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own letter, by his own single authority, and without the concurrence of the council, must fetch him in whom he papers " (i.e. registers on the paper). Various emendations have been proposed; e.g. 'the papers '; 'he paupers.'

I. i. 86. minister communication'; Collier MS., the consummation'; but the phrase is Holinshed's.

I. i. 90. 'the hideous storm'; "On Mondaie, the eighteenth of June, was such an hideous storme of wind and weather, that manie coniectured it did prognosticate trouble and hatred shortlie after to follow betweene princes" (Holinshed).

I. i. 115. The Duke of Buckingham's surveyor was his cousin, Charles Knevet, or Knyvet, grandson of Humphrey Stafford, First Duke of Buckingham.

I. i. 120. 'venom-mouth'd'; Pope's reading; Ff. read ' venom'dmouth'd.'

I. i. 152. 'Whom from the flow of gall I name not,' &c. ; i.e. 'whom I mention, not because I am still angry'; &c.

I. i. 167. rinsing,' Pope's unnecessary emendation of the Folio reading 'wrenching,' which is evidently an error for 'renching,' a provincial English cognate of 'rinse,' both words being ultimately derived from the same Scandinavian original, rinse, through the medium of French, rench, a direct borrowing; (Collier MS.,' wrensing').

́I. i. 172. ' count-cardinal'; Pope proposed, 'court-cardinal.

I. i. 176. Charles the Emperor,' viz., Charles V., Emperor of Germany; Katherine was his mother's sister.

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I. i. 200. Hereford'; Capell's reading; Ff., Hertford.'

I. i. 204. 206. The meaning of these unsatisfactory lines seems to be, as Johnson explained, "I am sorry to be present, and an eye-witness of your loss of liberty."

I. i. 211. ' Abergavenny'; Ff., ' Aburgany,' the usual pronunciation of the name.

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I. i. 217. Montacute'; Ff. read Mountacute'; Rowe reads 'Montague'

I. i. 219. 'chancellor'; Theobald's correction; Ff. 1, 2 read 'Councellour,'

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I. i. 221. Nicholas Hopkins'; Theobald's correction (from Holinshed) of Ff., ' Michaell' (probably due to printer's confusion of Nich' with ' Mich').

I. ii. 67. ' business'; Warburton's emendation of Ff., 'baseness."

·I. ii. 147. ' Henton'; i.e. Nicholas Hopkins, "a monk of an house of the Chartreux Order beside Bristow, called Henton " (Holinshed); there is no need to emend the text.

I. ii. 164. confession's seal'; Theobald's emendation (following Holinshed) of Ff, 'commissions.'

I. ii. 170. To gain'; the reading of F. 4; Ff. 1, 2, 3 read 'To'; Collier MS. reads 'To get'; Grant White, 'To win.'

I. ii. 179. for him'; Capell's emendation of For this' of the Ff.; Collier MS. reads ' From this'; &c.

I. ii. 190. 'Bulmer'; Ff. read ' Blumer'; Pope, ' Blomer.'

I. iii. 13. Or springhalt'; Verplank's (Collier conj.) emendation of Ff., ' A springhalt'; Pope, ' And springhalt,'

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I. iii. 34. wear'; the reading of Ff. 2, 3, 4; F. 1 reads' wee'; Anon. conj. 'qui.'

I. iii. 59. ‘has wherewithal'; Ff., 'ha's', probably an error for "'has,' i.e. '(he) has.'

I. iv. 6. ' As, first, good company', so Ff. 1, 2, 3 ; F. 4 reads ' As, first good company'; Theobald, 'as, first-good company'; Halliwell, 'as far as good company,' &c.

II. i. 29. 'was either pitied in him or forgotten'; i.e. "either produced no effect, or only ineffectual pity" (Malone).


II. i. 54. Sir William Sands'; Theobald's emendation (from Holinshed) of F. 1, 'Sir Walter Sands'; Ff. 2, 3, 4, Walter Sands.'

II. i. 86. 'mark'; Warburton's emendation of Ff., ' make.'
II. i. 105. 'I now seal it,' i.e. my truth,-with blood.

II. ii. 85. 'one have-at-him ' ; F. 1, ‘one; haue at him'; Ff. 2, 3, 4, 'one heave at him'; Knight, 'one ;-have at him.'

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II. ii. 94. Have their free voices, i.e. have liberty to express their opinions freely'; (Grant White, Gave' for • Have').

