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Marine pollution-Continued

McNeil, Francis J., 602
principles adopted by CSCE (1975), Mediation, Middle East, 759–763
716

Mediterranean security and coopera-
U.N. Conference on Law of the Sea, tion, principles adopted by CSCE
Geneva (1975), 441, 442

(1975), 786
U.S.-Canada transboundary pollution Menendez v. Saks (1973), 372
issue, 707

Mercenaries, 816
U.S.-Japan Agreement on Coopera- Meteorological and hydrological serv-
tion in the Field of Environmen-

ices, 483
tal Protection (1975), 710

Metric Conversion Act (1975), 727
Maris, Albert B., 392

Metropolitan Museum of Art, 727, 730
Maritime Administration, 677

Mexico
Maritime and territorial jurisdiction, boundary treaties with U.S.: Rio
special, 177

Grande (1933), Chamizal (1963),
Maritime law

Rio Grande and Colorado River
collisions, 448-450

(1970), 271
Fitzgerald v. Texaco, Inc. (1975), 449 consular convention (1942), 253
Maritime navigation and transporta- Declaration of Mexico on the Equal-
tion

ity of Women and Their Contri-
Brussels Convention for the Unifica- bution to Development and
tion of Certain Rules relating to

Peace (1975), 206, 209, 210–211
the Immunity of State-Owned expropriation decree (1938), 371
Vessels (1926), 364

and Geneva Conventions (1949), draft
Carriage of Goods by Sea, Draft Con-

protocols, 805
vention on, 678

narcotics control program, 722
collisions, damages rule, 448 449 and Trade Act of 1974, 507
U.S.-Brazil agreement (1968), 312

U.S. citizens imprisoned in, 252-253
U.S.-U.S.S.R. grain agreement, 539– Mexico City, air traffic rights via, 453
540

Meyer, Rauer H., 676
U.S.-U.S.S.R. maritime agreement Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands,
(1975), 678

covenant with, 97–103, 104
U.S.-U.S.S.R. memorandum on cargo Middle East
rates (1975), 540

atomic energy cooperation, safe-
vessels in Cuban trade, 677

guards, 673
Marriage

Committee on the Exercise of the
proposed Hague convention, 893-895 Inalienable Rights of the Pales-
U.S.-Italy agreement on marriage

tinian People, 754
evidence (1964), 312

conferences, participation of PLO,
Martin, Joseph, Jr., 842, 858, 862

260-261
Matter of Israel-British Bank (London), mediation, 759–763
Ltd., 899

negotiations, 750–755, 757
Matter of Sun (1966), 124

Palestine, 81, 82, 261, 750–755, 757-
Mauritania, and arms embargo against

758
South Africa, 833

Sinai disengagement, agreements re-
Maw, Carlyle E., 79, 223, 396, 399, 419

lating to as executive agree-
Mayaguez, SS, Cambodian seizure, 13,

ments, 319–323
397, 423, 766, 777–783, 879–886

early warning system, 316–323,
Maymi, Carmen, 91, 211

827-829
Mays, Marshall T., 496

furnishing of, to congressional com-
McCloskey, Robert J., 223, 226, 305, 324,

mittees, 316-319
340, 439, 492, 527, 694, 704, 749, 887– U.N. Disengagement Observer Force
888, 891

(UNDOF), 79, 819
McCloy, John, 597

U.N. Emergency Force (UNEF), 79,
McDougal, Myres S., 314, 315, 322

817-819
McElroy v. Taylor (1975), 375

U.N. Security Council debate, 73–74,
McGee v. International Life Ins. Co.

84, 819
(1957), 354

Mighell v. Sultan of Johore (1894), 345
McGovern, George, 749

Migrant labor, principles adopted by
McNabb v. United States (1942), 338

CSCE (1975), 688

Migration and refugee assistance, 149 Most-favored-nation treatment
154

and Arab boycott, 704
Migration and Refugee Assistance Act consular immunities, 257-258
(1962), 152–153, 154

U.S.-Romania Agreement on Trade
Miki, Takeo, 12, 788

Relations (1975), 291-292, 545
Military assistance

U.S.-U.S.S.R. trade, restrictions, 536-
Angola, 887

539
Egypt, arrangement with U.S. on Moynihan, Daniel P., 66, 68, 69, 74, 75,

clearance of coastal waters 82, 83, 84, 90, 202, 205, 219, 220, 221,
(1975), 433 434

