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vidualized system of discipline, care, and treatment of the persons committed to such institutions.
SEO. 8. Any person not authorized by law or by the Attorney General or his representative who introduces or attempts to introduce into or upon the grounds of the institutions herein authorized any narcotic drug, weapon, or any other contraband article or thing, or any letter or message intended to be received by an inmate thereof, shall be guilty of a felony and punishable by imprisonment for a period of not more than ten years.
SEC. 9. It shall be unlawful for any person properly committed to the institutions described herein to escape or attempt to escape therefrom; and any such person upon apprehension and conviction in a United States court shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years, such sentence to begin upon the expiration of or upon legal release from the sentence for which said person was originally confined.
SEC. 10. It shall be unlawful for any person to procure the escape of any inmate properly committed to the institutions referred to above, or to advise, connive at, aid, or assist in such escape, or conceal any such inmate after such escape, and any person convicted in a United States court of any such offense or offenses shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years.
SEC. 11. The expense, not to exceed the sum of $35,000, incurred in the travel necessary in the selection of sites, the making of surveys, the making of preliminary sketches, and the securing of options shall be payable out of the appropriation for the "Support of United States prisoners" for the fiscal year in which such expense is incurred.
SEC. 12. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act
[H. R. 7412]
An Act To provide for the diversification of employment of Federal prisoners, for their training and schooling in trades and occupations, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be the duty of the Attorney General to provide employment for all physically fit inmates in the United States penal and correctional institutions in such diversified forms as will reduce to a minimum competition with private industry or free labor.
SEC. 2. The Attorney General may make available the services of United States prisoners to the heads of the several departments under such terms, conditions, and at such rates as may be mutually agreed upon, for the purpose of constructing or repairing roads the cost of which is borne exclusively by the United States; clearing, maintaining, and reforesting public lands; building levees; and for construction or repairing any other public ways or works which are or may be financed wholly or in major part by funds appropriated from the Treasury of the United States. To carry out the purpose of this section the Attorney General may establish, equip, and maintain camps upon sites selected by him and designate such camps as a place for confinement of persons convicted of an offense against the laws of the United States, or transfer thereto any person convicted of any offense against the laws of the United States. The expenses of transferring and maintaining prisoners at such camps shall be paid from the appropriation "Support of United States prisoners," and said appropriation may, in the discretion of the Attorney General, be reimbursed for such expenses.
SEC. 3. The Attorney General shall establish such industries as will produce articles and commodities for consumption in United States penal and correctional institutions or for sale to the departments and independent establishments of the Federal Government and not for sale to the public in competition with private enterprise: Provided, That any industry established under authority of this Act be so operated as not to curtail the production within its present limits, of any existing arsenal, navy yard, or other Government workshop. In establishing said industries the Attorney General shall provide such forms of employment in the Federal penal and correctional institutions as will give the inmates a maximum opportunity to acquire a knowledge and skill in trades and occupations which will provide them with a means of earning a livelihood upon release. The industries to be established by the Attorney General under authority of this section may be either within the precincts of any penal or correctional institution or in any convenient locality where an existing property may be obtained by lease, purchase, or otherwise.
SEO. 4. In lieu of the working-capital funds authorized for the textile mill at the Atlanta Penitentiary by the Act approved July 10, 1918 (chapter 144, Fortieth Statute, page 897; section 799, title 18, United States Code), and for the shoe factory at the Leaven-, worth Penitentiary by the Act approved February 11, 1924 (chapter 17, Forty-third Statute, page 7; section 772, title 18, United States Code), there is hereby created a consolidated prison industries working-capital fund which shall be available for carrying on industrial enterprises at any of the several Federal penal and correctional institutions heretofore or hereafter established.
