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91st Congress, H. R. 14485

October 14, 1970

An Act

To amend sections 501 and 504 of title 18, United States Code, so as to strengthen

the law relating to the counterfeiting of postage meter stamps or other improper uses of the metered mail system.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) notwith- V.S. postage standing the amendment made to section 501 of title 18, United States meter stamps. Code, such section is amended to read as follows:

Counterfeiting,

prohibition. "g 501. Postage stamps, postage meter stamps, and postal cards 62 Stat. 713; “Whoever forges or counterfeits any postage stamp, postage meter

Ante, p. 777. stamp, or any stamp printed upon any stamped envelope, or postal card, or any die, plate, or engraving thereof; or

“Whoever makes or prints, or knowingly uses or sells, or possesses with intent to use or sell, any such forged or counterfeited postage stamp, postage meter stamp, stamped envelope, postal card, die, plate, or engraving; or

84 STAT, 920 “Whoever makes, or knowingly uses or sells, or possesses with intent 84 STAT. 921 to use or sell, any paper bearing the watermark of any stamped envelope, or postal card, or any fraudulent imitation thereof; or

“Whoever makes or prints, or authorizes to be made or printed, any postage stamp, postage meter stamp, stamped envelope, or postal card, of the kind authorized and provided by the Post Office Department or by the Postal Service, without the special authority and direction of the Department or Postal Service; or

“Whoever after such postage stamp, postage meter stamp, stamped envelope, or postal card has been printed, with intent to defraud, delivers the same to any person not authorized by an instrument in writing, duly executed under the hand of the Postmaster General and the seal of the Post Office Department or the Postal Service, to receive it

“Shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than five Penalty. years, or both.”

(b) Section 6(j) (6) of the Postal Reorganization Act is repealed. Repeal.

SEC. 2. Section 504 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by Stamp reproadding at the end thereof the following:

ductions, “For the purposes of this section the term 'postage stamp' includes

72 Stat. 1771; postage meter stamps."

82 Stat. 240. Approved October 14, 1970.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY :

HOUSE REPORT No. 91-640 (Comm. on the Judiciary).
SENATE REPORT No. 91-1193 (Comm. on Post office and Civil Service).
CONGRESS IONAL RECORD:

Vol. 115 (1969): Dec. 1, considered and passed House.
Vol. 116 (1970): Sept. 21, considered and passed Senate, amended.

Sept. 30, House concurred in Senate amendments.

(719)

918t Congress, H. R. 2175

October 22, 1970

An Act

84 STAT, 1090

To amend title 18 of the United States Code to authorize the Attorney General to

admit to residential community treatment centers persons who are placed on probation, released on parole, or mandatortly released.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section 3651 of Residential title 18 of the United States Code is amended by inserting the follow- community ing paragraphs before the last one.

treatment "The court may require a person as conditions of probation to reside oenters. in or participate in the program of a residential community treatment 62 Stat. 842.

Probationary center, or both, for all or part of the period of probation: Provided, That the Attorney General certifies that adequate treatment facilities, personnel. personnel, and programs are available. If the Attorney General determines that the person's residence in the center or participation in its program, or both, should be terminated, because the person can derive no further significant benefits from such residence or participation, or both, or because his such residence or participation adversely affects the rehabilitation of other residents or participants, he shall so notify the court, which shall thereupon, by order, make such other provision with respect to the person on probation as it deems appropriate.

A person residing in a residential community treatment center may Payment. be required to pay such costs incident to residence as the Attorney General deems appropriate.”

Sec. 2. Section (a) of section 4203 of such title is amended by insert Paroles or ing the following paragraphs between the second and third:

prisoner. "The Board may require a parolee or a prisoner released pursuant 65 Stat. 98. to section 4164 of this title as conditions of parole or release to reside in or participate in the program of a residential community treatment center, or both, for all or part of the period of parole: Provided, That the Attorney General certifies that adequate treatment facilities, personnel and programs are available. If the Attorney General determines that the person's residence in the center or participation in its program, or both, should be terminated, because the person can derive no further significant benefits from such residence or participation, or both, or because his such residence or participation adversely affects the rehabilitation of other residents or participants, he shall so notify the Board of Parole, which shall thereupon make such other provision with respect to the person as it deems appropriate.

"A person residing in a residential community treatment center may Payment. be required to pay such costs incident to residence as the Attorney General deems appropriate.”

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84 STAT. 1090

62 Stat. 842, 854.

Sec. 3. Funds collected pursuant to section 3651 and section #203 of title 18, as amended, shall be deposited in the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts.

Approved October 22, 1970

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY:

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HOUSE REPORT No. 91-1520 and Supplement (comm, on the Judiciary).
SENATE REPORT No. 91-1292 (Comm, on the Judioiary).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol, 116 (1970):

Oot, 5, considered and passed House.
Oot. 12, considered and passed Senate.