II. iii. 14. that quarrel, fortune, do'; F. 1 reads 'that quarrell. Fortune, do'; Collier MS.,' that cruel fortune do'; Keightley, 'that quarrel, by fortune, do'; Lettsom conj. 'that fortunes quarrel do'; Hanmer, 'that quarr'ler, fortune do'; &c.

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II. iii. 46, little England'; Steevens pointed out that Pembrokeshire was known as 'little England'; and as Anne Bullen was about to be made Marchioness of Pembroke, there may be a special point in the phrase.

II. iii. 92. 'the mud in Egypt,' i.e. 'the land fertilized by the Nile's overflow.'

II. iv. 62. That longer you desire the court, i.e. desire the court to delay its proceedings; F. 4, 'defer'; Keightley conj. court delay'd'

II. iv. 172. The Bishop of Bayonne'; strictly it should be 'the Bishop of Tarbes,' but the mistake was Holinshed's.

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II. iv. 174. The Duke of Orleans,' was the second son of Francis I., King of France.

II. iv. 182. 'the bosom of my conscience'; Holinshed's use of 'secret

bottom of my conscience' justified Theobald's emendation of 'bosom' to 'bottom.'

II. iv. 199.

throe'; Pope's emendation of Ff., 'throw.'

II. iv. 204. yet not,' i.e. not yet.

II. iv. 225. 'drive'; Pope's emendation of Ff., ' drives.'

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III. i. 38. and that way I am wife in'; i.e. concerning my conduct as a wife.' (Rowe proposed 'wise' for 'wife').

III. i. 40. Tanta est erga te mentis integritas, regina serenissima' ; So great is our integrity of purpose towards thee, most serene princess.'

III. ii. 64. He is returned in his opinions,' i.e. having sent in advance the opinions he has gathered.

III. ii. 66. Together with all famous colleges'; Rowe reads, 'Gather'd from all the famous colleges.'

III ii. 172. 'been mine so'; so F. 1 ; Ff. 2, 3, 4 read been so.' III. ii. 192. 'that am, have, and will be,' &c.; the reading of the Folios of these lines, which have taxed the ingenuity of scholars; some two-dozen various emendations are recorded in the Cambridge Shakespeare, but probably the text as we have it represents the author's words; the meaning of the passage is clear, and the difficulty is due to the change in construction. Instead of 'that am, have, and will be,' it has been proposed to read, 'that am your slave, and will be '; this would get rid of the awkward 'have'=' have been,' but probably the line is correct as it stands.

III. ii. 272. that... aare mate'; i.e. I that..

dare mate.

III. ii. 282. Ana dare us with his cap like larks'; "One of the methods of daring larks was by small mirrors fastened on scarlet cloth, which engaged the attention of these birds while the fowler drew his net over them " (Steevens).

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III. ii. 321. Cassado'; so Ff., following Hall and Holinshed; Rowe reads the correct form, 'Cassalis.'

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III. ii. 343. 'Chattels'; Theobald's emendation of Ff., Castles.' IV. ii. 58-59. 'Those twins of learning.... Ipswich and Oxford'; Wolsey's College, Ipswich, of which the gateway still remains, was founded by Wolsey. Christ Church College, Oxford, was founded by Wolsey: it was first called Cardinal College.

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IV. ii. 60. the good that did it'; Pope reads, 'the good he did it'; Collier MS., the good man did it'; Staunton,' the good that rear'd it,' &c. The words, if not corrupt, must mean the good man (or the goodness) that caused it, i.e. founded it.'

V. i. 34. 'is'; Theobald, ' he's.'


V. i. 106. you a brother of us,' i.e. being a Privy Councillor.

V. iii. 11-12. ‘frail and capable of our flesh'; Keightley, ‘culpable and frail,' &c.; Pope, and capable of frailty'; Malone, ' incapable; Of our flesh'; Mason conj. ' and culpable: Of our flesh,'


V. iii. 22. 'pace 'em not in their hands'; i.e. 'leading them by the bridle.'

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V. iii. 30. The Upper Germany'; alluding to Thomas Munzer's insurrection in Saxony (1521-1522), or to the Anabaptist rising in Munster (1535); the passage is from Foxe.

V. iii. 66. 'Lay,' i.e. ' though ye lay.'

V. iii. 85. This is too much'; the Folios give the speech to the Chamberlain, evidently due to confusion of Cham.' and 'Chan.'

V. iii. 125. bare'; Malone's emendation of Ff., 'base.'

V. iii. 165. 'You'ld spare your spoons,' i.e. ' you wish to save your spoons'; alluding to the old custom of giving spoons as christening presents.

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