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1933, is divided for the major purposes of the bill in the following table:

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It will thus be seen that, for regular departmental activities, the accompanying bill is $9,625,880 under the appropriations for the same items for 1932, and $1,204,591 less than the Budget estimates for 1933.


It will be noted that the Budget estimate for the regular department activities is $9,625,880 under the appropriations for 1932. By administrative action these decreases are already in effect for 1932 to the extent of $3,441,694. They are being made principally by impounding the customary reserves, by the application of operating economies in every possible direction, such as material reduction in outlays for travel, supplies and equipment, omission of customary salary promotions, and where possible by permitting vacant positions to remain unfilled, and by postponement of new work or its inauguration' on less expensive scale, etc.


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The bill contains a section prohibiting the use, during the remainder of the present fiscal year and during the entire ensuing fiscal year, of

, appropriations available to the department for the filling of vacancies in positions under the department except upon written approval of the President. It also contains a section prohibiting the increase of salary of positions under the department during the periods just mentioned except such as might come to an individual incidental to the filling of a vacancy in an essential position through the placing in such position of a qualified person from a lower grade.

A general policy of allowing no increases in number of employees for any given project or activity was observed with but three exceptions. A Budget increase of two field employees under the administration of the United States warehouse act was allowed, on account of the material increase in applications for licensing of warehouses occasioned by the large crop surpluses now being stored under the act. Under å reappropriation of $500,000 of the unexpended balances of the emergency relief appropriations, to be used for the purpose of collecting loans made under the various seed loan acts, the Budget proposal for an increase of 20 employees in Washington and 82 in the field to be employed in seed-loan collections was allowed by the committee. A further Budget increase of 9 new employees was allowed, including 8 additional elevator operators and i additional fireman, the need for which in the fiscal year 1933 will be occasioned by the occupancy of three additional wings of the extensible building.

FIVE PER CENT SUPPLY REDUCTIONS The reduction carried in the bill of $1,204,591 under the Budget estimates for regular departmental activities includes $470,012, arrived at by deducting from each of the greater number of appropriations 5 per cent of the amounts allocated for supplies, materials and equipment, travel expenses, and other incidental items, but not including amounts set up for personnel.

The appropriations subjected to the 5 per cent cut, together with the amount of the reduction in each instance are, set forth in the following statement: Office of the Secretary: Miscellaneous expenses, Department of Agriculture.

$10,000 Office of Information: Salaries and general expenses.

1, 200 Library, Department of Agriculture: Salaries and expenses.

1, 700 Extension Service: Farmers' cooperative demonstrations..

7, 300 Weather Bureau: Administration.-

500 General weather service and research.

30, 500 Horticultural protection.

1, 300 Aerology.

18, 900 Bureau of Animal Industry: Administration...

300 Animal husbandry

10, 400 Diseases of animals..

6,000 Eradicating dourine.

600 Packers and stockyards act.

3, 600 Meat inspection...

5, 700 Bureau of Dairy Industry: Administration...

200 Dairy investigations..

9, 900 Bureau of Plant Industry: Administration...

300 Arlington Farm...

100 Barberry eradication.

3, 600 Botany

200 Cereal crops and diseases..

3, 700 Cotton production and diseases.

2, 600 Drug and related plants...

400 Dry-land agriculture...

3, 700 Forage crops and diseases.

3, 200 Foreign plant introduction.

1, 600 Forest pathology...

2, 700 Gardens and grounds.

300 Genetics and biophysics..

200 Horticultural crops and diseases.

16, 100 Rubber, fiber, and other tropical plants.

1, 500 Seed investigations.

500 Sugar plant investigations.

1, 800 Tobacco investigations..


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$1, 600 76, 500

500 5, 800 1, 100 52, 400 6, 100 1, 100 2, 200 1, 800


500 5, 600

800 1, 100

200 1, 400

200 2, 300 4,000

400 3, 100

Forest Service:

Protection and Administration, National Forests.
Classification of lands...
Planting on national forests..
Reconnaissance, national forests.
Improvement of the national forests.
Forest management-
Range investigations.
Forest products..
Forest survey-

Forest economics...
Bureau of Chemistry and Soils:

Agricultural chemical investigations-
Color investigations.---
Insecticide and fungicide investigations.
Plant dust explosions---
Naval stores investigations.
Soil chemical and physical investigations..
Fertilizer investigations.
Soil survey:
Soil microbiology investigations.-

Soil fertility investigations.
Bureau of Entomology:

Fruit and shade tree insects.
Truck and garden crop insects.
Forest insects..
Cereal and forage insects.
Cotton insects...-
Household and stored products insects.
Taxonomy -

Bee culture.
Bureau of Biological Survey:

Maintenance of mammal and bird reservations.
Food habits of birds and animals..
Production of fur-bearing animals..
Protection of migratory birds.--
Enforcement of Alaska game law.--
Upper Mississippi river refuge..

Migratory bird conservation refuge..
Bureau of Agricultural Engineering:


Bureau of Agircultural Economics:

Marketing and distributing farm products..
Crop and livestock estimates.--
Foreign competition and demand...
Market inspection of farm products.
Market news service..
Cotton statistics..
Tobacco stocks and standards-
Perishable agricultural commodities act.
Enforcement of the United States cotton futures act and United

States cotton standards act..
Enforcement of the United States grain standards act.
Enforcement of the standard container, hamper, and produce agency


Wool-marketing studies..
Bureau of Home Economics:

Home-economics investigations..

