Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe: Trends and Challenges
World Bank Publications, 1 ian. 2000 - 54 pagini
The situation of the Roma (or gypsies) in Central and Eastern Europe is one of the most challenging issues to emerge during the transition from socialism. As the socialist regimes collapsed and a free market economy was introduced, economic opportunities increased. However, job security and housing deteriorated. While political participation throughout the population surged, so did ethnic tension, which put the Roma, an already threatened minority, at even greater risk. Since they have always been mobile, the Romas do not constitute a large number in any one country, but as the Iron Curtain fell, their correspondence across borders swelled and attracted interest in their plight. 'Roma and the Transition in Central and Eastern Europe' discusses issues facing Roma in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, the Czech and Slovak Republics. It provides the historical context and background, presents the available evidence on welfare status and living conditions, looks at issues surrounding access to social services, and discusses the policy implications concerning Roma.
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access to social activities ANNEX TABLE areas benefits Central and Eastern challenges coun countries of Central Covasna County cultural Czech Republic discrimination Eastern Europe ECOHOST economic educational attainment employment enrolled European factors families FYR Macedonia Gypsy health status household survey housing Hungarian Hungary identifying as Roma impact income increased informal sector institutions integration involvement Kosovo Kumanovo labor market Lazaroiu living conditions ment monitoring OSCE parents participation percent of Roma poor poverty line programs Puporka and Zadori recent region Roma and non-Roma Roma children Roma communities Roma groups Roma in Bulgaria Roma in Central Roma issues Roma language Roma NGOs Roma population Roma settlements Roma students Roma women Romania Rughinis secondary school share of Roma significantly Sliven Slovak Republic social assistance social protection social services society Source special schools targeted teachers tion Tomova total population transition period UNICEF World Bank
Roma in an Expanding Europe: Breaking the Poverty Cycle
Dena Ringold,Mitchell Alexander Orenstein,Erika Wilkens
Vizualizare completă - 2005
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Poverty and Ethnicity: A Cross-country Study of Roma ..., Volumele 23-531
Ana Revenga,Dena Ringold,William Martín Tracy
Vizualizare completă - 2002