' when I should lie in the By Rev. J. Brodie.-History of the Moravian Mission among the

Cherokees.--Christian Treasury. Extracts from Warwick and Hall. dust, and give God all the glory." Another was, “Lord

-- Sacred Poetry. On Man's Two Enemies. By Francis Quarles. make me distrustful of myself, that I may confide in Prayer. By Edmeston. Miscellaneous. thee alone-self-dependence is the Pharisee's high road to destruction.” He was accustomed strongly Now ready, Volume II., being that for 1837, containing to urge, on all who entered the sacred office, the 832 pages, handsomely bound in cloth, price 8s. Also may still be necessity of maintaining Christian and heavenly tempers

had, Vol. I., (for 1836,) 704 pages, uniform with the above, price 75.

Separate Numbers from the commencement may at all times be among their people. * Some folks," he would say,

supplied to complete sets. appear as if they had been bathed in crab verjuice in their infancy, which penetrated through their skins, Published by JOAN JOHNSTONE, 2, Hunter Square, Edinburgh ; and has made them sour-blooded ever since; but this

J. R. MACNAIR, & Co., 19. Glassford Street, Glasgow; JAMES NISBET

& Co., HAMILTON, ADAMS, & Co., and R. GROOMBRIDGE, London: will not do for a messenger of the Gospel ; as he W. CURRY, Junr. & Co., Dublin; and W. M.COMB, Belfast; and bears a message, so he must manifest a spirit, of

sold by the Booksellers and Local Agents in all the Towns and

Parishes of Scotland; in the principal Towns in England and Ireland. love." He used to like Dr Ryland's advice to his

Subscribers in Town will have their copies delivered at their own young academicians, "Mind, no sermon is of any value, residences regularly, by leaving their addresses with the Publisher. or likely to be useful, which has not the three R's in Subscription (payable in advance) per quarter, of twelve weeks, Ruin by the tallRedemption by Christ-Regene

Is. 6d., a. in the other periods in proportion. in loy the Iloly Spirit.” Of himself he remarked, price 25. Cd.

Neat Portfolios for preserving the Weekly Nos, for an entire year,


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the sons of men are described as singing a new ON COMMUNION WITH ANGELS.

song unto Him who redeemed them by his blood, BY THE Rev. THOMAS Doig, A. M.,

it is added, in immediate connection with this, " I Minister of Torryburn.

beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round

about the throne ; and the number of them was AMONGST the Jews, in the apostolic age, it was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of a favourite ground of boasting, that the law of thousands; saying, with a loud voice, Worthy is Moses had been invested with unrivalled dignity, the Lamb that was slain, to receive power, and by the presence of angels at its publication. Nor riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, was the belief that angels were then present, a and glory, and blessing.” In illustration of the mistaken sentiment; for it is declared expressly honoured and endearing nature of the believer's in Scripture, that the Israelites “received the law fellowship with them, it may be mentioned, that by the disposition of angels ;”—while, with refer- they were the joyful heralds of the Saviour's natience to the same interesting fact, it is said, “ the vity; while it is declared distinctly, that they are chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thou- “ all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for sands of angels; the Lord is among them, as in them who shall be heirs of salvation." “ There Sinai, in the holy place."

is joy in the presence of the angels of God,” is There was much, however, in the nearness of the language of the Redeemer, “over one sinner the angelic hosts on that memorable occasion, that repenteth.” And as, in one of his parables, fitted to inspire a sentiment of terror. They were they are represented as conveying the soul of the present, apparently, only as messengers of wrath. believer to the mansions of peace; so, with referThey approached the Israelitish camp; but it was ence to the solemn transactions of the judgmentamidst " blackness, and darkness, and tempest.” day, they are spoken of as “ gathering the elect of They spake in the hearing of the people; but it God from the four corners of the earth,” to introwas with "the sound of a trumpet, and the voice duce them to their abode of glory. of words,” that filled every heart with consterna- Such is the light which the Gospel throws upon tion. They attended, at Sinai, as the army of the the subject of our angelic relationship, and, in living God; but it was to guard its sacred pre- consequence, the fears are removed which the cincis, to punish with destruction the man who spectacle of Sinai had created, and the hopes remight dare to ascend the mountain. And the trem- | vived, of which the terrors of the law had bereft bling, accordingly, which took hold on every soul us. Nor is it in prospect merely that we are in Israel, seemed to intimate, in a manner the thus associated with these blessed spirits. From most impressive, that immediate intercourse with the intimations made to us in Scripture we have these glorious spirits was more than the sons of reason to infer that even now, during our abode Adam could endure.

on earth, we are connected with them in a manner It has been reserved for the Gospel so to make the most endearing, and that if we belong to the known the bond of our relationship with the “in- family of God, their ministrations in our behalf numerable company of angels,” that we are en- are, at this very moment, characterized by a perabled to dwell on it with delight, as well as won- sonal regard. No such relationship, indeed, is der. The aspect, under which it exhibits our con- palpably made known to us. We perceive it not, nection with them, is that of endeared friends and as Jacob did, when, amidst the visions of the night, honoured associates, privileged brethren of the he saw the angels of God ascending and descenilsame family, the favoured children of one common ing between heaven and earth; or when again, on Father. By means of our adoption in Christ Je- his return from the land of the east, they appeared sus, who, as the Head of his believing people, to him as the host of the Lord, to guard him from is seated on the throne of the heavens, we are impending danger. But as we read of a friendly brought into fellowship with them as citizens of encampment which they formed around the Proheaven. And, accordingly, when the ransomed of phet Elisha in Dothan, and which was unknown


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