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Finally, We say to all of both sexes, “ Cleanse it was one hundred and ten feet longer than the church your ways.” Consider them and take heed to of St. Mary's at Paris, and sixty-four feet narrower ; them according to God's Word.

« All the ways

and if so, it must have been longer than St. Paul's of a man are clean in his own eyes: but the Lord than that church is high in the inside, and fifty-four

Church, in London, from west to east, and broader weigheth the spirits." Seek to have your minds feet of our measure in height. Dr Arbuthnot comdeeply imbued with the Gospel. “ And ye are putes it to have been eighty-one thousand and sixtyclean, through the word which I have spoken unto two tons. you,” says Christ. There is not one whose ways

The things contained in it were, besides eight perare perfectly pure. Who can say, I have made my

sons of Noah's family, one pair of every species of unheart clean ? « Who can understand his errors pi, clean animals, and seven pair of every species of clean

animals, with provisions for them all during the whole Let us pray, “ Cleanse thou me from secret faults.

year. The former appears, at first view, almost inKeep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; numerable ; but if we come to a calculation, the number let them not have dominion over me: then shall I of species of animals will be found much less than is be upright and I shall be innocent from the great generally imagined ; and if such animals be excepted as transgression." Let us, then, walk on in the ways

can live in the water, Bishop Wilkins shows, that only of purity. “ The righteous shall hold on his seventy-two of the quadruped kind needed a place in

the ark. way; and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger By the description Moses gives of the Ark, it appears and stronger.” And, at length, our journey done, to have been divided into three stories, each ten cubits, we shall arrive at the land of perfect purity and or fifteen feet high ; and it is agreed on, as most perfect joy.

probable, that the lowest story was for the beasts, the

middle for the food, and the upper for the birds, with DILUVIAN ANTIQUITIES.

Noah and his family ; each story being subdivided into

different apartments, stalls, and the like; though JoseBY THE LATE Rev. JAMES KIDD, D.D., phus, Philo, and other commentators, add a kind of Professor of Oriental Languages in Marischal College, and fourth story under all the rest, being, as it were, the Minister of Gilcomston Parish, Aberdeen.

hold of the vessel, to contain the ballast, and receive No. I.

the ordure of so many animals ; but Calmet thinks, NOAH'S ARK.

that what is here reckoned a story, was no more than

what is called the keel of ships, and served only for a Noah's Ark was a floating vessel, built by Noah, at the conservatory of fresh water. Drevelius makes three command of God, for the preservation of himself, his hundred apartments; Fournier three hundred and thirtyfamily, and the several species of animals, during the three; the anonymous author of the questions on deluge. This Ark bas afforded several topics of inquiry Genesis, four hundred; Buteo, Temporarius, Arius among crities, architects, and antiquaries, relating to its Montanus, Wilkins, Lamy, and others, suppose as form, capacity, materials, and the like.

many partitions as there were different sorts of animals. The wood of which the ark was built, is called in Pelletier makes only seventy-two, namely, thirty-six the Hebrew gopher-wood, and in the Septuagint, square for the birds, and as many for the beasts. His reason timbers. Some translate the original, cedar, others is, that if we suppose a greater number, as three hunpine, others bor. Pelletier prefers cedar on account of dred and thirty-three, or four hundred, each of the its incorruptibility, and the great abundance of it in eight persons in the Ark must have had thirty-seven, or Asia ; whence Herodotus and Theophrastus relate, that forty-one, or sixty stalls to attend and cleanse daily, the kings of Egypt and Syria built whole fleets of it which he thinks impossible to have been done. But it instead of fir.

is observed, that there is not much in this. To diminish The learned Fuller, in his Miscellanies, has observed, the number of stalls, without the diminution of animals, that the wood of which the ark was built, was nothing is in vain; it being, perhaps, more difficult to take care but that which tbe Greeks cal! the cypress tree; this of three hundred animals in seventy-two stalls than in observation the great Bochart has confirmed, and shown three hundred. As to the number of animals contained very plainly that no country abounds so much with this in the Ark, Buteo computes that it would not be equal wood as that part of Assyria which lies about Babylon. to five hundred horses; he even reduces the whole to

