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AMERICAN ASSOCIATION
FOR INTERNATIONAL CONCILIATION

Executive Committee

NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER, Chairman GEORGE BLUMENTHAL

ALBA B. JOHNSON GANO DUNN

WILLIAM B. McKINLEY ROBERT A. FRANKS

Dwight W. MORROW JOSEPH P. GRACE

STEPHEN HENRY OLIN

Secretary

HENRY S. HASKELL

Director of Interamerican Division

PETER H. GOLDSMITH

Correspondents
SIR WILLIAM J. COLLINS, London, England
HELLMUT VON GERLACH, Berlin, Germany
EDOARDO GIRETTI, Bricherasio, Italy
CHRISTIAN L. LANGE, Geneva, Switzerland
T. MIYAOKA, Tokio, Japan
OTFRIED NIPPOLD, Saa ouis

COUNCIL OF DIRECTION OF THE
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR INTERNATIONAL

CONCILIATION

EDWIN A. ALDERMAN, CHARLOTTESVILLE, THEODORE MARBURG, BALTIMORE, MD. VA.

BRANDER MATTHEWS, NEW YORK JOHN R. ALPINE, New York

SILAS McBee, New YORK RICHARD BARTHOLDT, St. Louis, Mo. GEORGE B. MCCLELLAN, PRINCETON, N. J. GEORGE BLUMENTHAL, New YORK

WILLIAM B. McKINLEY, WASHINGTON, D. C. CLIFTON R. BRECKENRIDGE, EUREKA ANDREW J. MONTAGUE, RICHMOND, VA. SPRINGS, ARKANSAS

MRS. PHILIP N. MOORE, St. Louis, Mo. WILLIAM J. BRYAN, MIAMI, FLA.

Dwight W. MORROW, NEW YORK THEODORE E. BURTON, WASHINGTON, D.C. W. W. MORROW, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER, NEW YORK STEPHEN H. OLIN, MIDDLETOWN, CONN. RICHARD H. DANA, BOSTON, MASS.

MRS. PERCY V. PENNYBACKER, AUSTIN, TEX HORACE E. DEMING, New YORK

HENRY S. PRITCHETT, NEW YORK GANO DUNN, NEW YORK

IRA REMSEN, BALTIMORE, MD. CHARLES W. ELIOT, CAMBRIDGE, MASS. JAMES FORD RHODES, BOSTON, MASS. AUSTEN G. Fox, New YORK

ELIHU Root, New YORK ROBERT A. FRANKS, ORANGE, N. J.

J. G. SCHURMAN, PEKIN, CHINA John P. FREY, CINCINNATI, Ohio

JAMES BROWN SCOTT, WASHINGTON, D. C. ROBERT GARRETT, BALTIMORE, MD.

CHARLES HITCHCOCK SHERRILL, NEW YORK JOSEPH P. GRACE, New YORK

MRS. SEWARD A. SIMONS, SO. PASADENA, CAL WILLIAM GREEN, INDIANAPOLIS, IND. JAMES L. SLAYDEN, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS WILLIAM J. HOLLAND, PITTSBURGH, PA. WILLIAM M. SLOANE, PRINCETON, N. J. HAMILTON HOLT, NEW YORK

OSCAR S. STRAUS, NEW YORK ALBA B. JOHNSON, PHILADELPHIA, PA. Mrs. Mary Wood SWIFT, BERKELEY, CAL DAVID STARR JORDAN, STANFORD

GEORGE W. TAYLOR, DEMOPOLIS, ALA.
UNIVERSITY, CAL.

O. H. TITTMAN, LEESBURG, VA.
J. H, KIRKLAND, NASHVILLE, TENN. W. H. TOLMAN, BERGEN, NORWAY
Mrs. JAMES LEES LAIDLAW, NEW YORK EDWARD TUCK, PARIS, FRANCE
THOMAS W. LAMONT, NEW YORK

GEORGE E. VINCENT, NEW YORK
ADOLPH LEWISOHN, New YORK

WILLIAM D. WHEELWRIGHT, PORTLAND, ORE. CLARENCE H. MACKAY, New YORK MARY E. WOOLLEY, SOUTH HADLEY, MASS.

Stenford Library

22 INTERNATIONAL CONCILIATION

Published monthly by the
American Association for International Conciliation.
Eatered as second-class matter at Greenwich, Conn.,
Post office, July 3, 1930, under Act of August 24. 1912.

THE WINNING PLAN

SELECTED BY THE JURY OF
THE AMERICAN PEACE AWARD

OFFERED BY EDWARD W. BOK FOR “THE BEST PRACTICAL PLAN BY WHICH THE UNITED STATES MAY COOPERATE WITH OTHER NATIONS TO ACHIEVE AND PRESERVE

THE PEACE OF THE WORLD"

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AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR INTERNATIONAL CONCILIATION EDITORIAL OFFICE: 407 WEST 117TH STREET, NEW YORK CITY

PUBLICATION OFFICE: GREENWICH, CONN.

It is the aim of the Association for International Conciliation to awaken interest and to seek cooperation in the movement to promote international good will. This movement depends for its ultimate success upon increased international understanding, appreciation, and sympathy. To this end, documents are printed and widely circulated, giving information as to the progress of the movement and as to matters connected therewith, in order that individual citizens, the newspaper press, and organizations of various kinds may have accurate information on these subjects readily available.

The Association endeavors to avoid, as far as possible, contentious questions, and in particular questions relating to the domestic policy of any given nation. Attention is to be fixed rather upon those underlying principles of international law, international conduct, and international organization, which must be agreed upon and enforced by all nations if peaceful civilization is to continue and to be advanced. A list of publication will be found on page 20.

Subscription rate: Twenty-five cents for one year, or one dollar for five years.

THE AMERICAN PEACE AWARD

PREFACE

With deep satisfaction I present for the consideration and vote of the American people the plan selected by the Jury as entitled to the American Peace Award under the conditions.

The Award brought forth 22,165 plans. Since many of them were the composite work of organizations, universities, etc., a single plan often represented the views of hundreds or thousands of individuals. There were also received several hundred thousands of letters which, while they did not submit plans, suggested in almost every instance a solution of the peace problem.

The Jury had therefore before it an index of the true feeling and judgment of hundreds of thousands of American citizens. The plans came from every group in American life. Some were obviously from life-long students of history and international law. Some were from persons who have studied little, but who have themselves seen and felt the horror of war-or who are even now living out its tragedy.

However unlike, they almost all express or imply the same conviction: That this is the time for the nations of the earth to admit frankly that war is a crime and thus withdraw the legal and moral sanction too long permitted to it as a method of settling international disputes. Thousands of plans show a deep aspiration to have the United States take the lead in a common agreement to brand war in very truth an "outlaw.”

The plans show a realization that no adequate defense against this situation has thus far been devised; and that no international law has been developed to control it. They point out that security of life and property is dependent upon the abolition of war and the cessation of the manufacture of munitions.

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