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two Governments, but at the same time will leave unimpaired the provisions of the national prohibition act which pertain to liquor traffic in the Canal Zone. If this bill is enacted into law, it is believed that the enforcement of the regulations authorized to be prescribed by the President will effectually control the transportation of such liquors under seal, and will keep the transportation within legitimate bounds.

The committee, after considering H. R. 7517, as introduced on January 12, 1932, has amended lines 5 to 10 thereof to read as follows:

And provided further, That this section shall not apply to the transportation of liquor, under seal, in transit to and from points outside of the Canal Zone over the highways or waterways of the Canal Zone under regulations to be prescribed by the President, when such liquor is not destined for use or for consumption or final delivery in the Canal Zone.

Section 20 of the national prohibition act, with the amendments thereto indicated, is inserted herewith and is as follows:

[New matter in italic) Sec. 20. That it shall be unlawful to import or introduce into the Canal Zone, or to manufacture, sell, give away, dispose of, transport, or have in one's possession or under one's control within the Canal Zone, any alcoholic, fermented, brewed, distilled, vinous, malt, or spirituous liquors, except for sacramental, scientific, pharmaceutical, industrial, or medicinal purposes, under regulations to be made by the President, and any such liquors within the Canal Zone in violation hereof shall be forfeited to the United States and seized: Provided, That this section shall not apply to liquor in transit through the Panama Canal or on the Panama Railroad: And provided further, That this section shall not apply to the transportation of liquor, under seal, in transit to and from points outside of the Canal Zone over the highways or water ways of the Canal Zone under regulations to be prescribed by the President, when such liquor is not destined for use or for consumption or final delivery in the Canal Zone.

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

72D CONGRESS 1st Session

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REPORT No. 530

PRIVILEGES, RULES, AND REGULATIONS FOR CANAL

ZONE

FEBRUARY 17, 1932.-Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be printed

Mr. Lea, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,

submitted the following

REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 7518]

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The Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 7518) to amend an act entitled “An act extending certain privileges of canal employees to other officials on the Canal Zone and authorizing the President to make rules and regulations affecting health, sanitation, quarantine, taxation, public roads, self-propelled vehicles, and police powers on the Canal Zone, and for other purposes, including provision as to certain fees, money orders, and interest deposits,” approved August 21, 1916, having considered and amended the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it pass.

The bill has the approval of the President and the Secretary of War, as will appear by the following letter:

WAR DEPARTMENT,

Washington, January 28, 1932. Hon. Sam RAYBURN, Chairman Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. RAYBURN: The receipt is acknowledged of a letter from the Hon. Clarence F. Lea, dated January 15, 1932, inclosing, and requesting on behalf of your committee a report upon, certain bills for the revision of the laws of the Canal Zone introduced by him, including bill H. R. 7518, entitled “A bill to amend an act entitled 'An act extending certain privileges of canal employees to other officials on the Canal Zone and authorizing the President to make rules and regulations affecting health, sanitation, quarantine, taxation, public roads, selfpropelled vehicles, and police powers on the Canal Zone, and for other purposes, including provision as to certain fees, money orders, and interest deposits, approved August 21, 1916.”

This is one of the proposals made for the revision of the laws of the Canal Zone recommended by me in letter to the President dated June 5, 1930, and in conformity with the provisions of the act of May 17, 1928 (45 Stat. 596), entitled "An act to revise and codify the laws of the Canal Zone,” forwarded by him to the Congress with his message of June 9, 1930. The message and report submitted

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therewith were printed as House Document No. 460, Seventy-first Congress, second session. Reference to this proposal is made on page 314 of that document.

The enactment of section 1 of the bill was recommended by me to the President in letter dated December 1, 1930, which was forwarded by him to the Congress with his message of December 4, 1930, and printed in House Document No. 675, Seventy-first Congress, third session.

The effect of the proposed amendments is briefly as follows:

Section 1 proposes two changes in existing law. First, it provides for the punishment of violations of health regulations, and second, it specifically authorizes the President to give authority to the governor to issue licenses to practice the healing art in the Canal Zone under regulations to be prescribed by the governor.

Section 2 substantially amends section 4 of the act of August 21, 1916, conferring upon the President authority to make regulations for exercising the police power in the Canal Zone, no necessity therefor appearing to exist, and the subject of disturbance of the peace being covered by section 290 of the Canal Zone Penal Code, which contains chapters covering quite fully crimes against the public peace and against public decency and good morals.

Section 3 amends section 5 of the act of August 21, 1916, by eliminating therefrom the portion which punishes violations of regulations made under section 4, the authority to make such regulations being eliminated by the amendment proposed to said section 4.

Sections 1, 4, and 5 of the act of August 21, 1916, as now in effect and as it is proposed to amend same, will be found in House Report No. 2829 to accompany H. R. 16556.

The early consideration and passage of the legislation proposed for the Canal Zone are recommended. Sincerely yours,

PATRICK J. HURLEY,

Secretary of War. The committee recommends an amendment to the bill by striking out all of section 4, lines 22 to 25, on page 2, and all of section 5, lines 3 to 15, on page 3, because the proposed law would not define a misdemeanor with sufficient fullness or accuracy to sustain a complaint thereunder. The law now in effect gives authority to the President to make rules and regulations for the exercise of the police power, and provides that violations of such rules and regulations be punished as misdemeanors. This is sufficient and should stand.

A general statement relating to the revision and codification of the laws of the Canal Zone is made in the report on H. R. 7519, where the text of the law authorizing such work is quoted. This bili (H. R. 7518) is a part of that general revision. This bill is designed to amend the first section of the act of August 21, 1916.

This bill (II. R. 7518) is designed to amend certain sections of the act of August 21, 1916.

Section 1 of the bill amends section 1 of the act of August 21, 1916. Reference to section 1 of that act will show that the President was authorized to make rules and regulations in matters of sanitation and health and quarantine for the Canal Zone, but it only provided for punishment for violations of regulations governing quarantine and sanitation. Authority to punish for violation of health regulations issued by the President seems to have been omitted, and it is to correct that omission and grant authority to punish for violations of health regulations, as well as of quarantine and sanitation regulations, that the amendment to section 1 of the act is proposed.

The amendment proposed to section 1 makes two changes in existing law; first, it provides for the punishment of violation of health regulations; and, second, it specifically authorizes the President to give authority to the governor to issue licenses to practice the healing art in the Canal Zone under regulations to be prescribed by the governor.

Section 1 of the act of August 21, 1916, is inserted herewith with the omissions and additions thereto indicated.

(Matter stricken out inclosed in black brackets and new matter in italic) That, until otherwise provided by Congress, the President is authorized to make rules and regulations in matters of sanitation, health, and quarantine for the Canal Zone or to modify or change existing rules and regulations and those hereafter made from time to time [-]: Provided, That the President may authorize the Governor of the Panama Canal to issue licenses to practice the healing art under regulations to be prescribed by the governor, which regulations shall include conditions under which such licenses shall be issued and include provisions for revocation for cause of licenses issued. Violations of any quarantine regulations provided for herein shall be punished by fine not to exceed $500 or by imprisonment in jail not to exceed ninety days, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the (court's] discretion of the court; and a violation of any sanitary or health (regulations] regulation authorized hereunder shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $25 or by imprisonment in jail not to exceed thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment in the [court's] discretion of the court. Each day such violation may continue shall constitute a separate offense.

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