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[H. R. 7413]
An Act To amend an Act providing for the parole of United States prisoners, approved June 25, 1910, as amended.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, in lieu of all existing boards of parole at Federal penal and correctional institutions as provided by the Act approved June 25, 1910 (chapter 387, Thirty-sixth Statutes, page 819), and all other Acts amendatory or supplementary thereto (sections 714 to 723, inclusive, title 18, United States Code), there is hereby created a single Board of Parole to consist of three members to be appointed by the Attorney General, at a salary of $7,500 each per annum.
SEC. 2. All power and authority now vested in, and all duties now imposed upon, the Attorney General and the several existing boards of parole with respect to the parole of United States prisoners are hereby transferred to the Board of Parole created by this Act: Provided, however, That this Act shall not affect the method, terms, or conditions under which United States prisoners confined in any State reformatory are paroled, except that the power to approve the release on parole of such prisoners is conferred upon the Board of Parole herein created.
SEC. 3. The said board, or any member thereof, shall hereafter have the exclusive authority to issue warrants for the retaking of any United States prisoner who has violated his parole. unexpired term of imprisonment of any such prisoner shall begin to run from the date he is returned to the institution, and the time the prisoner was on parole shall not diminish the time he was originally sentenced to serve.
SEC. 4. This Act shall take effect thirty days from and after the date of its approval.
Approved, May 13, 1930.
[H. R. 7832]
An Act To reorganize the administration of Federal prisons; to authorize the Attorney General to contract for the care of United States prisoners; to establish Federal jails, and for ther purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby established in the Department of Justice a Bureau of Prisons, to be in charge of a director, who shall be paid a salary at the rate of $10,000 a year, and shall be appointed by and serve directly under the Attorney General. The officers and employees of the existing office of the Superintendent of Prisons; all official records, furniture, and supplies; and all of the authority, powers, and duties conferred by law or regulation upon the Superintendent of Prisons or any of his subordinates are hereby transferred to the Bureau of Prisons. The Attorney General shall have the power to appoint such additional officers and employees as may be necessary.
SEC. 2. The Bureau of Prisons shall have charge of the management and regulation of all Federal penal and correctional institutions and be responsible for the safe-keeping, care, protection, instruction, and discipline of all persons charged with or convicted of offenses against the United States: Provided, That the provisions of this Act shall not apply to military penal or military reformatory institutions or persons confined therein.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the Bureau of Prisons to provide suitable quarters for the safe-keeping, care, and subsistence of all persons convicted of offenses against the United States, charged with offenses against the United States, or held as witnesses or otherwise. For this purpose the Director of the Bureau of Prisons may contract, for a period not exceeding three years with the proper authorities of any State or Territory or political subdivision thereof, for the imprisonment, subsistence, care, and proper employment of any person held under authority of any United States statute: Provided, That such Federal prisoners shall be employed only in the manufacture of articles for, the production of supplies for, the construction of public works for, and the maintenance and care of the institutions of, the State or political subdivision of the State in which they are imprisoned. The rates to be paid for the care and custody of said persons shall take into consideration the character of the quarters furnished, sanitary conditions, and quality of subsistence. The rates to be paid may be such as will permit and encourage the proper authorities to provide reasonably decent, sanitary, and healthful quarters and subsistence for persons held as United States prisoners.
SEO. 4. If by reason of the refusal or inability of the authorities having control of any jail, workhouse, penal, correctional, or other suitable institution of any State or Territory, or political subdivi sion thereof, to enter into a contract for the imprisonment, subsis
tence, care, or proper employment of United States prisoners, or if there are no suitable or sufficient facilities available at reasonable cost, the Attorney General is authorized to select a site either within or convenient to the State, Territory, or judicial district concerned and cause to be erected thereon a house of detention, workhouse, jail, prison-industries project, or camp or other place of confinement, which shall be used for the detention of persons held as material witnesses, persons awaiting trial, persons sentenced to imprisonment and awaiting transfer to other institutions, and for the confinement of persons convicted of offenses against the United States and sentenced to imprisonment, with or without hard labor; for the detention of persons held for violation of the immigration laws or awaiting deportation, and of such other persons as in the opinion of the Attorney General are proper subjects for confinement in the institutions herein authorized.
SEC. 5. To carry out the purposes of the foregoing section the Attorney General may authorize the use of a sum not to exceed $100,000 in each instance, payable from any unexpended balance of the appropriation "Support of United States prisoners" for the purpose of leasing or acquiring a site, preparation of plans, and erection of necessary buildings. If in any instance it shall be impossible or impracticable to secure a proper site and erect the necessary buildings within the above limitation of $100,000, the Attorney General may authorize the use of a sum not to exceed $10,000 in each instance, payable from any unexpended balance of the appropriation "Support of United States prisoners" for the purpose of securing options and making preliminary surveys or sketches. Upon selection of an appropriate site the Attorney General shall submit to Congress an estimate of the cost of purchasing same and of remodeling, constructing, and equipping the necessary buildings thereon.
