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Anderegg, J. Philip, former lecturer and adjunct professor of law,
Baldwin, Roger, founder and first director, American Civil Liberties
Union, New York, N.Y.
national Commission of Jurists, New York, N.Y.
Christopher, Hon. Warren, Deputy Secretary of State, Department of
Humanitarian Affairs, Department of State---
Garibaldi, Oscar, professor, University of Virginia Law School,
Goldberg, Hon. Arthur, former Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, and for-
mer Ambassador to the United Nations, Washington, D.C-
ment of Justice...
International Law, Washington, D.C., and lecturer, Johns Hopkins
School of Advanced International Studies..
N. Y. and codirector, Center for the Study of Human Rights---
national, U.S.A., New York, N.Y.
Washington, D.C., accompanied by Ralston H. Deffenbaugh, Jr.,
Rights Law Group, Washington, D.C.
and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, D.C.--.
ment and World Peace, U.S. Catholic Conference, Washington,
Page McHenry, Hon. Donald, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations .... 395 Miller, Hon. George, a Representative in Congress from California.- 131 Moore, John Norton, University of Virginia School of Law, Charlottes
ville, Va., and vice chairman, section of international law, American
66 Newman, Hon. Frank C., Associate Justice, Supreme Court of California, Sacramento, Calif.
231 Oliver, Covey T., professor of public affairs, Rice University, Houston, Tex...
118 Owen, Roberts B., Legal Advisor, Department of State, accompanied by Arthur Rovine, Assistant Legal Advisor--
24 Redlich, Norman, dean, New York University Law School, and
trustee, Freedom House, New York, N. Y., accompanied by Leonard
248 Schachter, Oscar, professor, Columbia University School of Law, New York, N.Y..
85 Schlafly, Phyllis, Alton, Ill..
104 Shestack, Jerome J., president, International League for Human Rights, New York, N.Y.--
338 Simmons, Althea T. L., director, Washington reau, National Asso
ciation for the Advancement of Colored People, Washington,
74 Sklar, Morton H., chairman, Washington, D.C. Office of the Helsinki Watch Committee for the United States..
260 Sohn, Louis B., Bemis professor of international law, Harvard University Law School, Cambridge, Mass.--
90 Weissbrodt, David, professor, University of Minnesota School of Law, Minneapolis, Minn.
175 Wipfler, Rev. William L., director, Human Rights Office, National Council of Churches, Washington, D.C.-
352 Yost, Hon. Charles, former U.Š. Ambassador to the United Nations, Washington, D.C..
3 Insertions for the record: Prepared statements of Hon. Jesse Helms..
7, 227 Prepared statement of Hon. Arthur J. Goldberg
12 Prepared statement of Hon. Warren Christopher
20 Status of the Genocide Treaty in the Senate..
23 Prepared statement of Roberts B. Owen...
27 Prepared statement of Jack M. Goldklang
38 Reservations to the Civil and Political Rights Covenant submitted by
submitted by the Lawyers Committee for International Human
48 Response by the Department of State to the Critique of Reservations
to the International Human Rights Covenants by the Lawyers Com-
54 Ms. Patricia Derian's responses to additional questions submitted by Senator Helms..
57 Prepared statement of Hon. Claiborne Pell, cochairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
60 Biographical sketch of John Norton Moore...
65 Prepared statement of John Norton Moore..
69 Biographical sketch of Tom Kahn..
76 :. Response to Senator Pell's query re Which State Department Reservation the NAACP Objected To; submitted by Althea Simmons
81 Mr. Moore's response in connection with the Power Authority of New York v, the Federal Power Commission.-.
83 Biographical sketch of Prof. Oscar Schachter.
84 Prepared statement of Prof. Oscar Schachter.
87 Biographical sketch of Prof. Louis Bruno Sohn.
89 Prepared statement of Prof. Louis B. Sohn..
92 Prepared statement of Prof. Thomas J. Farer.
97 Prepared statement of Phyllis Schlafly.
106 Prepared statement of Bruno V. Bitker.
116 Prepared statement of Prof. Covey T. Oliver...
129 132 138
141 163 164 168 175
230 231 239 247 251 255 257 258 263 266
Insertions for the record— Continued
concerning Genocide Convention --
and International Human Rights; from the University of Pennsyl
vania Law Review, April 1968.--
the Human Rights Covenants; from the Minnesota Law Review,
1979, in reference to the status of treaties in Soviet law...
article 7(c) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and
to what they have done in the past year -
ture by Any Member of U.N. or Party to ICJ..
Prepared statement of Dr. David Hinkley ----
Letter to Senator Church from President Jimmy Carter, dated No
vember 30, 1979.--
Committee on National Legislation, Washington, D.C----
December 13, 1979.----
Commission for the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cul
mobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America
UAW, 'dated November 29, 1979--
International Human Rights-
dassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America, New York,
of University Women; Dr. Wes Schwemmer Cady, Association In-
275 319 323 330 336 340 355 371
399 402 409 420
Letter to Senator Church from American Newspaper Publishers
Association, dated December 28, 1979.--
Washington University --
Baptist Joint Committee on Public Affairs, Washington, D.C---
Methodist Church, Washington, D.C-----
and president, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in the United
States and Canada.
Affairs, Church Women United, New York, N.Y.-
Declaration of Human Rights.----
Under Optional Protocol to Civil and Political Rights Covenant-
Nations, New York, N.Y
General Assembly, 34th session, item 84(b) of the provisional
agenda--Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination From the United
Nations General Assembly, 34th session, item 86(b) of the pro
visional agenda--Rights or Wrongs—Editorial commentary from Barron's, October 17,
York Times, November 24, 1979---
Service, as requested by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee--
mission on Security and Cooperation in Europe's November 1979
report on U.S. compliance with the Helsinki Final Act---
Covenants on Human Rights, by James W. Skelton, Jr., reprinted
INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1979
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:33 a.m., in room 4221; Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Claiborne Pell, presiding.
Present: Senators Pell, Javits, and Helms.
Senator PELL. The Committee on Foreign Relations will come to order.
As the witnesses know, the hearing is scheduled for 9:30, I think perhaps inappropriately. But, as long as it is scheduled for that time and everyone was duly notified, we will begin.
Is the Honorable Arthur Goldberg here?
Senator PELL. Are Ms. Patricia Derian or the Honorable Robert Owen of the State Department here?
Senator PELL. Wonderful. My dear, old friend is here and I am delighted. We will begin with Ambassador Yost in this case. Would you please come forward, Mr. Yost, while I deliver my opening statement.
The first step toward safeguarding the human rights of all peoples
ken nearly 31 years ago on December 10, 1948. For, on tha day, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
Eleanor Roosevelt delivered a passionate speech before the General Assembly in support of the Declaration. She said:
We stand today at the threshold of a great event both in the life of the United Nations and in the life of mankind, that is, the approval by the General Assembly of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights recommended by the entire committee. This Declaration may well become the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere. We hope its proclamation by the General Assembly will be an event comparable to the proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man, by the French people in 1789, the adoption of the Bill of Rights by the people of the United States, and the adoption of comparable declarations at different times in different countries.
The International Human Rights Covenants before us today represent the culmination of the commitments we assumed under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.