600 4, 800 5, 200 1, 500 4, 900 4, 000 2, 600

800 600

200 1, 600 1,000

700 3, 100 2, 400 1, 100 2, 000

200 6, 400

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1, 300 7, 100 5, 300 5, 400 4, 100 25, 412 8, 500

400 2, 200

2, 800 3, 800

500 300 $400 5, 300

100 900

400 5, 600


100 5, 700



Bureau of Plant Quarantine:

Plant-quarantine enforcement.
Inspection in transit.
Pink bollworm..-.
Parlatoria date scale...
Thurberia Weevil.-.
Gypsy and brown-tail moth.
White-pine blister rust.
Phony peach disease.
Mexican fruit worm.

Certification of exports---
Grain Futures Administration: Enforcement of the grain futures act...
Food and Drug Administration:

Enforcement of the food and drugs act.
Enforcement of the tea importation act.
Enforcement of the naval stores act...
Enforcement of the insecticide act.
Enforcement of the milk importation act...
Enforcement of the caustic poison act.--

1, 500

100 1,000

200 10, 600


500 1, 900

400 300


470, 012


Definite reductions under the Budget, other than the 5 per cent supply decreases, were made in the total sum of $10,329,579.

These reductions include one of $9,000,000 for the Federal-aid highway system, the Budget estimate for which is $109,000,000. The authorization for Federal-aid highways for 1933 is $125,000,000, against which has been charged by law $16,000,000, the first of five annual deductions on account of the $80,000,000 advanced to the States by the emergency construction appropriation act of December 20, 1930. The $16,000,000 deduction was made by the Budget Bureau in accordance with the terms of that act.

According to the testimony of the Chief of the Bureau of Public Roads, an appropriation of $100,000,000 will be sufficient to meet all payments to the States until March 1, 1933. Before that time, in the coming session, a more definite knowledge of the road-building programs of the several States will have been obtained.

The remaining sum of $1,329,579 of reductions under the Budget is made up of the following: Printing and binding -

$25, 000 Experiment stations, administrative expenses (new employees)

13, 646 Agricultural exhibits at fairs..

4, 500 Airways weather service in Alaska..

8,000 Animal husbandry.--:

10, 105 Citrus canker eradication.

2, 100 Mycology and disease survey

9, 960 Nematology

8, 260 Sanitation, public camp grounds, national forests.

17, 335 Acquisition of additional forest lands

45, 940 Insects affecting man and animals..-

4, 300 Biological investigations: Investigations of wild animal life..

$8, 075 Forest wild life research...

4, 300 Reindeer industry in Alaska..

5, 705 Muskox investigations...

4, 900

22, 980

Expenses of commission, migratory bird conservation act (provided

for by a reappropriation of an unexpended balance) -
Farm management and practice...-
Salary and expenses of forester in Europe.
European corn borer control (elimination of the road patrol).
Japanese beetle control (elimination of road patrol)
Forest roads and trails in Alaska..

$3, 453 25, 000

9, 000 500, 000

25, 000 595, 000


1, 329, 579


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The following provisions are carried in the bill for the first time:

On page 5, line 11, in connection with the central purchasing agency maintained by the department for the purchase of supplies for the use of the various bureaus and offices of the department:

Provided, That in connection with activities authorized in the act of August 10, 1912 (U. S. C., title 5, sec. 542), the Secretary of Agriculture during the fiscal year 1933, may maintain stocks of stationery, supplies, equipment, and miscellaneous materials sufficient to meet, in whole or in part, requirements of the bureaus and offices of the department in the city of Washington and elsewhere, and the appropriations made for such bureaus and offices for such stocks and for toilet-room supplies and materials and equipment used to clean, in whole or in part, the buildings occupied by the department in the city of Washington shall be available to reimburse the appropriation for miscellaneous expenses current at the time additional supplies and materials are procured for the general stock: Provided further, That the appropriations made hereunder shall be available for the payment of salaries of additional employees engaged in purchasing, storing, handling, packing, or shipping of supplies and the amount of such salaries shall be charged proportionally as a part of the cost of supplies issued: Prov'ded further, That the facilities of the central storehouse shall to the fullest extent practicable be used to make unnecessary maintenance of separate storehouse activities in the several bureaus of the department: And provided further, That a separate schedule of expenditures, transfers of funds, or other transactions hereunder shall be included in the annual Budget.

On page 12, line 21, of the bill, in connection with the closing of the experiment stations in Alaska, Guam, and the Virgin Islands: and $30,000, to be immediately available, for salaries, wages, and other expenses connected with the care of property, including all appurtenances thereto, and all equipment and livestock of the experiment stations in Alaska, Guam, and the Virgin Islands until they are transferred or sold: Provided, That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to transfer to any Government department or estab. lishment or to local authorities or institutions such property and/or equipment or to sell the same at public or private sale and to pay from this appropriation the salaries of the present employees of said stations appointed from the continental United States, including salaries during such leave as may be granted under the acts approved June 30, 1914, and July 24, 1919 (U. S. C., title 5, secs. 535 and 536), together with traveling expenses of themselves and families, including the transportation of such quantity and character of their personal effects as may be authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture, in returning to the usual port of debarkation in the United States, and the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to sell such products as are obtained on the land belonging to the agricultural experiment stations in Hawaii and Porto Rico, and the amount obtained from the sale thereof shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

On page 43, line 1 of the bill, in connection with the operation of the warehouses in the Forest Service:

Provided further, That the appropriations for the work of the Forest Service shall be available for meeting the expenses of warehouse maintenance and the procurement, care, and handling of supplies and materials stored therein for distribution to projects under the supervision of the Forest Service and for sale and distribution to other Government activities, the cost of such supplies and

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