In what place Noah built and finished his Ark, is no the dimensions of fifty-six pair of oxen. Father Lamy less made a matter of disputation. But the most pro- enlarges it to sixty-four pair, or one hundred and bable opinion is, that it was built in Chaldea, in the twenty-eight oxen, so that supposing one ox equal to territories of Babylon, where there was so great a quan- two horses, if the Ark bad room for two hundred and tity of cypress in the groves and gardens in the time of fifty-six horses, there must have been room for all the Alexander the Great, that that prince built a whole animals. But the same author demonstrates, that one fleet out of it for want of other timber. And this con- floor of it would suffice for five hundred horses, allow. jecture is confirmed by the Chaldean tradition, which ing nine square feet to a horse. makes Xisuthrus, (another name for Noah,) set sail from As to the food in the second story, it is observed

by Buteo from Columella, that thirty or forty pounds The dimensions of the Ark, as given by Moses, are of hay ordinarily suffices for an ox a day; and that a three hundred cubits in length, fifty in breadth, and solid cubit of bay, as usually pressed down in our bay thirty in height, which some have thought too scanty, ricks, weighs about forty pounds, so that a square cubit considering the number of things which it was to con- of hay is more than enough for an ox in one day. Now tain ; and from this supposition an argument has been it appears, that the second story contained one hundred drawn against the authority of revelation. To solve and fifty thousand solid cubits, which, divided between this difficulty, many of the ancient fathers and the two hundred and six oxen, will afford each more hay, modern critics have been put to very miserable shifts : | by two-thirds, than he can eat in a year. Bishop bur Kircber has proved geometrically, that taking the Wilkins computes all the carnivorous animals equivalent common cubit of a foot and a half, the Ark was abun- | as to the bulk of their bodies, all their foals to sevendantly sufficient for all the animals supposed to be teen wolves, and all the rest to two hundred and eighty lodged in it. Snellius computes the ark to have been beeves. For the former he allows one thousand eight above kalf an acre in area. Father Lamy shows, that hundred and twenty-five sheep, and for the latter one

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hundred and nine thousand five hundred cubits of bay, | defend itself. If bull dogs are set upon it, they will all which will be easily contained in the two first soon tear it to pieces; but if mastiffs, a longer conflict stories, and yet there will be much room to spare. may be maintained. Bear-baiting seems now to have As to the third story, nobody doubts of it being suf- gone into disuse, and this is to be hailed as a sign of inficient for the fowls, with Noah, his sons and daughters. creasing civilization.

The case

was different two Upon the whole, the learned Bishop remarks, that of centuries ago. History informs us, that with this cruel the two, it appears much more difficult to assign a num pastime Queen Elizabeth was entertained by the Earl ber and bulk of necessary things to answer the capa- of Leicester at Kenilworth Castle. Thirteen bears city of the Ark, than to find sufficient room for the were sometimes baited in an evening, for the diversion several species of animals already known to have been of her majesty. there. This he attributes to the imperfection of our Bears, when in a captive state, can be trained to a list of animals, especially to those of the unknown certain extent; especially if they are young. This parts of the earth, adding, that the most expert mathe-training is nothing inore than teaching them to rise on inatician of this day could not assign the proportion of their hind feet, at the command of their master, and a vessel better accommodated to the purpose than is to walk in that posture with a long pole in their fore here done ; and hence, he finally concludes, that the paws. It is said, that while a musical instrument is capacity of the Ark, which had been an objection against played upon, they are put upon a heated girdle, in Scripture, ought to be esteemed a confirmation of its order to force them to this movement; and afterwards, divine authority, since in those ruder ages, men, being when the musician plays, and the cudgel is applied, less versed in arts and philosophy, were more obnoxious they resort to the same movement, though the heated to vulgar prejudices than now; so that had it been a girdle is not used. The intention of this training is :o human invention, it would have been contrived, ac- draw crowds, in order to gaze at the strange motions cording to those wild apprehensions which arise from a of the animal, that those who enslave and torment it, confused and general view of things, as much too large may have a pretence for going round, and collecting as it had been represented to be too little. But it must money from all who please to give. In this way they be observed, that besides the places requisite for beasts may support themselves, but we can never behold such and birds, and their provisions, there was room requir- a sight without detestation. We know that the ani. ed for Noah to lock up household utensils, the insiruomal must be subject to a greal deal of beating, before ments of husbandry, grains and seeds to sow the earth it can walk erect on its hind feet, and grasp a long pole after the deluge ; for which purpose, it is thought that in its fore feet; and certainly those who beat it into he might spare room in the third story for thirty-six such habits, deserve to be punished in proportion to cabins, besides a kitchen, a hall, four chambers, and a their cruelty. space about forty-eight cubits to walk in.

