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for flight, or otherwise makes or causes to be made any such shop, supply, structure, station, depot, terminal, hangar, ramp, landing area, air-navigation facility or other facility, warehouse, property, machine, or apparatus unworkable or unusable or hazardous to work
or use; or
"Whoever, with like intent, willfully incapacitates any member of the crew of any such aircraft; or
"Whoever willfully attempts to do any of the aforesaid acts or things
"shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more 70 Stat. 539. than twenty years, or both.
70 Stat. 540.
"$ 33. Destruction of motor vehicles or motor vehicle facilities
"Whoever willfully, with intent to endanger the safety of any person on board or anyone who he believes will board the same, or with a reckless disregard for the safety of human life, damages, disables, destroys, tampers with, or places or causes to be placed any explosive or other destructive substance in, upon, or in proximity to, any motor vehicle which is used, operated, or employed in interstate or foreign commerce, or its cargo or material used or intended to be used in connection with its operation; or
"Whoever willfully, with like intent, damages, disables, destroys, sets fire to, tampers with, or places or causes to be placed any explosive or other destructive substance in, upon, or in proximity to any garage, terminal, structure, supply, or facility used in the operation of, or in support of the operation of, motor vehicles engaged in interstate or foreign commerce or otherwise makes or causes such property to be made unworkable, unusable, or hazardous to work or use; or
"Whoever, with like intent, willfully disables or incapacitates any driver or person employed in connection with the operation or maintenance of the motor vehicle, or in any way lessens the ability of such person to perform his duties as such; or
"Whoever willfully attempts to do any of the aforesaid acts
shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.
"§ 34. Penalty when death results
"Whoever is convicted of any crime prohibited by this chapter, which has resulted in the death of any person, shall be subject also to the death penalty or to imprisonment for life, if the jury shall in its discretion so direct, or, in the case of a plea of guilty, or a plea of not guilty where the defendant has waived a trial by jury, if the court in its discretion shall so order.
"§ 35. Imparting or conveying false information
"Whoever willfully imparts or conveys or causes to be imparted or conveyed false information, knowing the information to be false, concerning an attempt or alleged attempt being made or to be made, to do any act which would be a crime prohibited by this chapter or chapter 97 or chapter 111 of this title
shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than
All 70 Stat. 540.
SEC. 2. The part analysis preceding chapter 1 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting between chapters 1 and 3 the following item:
"2. Aircraft and motor vehicles_.
Approved July 14, 1956.
To amend title 18 of the United States Code, so as to increase the penalties, applicable to seditious conspiracy, advocating overthrow of government, and conspiracy to advocate overthrow of government.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That section 2384 Seiitious of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking out "$5,000" conspiracy. and inserting in lieu thereof "$20,000" and by striking out “six years” and inserting in lieu thereof "twenty years".
SEC. 2. Section 2385 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking out "$10,000" and inserting in lieu thereof "$20,000" and by striking out "ten years" and inserting in lieu thereof "twenty years” and by adding at the end thereof the following paragraph:
"If two or more persons conspire to commit any offense named in this section, each shall be fined not more than $20,000 or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction."