SEC. 5. All money appropriated for, or now on deposit with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the said workingcapital funds at Atlanta Penitentiary and Leavenworth Penitentiary, shall be credited to the consolidated prison industries workingcapital fund herein authorized. All money received from the sale of the products or by-products of such industries as are now or hereafter established, or for the services of said United States prisoners, shall be placed to the credit of said prison industries working-capital fund, which may be used as a revolving fund. There are authorized to be appropriated such additional sums as may from time to time be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
SEC. 6. The prison industries working-capital fund shall be administered and disbursed by or under the direction of the Attorney Gen.. eral, and shall be available for the purchase, repair, or replacement of industrial machinery or equipment; for the purchase of raw materials; for compensation to inmates employed in any industry under rules and regulations promulgated from time to time by the Attorney General; for the employment of necessary civilian officers and employees engaged in any industrial enterprise at any of the Federal penal and correctional institutions and in the District of Columbia; for the repair, alteration, erection, and maintenance of industrial buildings and equipment; and for travel and any other expenses incident to or connected with the establishment, operation, or maintenance of such prison industries as are now established or may hereafter be established by the Attorney General at the several penal and correctional institutions.
SEC. 7. The several Federal departments and independent establishments and all other Government institutions of the United States shall purchase at not to exceed current market prices, such products of the industries herein authorized to be carried on as meet their requirements and as may be available and are authorized by the appropriations from which such purchases are made. Any disputes as to the price, quality, suitability or character of the products manufactured in any prison industry and offered to any Government department shall be arbitrated by a board consisting of the Comptroller General of the United States, the Superintendent of Supplies of the General Supply Committee, and the Chief of the United States Bureau of Efficiency, or their representatives. The decision of said board shall be final and binding upon all parties.
SEC. 8. The Act of Congress approved June 21, 1902 (Chapter 1140, Thirty-second Statutes, page 397), as amended by the Act of
tions 710 to 712a, inclusive, title 18, United States Code), providing for commutation of sentences of United States prisoners for good conduct, shall be applicable to prisoners engaged in any industry, or transferred to any camp established under authority of this Act; and in addition thereto each prisoner, without regard to length of sentence, may, in the discretion of the Attorney General, be allowed, under the same terms and conditions as provided in the Acts of Congress referred to in this section, a deduction from his sentence of not to exceed three days for each month of actual employment in said industry or said camp for the first year or any part thereof, and for any succeeding year or any part thereof not to exceed five days for each month of actual employment in said industry or said camp. SEC. 9. All Acts and parts of Acts in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.
Approved, May 27, 1930.
[H. R. 3975]
An Act To amend the Act of March 4, 1925, Chap. 521, and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That sections 3 and 4 of the Act of March 4, 1925, Chap. 521, 43 Statutes at Large 1260, 1261 (Secs. 726 and 727, title 18, U. S. C.), entitled "An Act to provide for the establishment of a probation system in the United States Courts, except in the District of Columbia,". be, and the same are hereby, amended to read as follows:
"SEC. 3. The judge or judges of any United States court or courts having original jurisdiction of criminal actions, except in the District of Columbia, may appoint one or more suitable persons to serve as probation officers within the jurisdiction and under the direction of the judge or judges making such appointments or of their successors. All such probation officers shall serve without compensation except that in case it shall appear to any such judge or judges that the needs of the service require that there should be salaried probation officers, such judge or judges may appoint such officers. The Attorney General shall fix the salaries to be paid probation officers and shall provide for the necessary expenses of probation officers, including clerical service, and expenses for traveling when approved by the court. Such judge or judges may in their discretion remove any probation officer serving in their respective courts. The appointment of a probation officer shall be in writing and shall be entered on the records of the court or courts of the judge or judges making such appointment, and a copy of the order of appointment shall be delivered to the officer so appointed and a copy sent to the Attorney General. Whenever such judge or judges shall have appointed more than one probation officer he or they may designate one of such officers chief probation officer. Such chief probation officer shall direct the work of all probation officers serving in the court or courts of such judge or judges.
SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of a probation officer to investigate any case referred to him for investigation by the court in which he is serving and to report thereon to the court. The probation officer shall furnish to each person released on probation under his supervision a written statement of the conditions of probation and shall instruct him regarding the same. Such officer shall keep informed concerning the conduct and condition of each person on probation under his supervision and shall report thereon to the court placing such person on probation. Such officer shall use all suitable methods, not inconsistent with the conditions imposed by the court, to aid persons on probation and to bring about improvements in their conduct and condition. Each officer shall keep records of his work; shall keep accurate and complete accounts of all moneys collected from persons under his supervision; shall give receipts therefor, and shall make at least monthly returns thereof; shall make such reports to