The body of the bear is covered with long shaggy

hair. Its tail is short, its feet large, legs thick and INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE NATURAL

clumsy, head large, ears short and rounded. The sole

of the foot rests entirely on the ground. The claws HISTORY OF THE BIBLE.

on each foot are five, and armed with strong nails; BY THE LATE Rev. David Scot, M. D.,

the cutting teeth six, but the canine one, and the Professor of Oriental Languages in the University of St. Andrews.

grinding from four to seven in each jaw. Its muzzle is

pointed. No. III.

The eyes of the bear are very small, and furnished THE BEAR, OR DUB OF THE HEBREWS.

with a winking membrane. What is uncommon, the

crystalline humour is drawn up on one side. This sin. THERE are various species of bear, but those most gular structure gives to the animal that severe and worthy of notice are the brown, the black, the grizzly, surly aspect, observed by most naturalists, and which and the white. The white bear belongs to the Polar has been taken notice of by the son of Sirach in the Regions, and lives a great deal on the ice-bergs, that Apocrypha, Ecclesiasticus xxiv. 23. “ The wickedness Hoat on the Polar Seas. The grizzly bear infests the of a woman darkens her countenance like a bear." higher latitudes of North West America, and is exces- The bear commonly builds its hut at the root of a sively dangerous. The black bear is peculiar to cold tree, and when the snow covers it, the peasants know climates, and for some part of its life, at least, does not his retreat from a hole melted in the snow by his breath. feed on animals, but on roots and fruits. The brown They attack him in a body; the noise which they make or red bear seems to be addicted to the same kind of frightens him from his biding-place, and, as he makes food as the black; and to be more diffused over the no way through the loose snow, they kill him by a globe than the other species of bears. Certainly, it is stroke on the nose. This is the weak and mortal part found in countries more to the south, than the black of the animal, and when in combat with man or beast, bear.

he instinctively tries to preserve it. When he throws Travellers dispute, whether the bear be an African down any animal, he opens a vein in his neck, and by animal. Shaw says that it is found in East Barbary ; this means drains the animal of the blood which it conbut Jackson, in his ‘History of Morocco,' says, that it tains. A tame bear in the Tower of London, escaping does not exist in West barbary; though he adınits, from its den, laid fat the keeper's wife, and proceeded that it has been seen in the upper regions of Mount to suck the blood from the neck, and, with the utinost Atlas, which are covered with snow during the whole difficulty, the keeper forced it back into the den. year. There is not a question, but it abounds in Ara- Whenever it saw the woman afterwards, it raged to be bia. Thevenot in his travels informs us, that bears at her, and became fierce and unmanageable. The inhabit the wilderness adjoining to the Holy Land, and Prince Regent, afterwards George the Fourth, hearing that he saw one near the northern extremity of the of the circumstance, ordered it to be killed. Red Sea. In all probability the brown bear frequented When the bear awakens out of sleep, he sucks his the Land of Canaan, as well as Arabia, in the time of paws, if we are to credit common report. His fore the Israelites, and no doubt often passed backwards feet, which resemble human bands, are covered, as well and forwards from the one country to the other. as his whole body, with a soft skin, towards which

The bear was once an inhabitant of Great Britain, and run a great number of blood vessels. In these, it is long after it was extirpated, it was brought from the probable, that a serous fluid is secreted, and the secrecontinent to be baited. Baiting consists in setting a tion will be more copious when the action of sucking number of dogs on the poor animal, and forcing it to 1 is applied,