261, 500, 506, 574, 606, 681, 754, 761,
Greece, study of needs of, 830–831

818, 826
Turkey, restriction, 829

Mozambique
Viet-Nam, Rules of Engagement in, diplomatic relations with U.S., 29, 35
813

recognition of, by U.S., 34
Viet-Nam (South), 775

U.N. membership, 69
Military bases

Mulcahy, Edward W., 34, 590
Diego Garcia, 889

Muller, Hilgard, 22
Greece, 888

Multinational corporations. See Trans-
Philippines, 790

national corporations
Spain, 323-324, 889

Municipal law, relation to international
Turkey, 830

law, 45
Military maneuvers, principles adopted Munoz-Casarez v. Immigration and
by CSCE (1975), 784–785

Naturalization Service (1975), 140
Military sales

Mutual and balanced force reductions
Jordan, 890

(MBFR), and CSCE (1975), 866
reports to Congress, 831-832

Mutual Cooperation and Security, L'.S.-
transfer of U.S. equipment to third

Japan Treaty of (1960), 788

Mutual defense treaties
nations, 891

U.S.-Philippines (1951), 790
Turkey, partial lifting of embargo,
829

U.S.-Republic of Korea (1953), 824,

827
Military sanctions
India and Pakistan, lifting of arms

Myerson, Jacob M., 575, 609
embargo, 832

Namibia
South Africa, 833

and arms embargo against South Af
Miller, Robert H., 528, 637

rica, 833
Milligan, Ex parte (1866), 302

effect of U.N. resolutions concerning,
Mineral Leasing Act (1920), 620

86-90
Mineral resources

expulsion from, by South African
Antarctica, 104-110

Government, 186–190
seabed. See deep seabed under Sea,

and human rights, 185–186, 223
law of

ICJ opinion (1971), 86–90
Miranda v. Arizona (1966), 145

self-determination, 21-22
Mishler, Jacob, 30

U.N. Educational and Training Pro
Mitchell, Clarence M., 200, 201

gram for Southern Africa, 83-84
Mobil Oil Company, 489

U.N. fund for, 84
Monetary system. See International

Undesirables Removal Proclamation
monetary system

(1920), 187, 188, 189, 190
Montreal Agreement (1966), 457, 460

U.S. trade policy, 22
Montreal Convention (1971), 161, 163

Nansen Foundation, 110
Moon, draft treaty on, 480

Narcotic drugs. See also Drug control

offenses
Moore, John Bassett, 313
Moore, John Norton, 431, 432, 746

deportation for, 149

extradition for, 168
Moorer, Thomas, 877
Morgan, Thomas E., 305

plea bargaining, 178–179

National Advisory Council on Interna-
Morocco, 486

tional Monetary and Financial Pol-
Morris, Frederick, 216

icies, 665, 668-669
Morrison, John D., 17

National Aeronautics and Space Ad-
Morton, Rogers C. B., 94, 427, 526, 698

ministration (NASA), 482, 483

National Bank Act (1864), 622

implement the Viet-Nam Peace
National Bank v. Republic of China

Agreements (1973), 776
(1955), 354

Nelson Gallery-Atkins Museum, Kan-
National Commission on the Observ- sas City, 729

ance of International Women's Nessen, Ron, 424, 778
Year (1975), 205

Netherlands
National emergency authorities, 642 Air Transport Agreement (1957), 454
National Foundation on the Arts and and Geneva Conventions (1949), draft
Humanities Act (1965), 732

protocols, 807
National Gallery of Art, 729

nationals of, nonimmigrant visas, 121
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- and OECD financial support fund,
ministration (NOAA), 706

651, 665
National Science Foundation, 726

and Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
National Security Council, SS Maya-

of Nuclear Weapons (1968), 269
guez deliberations, 782

and U.N. Command in Korea, 822
Nationality

New York State antidiscrimination law
acquisition of

(1975), 700
at birth, 112-113, 115–116

New Zealand, 107, 651, 666, 822
and commuter status, 125–126 Nicaragua
dual nationality, U.S.-Bulgaria ex- claims in Caribbean area, 768
change of letters, 256

landing of marines in (1926), 875
loss of, 116–118, 816-817

and OAS sanctions, 692
naturalization, 114

treaty with U.S. for relinquishment
Northern Mariana Islands, Common-

of certain property rights (1970),
wealth of, 97-104, 115–116

271
Nationalization. See Expropriation Nielsen v. Secretary of the Treasury
Nationals, protection of, 249–251

(1970), 640
NATO. See North Atlantic Treaty Or- Niger, social security agreement with
ganization (NATO)

