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Baldwin, Roger, founder and first director, American Civil Liberties
Bitker, Bruno V., attorney, Milwaukee, Wis
Buergenthal, Thomas, professor, University of Texas Law School,
Butler, William J., president, American Association for the Inter-
Goldberg, Hon. Arthur, former Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, and for-
Hargrove, John Lawrence, director of studies, American Society of
Henkin, Louis B., professor, Columbia University of Law, New York,
Houck, Dr. John R., general secretary, Lutheran Council in the U.S.A.,
Inman, Harry A., member, advisory board, International Human
Kahn, Tom, assistant to the president, American Federation of Labor
McHenry, Hon. Donald, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations..
Newman, Hon. Frank C., Associate Justice, Supreme Court of Cali-
Oliver, Covey T., professor of public affairs, Rice University, Houston,
Owen, Roberts B., Legal Advisor, Department of State, accompa-
Schachter, Oscar, professor, Columbia University School of Law, New
Schlafly, Phyllis, Alton, Ill.
Shestack, Jerome J., president, International League for Human
Simmons, Althea T. L., director, Washington Bureau, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Washington, D.C.
Sklar, Morton H., chairman, Washington, D.C. Office of the Helsinki
Sohn, Louis B., Bemis professor of international law, Harvard University Law School, Cambridge, Mass.--
Weissbrodt, David, professor, University of Minnesota School of Law,
Wipfler, Rev. William L., director, Human Rights Office, National
Yost, Hon. Charles, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations,
Reservations to the Civil and Political Rights Covenant submitted by
Critique on the reservations proposed by the Department of State
Response by the Department of State to the Critique of Reservations
Ms. Patricia Derian's responses to additional questions submitted by
Prepared statement of Hon. Claiborne Pell, cochairman of the Com-
Biographical sketch of Tom Kahn_
Response to Senator Pell's query re Which State Department Reserva-
Insertions for the record-Continued
Letter from Bruno V. Bitker to Senator Pell, dated November 28, 1979, concerning Genocide Convention___
Prepared statement of Hon. George Miller.
Article submitted by Prof. Louis Henkin: The Constitution, Treaties,
Prepared statement of Prof. Louis B. Henkin_
Article submitted by Prof. David Weissbrodt: U.S. Ratification of the Human Rights Covenants; from the Minnesota Law Review, November 1978..
Letter from Tadeusz Sadowski to Senator Pell, dated December 3,
Prepared statement of the Washington Helsinki Watch Committee..
Statement from International Human Rights Law Group, in reference to what they have done in the past year..
Witnesses response to additional questions requested by Senator
Article supplied by Department of State: Covenant Open for Signature by Any Member of U.N. or Party to ICJ_
Letter to Senator Church from President Jimmy Carter, dated November 30, 1979...--
Prepared statement of Edward F. Snyder on behalf of the Friends
Prepared statement of Sarah Goddard Power, chairman, U.S. National Commission for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization__.
Letter to Senator Church from the International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of AmericaUAW, dated November 29, 1979.
Prepared statement of Western New York Lawyers Committee for
Prepared statement of Denise Tourover Ezekiel, representing Ha-
Letter to Senator Church from American Newspaper Publishers
Prepared statement of Dana D. Fischer, assistant-professor, George
Prepared statement of James E. Wood, Jr., executive director, the
Prepared statement of Unitarian Universalist Association, Washing-
Prepared statement of Dr. Kenneth L. Teegarden, general minister
Resolution adopted by the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A..
Human Rights Committee Publishes Views on First Case Dealt With
International Covenants on Human Rights-From the United Nations
Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination-From the United Nations General Assembly, 34th session, item 86(b) of the provisional agenda__
Rights or Wrongs-Editorial commentary from Barron's, October 17, 1977_.
Defrosting Human Rights in the Senate-An article from the New
INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1979
UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:33 a.m., in room 4221, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Claiborne Pell, presiding. Present: Senators Pell, Javits, and Helms.
Senator PELL. The Committee on Foreign Relations will come to order.
As the witnesses know, the hearing is scheduled for 9:30, I think perhaps inappropriately. But, as long as it is scheduled for that time and everyone was duly notified, we will begin.
Is the Honorable Arthur Goldberg here?
Senator PELL. Is the Honorable Warren Christopher here? [No response.]
Senator PELL. Are Ms. Patricia Derian or the Honorable Robert Owen of the State Department here?
Senator PELL. Is the Honorable Charles Yost here?
Ambassador YosT. Yes, Mr. Chairman.
Senator PELL. Wonderful. My dear, old friend is here and I am delighted. We will begin with Ambassador Yost in this case. Would you please come forward, Mr. Yost, while I deliver my opening statement.
The first step toward safeguarding the human rights of all peoples was taken nearly 31 years ago on December 10, 1948. For, on that day, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
Eleanor Roosevelt delivered a passionate speech before the General Assembly in support of the Declaration. She said:
We stand today at the threshold of a great event both in the life of the United Nations and in the life of mankind, that is, the approval by the General Assembly of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights recommended by the entire committee. This Declaration may well become the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere. We hope its proclamation by the General Assembly will be an event comparable to the proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man, by the French people in 1789, the adoption of the Bill of Rights by the people of the United States, and the adoption of comparable declarations at different times in different countries.
The International Human Rights Covenants before us today represent the culmination of the commitments we assumed under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.