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the Treasury, be, and the same is hereby, repealed, and that the time within which such pensions shall be returned to the Treasury be and the same is hereby extended to fourteen months; subject to all the other restrictions and provisions contained in the said act.

APPROVED, MARCH 3, 1845.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the pensions for the period of five years, which have been heretofore granted out of the naval pension fund, to the widows of officers, seamen, and marines, who have been killed or died by reason of a wound received in the line of their duty, or who have died by occasion of disease contracted, or of a casualty by drowning or otherwise, or of injury received while in the line of their duty, and which pensions have ceased in consequence of the expiration of the period for which they were originally granted, or for which they were subsequently renewed, shall be continued for another period of five years, to such of the said widows as have remained unmarried; to commence from the day on which such pensions, respectively, terminated; and to be paid out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated: Provided, That every pension hereby renewed shall cease on the death or intermarriage of the widow to whom the same is hereby granted.

APPROVED, MARCH 3, 1847.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated for the payment of navy pensions for the year ending thirtieth June, eighteen hundred and forty-eight:

To pay invalid pensions, thirty-six thousand dollars.

To pay the pensions of widows of officers, seamen, and marines, sixteen thousand dollars.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the provisions of the act of eighteen hundred and forty-five, chapter forty-one, entitled "An act renewing certain naval pensions for the term of five years,” be, and the same are hereby, extended to all pensions of similar kind which have expired since the passage of said act; and the pensions which were renewed by the said act for the term of five years, and which may expire before the next session of Congress, shall be, and hereby are, renewed and continued for another term of five years, to the persons entitled thereto, in the same manner, and subject to the same conditions as are in said act contained, and to commence from the time they may severally expire, and to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

For the payment of pensions under the privateer pension fund, as pledged by the Government by act of Congress of June twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and twelve, three thousand dollars.

APPROVED, AUGUST 11, 1848.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all those widows and such child or children as are now receiving a pension under any of the laws of Congress passed prior to the first of August, eighteen hundred and forty-one, (excepting the law passed the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-seven,) and those widows and children who have received pensions at any time within five years prior to the passage of this act, may and shall continue to receive the same amount as they have received under any special act, from the time such special act expired: Provided, Such act ceased on or after the first day of September, eighteen hundred and forty-five, or may hereafter terminate. And all such pensions as are now in force, and such as are now renewed by this act, shall be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, so long as the said widows shall live as widows; and in case of the death, before or after the passage of this act, of the widows, to the orphan child or children of the deceased parties, until they respectively arrive at the age of sixteen years; and to the child or children of said widows in case of marriage by said widows, until said child or children shall respectively arrive at the age of sixteen years; and that the act approved thirtieth April, eighteen hundred and forty-four, shall not be so construed as to exclude officers, seamen, or marines from their pensions when disabled for sea service: Provided, That the whole amount received by the pensioner, including pay for his service and pension, shall not exceed his lowest duty pay. That the orphan child or children of the deceased parties shall have a pension in case the widow has died after drawing a five years' pension, to commence at the time when the widow dies, and to continue until the child or children shall respectively reach the age of sixteen years; and that any casualty by which an officer, seameri, or marine has lost or may lose his life while in the line of his duty, shall be considered sufficient to entitle the widow, child, or children to all the benefits of this act.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That engineers, firemen, and coal-heavers in the navy shall be entitled to pensions in the same manner as officers, seamen, and marines; and the widows of engineers, coalheavers, and firemen in the same manner as the widows of officers, seamen, and marines: Provided, That the pension of a chief engineer shall be the same as that of a lieutenant in the navy; and a pension of the widow of a chief engineer the same as that of the widow of a lieutenant in the navy; the pension of a first assistant engineer the same as that of a lieutenant of marines; and the pension of the widow of a first assistant engineer the same as that of the widow of a lieutenant of marines; the pension of a second or third assistant engineer the same as that of a forward officer; and the pension of the widow of a second or third assistant engineer the same as that of the widow of a forward officer; the pension of a fireman or coalheaver the same as that of a seaman; the pension of the widow of a fireman or çoal-heaver the same as that of the widow of a seaman: And provided, further, That an engineer, fireman, or coal-heaver shall not be entitled to any pension by reason of a disability incurred prior to the thirty-first of August, eighteen hundred and forty-two, nor shall the widow of an engineer, fireman, or coal-heaver be entitled to any pension by reason of the death of her husband, if his death was prior to the said date.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the amount of pension in every case arising under this law [is] not to exceed the half pay of the deceased officer, seaman, or marine, as it existed in January, eighteen hundred and thirty-five, or such rate of pension as is allowed by this act.

IV.-BOUNTY LAND LAWS.

- APPROVED, FEBRUARY 11, 1847.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That in addition to the present military establishment of the United States there shall be raised and organized, under the direction of the President, for and during the war with Mexico, one regiment of dragoons and nine regiments of infantry, each to be composed of the same number and rank of commissioned and non-commissioned officers, buglers, musicians, and privates, &c., as are provided for a regiment of dragoons and infantry, respectively, under existing laws, and shall receive the same pay, rations, and allowances according to their respective grades, and be subject to the same regulations, and to the rules and articles of war, &c.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That each noncommissioned officer; musician, or private, enlisted or to be enlisted in the regular army, or regularly mustered in any volunteer company for a period of not less than twelve months, who has served or may serve during the present war with Mexico, and who shall receive an honorable discharge, or who shall have

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