U.S., 246–247
Natural gas

Nigeria, 806
Canadian export to U.S., 671

Nixon, Richard
export controls on substitutes, 526– satellite launch policy, 482
527

Nixon v. Sampson (1975), 235
Natural resources

Noel v. Chapman (1975), 146
foreign investment laws and regula- Noise regulation, aircraft, 466, 469
tions, 619, 620

Nonintervention in internal affairs, 9,
Lima Declaration and Plan of Action

15–21, 25–26, 34
on Industrial Development and Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons,

Cooperation (1975), 554, 559, 571 Treaty on (1968)
sovereignty over, 487

application to nuclear explosive de-
Naturalization, 114

vices, 843
Naval vessels, refugee evacuation in depositary practice, 269
South Viet-Nam, 149–150, 867

and export control, 676

review conference and declaration,
Navassa Island, 93

845
Nazareno v. Attorney General of the

statement by Italy, 269, 843–845
United States (1975), 122

North American Air Defense (NORAD)
Neagle, In re (1889), 875

agreement (1975), 797
Negotiations

North Atlantic Council
Angola, 20, 758

and mutual and balanced force re-
Arab-Israeli dispute, 757

ductions, 866
Cambodia, 749

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Cuba, 749

(NATO)
Cyprus, 755

and military sales to Turkey, 832
in dispute settlement, 747

and nuclear weapons, 799, 800
investment disputes, 486

Status of Forces Agreement (1951),
Middle East, 750–755, 757

357, 359
Palestine issue, 260–261, 750–755 North Dakota, Garrison Diversion
Senate request for negotiations to Unit, 707

pan, 788

North Pacific Fur Seals, Interim Con struction on the Seabed and the

vention on Conservation of (1957), Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil
715

Thereof (1971), statement of Yu-
Northern Mariana Islands, Common goslavia, 860
wealth of

U.S. policy on first use, 798-801
acquisition of nationality, 115-116 and U.S. security commitment to Ja-
approval and effective dates of cove-
nant, 267-268

U.S.-U.K. agreement for cooperation
consistency with Trusteeship Age on uses of atomic energy for mu-
ment (1947), 103-104

tual defense purposes (1958),
Constitution, effectiveness of, 268

amended (1974), 674
covenant to establish, 97-104, 267–269 N.V. Assurantie Maatschappij de Ned-
judicial settlement, 765

erlanden van 1845 v. P. T. Escomp-
Norway

tobank (1962), 373
Antarctic claim, 107
conservation of polar bears, 713 Oberster Gerichtshof (1965), 374
and Geneva Conventions (1949), draft Occidental of Umm Al Qaywayn, Inc. v.
protocols, 807

Cities Service Oil Co. (1975), 368
and OECD financial support fund, Occidental Petroleum Corp. v. Buttes
651, 665

Gas and Oil Co. (1971, 1972), 369
Norwegian Institute of Air Research, Ocean Mining Administration, 426, 427
718

Ocean transportation. See Maritime
NRDC v. Train (1974), 123

navigation and transportation
Nuclear cooperation, U.S.-Egypt Joint Oceans. See Sea, law of

Statement on Proposed Coopera- Office of Legislative Counsel, U.S. Sen-
tion, 673

ate, 319-323
Nuclear explosive devices

Offshore Shrimp Fisheries Act Amend-
and Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968), ments (1975), 414
843-845

Ohio, adoption of U.N. Standard Mini-
U.S-Israel understanding, 672

mum Rules for the Treatment of
Nuclear facilities, multinational re Prisoners, 218

gional nuclear fuel cycle centers, Oil. See petroleum and petroleum prod-
856

ucts under Fuels and energy
Nuclear incidents, indemnity, 674

Oil companies
Nuclear materials, safeguards, 845–855 Libyan expropriation, 489
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. See Peruvian expropriation, 491

Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weap Oil pollution. See Marine pollution
ons, Treaty on (1968)

Oil producing countries, U.S. statement
Nuclear-related commodities, export

on development bank lending to,
control, 675-677

499
Nuclear ships. See Brussels Convention Oman, 705

on the Liability of Operators of Nu- Opium, 722
clear Ships (1962)