During the several months of winter, the bear re- their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the tires to his den, and this, whether a cave in the side of field." (Prov. xvii. 12,) "Let a bear robbed of her a mountain, or the hollow of a tree, he can, on no ac- whelps meet a man, rather than a fool in his folly." count, be induced to leave. While he stays in it, he (Hos. xiii, 8,) “I will meet them as a bear bereaved does not seem to become torpid; but he supports him- of her whelps, and will rend the caul of their heart, self by sucking his paws. Of course, however fat he and there will I devour them like a lion." may be when he goes in, he is very lean when he comes Its fury is equally terrible, when driven on by hunger.

When the bear leaves his confinement during not only attacks sheep and goats, but cows and bulls, the winter, nearly reduced to a skeleton, he ranges seizing them by the horns, that it may bring them to everywhere for food. At no time is be more to be the ground by its weight; or by the nostrils, that it dreaded, or more bent upon mischief. However fa- may sooner overpower them, from wounding parts most mished he may be, he shows neither failure of strength susceptible of pain. The danger to be apprehended nor want of activity.

from the bear, wher, in want of food, is thus touched He betrays an excessive fondness for fruit, especially upon by Solomon, (Prov. xxviii, 15,) “ A hungry bear, dates and plums; and, while he climbs trees in quest and a roaring lion, is a wicked ruler over a poor people." of fruit, he dexterously catches it with one paw, while That shukek means hungry, is asserted by Jerome, dehe hangs from a branch by tbe other.

Froin a strong

fended by Bochart, and assented to by Geier. The relish for sweet juices, he greedily devours all the translation of the English Bible is " a ranging bear. honey within his reach. Captain Bruce tells us in his If the epithet “ranging" be retained, the sense will Memoirs, that a tame bear, which he kept, sometimes not be altered. broke his chain, and made his way to the shops where To the ferocity of the bear, whether from the want they sold honey, and devoured great quantities of it, of food, or the loss of its young, may be added its as the shopkeepers dursas not prevent him. Bees abound craftiness in watching for its prey. Thus, (Lam. iii. in the south of Russia, and often swarm in the cavities 10,) “ He was to me a bear lying in wait, and a lion of trees, and collect vast quantities of honey. These re- lurking in secret places." positories the bear discovers, and robs of their treasures. It cannot fail to strike us in reading the notices Though he takes whatever they contain at the first visit, taken of the bear in the Old Testament, that it is often he returns again and again, as if expecting a fresh supply. coupled with the lion; and we are to attribute this The peasants inark this anxiety to indulge his appetite, circumstance to the similarity of these animals in size, and lay snares in those places where the lives are rifled. in ravenous disposition, and in the terror which they In this manner they destroy or get possession of an excite in men and other animals. This coupling of the animal among the most formidable on the face of the bear with the lion in holy writ, shows the ferocity of earth.

the animal, and the great dread of it by the inhabitants The bear does not confine itself to animal food. It of Canaan. The difference of danger in the two anitakes vegetable food when it can get no other. In a mals was so small, that they dreaded as much to meet tame state, it may be fed with bread or oats, as well as the one, as the other. Hence we find in (Amos v. 19,) with flesh.

“As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met The flesh of the young bear is a great delicacy, and him.” the paws of the old bear are much relished in those The beast of Rev. xiii. 2, resembled a leopard, but countries where the animal prevails. In general bears' it had the feet of a bear, and the mouth of a lion. In fiesh is reckoned good food by many, and, in particular, other words, the Roman empire had a varied character, bear hams are celebrated.

fluctuating betwixt aristocracy and democracy; and at The Russians kill thousands of bears every winter last, sinking into despotism ; but beyond all question, for the sake of their skins. The skin of the bear from the beginning possessing immense strength, and answers many purposes, especially in cold climates. It proceeding slowly but steadily to unlimited power. forms an excellent defence, if the weather be severe. It The reign of the Messiah was to be distinguished by affords a warm cover to those who are sleeping in their goodle will among men of every nation and religion. huts, or serves as a pallet on which they lie down. This feature of his reign, Isaiah has beautifully describe Shoes and buskins are made of it, for wading through ed by the agreement between the horned cattle and the the snow, or treading on the ice.

