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MEDICAL SUPPORT OF THE ARMY AIR FORCES

IN WORLD WAR II

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MEDICAL SUPPORT

of

THE ARMY AIR FORCES

IN WORLD WAR II

by
Mae Mills Link

Hubert A. Coleman

Office of the Surgeon General, USAF

Washington, D. C., 1955

LIBRARY
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

DAVIS

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 55-60024

CREDIT must be given to the Surgeon General, USAF, for quotation or reproduction of any material from this volume. The Department of the Air Force wishes to acknowledge its appreciation to the following publishers for permission to quote copyrighted materials: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. (Eric Sevareid, Not So Wild A Dream, 1946); J. B. Lippincott Co. (Isaac H. Jones, Flying Vistas, 1937); Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation (Grinker and Spiegel, War Neuroses in North Africa, 1943); The University of Chicago Press (Craven and Cate, editors, The Army Air Forces in World War II, Vol. IV, 1950 and Vol. V, 1955); and Williams and Wilkins (H. G. Armstrong, Principles and Practice of Aviation Medicine, 3d Edition, 1952).

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office

Washington, 25 D. C. Price $7.

Foreword

The problems we have overcome in this war will not differ from possible problems of the future. The solutions will come from the things we have learned in this war. There will be nothing new facing us that has not already been answered in principle if not in practice.

It is in keeping with the spirit of these words of Gen. Henry H. Arnold, Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, that Medical Support of the Army Air Forces in World War II has been prepared. This monumental task fell to Mae Mills Link, Ph. D., senior medical historian in the United States Air Force, and Hubert A. Coleman, Ph. D., Professor of History at East Carolina College, who held a comparable position in the AAF during World War II.

Maj. Gen. David N. W. Grant, USAF (MC) (Ret), the wartime Air Surgeon, and Maj. Gen. Malcolm C. Grow, USAF (MC) (Ret), first Surgeon General, USAF, have read painstakingly through the final version. Brig. Gen. Richard Meiling, USAF (MC) (R), who was closely associated with the Air Surgeon's Office during the war, has given generously of his time in an advisory capacity. Likewise, Brig. Gen. Albert H. Schwichtenberg, USAF (MC), who was the Air Force liaison officer in the Army Surgeon General's Office, has read and commented upon the section dealing with that complicated relationship. To them all I extend my very warm personal thanks. I wish also to express my appreciation to Maj. Gen. Howard McCrum Snyder (USA) (Ret), Gen. George C. Marshall's wartime Assistant to the Inspector General for Medical Affairs, for his time and patience when interviewed by the Historian. Col. Wildred J. Paul, USAF, Director, Research Studies Institute, Air University, Dr. Albert F. Simpson, Air Force Historian, Mr. Joseph W. Angell, Jr., USAF Historical Division, and Lt. Col. Eldon W. Downs, USAF, Air University Historical Liaison Officer, by their unfailing support have sustained us through the long and arduous task of historical research.

In the final analysis, however, credit for the present volume must rest with the uncounted numbers of medical service officers and men who actually made military medical history at their posts throughout the world. It is to them, therefore, that this volume is dedicated.

DAN C. OGLE,

Maj. Gen., USAF (MC), 30 July 1954

Surgeon General.

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