62 Stat. 808.
62 Stat. 808. 70 Stat. 623. 70 Stat. 624.
SEC. 3. The foregoing amendments shall apply only with respect Effectivity. to offenses committed on and after the date of the enactment of this
Approved July 24, 1956
To authorize the Postmaster General to hold and detain mail for temporary periods in certain cases.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) whenever Postal Service. the Postmaster General shall determine during proceedings before Detention of him that in the administration of the Act of August 16, 1950 (39
U. S. C. 259a), such action is necessary to the effective enforcement 64 Stat. 451. of such Act, he may enter an interim order directing that mail addressed to any person be held and detained by the postmaster at the post office of delivery for a period of twenty days from the
effective date of such order. Notice of such order, advising such Notice of deperson of the holding and detention and setting forth in specific tention order. detail the reasons therefor, together with a copy of this Act, and the aforesaid Act of August 16, 1950, shall be sent forthwith by registered or certified mail to such person at the post office at which
such mail is to be held and detained." Any such order for the holding Expiration date. and detention of mail addressed to any person shall expire at the end of the twenty days after the issuance thereof unless the Postmaster General shall file, prior to the expiration of such twenty-day
period, a petition in the United States district court for the district Jurisdiction in which the post office in which such mail is held or detained is of court. situated, and obtain an order directing that mail addressed to such person be held and detained for such further period as the court shall determine. Notice of the filing of any such petition shall be given forthwith by the clerk of the court in which such petition is filed to such person, at the post office at which the mail is being detained (or otherwise as the clerk of the court shall determine to be appropriate), and such person shall have five days in which to appear and show cause why such order should not issue. If, upon all the evidence before it, the court shall determine that the continued withholding and detention of mail addressed to such person is reasonable and necessary to the effective enforcement of the Act of August 16, 1950, it shall forthwith issue an order directing that mail addressed to such person be held and detained by the postmaster at the office of delivery until conclusion of the proceeding by the Postmaster General or until further order of the court. If the court shall determine, upon all the evidence before it, that the continued withholding and detention of mail addressed to such person is not reasonable or necessary in the administration of such Act, it shall dismiss the petition and order all mail addressed to such person held or detained in any post office to be released forthwith for delivery. An appeal from the order of the court shall be allowed as in civil causes. Any Dissolution order of the Postmaster General or of the district court, under this of order. Act, may be dissolved by such court at any time for cause, including
failure to conduct expeditiously the proceedings instituted against
such person before the Postmaster General with respect to the Act
of August 16, 1950 (39 U. S. C. 259a). When, under any order herein Right of person authorized to be issued by the Postmaster General or the district to examine mail. court, a person's mail is detained and held by the postmaster at the
office of delivery, such person shall have the right to examine said mail and receive such mail as clearly is not connected with the alleged unlawful activity.
(b) As used in this Act the term "person" means any individual, "Person". firm, corporation, company, partnership, or association.
60 Stat. 237.
5 USC 1001 note. Nonapplicabil
61 Stat. 652.
All 70 Stat. 700.
(c) Action by the Postmaster General in issuing the interim order provided for herein and petitioning for a continuance of such order under this Act, shall not be subject to the requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act (ch. 19, title 5, U. S. C.).
SEC. 2. The provisions of this Act shall not apply to mail addressed to publishers or distributors of publications which have entry as second-class matter under the Act of March 3, 1879, as amended (ch. 180, 20 Stat. 358; 39 U. S. C. 221, et. seq.), or to publishers or distributors of copyrighted books and other publications as to which certificate of registration of copyright has been issued under the copyright laws of the United States (title 17 U. S. C.).
Approved July 27, 1956.
To amend title 18, entitled "Crimes and Criminal Procedure", of the United States Code, to provide a criminal sanction for the embezzlement or theft of the property of Indian tribal organizations.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled. That chapter 53 of Indians. title 18, United States Code, is hereby amended by inserting at the Theft of tribal end of the chapter analysis preceding section 1151 of such title the property. following new item:
"1163. Embezzlement and theft from Indian tribal organizations."
62 Stat. 757.
SEC. 2. Title 18, United States Code, is hereby amended by inserting in chapter 53 thereof immediately after section 1162 a new section, 67 Stat. 588. to be designated as section 1163, as follows:
"§ 1163. Embezzlement and theft from Indian tribal organizations
"Whoever embezzles, steals, knowingly converts to his use or the use of another, willfully misapplies, or willfully permits to be misapplied, any of the moneys, funds, credits, goods, assets, or other property belonging to any Indian tribal organization or intrusted to the custody or care of any officer, employee, or agent of an Indian tribal organization; or
70 Stat. 792.
Whoever, knowing any such moneys, funds, credits, ods, assets, 70 Stat. 793. or other property to have been so embezzled, stolen, converted, misapplied or permitted to be misapplied, receives, conceals, or retains the same with intent to convert it to his use or the use of another
"Shall be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than Penalty. five years, or both; but if the value of such property does not exceed the sum of $100, he shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.
"As used in this section, the term 'Indian tribal organization' means any tribe, band, or community of Indians which is subject to the laws of the United States relating to Indian affairs or any corporation, association, or group which is organized under any of such laws."