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(C) allow local and international election

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monitors full access and accreditation;

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(5) calls on the Government of Egypt to sepa

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rate the apparatus of the National Democratic Party from the operations of government, to divest all gov

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ernment holdings in Egyptian media, and to end the

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government monopoly over printing and distribution

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of newspapers; and

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(6) calls on the Government of Egypt to repeal

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H.L.C.

AMENDMENT IN THE NATURE OF A SUBSTITUTE

TO H. CON. RES 284

OFFERED BY Ms. Ros-LEHTINEN

Strike the preamble and insert the following:

Whereas promoting freedom and democracy is a foreign pol

icy and national security priority of the United States; Whereas free, fair, and transparent elections constitute a

foundation of any meaningful democracy; Whereas Egypt is the largest Arab nation representing over

half the Arab world's population;

Whereas Congress has long supported Egypt as a partner for

peace and stands ready to support Egypt's emergence as a democracy and free market economy;

Whereas a successful democracy in Egypt would dispel the

notion that democracy cannot succeed in the Muslim

world; Whereas in his 2005 State of the Union Address, President

George W. Bush stated that “the great and proud nation of Egypt, which showed the way toward peace in the Middle East, can now show the way toward democracy in the Middle East";

Whereas in her June 20, 2005, remarks at the American

University in Cairo, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice stated: “[T]he Egyptian Government must fulfill the promise it has made to its people—and to the entire world—by giving its citizens the freedom to choose. Egypt's elections, including the Parliamentary elections, must meet objective standards that define every free election.";

H.L.C.

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Whereas on February 26, 2005, Egyptian President Mubarak

proposed to amend the Egyptian Constitution to allow for

Egypt's first ever multi-candidate presidential election; Whereas in May 2005, President Bush stated that Egypt's

presidential election should proceed with international monitors and with rules that allow for a real campaign;

Whereas Egypt prohibited international monitoring in the

presidential election, calling such action an infringement on its national sovereignty;

Whereas domestic monitoring of the election became a major

point of contention between the government, the judici

ary, and civil society organizations; Whereas in May 2005, the Judges Club, an unofficial union

for judges, took the provisional decision to boycott the elections if their demand for a truly independent judiciary was not met;

Whereas the Judges Club initially insisted that the 9,000 to

10,000 judges were in no position to monitor the election if plans proceeded for polling at 54,000 stations on one day.

Whereas the government responded to their demands by

grouping polling stations to decrease their number to about 10,000, more or less matching the number of available judges;

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Whereas on September 2, 2005, a majority of the general as

sembly of the Judges Club decided that the judges would

supervise the election and report any irregularities; Whereas several coalitions of Egyptian civil society organiza

tions demanded access to polling stations on election day and successfully secured court rulings granting them such access;

H.L.C.

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Whereas the Presidential Election Council, citing its constitu

tional authority to oversee the elections process, reportedly ignored the court order for several days, before they granted some nongovernmental organizations access to polling stations a few hours before the polls opened;

Whereas the presidential campaign ran from August 17 to

September 4, 2005;

Whereas the presidential election held on September 7, 2005,

was largely peaceful, but reportedly marred by low turnout, general confusion over election procedures, alleged manipulation by government authorities, and other inconsistencies;

Whereas the denial of full access by the Government of Egypt

to domestic and international monitors could undermine the legitimacy of Egypt's presidential and parliamentary elections;

Whereas parliamentary elections will be held in Egypt in

three stages: on November 9, 2005, in eight provinces, including Cairo and its twin city of Giza, on November 20 in nine provinces, and on December 1 in nine other provinces;

Whereas it is in the national interests of the United States

and Egypt that a truly representative, pluralist, and le

gitimate Egyptian parliament be elected; and Whereas the Government of Egypt now has the opportunity

to take necessary measures to ensure that the coming legislative elections are free, fair, and transparent: Now, therefore, be it

Strike all after the resolving clause and insert the

following:

H.L.C.

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1 That Congress

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(1) recognizes the importance of the presi

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dential election held on September 7, 2005, as a

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first step toward greater openness and political re

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forms in Egypt;

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(2) expresses concern over the lack of inter

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national election monitoring and alleged irregular

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ities during the Egyptian presidential election;

(3) recognizes that the development of a demo

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cratically-elected representative and empowered Egyptian national parliament is a fundamental re

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form needed to permit real progress towards the rule

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(4) calls on the Government of Egypt, during

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