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Sec. 27. Section 10 of the Immigration Act of 1917 is amended to read as follows:
"SEC. 10. (a) That it shall be the duty of every person, including owners, masters, officers, and agents of vessels of transportation lines, or international bridges or toll roads, other than railway lines which may enter into a contract as provided in section 23, bringing an alien to, or providing a means for an alien to come to, the United States, to prevent the landing of such alien in the United States at any time or place other than as designated by the immigration officers. Any such person, owner, master, officer, or agent who fails to comply with the foregoing requirements shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine in each case of not less than $200 nor more than $1,000, or by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment; or, if in the opinion of the Secretary of Labor, it is impracticable or inconvenient to prosecute the person, owner, master, officer, or agent of any such vessel, such person, owner, master, officer, or agent shall be liable to a penalty of $1,000, which shall be a lien upon the vessel whose owner, master, officer, or agent violates the provisions of this section, and such vessel shall be libeled therefor in the appropriate United States court.
"(b) Proof that the alien failed to present himself at the time and place designated by the immigration officers shall be prima facie evidence that such alien has landed in the United States at a time or place other than as designated by the immigration officers."
Sec. 28. As used in this Act
(a) The term “United States,” when used in a geographical sense, means the States, the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii, the District of Columbia, Porto Rico, and the Virgin Islands; and the term "continental United States” means the States and the District of Columbia;
(b) The term "alien” includes any individual not a native-born or naturalized citizen of the United States, but this definition shall not be held to include Indians of the United States not taxed, nor citizens of the islands under the jurisdiction of the United States; (c) The term “ineligible to citizenship,” when used in reference individual, includes an individual who is debarred from
becoming a citizen of the United States under section 2169 of the Revised Statutes, or under section 14 of the Act entitled "An Act to execute certain treaty stipulations relating to Chinese," approved May 6, 1882, or under section 1996, 1997, or 1998 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, or under section 2 of the Act entitled “An Act to authorize the President to increase tempo rarily the Military Establishment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917, as amended, or under law amendatory of, supplementary to, or in substitution for, any of such sections;
(d) The term "immigration visa” means an immigration visa issued by a consular officer under the provisions of this Act;
(e) The term “consular officer” means any consular or diplomatic officer of the United States designated, under regulations prescribed under this Act, for the purpose of issuing immigration visas under this Act. In case of the Canal Zone and the insular possessions of the United States the term “consular officer" (except as used in section 24) means an officer designated by the President, or by his authority, for the purpose of issuing immigration visas under this Act;
(f) The term “Immigration Act of 1917” means the Act of February 5, 1917, entitled “An Act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States”;
(g) The term “immigration laws" includes such Act, this Act, and all laws, conventions, and treaties of the United States relating to the immigration, exclusion, or expulsion of aliens;
(h) The term “person” includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, and associations;
(i) The term “Commissioner General" means the Commissioner General of Immigration;
(j) The term “application for admission” has reference to the application for admission to the United States and not to the application for the issuance of the immigration visa;
(k) The term “permit” means a permit issued under section 10;
(1) The term “unmarried,” when used in reference to any individual as of any time, means an individual who at such time is not married, whether or not previously married;
(m) The terms “child," "father," and "mother,” do not include a child or parent by adoption unless the adoption took place before January 1, 1924;
(n) The terms "wife" and "husband” do not include a wife or husband by reason of a proxy or picture marriage.
AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATION Sec. 29. The appropriation of such sums as may be necessary for the enforcement of this Act is hereby authorized.
ACT OF MAY 19, 1921 Sec. 30. The Act entitled “An Act to limit the immigration of aliens into the United States," approved May 19, 1921, as amended and extended, shall, notwithstanding its expiration on June 30, 1924, remain in force thereafter for the imposition, collection, and enforcement of all penalties that may have accrued thereunder and any alien who prior to July 1, 1924, may have entered the United States in violation of such Act or regulations made thereunder may be deported in the same manner as if such Act had not expired.