bear. “The beeve and the bear shall feed on the same The animal which we call bear, is named dub in pasture, and their young ones shall lie down together." Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriae, Arabic, and Ethiopic. There The Jews and the Gentiles shall become members of is no difference among critics about the origin of the the same church, and party feelings and distinctions term. Dub, as a root in Hebrew, signifies to murmur, grumble, or growl; and of course, dub as a noun will The growl of the bear awakens a mournful feeling be the murmurer, grumbler, or growler; a term most in him that hears it, and hence in (Isa. lix. 11,) it is expressive of the cry of this animal.

associated with the cooing of the dove, which is always The sacred writers lead us to suppose, that the bear regarded as mournful, “We all moan like the bear, was a severe scourge to the inhabitants of Canaan. and mourn as the dove." When David was a young man, he defended his father's filocks from wild beasts; and he killed both a lion and

CHRISTIAN TREASURY. a bear, wbich had taken a lamb out of the flock. From 2 Kings ii. 24, we learn that two she-bears were em

A useful Hint.-Welcome the cross of Christ, and ployed as instruments of punishment for insulting bear it triumphantly; but see it be indeed Christ's cross, Elisha. As he went up from Bethel, children came and not thy own.- Wilcox. out of the town and mocked him; and when he cursed True Prayer.-Prayer is the application of want to them in the name of the Lord, two she-bears came out him who only can relieve it; the voice of sin to him of the wood, and tore forty and two of them. It is / who only can pardon it. It is the urgency of poverty, thought that those children belonged to idolatrous the prostration of humility, the fervency of penitence, parents, who had instigated them to this outrage to- the confidence of truth. It is not eloquence, but earwards the prophet of God.

nestness; not the definition of helplessness, but the The ferocity of the bear when robbed of its whelps, feeling of it; not figures of speech, but compunction has been noticed by sacred as well as profane writers. ) of soul. It is tbe “Lord save us, we perish," of drownThe sacred writers speak of this ferocity in three places, ing Peter ; the cry of faith to the ear of (2 Sam. xvii. 8,) “They be mighty men chated in Mas More. (The Spirit of Prayer.)

be done away.



Oh happiest moment of all thou hast past !
When thy soul to earth’s vanity wakens at last !

And thou feel'st that its pleasures and aims are but dust,

When heaven is thy home, and Jehovah thy trust!

JANE C. SIMPSON. Now glancing in sunlight with flowers and with song, Thy bark of existence is sweeping along ;

The Superstition of Hindoos.-— The Hindoos believe Not a wave on the sea—not a cloud in the air

in the metempsychosis or transmigration of souls. They All is music and mirth ; yet beware, oh beware!

suppose that evil has come into the world in consequence Now the world is a garden of rapture to thee,

of the union of spirit with matter, and is to be done Where blossoms and fruits cluster thick on each tree; away by suffering, or acts of charity, or religious observAnd still as thy hands gather fast the bright store, ances, The soul as it passes from one body to another Scarce tasted they fall ere thou reachest for more! is preparing for a reunion with the divine spirit of

which it is a part, as a drop of water with the ocean. Yes, earth is thy Eden, and thou art its Eve, And its varied delights thou wouldst wish ne'er to leave; having obtained a human birth it may be doomed to be

It is the same in man and in the lower animals. After By its groves, and its streams, so surpassingly fair,

born a brute, or to exist as a tree or plant. According Thou for ever couldst range, yet beware, oh beware !