Organization of African Unity (OAU),
Nuclear technology, international

19, 20, 22, 834
guardianship, 856

Organization of American States (OAS)
Nuclear warships, proposed reserva-

Charter
tion regarding, 263-267

Art. 17, 334, 338

Chapters IV and VII, 508
Non-Proliferation Treaty. See Non-

Cuban sanctions, 23–25
Proliferation of Nuclear Weap-

removal of, 20, 25, 119, 691-693
ons, Treaty on (1968)

diplomatic privileges and immunities
nuclear-free zones, 848, 855

agreement (1975), 63
and peaceful nuclear explosions, 842,

Inter-American draft convention on
847, 852

extradition, 160–168
safeguards, 845–855

and Panama Canal treaty negotia-
testing, 430, 842

tions, 434, 435
Treaty on the Prohibition of the Em-

and Protocol of Amendment (1975) to
placement of Nuclear Weapons

the Rio Treaty (1947), 791
and Other Weapons of Mass De-

and Trade Act of 1974, 507

Nuclear weapons

on, 601

Outer space

Organization of American States-

tinian People, 754
Continued

negotiations on, 260-261, 750–755,
transnational enterprises, resolution

757-758

refugees, 81-82
Organization of Petroleum Exporting U.S. position on, 750–755
Countries (OPEC)

Palestine Liberation Organization
denial of preferential tariff treat- Middle East conferences, participa-
ment, 507, 511, 515

tion in, 260–261, 758
and Trade Act of 1974, 507, 511, 690 objectives of, 751–754
Organization for Economic Cooperation U.N. Security Council debate, partici-
and Development (OECD), 573, 633,

pation in, 73–75
650, 684

Pan American World Airways, Inc.
Financial Support Fund Agreement as agent for Aeroflot, 459
(1975), 650

Butler's Shoe Corp. v. Pan American
proposed legislation, 667

World Air, Inc. (1975), 458
Oster v. Dominion of Canada (1956), CAB disapproval of agreement with
363

Aeroflot, 465
Outer continental shelf. See Continen- Iranian investment, 615
tal shelf under Sea, law of

New York-Amsterdam route, 455
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Panama
(1953), 391, 392, 394, 620

air transport agreement with U.S.

(1949), amendment (1975), 453
direct broadcasting by satellite, 471, Darien Gap Highway, 706
472

enforcement of conservation meas-
international rules for, 471

ures of Inter-American Tropical
Moon treaty, draft, 471, 480

Tuna Commission, 518
outer space treaty (1967), 471, 473, U.S.-Panama Treaty of Friendship
474, 475, 477, 479

and Cooperation (1936), 271
principles adopted by CSCE (1975), Panama Canal
724

disposition of U.S. property interests
Registration Convention (1975), 481

by treaty, 269–270
remote sensing, 471, 473_479

treaty negotiations
space applications, 479

objectives of, 434-435
U.N. Committee on the Peaceful Uses proposed denial of funds, 436-438
of Outer Space, 473

Resolution of Organization of
U.S. launch services, 482-483

American States (1975), 435
Overseas Citizens Voting Rights Act sense of Congress provision, 436–
(1975), 122

437
Overseas Private Investment Corpora- U.S.-Panama Statement of Princi-
tion (OPIC)

ples (1974), 436
claims settlement, 496 498

U.S.-Panama Statement to Organi-
and foreign investment in U.S., 622

zation of American States
investment guaranties agreements

(1975), 434436
(1975), 494

U.S.-Panama treaty (1903), 436, 439
investment insurance Panama Canal Zone. See Canal Zone
group, 495

Papua New Guinea

recognition and diplomatic relations,
Pacific Charter (1954), 789

36
Pacific Doctrine (1975), 789

U.N. membership, 69
Pacific Seafarers, Inc. v. Pacific

Paraguay, and OAS sanctions, 692
Far East Line, Inc. (1968, 1969), 358 Paris agreements (1973). See Agree-
Pakistan

ment on Ending the War and Re-
arms embargo, lifting of, 832

storing Peace in Viet-Nam (1973);
designated beneficiary developing Act of the International Confer-
country, 486

ence on Viet-Nam (1973)
and Geneva Conventions (1949), draft Paris Club agreement (1975), 644
protocols, 806

Paris Convention for the Protection of
Palestine

Industrial Property (1883), 645
Committee on the Exercise of the Paris Convention Relating to Interna-

Inalienable Rights of the Pales- tional Exhibitions (1928), 730

overseas

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