Imagini ale paginilor
















(C) allow local and international election

monitors full access and accreditation;

(5) calls on the Government of Egypt to sepa

rate the apparatus of the National Democratic Party

from the operations of government, to divest all gov

ernment holdings in Egyptian media, and to end the government monopoly over printing and distribution of newspapers; and

(6) calls on the Government of Egypt to repeal the 1981 emergency law and in the development of any future anti-terrorism legislation to allow peaceful, constitutional political activities, including public meetings and demonstrations, and allow full parliamentary scrutiny of any such legislation.

•HCON 284 IH



TO H. CON. RES 284


Strike the preamble and insert the following:

Whereas promoting freedom and democracy is a foreign policy and national security priority of the United States; Whereas free, fair, and transparent elections constitute a foundation of any meaningful democracy;

Whereas Egypt is the largest Arab nation representing over half the Arab world's population;

Whereas Congress has long supported Egypt as a partner for peace and stands ready to support Egypt's emergence as a democracy and free market economy;

Whereas a successful democracy in Egypt would dispel the notion that democracy cannot succeed in the Muslim world;

Whereas in his 2005 State of the Union Address, President George W. Bush stated that "the great and proud nation of Egypt, which showed the way toward peace in the Middle East, can now show the way toward democracy in the Middle East";

Whereas in her June 20, 2005, remarks at the American University in Cairo, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice stated: "[T]he Egyptian Government must fulfill the promise it has made to its people—and to the entire world-by giving its citizens the freedom to choose. Egypt's elections, including the Parliamentary elections, must meet objective standards that define every free election.";



Whereas on February 26, 2005, Egyptian President Mubarak proposed to amend the Egyptian Constitution to allow for Egypt's first ever multi-candidate presidential election; Whereas in May 2005, President Bush stated that Egypt's presidential election should proceed with international monitors and with rules that allow for a real campaign; Whereas Egypt prohibited international monitoring in the presidential election, calling such action an infringement on its national sovereignty;

Whereas domestic monitoring of the election became a major point of contention between the government, the judiciary, and civil society organizations;

Whereas in May 2005, the Judges Club, an unofficial union for judges, took the provisional decision to boycott the elections if their demand for a truly independent judiciary was not met;

Whereas the Judges Club initially insisted that the 9,000 to 10,000 judges were in no position to monitor the election if plans proceeded for polling at 54,000 stations on one day.

Whereas the government responded to their demands by grouping polling stations to decrease their number to about 10,000, more or less matching the number of available judges;

Whereas on September 2, 2005, a majority of the general assembly of the Judges Club decided that the judges would supervise the election and report any irregularities;

Whereas several coalitions of Egyptian civil society organizations demanded access to polling stations on election day and successfully secured court rulings granting them such access;



Whereas the Presidential Election Council, citing its constitutional authority to oversee the elections process, reportedly ignored the court order for several days, before they granted some nongovernmental organizations access to polling stations a few hours before the polls opened; Whereas the presidential campaign ran from August 17 to September 4, 2005;

Whereas the presidential election held on September 7, 2005, was largely peaceful, but reportedly marred by low turnout, general confusion over election procedures, alleged manipulation by government authorities, and other inconsistencies;

Whereas the denial of full access by the Government of Egypt to domestic and international monitors could undermine the legitimacy of Egypt's presidential and parliamentary elections;

Whereas parliamentary elections will be held in Egypt in three stages: on November 9, 2005, in eight provinces, including Cairo and its twin city of Giza, on November 20 in nine provinces, and on December 1 in nine other provinces;

Whereas it is in the national interests of the United States and Egypt that a truly representative, pluralist, and legitimate Egyptian parliament be elected; and

Whereas the Government of Egypt now has the opportunity to take necessary measures to ensure that the coming legislative elections are free, fair, and transparent: Now, therefore, be it

Strike all after the resolving clause and insert the following:



1 That Congress—

[blocks in formation]

(1) recognizes the importance of the presidential election held on September 7, 2005, as a

first step toward greater openness and political re

forms in Egypt;

(2) expresses concern over the lack of international election monitoring and alleged irregularities during the Egyptian presidential election;

(3) recognizes that the development of a democratically-elected representative and empowered Egyptian national parliament is a fundamental re

form needed to permit real progress towards the rule

of law and democracy;

(4) calls on the Government of Egypt, during

the 2005 parliamentary elections, to—

(A) ensure supervision by the judiciary of the election process across the country and at

all levels;

(B) ensure the presence of accredited representatives of all competing parties and independent candidates at polling stations and dur

ing the vote-counting; and

(C) allow local and international election

monitors full access and accreditation;

« ÎnapoiContinuă »