SEC. 6. The control and management of any institutions established hereunder, and the house of detention for Federal prisoners in New York City appropriated for in the Second Deficiency Act, fiscal year 1929, shall be vested in the Attorney General, who shall have power to promulgate rules for the government thereof, and to appoint in accordance with the civil service laws and regulations all necessary officers and employees. In connection with such maintenance and operation the Attorney General is authorized to establish and conduct industries, farms, and other activities; to classify the inmates; and to provide for their proper treatment, care, rehabilitation, and reformation.
SEC. 7. Hereafter all persons convicted of an offense against the United States shall be committed, for such terms of imprisonment and to such types of institutions as the court may direct, to the custody of the Attorney General of the United States or his authorized representative, who shall designate the places of confinement where the sentences of all such persons shall be served. The Attorney General may designate any available, suitable, and appropriate institutions, whether maintained by the Federal Government or otherwise or whether within or without the judicial district in which convicted. The Attorney General is also authorized to order the
statute from one institution to another if in his judgment it shall be for the well-being of the prisoner or relieve overcrowded or unhealthful conditions in the institution where such prisoner is confined or for other reasons.
SEC. 8. All transportation of prisoners shall be by such agent or agents of the Department of Justice as the Attorney General or his authorized representative shall from time to time nominate, the reasonable expense of transportation, necessary subsistence, and hire and transportation of guards and agent or agents to be paid by the Attorney General from any appropriation to the Department of Justice as he may direct: Provided, That when the conviction is by a consular court or court-martial the transportation from the court. to the place of confinement shall be by an agent or agents of the Department of State or the Department of War, as the case may be, the expenses of such transportation to be paid out of the Treasury of the United States in the manner provided by law.
SEC. 9. Any person properly committed to the custody of the Attorney General or his authorized representative or who is confined in any penal or correctional institution, pursuant to the direction of the Attorney General, who escapes or attempts to escape therefrom shall be guilty of an offense and upon apprehension and conviction of any such offense in any United States court shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years, such sentence to begin upon the expiration of or upon legal release from the sentence for which said person was originally confined.
SEC. 10. It shall be unlawful for any person to procure the escape of any prisoner properly committed to the custody of the Attorney General or to any penal or correctional institution, pursuant to the direction of the Attorney General, or to advise, connive at, aid, or assist in such escape, or to conceal any such prisoner after such escape, and upon conviction in a United States court such person shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years.
SEC. 11. Any person not authorized by law or by the Attorney General who introduces or attempts to introduce into or upon the grounds of any Federal penal or correctional institution any narcotic drug, weapon, or any other contraband article or thing, or any contraband letter or message intended to be received by an inmate thereof, shall be guilty of a felony, and shall be punished by imprisonment for a period of not more than ten years.
SEC. 13. All Acts and parts of Acts in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.
[H. R. 6807]
An Act Establishing two institutions for the confinement of United States prisoners.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Attorney General is hereby authorized and directed to select forthwith and procure two sites, of not less than one thousand acres each, and cause to be erected thereon suitable buildings for two institutions for the confinement of male persons who have been, or shall be, convicted of offenses against the United States. One of such sites to be selected shall be situated north of thirty-eight degrees north latitude and east of eighty degrees longitude to serve the northeastern section of the United States, and one of such sites shall be situated west of the Mississippi River. Both sites shall be selected with due regard to the source of commitments, climatic conditions, and transportation facilities.
SEC. 2. The institution authorized hereunder, to be located west of the Mississippi River, shall be of the reformatory type and shall be for the confinement of young offenders and others who, in the opinion of the Attorney General, are proper persons for detention in a reformatory.
The institution authorized hereunder, to be located in the northeastern section of the United States, shall be of the penitentiary type and shall be for the incarceration of adult male persons sentenced to terms of imprisonment for more than one year with or without hard labor.
SEC. 3. Upon the selection of appropriate sites the Attorney General shall submit to Congress estimates of the cost of purchasing the same, and of remodeling, constructing, and equipping the necessary buildings thereon. The Attorney General, at the same time and annually thereafter, shall submit estimates covering the expense of maintaining and operating such institutions, including salaries of all necessary officers and employees.
SEC. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized, upon request of the Attorney General, to cause plans, specifications, and estimates for the remodeling and constructing of the necessary buildings to be prepared in the Office of the Supervising Architect of the Department of the Treasury, and the work of remodeling and constructing the said buildings to be supervised by the field force of said office: Provided, That if, in his discretion, it would be impractical to cause such plans, specifications, and estimates to be prepared in the Office of the Supervising Architect of the Department of the Treasury, and such work to be supervised by the field force of said office, the Secretary of the Treasury may contract for all or any portion of such work to be performed by such suitable person or firm as he may select: Provided further, That the proper appropriation for the support and maintenance of the Office of the