91st Congress, H, R. 6951
December 9, 1970

An Act

To enact the Interstate Agreement on Detainers into law.

84 STAT. 1397

66

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may Interstate be cited as the “Interstate Agreement on Detainers Act”.

Agreement on Sec. 2. The Interstate Agreement on Detainers is hereby enacted Detainers Act, into law and entered into by the United States on its own behalf and on behalf of the District of Columbia with all jurisdictions legally joining in substantially the following form: “The contracting States solemnly agree that:

“ARTICLE I “The party States find that charges outstanding against a prisoner, detainers based on untried indictments, informations, or complaints and difficulties in securing speedy trial of persons already incarcerated in other jurisdictions, produce uncertainties which obstruct programs of prisoner treatment and rehabilitation. Accordingly, it is the policy of the party States and the purpose of this agreement to encourage the expeditious and orderly disposition of such charges and determination of the proper status of any and all detainers based on untried indictments, informations, or complaints. The party States also find that proceedings with reference to such charges and detainers, when emanating from another jurisdiction, cannot properly be had in the absence of cooperative procedures. It is the further purpose of this

. agreement to provide such cooperative procedures.

84 STAT, 1398 “ARTICLE II “As used in this agreement:

“(a) 'State shall mean a State of the United States; the United States of America; a territory or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

“(b) 'Sending State shall mean a State in which a prisoner is incarcerated at the time that he initiates a request for final disposition pursuant to article III hereof or at the time that a request for custody or availability is initiated pursuant to article IV hereof.

"(c) 'Receiving State shall mean the State in which trial is to be had on an indictment, information, or complaint pursuant to article III or article IV hereof.

“ARTICLE III “(a) Whenever a person has entered upon a term of imprisonment in a penal or correctional institution of a party State, and whenever during the continuance of the term of imprisonment there is pending in any other party State any untried indictment, information, or complaint on the basis of which a detainer has been lodged against the prisoner, he shall be brought to trial within one hundred and eighty days after he shall have caused to be delivered to the prosecuting officer and the appropriate court of the prosecuting officer's jurisdiction written notice of the place of his imprisonment and his request for a final disposition to be made of the indictment, information, or complaint: Provided, That, for good cause shown in open court, the prisoner or his counsel being present, the court having jurisdiction of the matter may grant any necessary or reasonable continuance. The request of the prisoner shall be accompanied by a certificate of the appropriate official having custody of the prisoner, stating the term of commitment under which the prisoner is being held, the time

84 STAT. 1398 84 STAT. 1399

already served, the time remaining to be served on the sentence, the amount of good time earned, the time of parole eligibility of the prisoner, and any decision of the State parole agency relating to the prisoner.

"(b) The written notice and request for final disposition referred to in paragraph (a) hereof shall be given or sent by the prisoner to the warden, commissioner of corrections, or other official having custody of him, who shall promptly forward it together with the certificate to the appropriate prosecuting official and court by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested.

"(c) The warden, commissioner of corrections, or other official having custody of the prisoner shall promptly inform him of the source and contents of any detainer lodged against him and shall also inform him of his right to make a request for final disposition of the indictment, information, or complaint on which the detainer is based.

"(d) Any request for final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph (a) hereof shall operate as a request for final disposition of all untried indictments, informations, or complaints on the basis of which detainers have been lodged against the prisoner from the State to whose prosecuting official the request for final disposition is specifically directed. The warden, commissioner of corrections, or other official having custody of the prisoner shall forthwith notify all appropriate

prosecuting officers and courts in the several jurisdictions within the State to which the prisoner's request for final disposition is being sent of the proceeding being initiated by the prisoner. Any notification sent pursuant to this paragraph shall be accompanied by copies of the prisoner's written notice, request, and the certificate. If trial is not had on any indictment, information, or complaint contemplated hereby prior to the return of the prisoner to the original place of imprisonment, such indictment, information, or complaint shall not be of any further force or effect, and the court shall enter an order dismissing the same with prejudice.

“(e) Any request for final disposition made by a prisoner pursuant to paragraph (a) hereof shall also be deemed to be a waiver of extradition with respect to any charge or proceeding contemplated thereby or included therein by reason of paragraph (d) hereof, and a waiver of extradition to the receiving State to serve any sentence there imposed upon him, after completion of his term of imprisonment in the sending State. The request for final disposition shall also constitute a consent by the prisoner to the production of his body in any court where his presence may be required in order to effectuate the purposes of this agreement and a further consent voluntarily to be returned to the original place of imprisonment in accordance with the provisions of this agreement. Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the imposition of a concurrent sentence if otherwise permitted by law.

“(f) Escape from custody by the prisoner subsequent to his execution of the request for final disposition referred to in paragraph (a) hereof shall void the request.

a

“ARTICLE IV

"(a) The appropriate officer of the jurisdiction in which an untried indictment, information, or complaint is pending shall be entitled to

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