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Sec. 3. When used in this act the term “immigrant” means any alien departing from any place outside the United States destined for the United States, except

(6) an alien entitled to enter the United States solely to carry on trade between the United States and the foreign state from which he comes under and in pursuance of the provisions of a (present existing] treaty of commerce and navigation, and his wife, and his unmarried children under twenty-one years of age, is accompanying or following to join him, provided that no greater rights of entry are hereby conferred upon aliens entering the United States under a treaty of commerce and navigation to be concluded in the future than are conferred under treaties which have been concluded since July 1, 1924.

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FEBRUARY 12, 1932.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the

state of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Welch of California, from the Committee on Pensions, sub

mitted the following


(To accompany H. R. 4724)

'The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 4724) conferring the benefits of hospitalization and the privileges of the soldiers' homes to those persons who served in the Quartermaster Corps or under the jurisdiction of the Quartermaster General during the war with Spain, the Philippine insurrection, or the China relief expedition on vessels owned by the United States but engaged in the transportation of troops, supplies, ammunitions, or materials of war, and who were discharged for disability incurred in this service, and for other purposes, respectfully submit the following report with the recommendation that the bill H. R. 4724 do pass.

These men, though technically civilian employees of the Government, were under stringent military discipline and served in uniform. They made up the gun crews of the transports upon which they served. When troops were landed from their ships these seamen manned the ships' boats carrying the landing forces and were under hostile gunfire from both the Spanish and the Philippine insurrectionists. They were exposed to the same hazards as were the troops they were carrying and they suffered casualties under fire. I am

I appending to this report a copy of a disability discharge issued to one of the men who would be affected by this act.

Railroads and other private industries make provision for their employees who serve them faithfully and those who are disabled in the performance of their duties. The Federal Government has enacted laws safeguarding the employees of the railroads and practically every State in the Union has enacted workmen's compensation laws compelling private humanitarian legislation. Should the Federal Government on one hand force private employers to care for their employees and on the other overlook the services rendered by a patriotic group of men who were disabled in the service of their country? Such an attitude is not consistent. .

The cost of this legislation would be comparatively little. The indigent few who will take advantage of such an act as this should be assured of medical treatment or a home, and these few unfortunate men, disabled in the service of their Government, would not displace former soldiers needing hospital care. Our Government is generous, and it is only fair and just that these old men, friendless and alone, disabled by hostile gunfire or by accident while serving their country in time of emergency and discharged because of these disabilities, should be given the aid of a grateful nation even though this aid may come too late for most of them.

The cost in dollars and cents to the Government, if this legislation shall be approved, will be very small. There remain only a few, not 7,000 as stated in the report of the Secretary of the Interior, who wore the uniform of their country at its behest; who served exactly as soldiers served in the war; who were under fire; who did their duty well; who received honorable discharges from the military authorities of the United States and who were injured or were discharged for disabilities actually received in line of duty, should not be denied the poor privilege of hospitalization made necessary by their injuries received in the services of their country.

(Copy of discharge)


February 16, 1900.
Name: F. Kuhl; rating, seaman.
Proficiency: Very good.
Conduct: Very good.
Reason for discharge: Hurt in the service.
Time of service: From May 22, 1899, to August 25, 1899.
Port of entry: San Francisco, Calif.
Port of discharge: San Francisco, Calif.

C. H. GRANT, Master. Approved.

James C. READ,
Captain and Assistant Quarter master,
United States Volunteers Transport Quarter master.



FEBRUARY 12, 1932.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House and

ordered to be printed

Mr. Coyle, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, submitted the



[To accompany H. R. 3420)

The Committee on Naval Affairs of the House of Representatives, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 3420) for the relief of Joseph B. Lynch, having had the same under consideration, report favorably thereon without amendment and with the recommendation that the

bill do pass.

A similar bill was reported to the House in the Seventy-first Congress.

The purpose of this bill is to authorize the President of the United States to advance Lieut. Joseph B. Lynch, United States Naval Reserve, to a place in the list of lieutenants of the Naval Reserve to rank next after Lieut. Walter R. Hillberg, and that in the computation of service for purposes of pay the said Lieutenant Lynch shall be credited with inactive, confirmed commissioned service in the Naval Reserve Force during the period from August 18, 1921, to August 7, 1923, inclusive, but that no back pay or allowances shall accrue to the said Lieutenant Lynch.

Joseph B. Lynch enrolled in the Naval Reserve Force on August 27, 1917, and was appointed ensign on June 14, 1918; promoted to lieutenant (junior grade) from October 1, 1918, which grade he held until August 26, 1921, when his enrollment expired. On August 8, 1923, Mr. Lynch was reenrolled in the Naval Reserve Force as a lieutenant (junior grade), and on October 10, 1925, was appointed a lieutenant (junior grade), A. F., United States Naval Reserve, to serve during the pleasure of the President, to rank from August 8, 1923. On November 18, 1927, he was promoted to lieutenant, A. F., United States Naval Reserve, to rank from August 8, 1927.

In accordance with the Naval Reserve Force regulations in effect at the time of the expiration of Lieutenant Lynch's enrollment, August 26, 1921, an officer was required to reenroll within four

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