to the character formed in any birth will be the condiThe sky may be radiant, and tranquil the tide,

tion of that next succeeding. Good and evil, both While the storm is at hand, hath despair by its side ; natural and moral are entailed from one birth to anotber; The flowers may be fragrant, and lovely the fruit, and the fate of each one is written in his head when be With the canker concealed at the core and the root. is born. This is indicated by the sutures of the skull,

which are considered to be writing. This fate is unThis life may be sweet, but to prize it so dear That the loss of its pleasures is all that we fear,

alterable, and excludes the idea of blame or praise. It No hopes and no treasures more precious to deem

is a sufficient excuse for any course of evil conduct to Ah! this is a false and a dangerous dream!

say, “it is fate in my head, my forehead is bad." They

speak of heaven and hell, but in a different sense from Oh! remember, my friend, though the earth may be Christians. Each corporeal god has his own heaven bright,

where he receives his worshippers, and grants them Time drives on its years with untameable flight; various sensual indulgences for a longer or shorter period, And the deeper its spell round the spirit is cast, according to their merit, after which they become subThe darker the struggle to leave it at last.

ject again to the vicissitudes of mortal birth. Even the Remember that God hath revealed, of his love,

gods must descend to this, if they would be released from That there is but one heaven_his temple above;

matter and obtain Mookshum or absorption in the divine And this is the bliss at which mortals should aim,

If any die without sufficient merit to obtain To walk in his presence, and honour his name.

Mookshum, or go to either of the heavens, or have an

other birth in this world, they must be sent to the Alas! that so many, and thou with the rest,

Yuma-loka or world of Yuma, the god of death, and Shouldst dream in this world to be perfectly blest ; tormented as in Purgatory, until their sins are so far With never one thought of His goodness and power, expiated as to allow of their being launched again on Whose hand gives the sunshine, and sends down the

the sea of transmigration. They are allowed at first, shower!

perhaps, only an inferior birth, but gradually may rise Oh! pause but an hour in thy careless career,

to in babit a human form, and eventually, like others, And let Wisdom but once breathe her words in thine ear;

obtain absorption. This fatalism and belief that all Let Religion but show thee one glimpse of her light,

will end well, almost destroys their sense of accountaAnd the joys that now charm thee will fade into night. bility and fear of the consequences of sin; and their

apathy is increased by the ease with which sin is done Let the Spirit Divine shed his beams on thy mind,

away. The putting of a light in a temple bathing in And scatter the shadows thy vision that blind ;

any of the holy waters, marking the forehead, breast, Let God be revealed in bis justice and truth,

and arms, with holy ashes, repeating the name of some And thy soul as a fountain polluted from youth :

god, though unintentionally, doing charity, or perforiIn amaze, as if waked to new life, thou wilt start, ing any of the various kinds of penance, to say nothing For all things will seem changed to thy fast changing of many other methods, will effectually atone for sin, heart;

and secure bappiness after death. And solitude then with delight will be sought,

CONTENTS.-A Standing Revelation, duly Authenticated, the As the handmaid of knowledge, the sister of thought ! | Best and the only Authorized Means of Conversion. By Rev. A.

Hamilton, A.M.- Biographical Sketch. Mrs Harriet W. L. WinsThen the laws thou hast broken, most holy and wise, low.-Hebrew Gleanings. By Rev. R. Simpson, A. M. No. IV.In the mirror of conscience against thee will rise ;

Discourse. By Rev. A. L. R. Foote.-Diluvian Antiquities. By

the late Rev. J. Kidd, D. D. No. I.-Investigations into the And doubts may assail thee of vengeance and doom

Natural History of the Bible. By the late Rev. D. Scot, M. D. Laid in wait to o'erwhelm thee when pass'd through No. 111.-Christian Treasury. Extracts from Wilcox and Mrs the tomb !

More.-Sacred Poetry. To a Young Friend. By Jane C. Simpson.

Miscellaneous. But just in that moment, when full in thy sight

Now ready, VOLUME II., being that for 1837, containing Thy sin and God's justice stand awfully bright,

832 pages, handsomely bound in cloth, price 8s. Also may still be And in fear and despondence thou gazest around,

had, Vol. I., (for 1836,) 704 pages, uniform with the above, price 7s. Unknowing whence pardon and peace may be found, - supplied to complete sets.