TIME OF TAKING EFFECT
SEC. 31. (a) Sections 2, 8, 13, 14, 15, and 16, and subdivision (f) of section 11, shall take effect on July 1, 1924, except that immigration visas and permits may be issued prior to that date, which shall not be valid for admission to the United States before July 1, 1924. In the case of quota immigrants of any nationality, the number of immigration visas to be issued prior to July 1, 1924, shall not be in excess of 10 per-centum of the quota for such nationality, and the number of immigration visas so issued shall be deducted from the number which may be issued during the month of July, 1924. In the case of immigration visas issued before July 1, 1924, the four-month period referred to in subdivision (c) of section 2 shall begin to run on July 1, 1924, instead of at the time of the issuance of the immigration visa.
(b) The remainder of this Act shall take effect upon its enactment.
(c) If any alien arrives in the United States before July 1, 1924, his right to admission shall be determined without regard to the provisions of this Act, except section 23.
SAVING CLAUSE IN EVENT OF UNCONSTITUTIONALITY Sec. 32. If any provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provision to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby. Approved, May 26, 1924.
A STUDY OF THE POPULATION OF THE
John B. Trevor, M.A. Since the immigration committees of Congress caused to be printed a study of the population of the United States (see print for use of Immigration Committee, United States Senate, and House Report No. 350), the data therein presented has been reexamined and checked by a new analysis based on a method distinct in some respects from that previously adopted. A comparison of the allotments made under both systems of computing the numerical equivalent of the persons contributed to our population by the various nations of the world show an approximation sufficiently close to justify the conclusions based upon the preliminary study. The relative simplicity of the method which is about to be explained, and the working out of the data to cover all elements of the population, indigenous, native and foreign born, should make the new table determinative where any discrepancies in the results exist.
The population of the United States as enumerated in 1920 was 105,710,620. It is composed of a white population, native born of native parentage amounting to 58,421,957, an element characterized by the Census Bureau as foreign stock, that is, foreign born, native born of foreign parentage and native born of mixed parentage-one parent native and one parent foreign born, amounting to 36,398,958, and a balance of predominately native born of negro descent, some American Indians and a relatively small proportion of Asiatics, amounting in all to 10,889,705.
The Census Bureau in a publication entitled "Increase of Population in the United States, 1910-1920, Census Monograph No. 1," has amplified the results of earlier researches published in "A Century of Population Growth," concerning the composition of our population in 1900. As reference to this latter publication has been made in the preliminary study of this question, it is merely necessary to say now that as a result of a perfected formula (Increase of Population in the United States, 1910-1920, pages 189 to 193), the Census Bureau estimate the numerical equivalent of the descendants from white persons enumerated in the first census taken by the Government in the year 1790 at 47,330,000 to 47,370,000. Owing to the fact that an adaptation has been made of the method by which the latter figure 47,370,000 was arrived at, this figure has been selected as the basis for this study. Furthermore, the method itself used in reaching this basic figure has been applied to ascertain the numerical equivalent of the descendants of the 275,000 immigrants who entered the country between 1790 and 1820, which amounts to 1,716,402. It should be added that this figure of 275,000 (Increase of Population in the United States, 1910-1920, page 195) is an estimate by the Census Bureau based on such data as was available prior to the regular collection of statistics on immigration which commenced in 1820. As the element which entered the country between 1790 and 1820 possessed the same racial characteristics, or national derivation, perhaps we had better say, since we are dealing with national origins, as those who were enumerated by the census of 1790, they should be added to the basic figure of 47,370,000, giving a total of 49,086,402. For the purpose of this study, we may call this element the basic stock of the population which we can apportion on a basis of numerical equivalents contributed from foreign sources in such proportion as has been indicated in the census publication “A Century of Population Growth” (page 121), hereinbefore referred to.
Now, if to this group of basic stock we add the 36,398,958 characterized by the census as foreign stock to which reference has already been made, and also the composite colored element which has been classified by the census, a total is obtained amounting to 96,375,065, to which we can give national attributions, as will be later demonstrated on the basis of estimates already computed by the United States Census authorities prior to the conception of the Act of 1924. This sum of 96,375,065 subtracted from the total population of the United States gives a numerical equivalent amounting to 9,335,555, whose derivation is wholly undetermined. In apportioning