Separate Numbers from the commencement may at all times be Oh! then, let His mercy who died in our stead,

Published by JOHN JOHNSTONE, at the Offices of the SCOTTISHI And bore all the curse of our guilt on his head,

CHRISTIAN HERALD, 2, Hunter Square, Edinburgh, and 19, GlassThe Holy, the Just One, rush clear on thy mind,

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Subscription (payable in adrance) per quarter, of twelve weeks, And the dew of repentance full gently on thee !

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siderations will induce one possessed of true godON GODLINESS.

liness to speak also with holy reverence to God By The Rev. Gavin PARKER,

himself : « Thou God seest me;"_“thou triest Minister of Bon-Accord Parish, Aberdeen.

my reins and my heart;”.

-"thou art here a God

loving righteousness and hating wickedness ;” — True religion or godliness consists in maintaining thou art infinitely better acquainted with me than friendly intercourse with God. In their natural I am with myself ;—thou searchest out the hidstate, sinners are afar off from God; but the den wickedness of my heart ;—“thou dost place godly have been brought nigh by the blood of my secret faults in the brightness of thy counChrist. It is the very essence,—the very soul of tenance ;”—“ my sins are open before thee;”. true godliness to be near God. It is not suffi- “ thou knowest my thoughts afar off;"_" thou cient, as an evidence of true godliness, that we art acquainted with all my ways.” If we are not hold much intercourse with the works, or the accustomed habitually to recognize the presence Word, or the ordinances of God; nor that we of God, we have no sufficient evidence that we enjoy some pleasure in the contemplation of his have ever been brought nigh to him by the blood works, or in meditation on his Word; nor that of Christ; we have no sufficient evidence that we we even delight in attendance on his ordinances. are in Christ at all; we have, therefore, no suffiVery acute philosophers, very celebrated theolo- cient evidence that our piety is genuine, or that gians, very exemplary professors of Christianity, our profession of Christianity is sincere may be living without God in the world, as really The godly do habitually recognize the approas the heathen, who have seldom heard of his name. bation and friendship of God toward themselves. Those who are truly godly do maintain communion The thoughts of God are welcome to their minds ; with God bimself. They are a people near to God; because they consider him their best, their prethey have God nigh to them; their intercourse sent friend, they love him, they reverence him, with the true God is real, and frequently joyful. they trust in him, they rejoice before him. It

Godliness consists in habitually recognizing the gives them pleasure to think that their best friend Omnipresent God. The ungodly may have occa- is never absent ; and they can frequently delight sional, and even frequent, thoughts of him, but themselves in him, while they possess the sure the godly habitually think of him, and consider evidence, and while they enjoy the rich fruits, of* him present with them in all places. A person his approbation. These are the persons who having the sense of seeing can habitually, during walk with God; their meditation of him is sweet ; day, realize in the face of the sky the presence they can say to others, “ This God is our God for and light of the sun; so can one possessed of ever and ever: he will be our guide even unto death.” genuine piety, habitually, and without any effort, They can even speak in holy boldness to God: consider bimself present before God; and were “ Thou art my portion ;" “ in the multitude of be to give utterance to his thoughts and impres- thoughts within me, thy comforts delight my soul.” sions, he could thus speak : God is here ; all his Those who possess genuine piety do habitually perfections are here; his eternity, his immensity, cherish desires after God. It is pleasant for them his almighty power, his all-perfect wisdom, his to think of him, and to enjoy him as their ever innmaculate holiness, his inflexible justice, his in- present friend. But they have also very much to violable faithfulness, his unbounded goodness, bis expect from him ; they feel, and they acknowrich mercy, are all here before me, and within lenge, that they are poor and needly in themselves. me. God is here as the proprietor of all that I All are poor and needy ; but the ungodly expect see, and of all that I do not see. God is here, their comfort from creatures ; the godly expect not as an inactive being, not merely as an infinite all from God hiinself. There be many that

say, Spirit; he is here also as the Preserver of the “ Who will show us any good ?” But those who universe, as the Disposer of all things; he is here are friendly to God will say to him, “ Lord, litt as a Witness, he is here as a Judge. Such con- | thou up the light of thy conntenance upon us."


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